Chair: Associate Professor Lawrence Wichlinski
Professors: Kathleen M. Galotti, Neil S. Lutsky, Julie J. Neiworth
Associate Professors: Sharon Atsuko Akimoto, Lawrence Wichlinski
Assistant Professor: Mija M. Van Der Wege
Visiting Assistant Professor: Gretchen H. Gotthard
Senior Lecturer: Steven F. Kozberg
Psychology at Carleton provides a systematic approach to the study of behavior and experience. It examines processes of physiological functioning, human and animal learning, human and animal cognition, cognitive and social development, personality, social influence, and psychopathology, and treats particular topics (e.g., mental retardation, real-life decision making, and psychopharmocology) that are representative of the diversity and complexity of psychology. It also strongly emphasizes the development of analytic and expressive skills that are the basis of investigation, evaluation, and communication in the field.
Psychology 110 is the basic introductory course in the department and is a prerequisite for all other courses in psychology. Only in exceptional circumstances (e.g., an advanced placement score of 4 or 5) will a student be allowed to enroll in an upper-level psychology course without having taken Psychology 110. Majors in the department generally enroll in midlevel courses in our three core areas:
Biological and Behavioral Processes Courses: 210, 212, 216, 318
Cognitive Studies Courses: 230, 232, 234, 236
Social Behavior and Development Courses: 250, 252, 256, 258, 354, 356
Majors are advised to plan their schedules carefully in light of the prerequisites listed for upper-level courses in each area and the schedule of course offerings. A major in psychology prepares students for graduate study toward an advanced research degree in psychology and for a variety of professional programs and careers in psychological and social service areas. It also serves those intending to pursue careers in law, medicine, education, and business.
Requirements for a Major:
The introductory course (110) unless waived by an advanced placement score of 4 or 5 and a passable grade in a midlevel course; the measurement and methods sequence (124, 126); four courses from a list of core courses (courses numbered 210-258) including one from the Biological and Behavioral Processes group (210, 212, 215, 216), one from the Cognitive Studies group (230, 232, 234, 236), and one from the Social Behavior and Development group (250, 252, 256, 258); two upper-level courses (courses numbered 310-384) including at least one seminar (361, 363, 365-384); two laboratory courses (211, 217, 233, 235, 257, 259); the senior colloquium (398); and the integrative exercise (400). It is recommended strongly that all majors complete the measurement and methods sequence during their sophomore or junior years. Particular courses in biology, education, linguistics, mathematics and computer science, economics, philosophy, and sociology-anthropology may also be recommended, depending on an individual's interests and plans.
PSYC 110. Principles of Psychology This course surveys major topics in psychology. We consider the approaches different psychologists take to describe and explain behavior. We will consider a broad range of topics, including how animals learn and remember contexts and behaviors, how personality develops and influences functioning, how the nervous system is structured and how it supports mental events, how knowledge of the nervous system may inform an understanding of conditions such as schizophrenia, how people acquire, remember and process information, how psychopathology is diagnosed, explained, and treated, how infants and children develop, and how people behave in groups and think about their social environment. 6 credits cr., SS, Fall,Winter,SpringK. Galotti, G. Gotthard, N. Lutsky, J. Neiworth, M. Van Der Wege, L. Wichlinski
PSYC 121. Practicum in Mental Retardation Through readings, discussion, library and internet research and tutorial work with developmentally delayed clients at the Laura Baker School in Northfield, this course introduces students to the nature, causes, treatments for and prevention of major types of mental retardation and to ways in which our society has treated those with the developmental disabilities. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 124. Measurement and Data Analysis in Psychology This course will consider the role of measurement and data analysis in psychology. Various forms of measurement and standards for the evaluation of measures will be discussed, and basic concepts and methods used by psychologists to summarize, organize, and evaluate data will be introduced. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 6 credits cr., SS, WinterK. Galotti
PSYC 126. Advanced Topics in Measurement and Data Analysis Students learn various data analysis techniques, including simple and factorial analysis of variance, planned and post hoc comparisons, and nonparametric statistics. They will also consider issues in experimental design. Prerequisite: Psychology 124 with a grade of C- or better. 3 credits cr., SS, SpringJ. Neiworth
PSYC 210. Psychology of Learning A summary of theoretical approaches, historical influences and contemporary research in the area of human and animal learning. The course provides a background in classical, operant, and contemporary conditioning models, and these are applied to issues such as behavioral therapy, drug addiction, decision-making, foraging, and choice. It is recommended that students enroll concurrently in Psychology 211. Prerequisite: Psychology 110, or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, WinterJ. Neiworth
