Course List for Siteimprove checks

AFAM 100: The Postcolonial Imagination and Africana Thought

What does the “post-colonial” mean? And, how does a colonized subject become decolonized? In this course we will engage the literary and theoretical production of formerly colonized subjects from parts of Africa and the Caribbean, as we seek to determine what the post-colonial imagination might look like. The emphasis will be on close readings of works which emerge from the crucible of the Black Atlantic’s “encounter” with European and American colonialism.
6 credits; WR1, AI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Wolfe

AFAM 115: An Introduction to African American Culture, Practice, and Religion

This course introduces students to a complex array of concerns facing African Americans from slavery to our contemporary moment. Engaging in close readings of texts from a variety of genres that capture the dynamics of African American experiences, several questions will guide our efforts as we attempt to make sense of African American praxis today. Examples are: What does agency look like in conditions of bondage and systematic disenfranchisement? What does the adjective, Black, mean when we talk about black culture or the Black Church?
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; K. Wolfe

AFAM 125: New African Migrations

African societies have long been shaped by migration--including quests for new knowledge, land, and livelihoods as well as the coercive migrations of slavery and refugee flight. Recent transformations in global political-economies and local conditions have made migration a central feature of contemporary African life. This course introduces students to African and African diaspora studies through an examination of new African migrations. Starting with the formation of "domestic diasporas" through rural-urban migration within African countries, we will explore connections and ruptures created by south-south international migrations within the African continent, and transnational migrations to the United States and Europe.
6 credits; SI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

AFAM 194: The Black Middle Class

Since the 1960s, the black middle class has been an object of debate and interest, both among scholars and in society. In this course, we will examine the black middle class from an interdisciplinary perspective, specifically considering questions and problems posed in economics, sociology, history and literature. Among other topics, we will examine when and how the black middle class emerged, its distinctiveness from its white and working-class counterparts, and its implications and larger meaning in popular culture and public discourse about race, class, and American society.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

AFAM 240: Black Power to Present

Numerous questions surround the Black Lives Matter movement. These include questions about its legitimacy as a movement and its “leaderlessness” and complaints about its tactics--for example, in a town-hall-like event in London on April 23, 2016, even President Obama, who has articulated support of the movement, complained that BLM “can’t just keep on yelling.” To answer some of these questions, in this course we will contextualize BLM in light of a series of tensions we find in African American political thought from the Civil Rights era (especially Black Power) to the present.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Wolfe

AFAM 398: African and African American Studies Capstone

What relationships can you draw among your varied coursework and papers in African and African American Studies? How does interdisciplinarity affect your thinking about the study of the African continent and its numerous diasporas? In this two-credit course students will create a portfolio of their work in African and African American studies and write a 5-10 page reflective essay tying these papers together. Guided by a faculty member, this course gives students an opportunity to reflect seriously about the courses they have taken and the work they have produced within the major or concentration, and to draw connections among them. Prerequisite: African/African American Studies Senior major or concentrator
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; P. Feldman-Savelsberg

AFAM 400: Integrative Exercise

1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017; P. Feldman-Savelsberg

AMST 115: Introduction to American Studies: Immigration and American Culture

This course is an introduction to the field of American Studies--its pleasures, challenges, and central questions--through the lens of immigration and migration. Using interdisciplinary readings and assignments, we will explore the richness and complexity of American culture by placing immigration and migration at the center of our investigations. Throughout the term, our study of diverse topics (Borders and Boundaries, World War II, and Sound) will model different ways of making connections and analyzing relationships between immigration, identity, and culture in the United States.
6 credits; HI, IDS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; A. Smith

AMST 115: Introduction to American Studies: Placing Identities

This course will examine the different spaces that inform the production of U.S. identities. We will think about the ways the construction of neighborhoods (urban or suburban) affects our sense of place, ethnicity, and community; we'll consider the impact that border geographies, whether physical or cultural, have on national imaginings; we shall look at contemporary cultural expressions of small town vs. big city life and consider what they feature as particular and unique about Americanness.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Estill

