Art and Art History (ARTS and ARTH)
Chair: Professors Alison Kettering, fall, Timothy L. Lloyd, winter, Fred Hagstrom, spring, Associate Chair: Professor Fred Hagstrom, fall, Associate Professor Kathleen Ryor, winter and spring
Professors: Fred Hagstrom, Alison Kettering, Timothy L. Lloyd, Lauren Soth
Benedict Distinguished Visiting Professor: Yeung Chan
Associate Professor: Kathleen M. Ryor
Assistant Professors: David Lefkowitz, Stephen Mohring, Linda Rossi
Visiting Assistant Professors: Daniel P. Bruggeman, Jeff Rathermell
Instructor: Baird E. Jarman
Visiting Instructors: Jim Ockuly, Jennifer Anne Roberson
Lecturers: Laurel Bradley, Andreas Salzman
Teacher/Artist: Linda Christianson
Requirements for a Major:
Art History: Eight 6-credit Art History courses normally including Art History 101, 102 and one course in non-western art; two terms of studio courses; seminar for art history majors (Art History 298); integrative exercise (Art History 400). Art history majors are encouraged to take advantage of off-campus study programs such as that in Florence and Amsterdam (Art History 238 and 239).
Studio Art: Two courses from Studio Art 110, 113, 210 or 212, and two 3-D courses: 222, 230, 232, 251 or 350 (3-D); Studio Art 298; 350 and two electives; the integrative exercise; 18 credits in Art History with at least six of the credits in courses which concentrate in art of the western tradition before 1800. Potential majors should enroll in Drawing or Sculpture their first year. The following Media Studies courses count toward the major: Media Studies 220 and 221. Media Studies 114 and 232 count toward the Art History requirement for Studio Majors.
Art History Courses (ARTH)
Any one term of art history, preferably Art History 101 or 102, is prerequisite to all art history courses numbered 200 or above.
ARTH 100. Landscape: History and Practice This course will attempt to bridge the gap between theory and practice by combining drawing from the landscape with consideration of historical examples of landscape painting (realist, luminist, impressionist). It will also include visit(s) to the important exhibition of American landscape painting that will be held concurrently at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. 6 credits cr., S/CR/NC, AL, FallF. Hagstrom, L. Soth
ARTH 101. Introduction to Art History I An introduction to the art and architecture of various geographical areas around the world from antiquity through the "middle ages." The course will provide foundational skills (tools of analysis and interpretation) as well as general, historical understanding. It will focus on a select number of major developments in a range of media and cultures, emphasizing the way that works of art function both as aesthetic and material objects and as cultural artifacts and forces. Issues include, for example, sacred spaces, images of the gods, imperial portraiture, and domestic decoration. 6 credits cr., AL, Fall A. Kettering, K. Ryor
ARTH 102. Introduction to Art History II An introduction to the art and architecture of various geographical areas around the world from the fifteenth century through the present. The course will provide foundational skills (tools of analysis and interpretation) as well as general, historical understanding. It will focus on a select number of major developments in a range of media and cultures, emphasizing the way that works of art function both as aesthetic and material objects and as cultural artifacts and forces. Issues include, for example, humanist and Reformation redefinitions of art in the Italian and Northern Renaissance, realism, modernity and tradition, the tension between self-expression and the art market, and the use of art for political purposes. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, WinterK. Ryor, Staff
ARTH 160. American Art to 1940 Concentration on painting of the colonial period (especially portraiture) and nineteenth century (especially landscape and scenes of everyday life) with an introduction to the modernism of the early twentieth century. The course will include analysis of the ways art shapes and reflects cultural attitudes such as those concerning race and gender. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, FallB. Jarman
ARTH 164. Buddhist Art The Buddhist religion has been a central part of Asian cultures and societies since the third century BC. This course will trace the development of Buddhist art and architecture from its beginnings in India through its migration across the Asian continent. Attention will be paid to both the Mahayana and Theravada traditions in Central East, South, and South-East Asia. Special emphasis will be placed on the relationship between different doctrines, for example, Tantrism or Zen and the development of form and style. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, WinterK. Ryor
ARTH 165. Japanese Art This course will survey art and architecture in Japan from its prehistoric beginnings until the early twentieth century, and explore the relationship between indigenous art forms and the foreign (Korean, Chinese, European) concepts, art forms and techniques that influenced Japanese culture, as well as the social political and religious contexts for artistic production. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, SpringK. Ryor
