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Spanish (SPAN)

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Language Courses

Language courses 101, 102, 103, 204 are a sequential series of courses designed to prepare the student in the basic language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) through the study of grammar, literature, and culture, and/or to provide the foundation for pursuing advanced work in language and literature. Spanish 205, 206 and 207 are designed to develop the student's spoken and written mastery of the language through compositions and intensive oral work based on cultural and literary topics. Admission to these courses is determined either by appropriate high school CEEB or Carleton placement test scores or by completion of the previous course in the sequence with a grade of C- or better.

Literature Courses

We examine literary works for both their aesthetic and human values. Our literature courses have a number of goals: to refine and expand students' linguistic ability, to broaden their cultural understanding, to improve their ability to engage in literary analysis, to enhance their knowledge of literary history and criticism, and to help students better understand themselves and the human condition. In our discussions, we address universal themes and concerns, but we also try to uncover what is peculiarly Hispanic or Latin American about the works.

Requirements for a Major

Sixty-six credits in Spanish including the following: no more than eighteen credits in the sequence 204-291; and no more than eighteen credits from courses numbered 220-290. In addition ot these sixty-six credits, six credits in literature other than Spanish are required. At least three courses in Latin Americna literature and three courses in Peninsular literature must be completed before winter term of the senior year. All courses from the Spanish Department off-campus studies programs, numbered above 219, will count toward the major. Six credits for work in integrative exercise are also included in the required 66 credits.

Concentration: See separate section for Latin American Studies Concentration.

Programs Abroad: Participation in a Carleton or in another approved foreign study program is highly recommended for students majoring or concentrating in the above areas. Students interested in study abroad should consult the section on international off-campus programs, and discuss alternatives with faculty in Spanish and with the Director of Off-Campus Studies.

Language Houses: Students have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the language by living in the Language House. The Associate is a native speaker, and students organize and participate in numerous cultural activities in the language houses.

Certificate of Advanced Study in Foreign Language and Literature: Most students in our courses are not necessarily majoring in Sapnish. Often students continue to take Spanish while pursuing a major in a different department simply because they are interested in the language and culture. An increasing number of students pursue the certificate of advanced study (the equivalent of what would be considered a minor area of study at many universities and colleges).

Students who pursue the Certificate of Advanced Study in Spanish are required to complete 36 credits beyond the 103 level with grades of C- or better in each course. Although courses for the Certificate may be taken on an S/CR/NC basis, "D" or "CR" level work will not be sufficient to satisfy the credit requirement. The courses must be taught in Spanish. We limit the number of non-Carleton OCS credits that can be applied to the certificate to a total of 12, and these credits do not substitute for the 12 credits at the 300-level that these students must complete.

The Certificate allows for a maximum of flexibility in that students can take as many as 24 credits in the 204-299 range. However, the most common scenario is that these students follow the progression that our majors follow and benefit from the general goals of the Spanish major.

Students need to fill out the Certificate Form and turn it into the Department's Adminstrative Assistant, LDC 340, mtatge@carleton.edu. Forms must be completed no later than fall term of senior year. Courses being taken during that term will be counted upon completion of course.

Spanish Courses

SPAN 101. Elementary Spanish This course introduces the basic structures of the Spanish language, everyday vocabulary and cultural situations. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: none (Placement score for students with previous experience in Spanish). 6 cr., NE, FallStaff

SPAN 102. Elementary Spanish This course introduces complex sentences and various tenses and short literary and cultural texts. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 101 or placement score. 6 cr., NE, WinterStaff

SPAN 103. Intermediate Spanish This course continues the study of complex sentence patterns and reviews basic patterns in greater depth, partly through the discussion of authentic short stories. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 102 or placement score. 6 cr., NE, SpringStaff

SPAN 204. Intermediate Spanish Through discussion of literary and cultural texts and films, as well as a review of grammar, this course aims to help students acquire greater skill and confidence in both oral and written expression. Taught three days a week in Spanish. Some Spanish 204 sections include a service-learning component, to enrich students' understanding of course material by integrating academic study with public service. The language classes team up with the Northfield public schools to help both Northfield and Carleton students improve their language skills. Prerequisite: Spanish 103 or placement score. 6 cr., NE, Fall,WinterStaff

