Subject Research Guides


Getting Started: Selected Reference Works

Begin your research with reference works to find background information, locate statistics and facts, and build a bibliography.

  • Encyclopedia Of Psychology
    Ref BF31 .E52 2000
    This eight-volume encyclopedia is international in scope and provides comprehensive coverage of theory, research, and practice in the field of psychology. Articles (which include 400 biographies) are arranged alphabetically and bibliographies accompany each article.
  • International Dictionary Of Psychology
    Ref BF31 .S83 1996
    This dictionary provides brief definitions for terms used in psychology as well as terms from neurophysiology, sociobiology, linguistics, anthropology, and statistics. The appendix includes anatomical diagrams of the human brain.
  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
    Ref BF76.7 .P83 2001
    Using the proper citation format in your bibliography is important, so consult the APA's official style guide.
  • Women in Psychology : a Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
    Ref BF109 .A1 W65 1990
    Women in Psychology examines the lives and work of 36 women who have made significant contributions to the field of psychology. Additional chapters list the awards given to women by the American Psychological Association and American Psychological Foundation and summarize bibliographic resources on 185 women in psychology.
  • The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)
    Ref BF311 .M556 1999
    This encyclopedia contains 471 concise articles, each written by a leading researcher on the topic and followed by a list of references and suggested readings. MITECS is divided into six sections: philosophy; psychology; neurosciences; computational intelligence; linguistics and language; and culture, cognition, and evolution.
  • Encyclopedia of Human Intelligence
    Ref BF431 .E59 1994
    This two-volume encyclopedia contains over 250 cross-referenced articles on all aspects of human intelligence. A bibliography appears at the end of each entry and there are some illustrations and tables.

Finding Books

(Telnet: telnet://
is our shared online catalog, an access point for all of the books, periodicals, government documents, and electronic resources available at Carleton and St. Olaf Colleges. When searching in Bridge, it is important to understand that Bridge

can look for the titles of journals, but not for the articles within those journals.

Library of Congress Subject Headings are the words and phrases you can use to do a subject search in Bridge (as opposed to a word search, where you may use any words you like). The term Depression is not a complete subject heading. By using the proper subject heading (Depression, Mental) you avoid getting results like The History of Banking in America.

When starting out, it is often helpful to do a word search on your topic, and then to examine the subject headings of the results you find relevant. Bridge displays these subject headings as links and clicking on one of them will automatically conduct a subject search for that particular topic. If you have trouble finding relevant sources using a word search, try consulting the printed volumes of Library of Congress Subject Headings in the reference collection.

Call Numbers
Browsing the stacks can help you evaluate the library's collection in a given field of study. The following call number ranges contain works relevant to philosophy:

  • BF1-37 - Psychology (general works)
  • BF173-175.5 - Psychoanalysis
  • BF176-198.7 - Psychological tests and experimental psychology
  • BF199 - Behaviorism
  • BF203 - Gestalt psychology
  • BF207-209 - Psychotropic drugs and other substances
  • BF231-299 - Sensation
  • BF309-499 - Consciousness and cognition
  • BF501-505 - Motivation
  • BF511-593 - Affection, feeling, and emotion
  • BF608-635 - Will, volition, choice, and control
  • BF636-637 - Applied psychology
  • BF660-685 - Comparative psychology, animal and human psychology
  • BF692-692.5 - Psychology of sex and sexual behavior
  • BF697-697.5 - Differential psychology, individuality, and self
  • BF698-698.9 - Personality
  • BF712-724.85 - Developmental psychology
  • QP351-495 - Neurophysiology and neuropsychology
  • RC321-571 - Neurosciences, biological psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry
  • RM300-666 - Drugs and their actions

Search WorldCat, an online catalog for libraries throughout the world, to take your search beyond Northfield.

Finding Articles

Use databases and indexes to locate articles and book chapters on your topic. Gould Library does not subscribe to all of the titles listed in these resources. If St. Olaf subscribes to the title, you can request it from St. Olaf. If neither college has what you're looking for, take advantage of our InterLibrary Loan Services


Periodical Databases & Indexes

Internet (1840-2003):
PsycINFO is the online version of Psychological Abstracts. It covers more than 1,500 leading psychological, psychiatric, and related publications. For nearly 300 of these publications, full text articles date from 1992 forward, full image articles from 1987 forward, and articles with text and graphics from 1995 forward. Abstracts date from 1887 to the present.

Web of Science
Internet (1945-2003):
Science Citation Index Expanded indexes more than 5,900 of the world's leading scholarly science journals and Social Sciences Citation Index indexes more than 1,725 of the world's leading scholarly social sciences journals. Both feature current and retrospective bibliographic information, author abstracts, and cited references.


American Psychologist
Main Periodicals (1946-2003)

American Psychologist publishes articles on current issues and various other topics in psychology. As the official journal of the American Psychological Association, this journal contains archival documents as well.

