IV: President Gould
Packing for a return to Antarctica, December 1956.
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In July 1955 Gould travelled to Paris to head the United States delegation to an eleven nation planning conference on Antarctic research programs to be carried out during the 1957-58 International Geophysical Year (IGY). Subsequently he was appointed director of the United States IGY Antarctic Program, and in that role returned to Antarctica early in 1957 to inspect logistical preparations for the IGY being carried out as part of the Navy's "Operation Deepfreeze." Working out of the main American base on Ross Island in McMurdo Sound, Dr. Gould supervised scientific operations at five other United States observation stations, including one at the South Pole itself.