SPAN 205. Conversation and Composition A course designed to develop the student's oral and written mastery of Spanish. Advanced study of grammar. Compositions and conversations based on cultural and literary topics. There is also an audio-video component focused on current affairs. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, Fall,Winter,SpringJ. Brioso, J. Cerna-Bazán, H. Huergo

SPAN 206. Introduction to Public Speech in Spanish In this course the students will learn the process of shaping ideas into an effective oral presentation in Spanish. We will pay particular attention to the process of selecting supporting data and other materials as well as the mechanics of arranging ideas in a logical manner, and delivering the speech effectively. The course will offer several opportunities for impromptu speaking experiences. Through the course, the students will prepare and deliver specialized forms of public speeches. Emphasis will be placed on a variety of types of persuasive and ceremonial speeches. There will be some mandatory films and talks outside of class. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or its equivalent. 6 cr., HI, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 207. Exploring Hispanic Culture Designed for the person who wants to develop greater fluency in speaking, writing, and reading Spanish in the context of a broad introduction to Hispanic culture. Short stories, plays, poems, films, and short novels are read with the goal of enhancing awareness of Hispanic diversity and stimulating classroom discussion. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 208. Coffee and News An excellent opportunity to brush up your Spanish while learning about current issues in Spain and Latin America. The class meets only once a week for an hour. Class requirements include reading specific sections of Spain's leading newspaper, El País, everyday on the internet (El País), and then meeting once a week to exchange ideas over coffee with a small group of students like yourself. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 2 cr., S/CR/NC, LA, IS, Fall,Winter,SpringJ. Brioso

SPAN 210. Improving Spanish through Translation The focus of this course is to review some key grammatical structures through communicative translation exercises, as well as to become more aware of pragmatic and discursive differences between Spanish and English. Translation exercises are prepared at home and class time is devoted to discussion and constructive criticism about grammar and style. The course will be taught primarily in Spanish. This course will enhance students' skills in Spanish writing, reading, speaking and listening. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or its equivalent. 6 cr., HI, IDS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 215. Peru Program: Spanish Open Classroom This course aims at further development of communicative skills in Spanish. The class focuses on the expression of subjective reactions to personal experiences and opinions on the social and material world. The main material for class activities will come from what students encounter in their interactions with native speakers and their daily routine. The class will have an aula abierta (open classroom) format, which will encourage maximum student production, both inside and outside the formal setting of the classroom. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or the equivalent. 3 cr., NE, SpringJ. Cerna-Bazán

SPAN 220. Magical Realism in Latin American Narrative Is it real? A concern with the interplay between reality and fiction rests at the heart of Magical Realism--a mode of discourse and a perspective on the problem of representation that informs a good many of the best known works in Latin American literature. This course will examine works in translation by authors such as Alejo Carpentier, Gabriel García Márquez, Julio Cortázar, Isabel Allende, Laura Esquivel. We'll close the course with a nod to those authors who reject Magical Realism as the primary mode of fiction in Latin American prose. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 221. Madrid Program: Filming Madrid This course is a ten-week video workshop designed to prepare students to shoot and edit a short video by the end of their term in Madrid. Students will work in teams of four under the guidance of David Redondo, president of Walkabout Creatividad Audiovisual. Video projects need to focus on an aspect of urban life in Madrid. 2 cr., S/CR/NC, NE, IS, FallH. Huergo

SPAN 222. Two Voices: Gabriel García Márquez and Laura Restrepo Considered one of the greatest writers of the twentieth century, Gabriel García Márquez defines magical realism. His works record the reality of his native Colombia, embedding it within the mythic patterns of Latin American cultures and histories. Like García Márquez, Laura Restrepo began her writing career as a journalist, but her lens remains firmly anchored in the reality of Colombia's encounters with political violence and drug cartels. In what she calls "report style," Restrepo, too, tells the story of Colombia. The course focuses on selected works by these two authors, a study of contexts, themes, and styles. In translation. 6 cr., LA, IS, FallB. Boling

SPAN 229. Madrid Program: Current Issues in Spanish Politics This course offers a fresh look of Spain's current political life as seen through the eyes of a committed journalist with hands-on experience in the matter. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 4 cr., SI, IS, FallH. Huergo