AMST 203: Investigative Tips for the Incurably and Globally Curious

 Whether you are an enterprising journalist, suspicious partner, or nosy neighbor, you'll love this introduction to the many tools used by investigative reporters. A veteran investigative journalist will demonstrate that no document is off limits, and no secret secure, from someone who is trained to dig up the dirt--and all in an ethical fashion! We'll use case studies, movie clips, and scavenger hunts in and around Northfield. 
1 credit; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

AMST 225: Beauty and Race in America

In this class we consider the construction of American beauty historically, examining the way whiteness intersects with beauty to produce a dominant model that marginalizes women of color. We study how communities of color follow, refuse, or revise these beauty ideals through literature. We explore events like the beauty pageant, material culture such as cosmetics, places like the beauty salon, and body work like cosmetic surgery to understand how beauty is produced and negotiated.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Estill

AMST 230: The American Sublime: Landscape, Character & National Destiny in Nineteenth Century America

Focusing on the early nineteenth century struggle to create an American nation and a national culture, we will look at the ways Americans adopted and adapted European ideas, particularly the aesthetic idea of the Sublime, in their attempt to come to terms with the conquest of the new land and its native inhabitants and with the nature of their national enterprise. Writers Irving, Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville, Whitman, and Dickinson and painters Cole, Bierstadt, Church, Kensett, and Lane will be included. Major themes will include attitudes towards landscape and settlement, a distinctively American character, the nature and utility of art, and ideas of American empire.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; E. McKinsey

AMST 240: The Midwest and the American Imagination

The history of American culture has always been shaped by a dialectic between the local and the universal, the regional and the national. The particular geography and history of the Midwest (the prairie, the plains, the old Northwest, Native Americans and white adventurers, settlers and immigrants) have shaped its livelihoods, its identities, its meanings. Focusing on the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this course will explore literature, art history, and the social and cultural history of the Midwest.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

AMST 247: We've Never Not Been Here: Indigenous Peoples and Places

"Everything you know about Indians is wrong." Paul Chaat Smith (Comanche author) This interdisciplinary course offers an introduction to important topics in the field of Native American Studies. We will examine history, literature, art, politics, and current events to explore the complex relationship between historical and contemporary issues that indigenous peoples face in the United States. We will pay particular attention to the creative ways that indigenous communities have remained vibrant in the face of ongoing colonial struggle. Topics include histories of Indian-settler relations, American Indian sovereignties, Indigenous ecological knowledge practices, American Indian philosophical and literary traditions, and American Indian activism.
6 credits; HI, IDS, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; A. Smith

AMST 261: Unwritten America

This course is an examination of the hidden/excluded/silenced narratives in American literature and culture. We will read books, watch films, and draw from community resources in our exploration of groups that have been marginalized from the mainstream. The course will center around the stories of communities such as the Hmong, the Karen, and the Eritreans, among others. Be prepared to engage in conversations about power, privilege, and the underlying structures that govern exposure and understanding.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Yang

AMST 267: Utopia, Dystopia, and Myopia: Suburbia in Fiction and Scholarship

This course peers through the picture window of suburban life in the United States. Our primary text will be film. To what extent do fictional accounts reflect the scholarly concerns and analytical conclusions of historians and social scientists? What themes are common in film and/or literature but get little attention from scholars? Students will be obligated to view films on their own if designated show times are inconvenient. Some films may be R-rated. Prerequisite: American Studies 115 or sophomore standing
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; R. Keiser

AMST 287: California Program: California Art & Visual Culture

An in-depth exploration of the dynamic relationship between the arts and popular conceptions of California: whether as bountiful utopia, suburban paradise, or multicultural frontier. We will meet with California artists and art historians, and visit museums and galleries. Art and artists studied will range from native American art, the Arts and Crafts movement and California Impressionism to the photography of Ansel Adams, urban murals and the imagery of commercial culture (such as lithographs, tourist brochures, and orange-crate labels). Prerequisite: Participation in AMST OCS program
6 credits; LA; Offered Winter 2017; C. Kowalewski, M. Kowalewski

