Language courses 101, 102, 103, 204 are a sequential series of courses designed to prepare the student in the basic language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) through the study of grammar, literature, and culture, and/or to provide the foundation for pursuing advanced work in language and literature. Spanish 205, 206 and 207 are designed to develop the student's spoken and written mastery of the language through compositions and intensive oral work based on cultural and literary topics. Admission to these courses is determined either by appropriate high school CEEB or Carleton placement test scores or by completion of the previous course in the sequence with a grade of C- or better.
We examine literary works for both their aesthetic and human values. Our literature courses have a number of goals: to refine and expand students' linguistic ability, to broaden their cultural understanding, to improve their ability to engage in literary analysis, to enhance their knowledge of literary history and criticism, and to help students better understand themselves and the human condition. In our discussions, we address universal themes and concerns, but we also try to uncover what is peculiarly Hispanic or Latin American about the works.
Requirements for a Major
Sixty-six credits in Spanish including either 205 or 206 and no more than twelve credits in the 205-210 sequence. Courses 101, 102, 103, 204 do not count toward the major. Students may not apply more than 18 credits from courses numbered 220-290 to the major. In addition to 66 credits in the major, six credits are required in literature outside the major. Majors must complete at least three courses in Latin American literature and three courses in Peninsular literature (Spain) before winter term of the senior year. Students also write an integrative exercise during senior year.
Concentration: See separate section for Latin American Studies Concentration.
Programs Abroad: Participation in a Carleton or in another approved foreign study program is highly recommended for students majoring or concentrating in the above areas. Students interested in study abroad should consult the section on international off-campus programs, and discuss alternatives with faculty in Spanish and with the Director of Off-Campus Studies.
Language Houses: Students have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the language by living in the Language House. The Associate is a native speaker, and students organize and participate in numerous cultural activities in the language houses.
Certificate of Advanced Study in Foreign Language and Literature: In order to receive the Certificate of Advanced Study in Spanish, students must fulfill the general requirements (refer to Academic Regulations) in the following course distribution: six courses completed with a grade of C- or better in Spanish beyond 103, including at least two upper-level literature courses (300-395). Although courses for the certificate may be taken on a S/CR/NC basis, "D" or "Cr" level work will not be sufficient to satisfy course requirements. No more than 12 credits from non-Carleton off-campus studies programs may be applied toward the certificate.
SPAN 101. Elementary Spanish This course introduces the basic structures of the Spanish language, everyday vocabulary and cultural situations. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: none (Placement score for students with previous experience in Spanish). 6 cr., ND; NE, FallStaff
SPAN 102. Elementary Spanish This course introduces complex sentences and various tenses and short literary and cultural texts. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 101 or placement score. 6 cr., ND; NE, WinterStaff
SPAN 103. Intermediate Spanish This course continues the study of complex sentence patterns and reviews basic patterns in greater depth, partly through the discussion of authentic short stories. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 102 or placement score. 6 cr., ND; NE, SpringStaff
SPAN 204. Intermediate Spanish Through discussion of literary and cultural texts and films, as well as a review of grammar, this course aims to help students acquire greater skill and confidence in both oral and written expression. Taught three days a week in Spanish. Some Spanish 204 sections include a service-learning component, to enrich students' understanding of course material by integrating academic study with public service. The language classes team up with the Northfield public schools to help both Northfield and Carleton students improve their language skills. Prerequisite: Spanish 103 or placement score. 6 cr., ND; NE, Fall,WinterStaff
SPAN 205. Conversation and Composition A course designed to develop the student's oral and written mastery of Spanish. Advanced study of grammar. Compositions and conversations based on cultural and literary topics. There is also an audio-video component focused on current affairs. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., ND; LA, IS, Fall,Winter,SpringJ. Brioso, J. Cerna Bazan, H. Huergo
SPAN 207. Exploring Hispanic Culture Designed for the person who wants to develop greater fluency in speaking, writing, and reading Spanish in the context of a broad introduction to Hispanic culture. Short stories, plays, poems, films, and short novels are read with the goal of enhancing awareness of Hispanic diversity and stimulating classroom discussion. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., ND, RAD; LA, IS, SpringJ. Brioso