PSYC 211. Laboratory Research Methods in Learning This course accompanies Psychology 210. Students will replicate classical studies and plan and conduct original empirical research projects in the study of human and animal learning. Psychology 211 requires concurrent or prior registration in Psychology 210. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 2 credits cr., ND, WinterJ. Neiworth
PSYC 212. Comparative Cognition This course is a systematic investigation of nonhuman animals' mental experiences. Various cognitive capabilities are reviewed, including counting, communication, categorization, self concept, and deception, memory mechanisms such as rehearsal and imagery, and theories of animal memory including trace decay theory and conscious and unconscious processing. Under review are these capabilities in different species of birds and mammals, including rats, pigeons, nuthatches, various species of monkeys, chimpanzees, and dolphins. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 215. Memory and Amnesia This course will examine basic phenomena and principles of memory and amnesia, as exemplified by research with animals and humans. The course will consider behavioral and biological processes involved in memory functioning. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 216. Behavioral Neuroscience An introduction to the physiological bases of complex behaviors in mammals, with an emphasis on neural and hormonal mechanisms. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 6 credits cr., MS, SpringL. Wichlinski
PSYC 217. Laboratory Research Methods in Behavioral Neuroscience This course accompanies Psychology 216. The course provides instruction and experience in methods of behavioral neuroscience, the study of the inter-relation of the brain (and hormonal systems) and behavior. The focus of this laboratory will be on standard methods of inducing behavioral changes via neural and hormonal manipulations in mammals. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. This course may be taken separately from Psychology 216. 2 credits cr., ND, SpringG. Gotthard
PSYC 230. Introduction to Cognitive Science Cross-listed with CGST 230. . Recently, psychologists, linguists, philosophers, biologists, and computer scientists have begun to share the insights their differing perspectives bring to certain issues involving perception, imagery, knowledge representation, thinking and consciousness. This class will give students a broad introduction to the history and practice of this multidisciplinary approach. Prerequisite: Any introductory psychology, linguistics, philosophy, or computer science course or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, WinterR. Elveton, M. Van Der Wege
PSYC 232. Cognitive Processes Cross-listed with CGST 232. An introduction to the study of mental activity. Topics include attention, pattern recognition and perception, memory, concept formation, categorization, and cognitive development. Some attention to gender and individual differences in cognition, as well as cultural settings for cognitive activities. Psychology 232 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 233. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 233. Laboratory Research Methods in Cognitive Processes Cross-listed with CGST 233. . Students will participate in the replication and planning of empirical studies, collecting and analyzing data relevant to major cognitive phenomena. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of the instructor. Psychology 233 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 232. 2 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 234. Psychology of Language Cross-listed with CGST 234. This course will cover a range of aspects of language use. We will spend time discussing language production and comprehension, discourse processing, the relationship between language and thought, and language acquisition. Additionally, we will touch on issues of memory, perception, concepts, mental representation, and neuroscience. Throughout the course, we will emphasize both the individual and social aspects of language as well as the dynamic and fluid nature of language use. Psychology 234 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 235. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 124, and 126. 6 credits cr., SS, FallM. Van Der Wege
PSYC 235. Psychology of Language Laboratory Cross-listed with CGST 235. This laboratory experience will expose students to a variety of methodologies employed by researchers interested in studying language. Throughout the term, students will both participate in experiments and conduct experiments. We will spend time discussing and performing typical analyses. Finally, students will be expected to become proficient in writing their experimental work in APA format and in presenting their research ideas in an oral format. Psychology 235 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 234. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 124 and 126. 2 credits cr., ND, FallM. Van Der Wege
PSYC 236. Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision-Making Cross-listed with CGST 236. . An examination of the way people think and reason, both when given formal laboratory tasks and when facing problems and decisions of everyday life. Students consider their own reasoning and decision-making through course exercises. Topics covered include: Models of formal reasoning, decision-making, heuristics and biases in thinking and problem-solving, the development of reasoning ability, moral reasoning, improving thinking, problem-solving and reasoning skills. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, SpringK. Galotti
