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Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica)

Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica)

Scilla siberica 

Identification:

Leaves: Leaves are narrow, dark green and and grass-like. They emerge in the early spring

Flowers: The flowers emerge shortly after the leaves in early spring. Flowers are an intense royal blue and each stalk supports one to three flowers. Individual flowers can be one inch across with 6 blue petals and a single dark blue vein running down the middle. Bloom period is 2-3 weeks.

Seeds: Pods start out green but turn brown as they mature. The bumpy, roundish seed capsules contain several reddish-brown seeds each which they release by bursting.

Roots: Siberian Squill grows from a bulb, during the summer, fall and winter, the dormant bulbs are covered in a loose dark tunic.

Reasons Siberian Squill is a Problem:

  • Siberian Squill is a very hardy wildflower, easily able to withstand late cold snaps bringing snow and freezing temperatures.
  • Siberian Squill is not bothered by voles, chipmunks, rabbits, or deer.
  • The flowers are attractive to bees and pollinating insects, which increases the spread of the plant.
  • Siberian Squill handles high levels of disturbance well, often resprouting after being uprooted.

Other Info:

Siberian Squill is was introduced to North America from Eurasia . It is not an overly aggressive species and continues to be cultivated, as it has been since 1796. It is one of the very fist flowers to bloom after the snow melt in early spring, and is easily identified, often growing in large clumps. Siberian Squill requires sunlight but is often found as a ground cover for well-lit woodland floors. It is very commonly found in residential gardens and yards, from which it has spread to the arboretum.  Because Siberian Squill has the potential to crowd out native widlflowers, Arboretum staff are monitoring its presence in the arboretum and may begin control measures if it threatens high quality native plant communities.

Cowling Arboretum Procedures for Removal:

The Cowling Arboretum is not currently targeting Siberian Squill for removal.