ARTH 170. History of Printmaking The development of woodcut, engraving, etching, aquatint, and lithography in the West, c. 1400-1930, through the works of such artists as Schongauer, Dürer, Rembrandt, Goya, Daumier, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Picasso. The course will also examine how prints were produced, marketed, collected, and used, in short, how they functioned in their particular cultures. The class will work extensively with originals from the collections of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts and the Carleton Art Gallery. Students electing to take the course for 4 credits will write one fewer paper and take a shortened final exam. May be repeated for credit. 4 or 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 172. Modern Art: 1890-1945 This course explores developments in the visual arts, architecture, and theory in Europe and America between 1890 and 1945. The major Modernist artists and movements that sought to revolutionize vision, culture, and experience, from Symbolism to Surrealism, will be considered. The impact of World War I, the Great Depression, and the rise of fascism will be examined as well for their devastation of the Modernist dream of social-cultural renewal. Lectures will be integrated with discussions of artists' theoretical writings and group manifestoes, such as those of the Futurists, Dadaists, Surrealists, Constructivists, and DeStijl, in addition to select secondary readings. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 175. Spanish Art Survey of Spanish painting, sculpture, and prints on the Iberian peninsula from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century. Major consideration of such artists as Ribera, Velázquez, Murillo, and Goya. Themes for consideration include the development of the resistance to naturalism, the association of art and power at court and in monasteries and towns, the roles of various media in creating and confronting authority, and encounters between folk and "high" art. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 180. Medieval Art Survey of architecture, sculpture, the pictorial and decorative arts from the early Christian period to the late Gothic era. Topics include early Christian mosaics, Insular manuscripts, Romanesque monastery and pilgrimage churches, Gothic cathedrals. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 208. Ritual and Rhetoric in Ancient Chinese Art This course surveys the art and architecture of China from neolithic times until the year 900 AD. Attention will be given to bronze vessels, jade carving, tomb sculpture and painting and temple and tomb architecture. Since almost all of the objects of visual culture which will be examined are used in ritual practices, whether religious, social or political. We will explore the ways in which art during this period can be said to form a rhetoric of political or social status. Prerequisite: Any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 209. Chinese Painting Since the tenth century in China, a tension emerges between art created as a means of self expression and works which were intended to display social status and political power and to convey conventional values. This course concentrates on the primary site of this tension, the art of painting. We will explore such issues as the influence of Confucian and Daoist philosophy on painting and calligraphy, the changing perception of nature and the natural in art, the politics of style, and the increasing dominance of poetry rather than narrative as a conceptual construct for painting. Prerequisite: Any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, FallK. Ryor
ARTH 220. Gender and Genre in the Floating World: Japanese Prints Cross-listed with WGST 228. Pictures of the floating world, or ukiyo-e, were an integral part of popular culture in Japan and functioned as illustrations, advertisements, and souvenirs. This course will examine the development of both style and subject matter in Japanese prints within the socio-economic context of the seventeenth-twentieth centuries. Emphasis will be placed on the prominent position of women and the nature of gendered activity in these prints. Prerequisite: Any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 222. History of Photography Cross-listed with MEDA 222. This course covers nineteenth and twentieth century photography from its origins to the present. It will consider formal innovations in the medium, the role of photography in society, and the place of photography in the fine arts. Prerequisite: any one term of Art History. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, WinterB. Jarman
ARTH 223. Women in Art Cross-listed with WGST 221. The study of art about and produced by women in the west from the Renaissance to the present. Attention to the ways gender identity is constructed in the arts, the conditions under which women have worked, the ideologies and institutions that have shaped their relationships to the arts, the feminist critique of the discipline of art history. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, FallA. Kettering
ARTH 224. Twentieth-Century Chinese Art: Identity and Modernity This course will look at the art of China from the late nineteenth century to the present, a period in which foreign cultures and a drive for "modernization" affected Chinese society and culture. We will explore the tension between Chinese traditional culture and new ideas and influences from abroad, examine the concept of modernity in general and Modernism in art, and discuss the applicability of these terms to Chinese art and culture. We will also examine the Chinese construction of national identity and the areas of art for political purposes in twentieth century China. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, SpringK. Ryor