SPAN 240. Survey of Spanish Literature This course offers an introduction to the principal works, authors, and currents of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages to the present day. Topics of discussions include: Arab, Jews, and Christians in Spain, the discovery of the New World, the Age of Cervantes, Larra's Spain, the Spanish-American War, Lorca's generation, the outbreak of the Civil War, Franco's Spain, and the democratic transition. Recommended for students who have fulfilled their language requirement and would like to gain insight into Spanish cultural and literary history. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or above. 6 cr., HI, IS, Offered in alternate years. SpringH. Huergo

SPAN 242. Introduction to Latin American Literature An introductory course to reading major texts in Spanish provides an historical survey of the literary movements within Latin American literature from the pre-Hispanic to the contemporary period. Recommended as a foundation course for further study. Not open to seniors. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, WinterS. López

SPAN 244. Spain Today: Recent Changes through Narrative and Film Since the death of Franco in 1975, Spain has undergone huge political, socio-economic, and cultural transformations. Changes in the traditional roles of women, the legalization of gay marriage, the decline of the Catholic church, the increase of immigrants, Catalan and Basque nationalisms, and the integration of Spain in the European Union, have all challenged the definition of a national identity. Through contemporary narrative and film, this course will examine some of these changes and how they contribute to the creation of what we call Spain today. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, SpringP. Álvarez Blanco

SPAN 247. Madrid Program: Spanish Art Live This course offers an introduction to Spanish art from el Greco to the present. Classes are taught in some of the finest museums and churches of Spain, including the Prado Museum, the Museo Nacional de Arte Reina Sofía, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Toledo Cathedral in Toledo, and the Church of Santo Tomé. To better understand today's art market, students also visit the Estampa Art Fair, the largest platform for the dissemination of contemporaneous multiple art held in Spain. 6 cr., LA, IS, FallLocal Faculty

SPAN 255. Women Dramatists in Latin America: Staging Conflicts This course examines contemporary plays written by Latin American women from a gendered perspective. Issues range from women and political repression to a critique of gender roles. As we read the plays, we will consider both the literary qualities of dramatic texts and the semiotics of staging and its potential for reconceptualizing women's roles in Latin American society and culture. Possible dramatists are Luisa Josefina Hernández, Rosario Castellanos, Griselda Gambaro, Elena Garro, Sabina Berman, Susana Torres Molina, Marcela del Río. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 256. Lorca, Buñuel and Dalí­: Poetry, Film, and Painting in Spain Lorca, Buñuel, and Dalí attended the same college in Madrid. It was the 1920s and the young were truly young and almost everything was possible. Soon Lorca became Dalí's secret lover and muse, inspiring many of his early paintings and launching his career in the artistic circles of Barcelona and Madrid. At the same time, Dalí collaborated with Buñuel in two landmarks of experimental cinema--The Andalusian Dog and The Golden Age. This course examines the friendship between the three artists and their place in the history of twentieth-century art, film, and literature. Extra time. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 260. Forces of Nature This course examines nature and its relationship to Latin American identity across the last 200 years, but with emphasis on the twentieth century. Paradise regained and lost, monster or endangered habitat, nature plays a central role in Latin American development and its literature. Its literary image has varied greatly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, at times suggesting the lost Garden of Eden, at other times mirroring human cruelty, and recently coming center stage in the ecological novel. Among the authors studied in this course are Sarmiento, Quiroga, Gallegos, Rulfo, Seplveda, Belli, and Montero. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 262. Myth and History in Central American Literature In this course we study the relationship between myth and history in Central America since its origins in the Popol Vuh, the sacred texts of the Mayans until the period of the post-civil wars era. The course is organized in a chronological manner. We will study, in addition to the Popol Vuh, the chronicles of Alvarado, some poems by Rubén Darío and Francisco Gavidia, some of the writings of Miguel Ángel Asturias and Salarrué. The course will end with a study of critical visions of the mythical presented by more contemporary authors such as Roque Dalton and Luis de Lión. 6 cr., LA, IS, WinterY. Perez

