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Women's and Gender Studies (WGST)

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The Women's and Gender Studies Program provides an interdisciplinary meeting ground for exploring questions about women and gender that are transforming knowledge across disciplinary lines in the sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities. Its goal is to include gender, along with class, sexuality and race, as a central category of social and cultural analysis. Courses focusing on women and gender are offered by the departments of Asian Languages and Literatures, Classics, English, German and Russian, French and Spanish, History, Cinema and Media Studies, Music, Religion, Philosophy, Political Science, Art, Sociology and Anthropology, as well as Women's and Gender Studies itself. Carleton offers both a Major and a Concentration in Women's and Gender Studies that allows students to complement their major field with an interdisciplinary focus on women and gender. All courses are open to all students, if they have fulfilled the prerequisites.

Women's and Gender Studies 110, an entry point to the major, is a topical introduction to the field. Women's and Gender Studies 200 and 234 provide the theoretical and methodological tools for advanced work on women and gender. The capstone course, Sociology/Anthropology 395, offers students the opportunity to study a topic in depth and to produce a substantial research paper. The major culminates in a senior comprehensive project, directed by advisers from two disciplines, that builds on the skills and interests developed in previous coursework in Women's and Gender Studies. Each student devises an appropriate program of courses in consultation with the major adviser.

Requirements for a Major

Total of 66 credits

One introductory course, Women's and Gender Studies 110 or 112

One methodology course, Women's and Gender Studies 200 or 234

One capstone seminar, Sociology/Anthropology 395

Comprehensive Exercise, Women's and Gender Studies 400

In addition to these 24 credits, students must complete an additional 42 credits from the Women's and Gender Studies offerings listed below. Of these 42, no more than 12 credits should be at the 100-level and at least 12 credits should be at the 300-level. Ordinarily, no more than 18 credits may be applied to the major from outside of Carleton.

Students will plan these courses in consultation with the Program Director or a designated faculty adviser when they declare their major, and review their plan each term. The major they design should provide both breadth of exposure to Women's and Gender Studies across fields and depth of study in one discipline (normally at least two courses in one area or from one department).

Women's and Gender Studies Courses

WGST 110. Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies This course is an introduction to the ways in which gender structures our world, and to the ways feminists challenge established intellectual frameworks. However, because gender is not a homogeneous category but is differentiated by class, race, sexualities, ethnicity, and culture, we also consider the ways differences in social location intersect with gender. 6 cr., HI, FallM. Sehgal

WGST 112. Introduction to LGBT/Queer Studies This course is an introduction to the interdisciplinary examination of sexual desires, sexual orientations, and the concept of sexuality generally, with a particular focus on the construction of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender identities. The course will look specifically at how these identities interact with other phenomena such as government, family, and popular culture. In exploring sexual diversity, we will highlight the complexity and variability of sexualities, both across different historical periods, and in relation to identities of race, class, and ethnicity. 6 cr., HI, IDS, FallE. Kumar

WGST 130. Politics of Sex The politics of sex are everywhere--in media, law, medicine, and everyday life. To say that sex is political is to imply that sex intersects with other interests--nation and market building, globalization, and so forth. In this course, we will explore various "sex panics," as they ask us to revisit the boundaries of the "normative" in relation to sex and its intersections with race, class, gender, sexuality, nation, and ability. Sex panics--and, as we'll also explore, "sex scandals" occasion not only the revision of discourses on sex but on identity, politics, and cultures more broadly.    6 cr., NE, IDS, SpringK. Bashore

WGST 200. Gender, Power and the Pursuit of Knowledge In this course we will examine whether there are feminist ways of knowing, the criteria by which knowledge is classified as feminist and the various methods used by feminists to produce this knowledge. Some questions that will occupy us are: How do we know what we know? Who does research? Does it matter who the researcher is? How does the social location (race, class, gender, sexuality) of the researcher affect research? Who is the research for? How can research relate to efforts for social change? While answering these questions, we will consider how different feminist researchers have dealt with them. 6 cr., SI, IS, FallM. Sehgal