PSYC 250. Developmental Psychology An introduction to the concept of development, examining both theoretical models and empirical evidence. Prenatal through late childhood is covered with some discussion of adolescence when time permits. Topics include the development of personality and identity, social behavior and knowledge, and cognition. In addition, attention is paid to current applications of theory to such topics as: day care, the role of the media, and parenting. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, FallK. Galotti
PSYC 252. Personality An examination of analytic models that attempt to characterize and explain aspects of behavior, thought, and emotion that are central to our conceptions of ourselves as distinctly human beings and as individuals. Original theoretical statements and relevant empirical literature will be consulted. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, SpringN. Lutsky
PSYC 253. Research Methods in Personality Laboratory A laboratory to be taken concurrently with the Personality course, to undertake research on topics in personality. 2 credits cr., ND, SpringN. Lutsky
PSYC 256. Social Behavior and Interpersonal Processes The social psychological analysis of human social behavior, interpersonal processes, and group influences. Concurrent registration in Psychology 257 is strongly recommended. 6 credits cr., SS, WinterN. Lutsky
PSYC 257. Laboratory Research Methods in Social Behavior and Interpersonal Processes Students will participate in the planning and replication of empirical studies of the social psychology of social behavior. Psychology 257 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 256. 2 credits cr., ND, WinterN. Lutsky
PSYC 258. Social Cognition This course will focus on a social psychological analysis of social cognition, perception and judgment. It includes the examination of attitudes, stereotyping, attribution and the self. Concurrent registration in Psychology 259 is strongly suggested. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 259. Laboratory Research Methods in Social Cognition Students will participate in the design and replication of social psychological studies related to social cognition. This course requires concurrent registration in Psychology 258. 2 credits cr., ND, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 318. Psychopharmacology This course will cover the major categories of drugs that possess psychoactive properties, with an emphasis on their effects on the nervous system. In addition, drug use and abuse in a larger societal context will be examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 216 or consent of the instructor 6 credits cr., ND, WinterL. Wichlinski
PSYC 354. Counseling Psychology An introduction to theories, research, techniques, and issues in the field of counseling psychology. This course will be run as a seminar. Prerequisites: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Psychology 252. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 356. Psychopathology An introduction to theories, research, treatments, and issues in the field of psychopathology. This course will be run as a seminar. Prerequisites: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor. Recommended: Psychology 252. 6 credits cr., SS, FallS. Kozberg
PSYC 358. Marriage and the Family This course will provide a comprehensive overview of the psychological study of family systems. Major topics to be reviewed include theoretical views on the family, the family life cycle (e.g. singlehood to couples, transition to parenthood, childrearing), and family disruptions including divorce, remarriage, and single parenthood. Attention will be paid to the diversity of family forms, and both historical and contemporary issues for families will be explored. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of instructor. Psychology 250 is recommended, but not required. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 361. Clinical Neuropsychology This course will examine the effect of brain injury and anomalous neurological development on cognitive functioning. Topics such as neuroanatomy, language, perception, and memory will be explored. Psychology 216 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 363. Sleep and Dreaming In this seminar we will examine contemporary psychological and biological research on sleep and dreaming. In addition, we will review current theories concerning the functions of these two states. Prerequisite: Psychology 216 or consent of instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 366. Cognitive Neuroscience It should be obvious that every process that goes on in the mind has physiological underpinnings. But, whether we can unlock the secrets of learning, memory and consciousness as they are supported by neurons and neural connections is a longstanding and elusive problem in psychology. Contemporary articles are the text for this discussion-driven course. The student should leave the class with a working understanding of brain processes and of contemporary theories of brain processes that may support learning, memory, language, and consciousness. Psychology 110 is a required prerequisite, 210 and 216 are recommended, but not required. 6 credits cr., SS, FallG. Gotthard, J. Neiworth
PSYC 367. Clinical Psychobiology This seminar will explore the psychobiological bases of human mental dysfunction. The major disordersschizophrenia, anxiety, depression, and substance abusewill be covered, as well as additional select topics. Prerequisite: Psychology 216 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., MS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 368. Topics in Physiological Psychology An advanced seminar in the area of physiological psychology and neuroscience. This course will address research on particular topics for students having backgrounds in the ideas and methods of neuroscience. Prerequisite: Psychology 216. 6 credits cr., MS, SpringG. Gotthard