SPAN 263. History of Human Rights This course proposes a genealogical study of the concept of Human Rights. The course will begin with the debates in sixteenth century Spain about the theological, political and juridical rights of "Indians." The course will cover four centuries and the following topics will be discussed: the debates about poverty in sixteenth century Spain; the birth of the concept of tolerance in the eighteenth century; the creation of the modern political constitution in the United States, France and Spain; the debates about women's rights, abortion and euthanasia, etc. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 265. Peru Program: Cultures in Transition: The Old and the New in Contemporary Peru This class focuses on the cultural manifestations of social fragmentation brought to Peru by the uneven development resulting from increasing insertion of both "traditional" and "modern" sectors of society into global capitalism. We will examine a variety of cultural artifacts simultaneously and indelibly marked by traditional-popular culture and by the changing effects of mass-media culture and technology. Classes will be supplemented by visits to relevant sites and events, and lectures by local experts. 6 cr., NE, SpringJ. Cerna-Bazán

SPAN 266. Postwar Central American LIterature We study the resurgence of literature in Central America during the 1990s after the various political conflicts in the region (a civil war, a revolution and an insurgence). We will examine how the reconstruction of the public sphere in these countries included a rethinking of civil society via literature. We will study how literature from this period reimagines national frontiers as members of the diasporic communities that resulted from the political conflicts produced texts and posed difficult questions about what is a national literature. Among the authors studied will be Horacio Castellanos Moya, Jacinta Escudos Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Franz Galich. 6 cr., LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 277. The Poem as Artifact: Art and Work in Contemporary Spanish American Poetry Poetry will be studied as an activity that shares a common ground with other social practices. In particular, we will examine particular moments and cases of Latin American literature in which the poem (the making of poetry and the form of the text) has been conceived in its connection with work, that is, with the process of transformation of materiality into specific "objects," involving a necessary social use of time and space. We will explore this topic starting with Modernismo and, after covering the Vanguardias, will get to some key developments from the 1960s to present. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or equivalent. 6 cr., LA, FallJ. Cerna-Bazán

SPAN 301. Greek and Christian Tragedy This course is a comparative study of classical and Christian tragedy from Sophocles to Valle Inclán and from Aristotle to Nietzsche. Classes alternate between lectures and group discussions. Course requisites include a midterm exam and a final paper. All readings are in Spanish, Sophocles and Aristotle included. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., HI, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 320. New Spanish Voices Since 1980, Spain has experienced a literary and artistic boom, with scores of young novelists and filmmakers whose works challenge traditional notions of the individual and society. This course will examine some of these works, paying attention to regions of Spain normally excluded from the curriculum--Galicia, the Basque Country, and Catalonia. Discussions topics include gender and sexuality, cultural and personal memory, exile and migration, and the relationship between voice and power. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 321. Murder as a Fine Art: The Detective Novel in Latin America We will study the socio-historical factors that gave rise to the genre as well as some of its classical predecessors (Poe, Chandler). We will then turn our attention to some prominent heirs of this genre in Latin America (Borges, Piglia, Bolaño) and end by studying why in contemporary Central American literature the genre is enjoying a resurgence (Menjívar, Castellanos Moya and Rey Rosa). We will study the specific traits the genre has adopted in Latin America and how it has become a mirror that often reflects the political and social realities confronting the region, particularly in Central America. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 323. The Other American Revolutions An interdisciplinary exploration of the ways in which the Haitian, Mexican, Cuban and Sandinista revolutions have been imagined in literature, art and film. Through the lens of cultural texts, we will study how the concept of revolution evolves in each of these cases and what new promises each case brings to our conception of the American continent. Authors read will include Alejo Carpentier, Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Mariano Azuela, Derek Walcott and Ernesto Cardenal. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 and above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. SpringY. Pérez

SPAN 328. Contemporary Fiction and the Market In this course we will be studying the various meanings of what has been labeled, esthetically and sociologically, as the Post-Modernist age, or Late Modernity. We will also study the relationship between "postmodernism" and what has been called the "culture of contentment" or "culture of well-being," and we will attempt to understand the interactions that exist between culture, market and dominant ideology. To develop this theme we will focus on Spain, but will also continually establish relationships with other countries. This course includes many cultural products (novels, films, documentaries, animated essays, visual poetry, gag cartoons, graphic novel, comics, etc.). Evening films, guest lectures. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or Spanish 207. 6 cr., LA, IS, FallP. Álvarez Blanco