AMST 289: California Program: California Field Studies

Students will participate in a number of field trips dealing with California's history, literature, and environment. Sites visited will include Sutter's Fort, the Modoc Lava Beds, the California Indian Museum, Teatro Campesino, and Hearst Castle. Students will also complete an Oral Culture Project.
4 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Kowalewski

AMST 290: California Program: Directed Reading

Students will do some preparatory reading on California history, literature and art before the seminar begins and additional reading connected with field trips and guest speakers.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Kowalewski

AMST 345: Theory and Practice of American Studies

Introduction to some of the animating debates within American Studies from the 1930s to the present. We will study select themes, theories, and methodologies in the writings of a number of scholars and try to understand 1) the often highly contested nature of debates about how best to study American culture; and 2) how various theories and forms of analysis in American Studies have evolved and transformed themselves over the last seventy years. Not designed to be a fine-grained institutional history of American Studies, but a vigorous exploration of some of the central questions of interpretation in the field. Normally taken by majors in their junior year. Prerequisite: American Studies 115, 287 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Estill

AMST 396: "Invisible Domain": Religion and American Studies

Though evidently a crucial organizer of “American” experience and identities, religion remains paradoxical within US culture and, for some recent scholars, an undertheorized “invisible domain” in American Studies. Shoving off from familiar religious narratives of US origins, meaning, and destiny, we will consider alternatives grounded in three themes recurrent in historical experience and popular culture: captivity, violence, and prophetic authority. Early attention to major trends of American Studies scholarship will lead in the course’s second half to students’ production and public sharing of an extended research essay. Required for juniors in the American Studies major. Prerequisite: American Studies 115, 287 or instructor permisson
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; P. Balaam

AMST 396: "Invisible Domain": Religion and American Studies

Though evidently a crucial organizer of “American” experience and identities, religion remains paradoxical within US culture and, for some recent scholars, an undertheorized “invisible domain” in American Studies. Shoving off from familiar religious narratives of US origins, meaning, and destiny, we will consider alternatives grounded in three themes recurrent in historical experience and popular culture: captivity, violence, and prophetic authority. Early attention to major trends of American Studies scholarship will lead in the course’s second half to students’ production and public sharing of an extended research essay. Required for juniors in the American Studies major. Prerequisite: American Studies 115, 287 or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; P. Balaam

AMST 399: Senior Seminar in American Studies

This seminar focuses on advanced skills in American Studies research, critical reading, writing, and presentation. Engagement with one scholarly talk, keyed to the current year's comps exam theme, will be part of the course. Through a combination of class discussion, small group work and presentations, and one-on-one interactions with the professor, majors learn the process of crafting and supporting independent interdisciplinary arguments, no matter which option for comps they are pursuing. Students also will learn effective strategies for peer review and oral presentation. Prerequisite: American Studies 396
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; E. McKinsey

AMST 400: Integrative Exercise: Exam and Essay

Exam: Students read selected works and view films in the field of American Studies and in a special topic area designated by the program. For integrative exercise examination students only.

Essay: Seniors working on approved essays or projects in American Studies with the support of their advisers, will work independently to complete their theses, performances or projects to satisfy the college "comps" requirement. Students will be required to give a public presentation on their papers or projects during the spring term. Prerequisite: American Studies 396

3 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017

ARBC 100: Arabs Encountering the West

The encounter between Arabs and Westerners has been marked by its fair share of sorrow and suspicion. In this seminar we will read literary works by Arab authors written over approximately 1000 years--from the Crusades, the height of European imperialism, and on into the age of Iraq, Obama and ISIS. Through our readings and discussions, we will ask along with Arab authors: Is conflict between Arabs and Westerners the inevitable and unbridgeable result of differing world-views, religions and cultures? Are differences just a result of poor communication? Or is this "cultural conflict" something that can be understood historically?
6 credits; WR1, AI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; Z. Haidar