ARTH 230. The Sistine Chapel and Its Contexts The course will focus on Michelangelo's contributions to the Sistine Chapel (ceiling and Last Judgment), secondarily on the frescoes by Botticelli and others, and on the tapestry designs by Raphael. The artistic and architectural contexts will provide the starting point. Other contexts for consideration will be the political (papal power), liturgical (the chapel's uses), theological (Biblical and Classical iconography) and historiographic (interpretations and responses over the centuries). Some attention also to the changes produced by the recent cleaning. Prerequisite: any art history course or permission of instructor. 3 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 233. Van Eyck, Bosch, Bruegel: Their Visual Culture Secular and religious painting during the "northern renaissance" of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The transformation of late medieval artistic forms through the influence of humanism and the Reformation. Artists include Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Hieronymus Bosch, Matthias Grünewald, and Pieter Bruegel. Students electing to take the course for 4 credits will write one less paper and take a shortened final exam. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 4 or 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 234. Italian Renaissance Art Painting and sculpture in fifteenth and sixteenth century Florence, Rome, and Venice and the Mannerist reaction to that art. Particular attention given to the works of Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Pontormo, and Titian, as well as the artistic implications of various types of patronage and urban traditions. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 238. Rembrandt and Van Gogh in Their Netherlandish Context A survey of Dutch and Flemish painting from the fifteenth through the nineteenth centuries in its cultural and historical context. Special attention will be given to the art of van Eyck, Bosch, Vermeer, Van Gogh, and, especially Rembrandt. Topics will include the implications of Protestantism in the Dutch Republic, the development of genre painting, the riddle of realism, and the nineteenth century heritage of Golden Age art and ideas. Prerequisite: any one term of art history and permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 239. Netherlandish Art on Site The first part of the course consists of a two-week field trip to the Netherlands and Belgium. It begins in medieval Bruges and includes a trip to nearby Ghent to see Jan van Eyck's Ghent Altarpiece. It continues in Amsterdam, a base for trips to The Hague, Rotterdam, and Delft (Vermeer's home town) and Utrecht. Amsterdam itself was Rembrandt's primary place of residence, and today is home to the Rijksmuseum and Van Gogh Museum. The course will conclude on campus, meeting once a week for five weeks to enable students to give oral presentations on topics chosen during fall term and researched during the field trip. Prerequisite: Art History 238 and permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 240. Art Since 1945 Art from abstract expressionism to the present, with particular focus on issues such as the modernist artist-hero; the emergence of alternative or non-traditional media; the influence of the women's movement and the gay/lesbian liberation movement on contemporary art; and postmodern theory and practice. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, SpringB. Jarman
ARTH 242. Impressionism Cross-listed with FRST 236. French painting of the second half of the nineteenth century. Concentration on the major artists: Manet, Degas, Morisot, Cassatt, Monet, Renoir, Seurat, Cezanne, van Gogh, Gauguin, et al. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL,RAD, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 245. Modern Architecture The history of the modern movement from its beginnings in the ninteenth century to its triumph in the mid-twentieth century. Architects studied include Sullivan, Wright, Gropius, Le Corbusi, Mies van der Rohe. Prerequisite: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, SpringL. Soth
ARTH 247. Architecture Since 1950 Continuation of Art History 245 including the backlash against modernism, post-modern developments, and the current scene. Architects studied include Mies and Le Corbusier (the late works of each), Aalto, Kahn, Rudolph, Venturi, Gehry. Prerequistie: any one term of art history. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTH 255. Arts of Islam Architecture, painting and related arts from the time of the origin of Islam to the twentieth century, ranging geographically from Spain in the West to the Indian subcontinent in the East. Also discussed will be cultural and political contexts as well as themes that unify the many styles of Islamic art. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterStaff
ARTH 285. Topics in Art History: van Gogh Close study of the art and life of Vincent van Gogh, including reading his letters. Class will be run as a colloquium. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterL. Soth
ARTH 298. Seminar for Art History Majors An intensive study of the nature of art history as an intellectual discipline and of the approaches scholars have taken to various art historical problems. Attention as well to principles of current art historical research and writing. Recommended for juniors who have declared art history as a major. 6 credits cr., S/CR/NC, AL, SpringB. Jarman
ARTH 400. Integrative Exercise The integrative exercise for the art history major has two components: 1) A presentation to introductory students of a topic chosen by the senior; 2) A three-hour examination, made up and graded by an outside examiner, on western art with emphasis on the period from the Renaissance to the present. Each component is worth three credits. 6 credits cr., S/NC, ND, Fall,Winter,SpringStaff
Studio Art Courses (ARTS)
The department offers studio instruction in drawing, painting, print making, sculpture, metalsmithing, ceramics, woodworking, photography, digital photography and digital art. Studio Art 110 or 113 are prerequiste for all studio art classes.