SPAN 330. The Invention of the Modern Novel: Cervantes' Don Quijote Among other things, Don Quijote is a "remake," an adaptation of several literary models popular at the time the picaresque novel, the chivalry novel, the sentimental novel, the Byzantine novel, the Italian novella, etc. This course will examine the ways in which Cervantes transformed these models to create what is considered by many the first "modern" novel in European history. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 331. Baroque Desires According to Graciáns influential The Art of Worldly Wisdom (1647), it is essential "to have always something still to desire, that one may not be unhappy in his happiness." This course explores this curious conundrum--that perhaps real happiness lies in the unfulfillment of desire--through a number of "biggies," including Cervantes, Therese of Avila, John of the Cross, Garcilaso, Quevedo, Calderón, and the precursor of Nietzsche's Gay Science--Gracián himself. If by the end of the course you still do not understand Gracián, at least you will know why Mick Jagger "can't get no satisfaction." Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., HI, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 336. Genealogies of the Modern: Turn of the Century Latin America We will study the experience of literary modernity (1870-1910) in the context of the configuration of emergent cities, urban culture, mass media, technological innovation, the modernization of the figure of the writer, and the vicissitudes of modern bourgeois subjectivity. A key emphasis will be placed on the raid on the European artistic archive and its forms of subjectivity. Texts by Martí Darío, Rodó, Lugones, Silva, Gutiérrez, Májera, Nervo, Machado de Assis, and Agustini among others. Theoretical selections from Freud, Simmel, Benjamin, Corbain, Foucault, Montaldo, Molloy, Sarlo, and Rotker among others. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or equivalent. 6 cr., LA, IS, Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 344. Women Writers in Latin America: Body and Text This course examines texts by women authors who write from a critical and gendered perspective about women, desire, and identity. Through the metaphor of the body, the narratives disclose both the limits and the implicit/explicit resistance the protagonists embody. Emphasis is on texts from the twentieth century to the present. Among the authors included: Bombal, Castellanos, Valenzuela, Peri Rossi, Poniatowska, Buitrago, Serrano, Luiselli. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or similar. 6 cr., LA, IS, WinterB. Boling

SPAN 349. Madrid Program: Theory and Practice of Urban Life More than a study of the image of Madrid in Spanish literature, this course examines the actual experience of living in a cosmopolitan city through a variety of disciplines, including Urban Studies, Philosophy, Architecture, Sociology, and Spanish poetry and fiction. 6 cr., LA, IS, FallH. Huergo

SPAN 358. The Spanish Civil War Considered by many historians the beginning of the II World War, the Spanish Civil war served as the arena where the main ideologies of the twentieth century--Capitalism, Fascism, and Communism--first clashed. The result was not only one of the bloodiest wars in history, but also was of the most idealistic, with 40,000 volunteers from all over the world willing to die in defense of a country they did not even know. This course will explore the meaning of the war through a variety of mediums and disciplines, including literature, history, graphic arts, and films. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., HI, IS, WinterJ. Brioso

SPAN 366. Jorge Luis Borges: Less a Man Than a Vast and Complex Literature Borges once said about Quevedo that he was less a man than a vast and complex literature. This phrase is probably the best definition for Borges as well. We will discuss the many writers encompassed by Borges: the vanguard writer, the poet, the detective short story writer, the fantastic story writer, the essayist. We will also study his many literary masks: H. Bustoc Domecq (the apocryphal writer he created with Bioy Casares) a pseudonym he used to write chronicles and detective stories. We will study his impact on contemporary writers and philosophers such as Foucault, Derrida, Roberto Bolaño, etc. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2014-2015.

SPAN 371. Yours Truly: The Body of the Letter This course will focus on letters and their significance as acts of symbolic and material exchange, as objects that bear the mark of the bodily act of writing, and as a staging of the scene of writing itself. We will study different types of letters (love letters, secret letters, literary letters, letters imbedded in other texts, etc.), but always as the site of production of a modern and gendered self. Letters by: Flora Tristan, Victoria Ocampo, Teresa de la Parra, Virginia Woolf, Rosa Luxemburg, Simone de Beauvoir and theoretical texts by Monsiváis, Chartier, Bouver, Derrida, Deleuze and Guattari, among others. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. SpringS. López

SPAN 400. Integrative Exercise 6 cr., S/NC, Fall,Winter,SpringStaff