WGST 205. The Politics of Women's Health This course will explore the politics of women's health from the perspective of women of different races, ethnicities, classes and sexual orientations in the U.S. The organization of the health care system and women's activism (as consumers and health care practitioners) shall frame our explorations of menstruation, sexuality, nutrition, body image, fertility control, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause. We will cover basic facts about the female body and pay particular attention to adjustments the body makes during physiological events (i.e. menstruation, sexual and reproductive activity, and menopause). We will focus on the medicalization of these processes and explore alternatives to this medicalization. 6 cr., WR; SI, WR2, IDS, Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 210. Sexuality and Religious Controversies in the United States and Beyond From pulpits to political campaigns, notions of sexuality are deployed in religious discourse to develop definitions of morality, ethics, family, marriage, gender, citizenship, civil liberties, righteousness and sinfulness. Religious concepts have also been used as creative tools to repress, liberate, legislate, and re-vision various conceptions of sexuality. This course will examine the ways in which religious ideologies, theologies, motivations, and practices function in both public and private contexts in debates over a range of topics, including homosexuality, abortion, and public comportment. We will consider questions about how ideas of sexuality are established as normative through scriptural, ritual, and rhetorical devices. 6 cr., HI, IDS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 220. LGBTQ Movements in the U.S. In this course we will examine what constitutes an LGBTQ social movement in the U.S. today. We will analyze the popular understandings of LGBTQ social movements by linking the context, goals, and outcomes of movements to the dynamics of race, class, gender, sexuality, ability, immigration status, and geography. Our goal will be to understand the ways that LGBTQ social movements have helped influence as well as been influenced by existing social and governmental institutions. How have these relationships determined the perceived legitimacy of such movements? We will also examine several contemporary issues that have inspired LGBTQ organizing and advocacy. 6 cr., SI, IDS, FallE. Kumar

WGST 234. Feminist Theory Feminism has to do with changing the world. We will explore feminist debates about changing the world using a historical framework to situate feminist theories in the context of the philosophical and political thought of specific time periods and cultures. Thus, we will follow feminist theories as they challenged, critiqued, subverted and revised liberalism, Marxism, existentialism, socialism, anarchism, critical race theories, multiculturalism, postmodernism and post-colonialism. We will focus on how theory emerges from and informs matters of practice. We will ask: What counts as theory? Who does it? How is it institutionalized? Who gets to ask the questions and to provide the answers? 6 cr., SI, IS, WinterK. Bloomer

WGST 240. Gender, Globalization and War This course examines the relationship between globalization, gender and militarism to understand how globalization and militarism are gendered, and processes through which gender becomes globalized and militarized. We will focus on the field of transnational feminist theorizing which both "genders the international" and "internationalizes gender." We will take up the different theoretical and disciplinary approaches to this project, as well as the perspectives and methods put forth for studying gender, race and class transnationally. We will explore how economic development, human rights, and the politics of resistance (particularly in the NGO sector) are gendered. 6 cr., SI, Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 255. Gender, Justice and Community Engagement This civic engagement course will have a changing thematic focus on a social issue that will bring feminist theory and practice together into a fieldwork setting. Beginning from a vision of gender justice that necessarily involves racial, sexual, and economic dimensions, we will explore feminist politics through collaborations with communities on and off-campus. The course will enable students to engage in self-reflexive activism, learn through the process of doing, explore theories of gender and contribute to local community organization's efforts to bring about gender justice. Prerequisite: Womens and Gender Studies 234 or permission of instructor. 6 cr., SI, IDS, Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 310. Asian Mystiques Demystified This class will focus on the topic of Asian sexuality and gender, considering traditional, transnational, and transgressive representations of Asian sexualities, femininities, masculinities and bodies. Often associated with paradoxical images of sensuality, spirituality, repression, and femininity, Asian sexuality has a long history, shaped by enduring colonial imaginaries and our transnational, capitalist present. Tracing a genealogy of Asian mystiques, we will study classical sources that have served as "prooftexts" for these images, and will then focus our attention on Asian literature, film, art, religious traditions, and social movements that have produced their own, often alternative, conceptions of Asian sexualities and gender. 6 cr., HI, IS, Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 312. Gender Violence & Feminist Self-defense: Theory, Research, Practice Around the globe, feminist advocacy networks and social movements have led efforts combating violence against women. Recently, a campus anti-rape movement has highlighted the prevalence of sexual assault against college women. This course will focus on the theories and praxis feminists have put forth to resist gender and sexual violence. We will explore cases of feminist self-defense in order to understand how it differs from militarized notions of self-defense, and examine how it supports initiatives for peace and conflict resolution. Class members will participate in self-defense programs and reflect on feminist theories of resistance in the context of personal experience. Prerequisite: Women's and Gender Studies 110 or 200. 6 cr., SI, IS, Offered in alternate years. SpringM. Sehgal

WGST 396. Transnational Feminist Activism This course focuses on transnational feminist activism in an era of globalization, militarism and religious fundamentalism. We will learn about the debates around different theories of social change, the challenges and pitfalls of global sisterhood and the various "pedagogies of crossing" borders. We will explore case studies of how feminists have collaborated, built networks, mobilized resources and coalitions for collective action, in addition to the obstacles and constraints they have encountered and surmounted in their search for gender and sexual justice. 6 cr., SI, WR2, IS, Not offered in 2015-2016.