SPAN 208. Coffee and News An excellent opportunity to brush up your Spanish while learning about current issues in Spain and Latin America. The class meets only once a week for an hour. Class requirements include reading specific sections of Spain's leading newspaper, El País, everyday on the internet (El País), and then meeting once a week to exchange ideas over coffee with a small group of students like yourself. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 2 cr., S/CR/NC, ND; LA, IS, Fall,Winter,SpringJ. Brioso
SPAN 209. Madrid Program: Contemporary Spanish History An overview of Spanish history, culture, and politics with an emphasis on current issues such as immigration, education laws, the European Union, unemployment, and nationalism. 6 cr., ND; HI, IS, FallH. Huergo
SPAN 211. Peru Program: Writing and Conversation This course aims at further development of communicative skills in Spanish. The strong emphasis on student presentations and interactions with native speakers are oriented toward a greater fluency in spoken Spanish. The course focuses on the grammar of compound sentence and structures beyond the sentence level, and includes practice of different registers and varieties of writing in Spanish. Written work and class discussion focus on relevant aspects of Peruvian and Latin American social reality. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or equivalent. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, SpringJ. Cerna-Bazán
SPAN 220. Magical Realism in Latin American Narrative Is it real? A concern with the interplay between reality and fiction rests at the heart of Magical Realism--a mode of discourse and a perspective on the problem of representation that informs a good many of the best known works in Latin American literature. This course will examine works in translation by authors such as Alejo Carpentier, Gabriel García Márquez, Julio Cortázar, Isabel Allende, Laura Esquivel. We'll close the course with a nod to those authors who reject Magical Realism as the primary mode of fiction in Latin American prose. In translation. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, FallB. Boling
SPAN 238. Images of the Indian in Spanish American Literature After a historical survey of the relationship between national projects of social organization and the indigenous populations of the area, this course focuses on Indigenismo as a set of social discourses attempting to represent "the Indian," and on key works by Icaza (Ecuador), Asturias (Guatemala), Arguedas (Peru), and Castellanos (Mexico). While considering the specific literary quality of this writing, we will contrast its representation of "the Indian," with indigenous self-representation in oral-popular tradition and through intellectuals like Domitila Barrios, Rigoberta Menchú, Bernabe Condori and others, to better understand the relationship between official culture and its Other. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 240. Introduction to Spanish Literature This course will examine the uniqueness of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages to the present. What is unique about Spanish literature? The meeting of Arabs, Christians, and Jews; the discovery of the Indies as told by Christopher Columbus; the enormous cultural and ethnic complexity of the conquest of the New World; the creation of the modern novel in the Lazarillo and its destruction in Cervante's Don Quixote; the mystic eroticism of St. Therese and St. John of the Cross; the ruminative poetry of Antonio Machado and the mythical poetry of Lorca. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 242. Introduction to Latin American Literature An introductory course to reading major texts in Spanish provides an historical survey of the literary movements within Latin American literature from the pre-Hispanic to the contemporary period. Recommended as a foundation course for further study. Not open to seniors. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, WinterS. López
SPAN 244. Spain Today: Recent Changes through Narrative and Film Since the death of Franco in 1975, Spain has undergone huge political, socio-economic, and cultural transformations. Changes in the traditional roles of women, the legalization of gay marriage, the decline of the Catholic church, the increase of immigrants, Catalan and Basque nationalisms, and the integration of Spain in the European Union, have all challenged the definition of a national identity. Through contemporary narrative and film, this course will examine some of these changes and how they contribute to the creation of what we call Spain today. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 247. Madrid Program: Spanish Art from El Greco to Picasso This course is a survey of Spanish art from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. Classes will meet at some of the finest museums in Madrid, including the Prado Museum and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia (Museum of Modern Art). Art lectures will be supplemented by field trips to Toledo, Barcelona, Cordoba, and Seville. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 4 cr., AL; LA, IS, FallNon-Carleton Faculty
