Gould Library Special Collections has several interesting collections. Some of these collections were originally private collections that were given to the College by Alumni and friends.
- This Collection features examples of artists' books from the past several decades.
- The Bloch Western Americana Collection focuses on the history and culture of the American West.
- The Bruce Rogers Collection contains over two hundred of the nearly four hundred books designed by the prominent American typographer and book designer, Bruce Rogers (1870-1957).
- This collection gives Carleton students an opportunity to work with facsimiles of important manuscripts and maps from Europe, the New World, and the Middle East.
- A collection of first editions of nearly all of Ernest Hemingway's works.
- The Highlights Collection publications contains important publications in the history of Western thought and civilization.
- The McGregor Collection includes period-contemporary materials in the areas of discovery, the early settlement of North America, the American Revolution and the westward expansion.
- Carleton's polar exploration collection contains important editions of publications associated with the history of polar exploration.
- The collection includes examples of the output of most significant American and British private presses operating during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Carleton's Rubaiyat Collection of over 300 items offers researchers an opportunity to investigate the publishing history and cultural significance of this work during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- The Sherwin Beach Press Collection features all of the work of the Sherwin Beach Press, a small fine press specializing in nonfiction prose.
- The Student Made Book Collection includes books made as final projects by students in the College's history of print course.