WGST 400. Integrative Exercise 6 cr., Fall,Winter,SpringStaff

Other Courses Pertinent to Women's and Gender Studies

This is a selective and suggestive list. A variety of courses are by visitors or offered only occasionally and may be considered. Contact the director for consideration of other courses to satisfy this requirement.

AMST 225 Beauty and Race in America (not offered in 2015-2016)

ARTH 220 The Origins of Manga: Japanese Prints

ARTH 223 Women in Art (not offered in 2015-2016)

ASST 260 Resistance Struggles & People's Movements in India (not offered in 2015-2016)

BIOL 101 Human Reproduction and Sexuality

CAMS 225 Film Noir: The Dark Side of the American Dream

CLAS 214 Gender and Sexuality in Classical Antiquity

DANC 266 Reading The Dancing Body: Topics in Dance History (not offered in 2015-2016)

EDUC 338 Multicultural Education

ENGL 217 A Novel Education

ENGL 218 The Gothic Spirit

ENGL 319 The Rise of the Novel

ENGL 327 Victorian Novel (not offered in 2015-2016)

FREN 241 The Lyric and Other Seductions (not offered in 2015-2016)

HIST 122 U.S. Women's History to 1877

HIST 123 U.S. Women's History Since 1877

HIST 167 History of Modern South Asia 1947-Onward (not offered in 2015-2016)

HIST 229 Working with Gender in U.S. History

HIST 236 Women's Lives in Pre-Modern Europe (not offered in 2015-2016)

HIST 251 History of Chinese Capitalism (not offered in 2015-2016)

HIST 259 Women in South Asia: Histories, Narratives and Representation

HIST 280 African in the Arab World

HIST 286 Africans in the Arab World: On Site and Revisited (not offered in 2015-2016)

JAPN 236 Classical Japanese Fiction: The Tale of Genji and Its World in Translation (not offered in 2015-2016)

JAPN 238 Individuals and the Family in Modern Japanese Literature in Translation (not offered in 2015-2016)

PHIL 230 Philosophy of Gender

POSC 228 Foucault: Bodies in Politics (not offered in 2015-2016)

POSC 276 Imagination in Politics

POSC 352 Political Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville* (not offered in 2015-2016)

POSC 355 Identity, Culture and Rights* (not offered in 2015-2016)

POSC 359 Cosmopolitanism* (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 161 Making Meaning of the Hebrew Bible (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 221 Judaism and Gender (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 227 Liberation Theologies

RELG 230 Feminist Theologies (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 238 The Sacred Body (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 255 Social Engagement in Asian Religions (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 265 Religion and Violence: Hindus, Muslims, Jews (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 280 The Politics of Sex in Asian Religion (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 281 Performing Tradition: Art, Religion, and Globalization (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 287 Many Marys

RELG 362 Spirit Possession (not offered in 2015-2016)

RELG 380 Radical Critiques of Christianity (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 114 Modern Families: An Introduction to the Sociology of the Family (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 150 Who Cares and Who Gets Care? Women and Health (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 202 Girls Gone Bad: Women, Crime, and Criminal Justice

SOAN 226 Anthropology of Gender (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 227 Masculinities and Gender

SOAN 323 Mother Earth: Women, Development and the Environment (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 325 Sociology of Adoption and Assisted Reproduction (not offered in 2015-2016)

SOAN 395 Ethnography of Reproduction

SPAN 244 Spain Today: Recent Changes through Narrative and Film

SPAN 255 Women Dramatists in Latin America: Staging Conflicts (not offered in 2015-2016)

SPAN 344 Women Writers in Latin America: Body and Text (not offered in 2015-2016)

THEA 351 Women Playwrights/Women's Roles

WGST 112 Introduction to LGBT/Queer Studies

WGST 200 Gender, Power and the Pursuit of Knowledge

WGST 234 Feminist Theory

WGST 240 Gender, Globalization and War (not offered in 2015-2016)