Annual Review of Psychology
Main General (1950-current): BF30 .A56; Internet (1996-2004): ;
Internet (1993-2004):
Once each year this periodical reviews recent scholarly research on a few chosen topics. Each article includes an extensive bibliography.

Current Directions in Psychological Science
Main Periodicals (1993-2003)
This bimonthly journal features scholarly reviews on current issues or controversies as well as matters of continuing importance in the science of psychology.

Psychological Bulletin
Main Periodicals (1904-2003)
Psychological Bulletin is a bimonthly publication for evaluative and integrative reviews and interpretations of issues in scientific psychology. These reviews develop connections both within specialized research areas and between psychology and related fields.

Psychological Review
Microfilm (1894-1970); Main Periodicals (1946-2003)
Psychological Review is a quarterly journal with emphasis on articles that advance theory in any area of scientific psychology. Alternative theories are also evaluated.

Psychological Science: A Journal of the American Psychological Society
Main Periodicals (1991-2003)
Psychological Science is a bimonthly journal dedicated to the exploration of research, theory, and application in psychology and related sciences. It features articles, research reports, commentaries, and letters.

Primary journals

The American Journal of Psychology
Main Periodicals (1887-1995): BF1 .A5
St. Olaf General Periodicals (1960 - current);
Internet (1995-2001): This quarterly journal publishes original research in experimental psychology, theoretical presentations, historical commentaries, obituaries of prominent psychologists, and book reviews.

Animal Cognition
Main Periodicals (2000-2003)
Animal Cognition publishes original research, reviews, and correspondence on all aspects of animal cognition from an evolutionary perspective.

Behavioral Neuroscience
Main Periodicals (1983-2003)
Behavioral Neuroscience publishes original research papers in all areas of the study of biological bases of behavior. Review articles and theoretical papers are sometimes featured as well.

Developmental Psychology
Main Periodicals (1969-2003)
Developmental Psychology features articles about human development in all stages of life. In addition to empirical contributions, this bimonthly journal features scholarly reviews, theoretical articles, and social policy papers.

Journal Of Abnormal Psychology
Microfilm (1906-1921, 1965-1970); Main Periodicals (1965-2003)
This quarterly journal features articles on current research and theory in the field of abnormal behavior, its determinants, and its correlates. Earlier issues from 1906 to 1964 are available at Gould Library under various other titles.

Journal of Comparative Psychology
Microfilm (1921-1946); Main Periodicals (1983-2003)
This quarterly journal publishes original empirical and theoretical research on the behavior, cognition, perception, and social relationships of various species. It is available under the title Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology for the years 1947-1982.

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Main Periodicals (1958 - current): BF1. J69
This bimonthly journal publishes original research on the behavior of individual organisms.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
Main Periodicals (1975-2003)
This quarterly journal features articles that describe empirical work relevant to at least two traditional areas of psychology. It is available under the title Journal of Experimental Psychology for the years 1916-1974.

Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
Main Periodicals (1975-2003)
This quarterly journal publishes experimental and theoretical studies on all aspects of animal behavior processes.

Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception And Performance
Main Periodicals (1975-2003)
This bimonthly journal publishes studies on perception, control of action, and related cognitive processes.

Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory And Cognition
Main Periodicals (1982-2003)
This bimonthly journal publishes original experimental studies concerning cognition, learning, memory, imagery, concept formation, problem solving, decision making, thinking, reading, and language processing. It is available under the title Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning And Memory for the years 1975-1981.

Journal of Neuroscience
Main Periodicals (1989 - current): QP351. J65
The Journal of Neuroscience publishes papers on a wide range of topics related to neurology and neurophysiology.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Main Periodicals (1965-2003)
This journal publishes empirical reports and other original papers in all areas of personality and social psychology. Earlier issues from 1906 to 1964 are available at Gould Library under various other titles.

Main Periodicals (1984 - current): QP351 .N43
Internet (2001 - current):
Neuroscience publishes original research papers in all areas of the scientific study of the nervous system.

Web Sites

American Psychological Association
The APA is the largest association of psychologists in the world. Their site features articles, newsletters, and resources for psychology students and professional psychologists.

American Psychological Society
The APS site features funding opportunities, a newsletter, and links to other sites and organizations related to psychological science.

AmoebaWeb: Psychology on the Web
This portal organizes a wide variety of online psychology resources into categories such as online tests, disorders, learning, and therapy.

Athabasca University Psychology Resources
This portal organizes a wide variety of online psychology resources into categories such as abnormal, clinical, and counselling psychology; history of psychology; and research methods and statistics.

PsychCrawler is a search engine for psychology related Web sites that have been reviewed and approved by the American Psychological Association.

Psych Web
Psych Web contains links to psychology department Web sites, electronic journals, and “tip sheets” for psychology majors.

Society for Neuroscience
This site features conference and funding opportunities, newsletters, and links to other sites and organizations related to neuroscience.

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