ARTS 110. Observational Drawing A beginning course for non-majors and for those who contemplate majoring in art. The aim of the course is to give the student an appreciation of art and of drawing. An understanding of aesthetic values and development of technical skills are achieved through a series of studio problems which naturally follow one another and deal with the analysis and use of line, shape, volume, space, and tone. A wide range of subjects are used, including still life, landscape and the human figure. No prerequisites. 6 credits cr., AL, FallF. Hagstrom, D. Bruggeman, Winter D. Bruggeman, D. Lefkowitz, Spring D. Bruggeman
ARTS 113. Field Drawing Cross-listed with ENTS 113. A beginning drawing course for science students and others who are interested in developing their skills in drawing from nature. Most of the classwork will be done outdoors and deal directly with drawing from plant forms, geological sources, and the landscape as subjects. Emphasis will be placed on the development of the technical skills needed for visual note-taking and development of journals. Problems will deal with the analysis of space and objects through line, shape, volume, and tone. No prerequisites. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTS 210. Life Drawing The human form will be the major concentration using drawing as a means to heighten an awareness and sensitivity to form. A variety of media and materials will be explored: pencil, ink, conte, charcoal and collage. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterD. Bruggeman
ARTS 212. Australia/New Zealand Program: Mixed-Media Drawing This course involves extending basic drawing problems by use of varied media and scale. Processes used could include watercolor, pen and ink, and bookbinding. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterF. Hagstrom
ARTS 222. Introduction to Studio Sculpture An introduction to working in three dimensions using a variety of media, including plaster, wood, and steel. Traditional as well as contemporary approaches to sculpture will be examined to achieve an understanding of how to manipulate form, space, and expressive content in three dimensions. This is a studio intensive class, with a weekly minimum requirement of six hours studio work outside schedule class hours. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTS 227. Introduction to Woodworking This course covers the basic hand and machine tool skills necessary to design and make objects out of wood. Specific instruction will be given on the safe use of hand and power equipment. Safety rules in the workshop will be emphasized. Projects will include the making of a hand tool, basic types of joinery, and designing a simple project in wood. This is a studio intensive class, requiring a minimum of 10 hours per week of work outside of class hours. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, FallY. Chan
ARTS 230. Ceramics An introduction to pottery covering coil, slab and wheel throwing; analysis of clay bodies, elementary chemistry of glazes and kiln-firing techniques. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, SpringA. Salzman
ARTS 232. Ceramics An introduction to pottery and other ceramic forms using primarily processes of slab and coil building. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterA. Salzman
ARTS 238. Photography I This class covers basic 35mm camera operation, film processing and printing techniques as well as explores some principles affecting photographic imagery. We will also view the work of historical and contemporary photographers to consider fundamental questions in the aesthetics of the medium. Manual 35mm camera required. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, Fall,WinterL. Rossi
ARTS 251. Metalsmithing A basic course in metal design and fabrication primarily of jewelry forms. Specific instruction will be given in the basic skills of forming, joining, surface enrichment and casting. Metals used will include silver, bronze, brass, copper, titanium, and steel. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterT. Lloyd
ARTS 260. Painting The course aims at the development of a personal understanding of the language of paintingcolor, form, space, paint application. Students begin by drawing with paint using black and white oils and gradually progress into utilizing a full-color palette. At first the emphasis is on working from observationstill life, figure, interiors, and when possible landscape. Concepts of abstraction will also be studied. As students advance the emphasis focuses on defining their personal vision and discovering ways of painting that effectively express it. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, Winter,SpringD. Lefkowitz
ARTS 272. Art and Narrative Using a variety of media on paper, students will explore the link between a visual image and words or text, examining how both are used by artists to convey ideas. The primary focus of the course will be on the student's own work but it will also include examination of use of the narrative in contemporary art. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTS 273. Introduction to Digital Art Covers many of the basic tools of computer-based art making (Photoshop, Dreamweaver, QuickTime VR, digital cameras, etc.) in the pursuit of a group multimedia/Web project. Each student will contribute his or her own section Use of digital tools will be coupled with critical thinking about art in the information technology age. Prequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterJ. Ockuly