SPAN 250. Spanish Cinema This course will study Spanish film from 1950s to the present. Through the study of the social and political processes involved in the conception of time and memory we will discuss the work of internationally recognized filmmakers such as Luis Buñuel, Luis García Berlanga, Mario Camus, Carlos Saura, Victor Erice and Pedro Almodóvar. Extra time. Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 252. Love Stories in Latin American Prose From soap operas (culebrones) and popular romance novels (la novela rosa) to stories written by Gabriel García Márquez and Laura Esquivel, love stories never seem to lose their appeal. In this course we will read a popular Spanish romance novel by Corín Tellado, watch a Latin American soap opera, and read and discuss variations on the basic novela rosa by Latin American authors. Among possible authors studied are Gabriel García Márquez, Laura Esquivel, Daína Chaviano, Zoé Valdés, Manuel Puig, Isabel Allende, Gioconda Belli, Mayra Montero. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 255. Women Dramatists in Latin America: Staging Conflicts This course examines contemporary plays written by Latin American women from a gendered perspective. Issues range from women and political repression to a critique of gender roles. As we read the plays, we will consider both the literary qualities of dramatic texts and the semiotics of staging and its potential for reconceptualizing women’s roles in Latin American society and culture. Possible dramatists are Luisa Josefina Hernández, Rosario Castellanos, Griselda Gambaro, Elena Garro, Sabina Berman, Susana Torres Molina, Marcela del Río. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, WinterB. Boling
SPAN 256. Lorca, Buñuel, and Dalí: Poetry, Film, and Painting in Spain Lorca, Buñuel, and Dalí attended the same college in Madrid. It was the 1920s and the young were truly young and almost everything was possible. Soon Lorca became Dalí's secret lover and muse, inspiring many of his early paintings and launching his career in the artistic circles of Barcelona and Madrid. At the same time, Dalí collaborated with Buñuel in two landmarks of experimental cinema--The Andalusian Dog and The Golden Age. This course examines the friendship between the three artists and their place in the history of twentieth-century art, film, and literature. Extra time. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 260. Forces of Nature This course examines nature and its relationship to Latin American identity across the last 200 years, but with emphasis on the twentieth century. Paradise regained and lost, monster or endangered habitat, nature plays a central role in Latin American development and its literature. Its literary image has varied greatly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, at times suggesting the lost Garden of Eden, at other times mirroring human cruelty, and recently coming center stage in the ecological novel. Among the authors studied in this course are Sarmiento, Quiroga, Gallegos, Rulfo, Seplveda, Belli, and Montero. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 262. Myth and History in Central American Literature In this course we study the relationship between myth and history in Central America since its origins in the Popol Vuh, the sacred texts of the Mayans until the period of the post-civil wars era. The course is organized in a chronological manner. We will study, in addition to the Popol Vuh, the chronicles of Alvarado, some poems by Rubén Darío and Francisco Gavidia, some of the writings of Miguel Ángel Asturias and Salarrué. The course will end with a study of critical visions of the mythical presented by more contemporary authors such as Roque Dalton and Luis de Lión. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, SpringY. Pérez
SPAN 263. History of Human Rights This course proposes a genealogical study of the concept of Human Rights. The course will begin with the debates in sixteenth century Spain about the theological, political and juridical rights of "Indians." The course will cover four centuries and the following topics will be discussed: the debates about poverty in sixteenth century Spain; the birth of the concept of tolerance in the eighteenth century; the creation of the modern political constitution in the United States, France and Spain; the debates about women's rights, abortion and euthanasia, etc. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 266. Postwar Central American LIterature We study the resurgence of literature in Central America during the 1990s after the various political conflicts in the region (a civil war, a revolution and an insurgence). We will examine how the reconstruction of the public sphere in these countries included a rethinking of civil society via literature. We will study how literature from this period reimagines national frontiers as members of the diasporic communities that resulted from the political conflicts produced texts and posed difficult questions about what is a national literature. Among the authors studied will be Horacio Castellanos Moya, Jacinta Escudos Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Franz Galich. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 269. Peru Program: Diversity, Conflict and Culture in Peru This class focuses on key cultural manifestations arising from class, social, ethnic and regional conflicts of contemporary Peru. Intellectual and artistic production as well as materials drawn from popular culture sources are examined for class discussion and projects. Classes are supplemented by visits to relevant sites and by lectures by local intellectuals. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or equivalent. 6 cr., AL; HI, IS, SpringJ. Cerna-Bazán