PSYC 369. Behavioral Medicine This seminar will examine mind-body interactions and health-related aspects of psychology. Topics covered include psychosomatic illness, personality variables in health and disease, and nervous system-immune system interactions. 6 credits cr., SS, SpringS. Kozberg, L. Wichlinski
PSYC 371. Primate Cognition Recent findings have brought to light some very compelling examples of humanlike behavior in nonhuman primates: tool use and tool making, family bonding, complex social behaviors such as cooperation, altruism, communication, and emotion. Each of these topics is considered in the context of the cognitive workings of the primate mind with emphases on apes (gorilla, chimpanzee) but with some evaluation of monkeys (particularly cebus and rhesus varieties). This course makes use of writings from primary texts on the subject (Fouts, Tomasello, Savage-Rumbaugh, Goodall). The goal is to evaluate the uniqueness of primate behavior. Psychology 210 or Psychology 212 are recommended prerequisites. Psychology 110 is a required prerequisite. 6 credits cr., SS, FallJ. Neiworth
PSYC 375. Language & Deception Cross-listed with CGST 375. In this course we will examine deception and persuasion in language use. We will take up three main issues. The first is what it means to deceive and how people deceive others through language. What methods do they use, and how do these methods work? The second issue is why people deceive. What purposes do their deceptions serve in court, in advertising, in bureaucracies, in business transactions, and in everyday face-to-face conversation? The third issue is the ethics of deception. Is it legitimate to deceive others, and if so, when and why? Prerequisites: Psychology 110 and one other course in the cognitive area. 6 credits cr., SS, WinterM. Van Der Wege
PSYC 380. Seminar in Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development During the Preschool Years Cross-listed with CGST 380. . We will consider the development of memory, perception, and attention, as well as concepts and categorization, problem-solving and thinking, during the years from two to six. We will focus particularly on how these developments are reflected in children's spontaneous behavior and play. Course requirements will include readings, class discussions, short papers, a final project, and regular observation of preschoolers or kindergarteners. Prerequisites: Psychology 250 or permission of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, SpringK. Galotti
PSYC 381. London Program: Literature and Psychology This course will consider the relationship between psychology, literature, and literary analysis. Among the topics we will explore are psychological themes in literature and drama, the role of narrative in psychology and literature, theatrical techniques and metaphors in psychological experimentation and theory and theories of psychological and literary interpretation. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 382. Topics in Social and Personality: Positive Psychology This seminar will examine the new movement in scientific psychology addressing position subjective experience (e.g. happiness), positive traits (e.g., resilience, creativity), and positive institutions. Prerequisite: Psychology 252, 256, or 258. 6 credits cr., SS, FallN. Lutsky
PSYC 384. Psychology of Prejudice Cross-listed with AFAM 384. This seminar introduces students to major psychological theories and research on the development, perpetuation and reduction of prejudice. A sociological and historical approach to race, culture, ethnicity and race relations will provide a backdrop for examining psychological theory and research on prejudice formation and reduction. Major areas to be discussed are cognitive social learning, group conflict and contact hypothesis. Prerequisites: Psychology 110 or permission of instructor. Psychology 256 or 258 recommended. 6 credits cr., SS,RAD, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 386. Adolescent Cognitive Development: Developing an Identity and Life Plans Cross-listed with CGST 386. An examination of recent literature on how adolescents develop their value system, explore their goals, begin to make life-framing decision, establish new relationships, and discover answers to the question "Who am I?" Course readings will involve primary literature, and the course is discussion-based. Prerequisite: Psychology 250 or consent of the instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 387. Psychology of Gender The central goal of this seminar is to provide an overview of the major theories and empirical issues within the study of the psychology of gender. We will review empirical findings on common beliefs about gender, and particularly focus on the role of developmental and socialization processes in the creation of gender differences. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of instructor. 6 credits cr., SS, Not offered in 2003-2004.
PSYC 397. Senior Tutorial This course assists students in the writing of a major paper on a topic in psychology of their choice. Open only to senior majors. Enrollment by permission only. 3 credits cr., ND, WinterG. Gotthard
PSYC 398. Senior Colloquium This course considers selected issues, topics, and literatures reflecting the diversity of concerns in contemporary psychology. Open only to senior majors. The primary goal of this course is to develop a solid proposal for comps. 6 credits cr., ND, FallL. Wichlinski