ARTS 274. Australia/New Zealand Program: Printmaking Intaglio printmaking using the facilities of host universities. Students will receive instruction in all of the processes of intaglio printmaking. Students will explore the possibilities of this form of printmaking in conjunction with their work in a drawing class. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterF. Hagstrom
ARTS 274. Printmaking Students will select from intaglio, relief, lithography, silkscreen, or letterpress printing. Both terms are open to beginning or intermediate levels of experience. The course involves developing an image over time, taking advantage of a rich and demanding process. Students receive a sound technical training in at least one of the print processes. Grade will be based on the final portfolio, examining both growth in image and technical facility. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, SpringF. Hagstrom
ARTS 275. Australia/New Zealand Program: Physical and Cultural Environment of Australia and New Zealand An interdisciplinary course which examines how Australia and New Zealand have changed since colonization. We will examine both how the physical landscape has been changed through agriculture, mining and the importation of non-native species as well as studying the unique social and political climates of two countries which share a history of colonization. The course will use readings, meetings with visiting artists and lectures as well as visits to cultural centers. 6 credits cr., S/CR/NC, SS,RAD, WinterF. Hagstrom
ARTS 276. Paper Arts This class will introduce students to the principal aspects of hand papermaking. Work will include processing raw fiber and recycled materials, dyeing and pigmenting pulp, exploring Eastern and Western sheet formation styles, and examining various drying and finishing techniques. The first half of the course will culminate with a handmade paper book project. The second half of the course will focus on sculptural applications of handmade paper. Students will construct moulds, cast paper pieces, and create three-dimensional objects through the use of armatures. Throughout the course, the history of paper will be discussed. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., S/CR/NC, AL, SpringJ. Rathermel
ARTS 295. Ceramics, Special Topics: Functional Pottery Exploring wheel and hand forming techniques, this course will cover the basics of making functional pottery. Through demonstrations, hands-on exercises, individual attention, and slide and video presentations, we will make and fire lots of pots. For both beginning and advanced students, we will be guided through an understanding of how to look critically at our work and grow in our understanding of form, surface, volume, and intent. This is a studio intensive class with a weekly minimum requirement of six studio hours outside scheduled class. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, FallL. Christianson
ARTS 298. Critical Issues in Contemporary Arts Required for the studio major, and recommended for the junior year, this seminar is for student artists considering lives as producers of visual culture. The goal in this class is to develop a familiarity with important questions, both practical and theoretical, facing artists today. We will examine how art is disseminated, understood, and at times, misunderstood. Be prepared to read, write about, and discuss essays, criticism, and interviews covering a wide range of media, and visit artists' studios and exhibition venues. Students will help select topics, direct discussions, and organize a brief presentation about their own artistic development. 6 credits cr., S/CR/NC, AL, SpringD. Lefkowitz, L. Rossi
ARTS 350. Advanced Photo: Digital Photography This course is an examination of the camera as a creative tool. Beginning with pinhole cameras and black and white film, students will work both in the darkroom and the computer lab. They will learn about digital cameras, scanners and Adobe Photoshop to explore some of the techinical, aesthetic and critical issues of digital photo. Prerequisite: Studio Art 238, and 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, SpringL. Rossi
ARTS 350. Advanced Metals 6 credits cr., AL, SpringT. Lloyd
ARTS 350. Advanced Photo: Color Photography This course is a continuation of Photo I focusing on color theory and printing on a Colex color processor. We will view the work of past and present color photographers and consider some principles affecting photographic imagery and color photography. Manual 35mm camera required. Prerequisite: Studio Art 238, 110 or 113. 6 credits cr., AL, WinterL. Rossi
ARTS 350. Advanced Studio Seminar An advanced course in studio art with prerequisite of experience in the field of study and permission of the instructor. This course will vary in content according to the faculty offering it in their various studio area. Each fall the department will publish the specific content of each seminar offered that year. Students can take multiple seminars. May be repeated for credit. Not offered in 2002-2003.
ARTS 350. Advanced Painting 6 credits cr., AL, FallD. Lefkowitz
ARTS 350. Advanced Woodworking In this class, students will focus on fine woodworking and furniture design with an emphasis on how to achieve fine craftsmanship with hand and power tools. Attention will be paid to the forms, proportion, color, and wood grain in furniture design. Joinery, as a construction method as well as a design detail, will be covered. Students will design and complete a project using the joinery techniques learned in class. This is a studio intensive class, requiring a minimum of 10 hours per week of work outside of class hours. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113. 6 credits, AL, Fall Not offered in 2002-2003.