SPAN 277. The Poem as Artifact: Art and Work in Contemporary Spanish American Poetry Poetry will be studied as an activity that shares a common ground with other social practices. In particular, we will examine particular moments and cases of Latin American literature in which the poem (the making of poetry and the form of the text) has been conceived in its connection with work, that is, with the process of transformation of materiality into specific "objects," involving a necessary social use of time and space. We will explore this topic starting with Modernismo and, after covering the Vanguardias, will get to some key developments from the 1960s to present. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or equivalent. 6 cr., AL; LA, FallJ. Cerna-Bazán
SPAN 301. Greek and Christian Tragedy This course is a comparative study of classical and Christian tragedy from Sophocles to Valle Inclán and from Aristotle to Nietzsche. Classes alternate between lectures and group discussions. Course requisites include a midterm exam and a final paper. All readings are in Spanish, Sophocles and Aristotle included. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL; HI, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 320. New Spanish Voices Since 1980, Spain has experienced a literary and artistic boom, with scores of young novelists and filmmakers whose works challenge traditional notions of the individual and society. This course will examine some of these works, paying attention to regions of Spain normally excluded from the curriculum--Galicia, the Basque Country, and Catalonia. Discussions topics include gender and sexuality, cultural and personal memory, exile and migration, and the relationship between voice and power. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, FallP. Alvarez Blanco
SPAN 321. Murder as a Fine Art: The Detective Novel in Latin America We will study the socio-historical factors that gave rise to the genre as well as some of its classical predecessors (Poe, Chandler). We will then turn our attention to some prominent heirs of this genre in Latin America (Borges, Piglia, Bolaño) and end by studying why in contemporary Central American literature the genre is enjoying a resurgence (Menjívar, Castellanos Moya and Rey Rosa). We will study the specific traits the genre has adopted in Latin America and how it has become a mirror that often reflects the political and social realities confronting the region, particularly in Central America. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, WinterY. Pérez
SPAN 326. Writers in Exile Two countries and four writers will be the protagonists of our course: Guillermo Cabrera Infante, a refugee from the Cuban revolution living in London while trying to recover his lost city Habana through his writing; Reinaldo Arenas, another Cuban refugee dying of AIDS in New York while writing about his illness and exile; Spanish novelist Jorge Semprún, a deportee and survivor of a concentration camp established in Paris and writing in French; and Juan Goytisolo, a Spanish expatriated in Morocco, writing in Spanish and Arabic about his own country and the Muslim world. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 330. The Invention of the Modern Novel: Cervantes' Don Quijote Among other things, Don Quijote is a "remake," an adaptation of several literary models popular at the time the picaresque novel, the chivalry novel, the sentimental novel, the Byzantine novel, the Italian novella, etc. This course will examine the ways in which Cervantes transformed these models to create what is considered by many the first "modern" novel in European history. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, WinterJ. Brioso
SPAN 331. Baroque Desires According to Gracián’s influential The Art of Worldly Wisdom (1647), it is essential "to have always something still to desire, that one may not be unhappy in his happiness." This course explores this curious conundrum--that perhaps real happiness lies in the unfulfillment of desire--through a number of "biggies," including Cervantes, Therese of Avila, John of the Cross, Garcilaso, Quevedo, Calderón, and the precursor of Nietzsche’s Gay Science--Gracián himself. If by the end of the course you still do not understand Gracián, at least you will know why Mick Jagger "can’t get no satisfaction." Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL; HI, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 336. Genealogies of the Modern: Turn of the Century Latin America We will study the experience of literary modernity (1870-1910) in the context of the configuration of emergent cities, urban culture, mass media, technological innovation, the modernization of the figure of the writer, and the vicissitudes of modern bourgeois subjectivity. A key emphasis will be placed on the raid on the European artistic archive and its forms of subjectivity. Texts by Martí, Darío, Rodó, Lugones, Silva, Gutiérrez Nájera, Nervo, Machado de Assis, and Agustini among others. Theoretical selections from Freud, Simmel, Benjamin, Corbain, Foucault, Montaldo, Molloy, Sarlo, and Rotker among others. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or equivalent. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 342. Latin American Theater: Nation, Power, Gender Introduction to key themes and modes of production in twentieth century theater in Latin America. We will read representative plays from established playwrights such as Rodolfo Usigli, Griselda Gambaro, Manuel Puig, Sabina Berman, Mario Vargas Llosa, Mario Benedetti, Ariel Dorfman, Susana Torres Molina among others. The course will be organized around themes of national and cultural identity, relations of power, and the (de)construction of gender. Students will be asked to put on scenes and develop areas of research. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 344. Women Writers in Latin America: Challenging Gender and Genre The course will study texts (written by women) that deal critically with issues of gender, challenging implicit and explicit patriarchal values. Emphasis will also be placed on how these women have experimented with narrative and poetic genres to express their personal concerns and to deconstruct orthodox structures. Authors usually included: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Storni, Agustini, Castellanos, Poniatowska, Molloy, Valenzuela, Ferré, Garro, Peri Rossi, Allende. Prerequisite: Spanish 240 or a 300 level literature course is recommended. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 349. Spanish Seminar in Madrid: Theory and Practice of Urban Life More than a study of the image of Madrid in Spanish literature, this course examines the actual experience of living in a cosmoplitan city through a variety of disciplines, including Urban Studies, Philosophy, Architecture, Sociology, and Spanish poetry and fiction. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, FallH. Huergo
SPAN 350. Recent Trends in Latin American Narrative: Pop Culture and Testimony Postboom narratives question the very nature of telling stories, from Rigoberta Menchú’s testimony of genocide to the virtual reality of MacOndo. Eduardo Galeano, Manuel Puig, and Elena Poniatowska are some of the writers we will examine, writers who combine fiction and reportage, recontextualize the novela rosa, or write an urban literature within a global context. What makes these new texts literature? How has the craft of author changed, and what constitutes a postmodern narrative discourse? Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 353. History and Subjectivity in Latin American Poetry In this course we will examine this poetic experimentation in relation to the major political and ideological trends that have shaped Spanish American societies and cultures in the twentieth century. While focusing on the work of one major figure, we will read it in relationship to the poetry of other authors. Some authors included will be Pablo Neruda, Csar Vallejo, Gabriela Mistral, Nicanor Parra, Octavio Paz, Enrique Lihn, Ernesto Cardenal, Blanca Varela and Alejandra Pizarnik. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or proficiency. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 358. The Spanish Civil War Considered by many historians the beginning of the II World War, the Spanish Civil war served as the arena where the main ideologies of the twentieth century--Capitalism, Fascism, and Communism--first clashed. The result was not only one of the bloodiest wars in history, but also was of the most idealistic, with 40,000 volunteers from all over the world willing to die in defense of a country they did not even know. This course will explore the meaning of the war through a variety of mediums and disciplines, including literature, history, graphic arts, and films. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; HI, IS, SpringH. Huergo
SPAN 360. Race and Nation in Caribbean Literature We will study the Caribbean as the space, par excellence, of imperial, racial and cultural intersections. With a special emphasis on literary production in the Spanish Caribbean, we will focus on the formation of hegemonic nationalist discourses that often silenced the region's great racial and cultural diversity. We will analyze symbolic and cultural constructions of power rationalized with complex racialized beliefs to sustain the social and political structures in these countries. We will read texts by José Martí, Juan Francisco Manzano, Lydia Cabrera, Nancy Morejón, Nicolás Guillén, and Derek Walcott among others. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 366. Jorge Luis Borges: Less a Man Than a Vast and Complex Literature Borges once said about Quevedo that he was less a man than a vast and complex literature. This phrase is probably the best definition for Borges as well. We will discuss the many writers encompassed by Borges: the vanguard writer, the poet, the detective short story writer, the fantastic story writer, the essayist. We will also study his many literary masks: H. Bustoc Domecq (the apocryphal writer he created with Bioy Casares) a pseudonym he used to write chronicles and detective stories. We will study his impact on contemporary writers and philosophers such as Foucault, Derrida, Roberto Bolaño, etc. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL; LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2012-2013.
SPAN 371. Yours Truly: The Body of the Letter This course will focus on letters and their significance as acts of symbolic and material exchange, as objects that bear the mark of the bodily act of writing, and as a staging of the scene of writing itself. We will study different types of letters (love letters, secret letters, literary letters, letters imbedded in other texts, etc.), but always as the site of production of a modern and gendered self. Letters by: Flora Tristan, Victoria Ocampo, Teresa de la Parra, Virginia Woolf, Rosa Luxemburg, Simone de Beauvoir and theoretical texts by Monsiváis, Chartier, Bouver, Derrida, Deleuze and Guattari, among others. Prerequisite: Spanish 205 or above. 6 cr., AL, RAD; LA, IS, Offered in alternate years. SpringS. López