ARBC 101: Elementary Arabic

This course sequence introduces non-Arabic speakers to the sounds, script, and basic grammar of Arabic-the language of 200 million speakers in the Arab world and the liturgical language of over a billion Muslims. Students will develop basic listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Modern Standard Arabic. Classes will incorporate readings and audio-visual material from contemporary Arabic media, as well as popular music.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; Y. Klein, Z. Haidar

ARBC 102: Elementary Arabic

This course sequence introduces non-Arabic speakers to the sounds, script, and basic grammar of Arabic--the language of 200 million speakers in the Arab world and the liturgical language of over a billion Muslims. Students will develop basic listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Modern Standard Arabic. Classes will incorporate readings and audio-visual material from contemporary Arabic media, as well as popular music. Prerequisite: Arabic 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; Z. Haidar

ARBC 103: Elementary Arabic

This course sequence introduces non-Arabic speakers to the sounds, script, and basic grammar of Arabic--the language of 200 million speakers in the Arab world and the liturgical language of over a billion Muslims. Students will develop basic listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Modern Standard Arabic. Classes will incorporate readings and audio-visual material from contemporary Arabic media, as well as popular music. Prerequisite: Arabic 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; Z. Haidar

ARBC 185: The Creation of Classical Arabic Literature

In this course we will explore the emergence of Arabic literature in one of the most exciting and important periods in the history of Islam and the Arab world; a time in which pre-Islamic Arabian lore was combined with translated Persian wisdom literature and Greek scientific and philosophical writings to form the canon of learning of the new emerged Arab-Islamic empire. We will explore some of the different literary genres that emerged in the New Arab courts and urban centers: from wine and love poetry, historical and humorous anecdotes, to the Thousand and One Nights, and discuss the socio-historical forces and institutions that shaped them. All readings are in English. No Arabic knowledge required.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARBC 204: Intermediate Arabic

In this course sequence students will continue to develop their reading, writing, listening and speaking skills, while building a solid foundation of Arabic grammar (morphology and syntax). Students will develop their ability to express ideas in Modern Standard Arabic by writing essays and preparing oral presentations. Classes will incorporate readings and audio-visual material from contemporary Arabic media, as well as popular music. Prerequisite: Arabic 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; Y. Klein, Z. Haidar

ARBC 205: Intermediate Arabic

In this course sequence students will continue to develop their reading, writing, listening and speaking skills, while building a solid foundation of Arabic grammar (morphology and syntax). Students will develop their ability to express ideas in Modern Standard Arabic by writing essays and preparing oral presentations. Classes will incorporate readings and audio-visual material from contemporary Arabic media, as well as popular music. Prerequisite: Arabic 204 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; Y. Klein

ARBC 206: Arabic in Cultural Context

In this course students will continue to develop their Arabic language skills, including expanding their command of Arabic grammar, improving their listening comprehension, reading and writing skills. In addition to more language-focused training, the course will introduce students to more advanced readings, including literary texts (prose and poetry, classical and modern) and op-ed articles from current media. Class discussions will be in Arabic. Prerequisite: Arabic 205 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; Z. Haidar

ARBC 211: Colloquial Levantine Arabic

In this course we will focus on acquiring conversational and listening comprehension skills, and building vocabulary in the Levantine/Shami dialect of spoken Arabic, spoken throughout bilad al-Sham or "Greater Syria." Building upon the foundation of Modern Standard Arabic, we will focus upon points of grammatical and semantic convergence and divergence, and work to develop strategies for fluidly navigating our way between and within these two linguistic registers. We will study the language systematically, but we will also incorporate a range of written and audiovisual materials--music, films, television and web series--as well as other popular culture from the region. Prerequisite: Arabic 204 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; Z. Haidar

ARBC 222: Music in the Middle East

The Middle East is home to a great number of musical styles, genres, and traditions. Regional, ideological, and cultural diversity, national identity, and cross-cultural encounters--all express themselves in music. We will explore some of the many musical traditions in the Arab world, from early twentieth century to the present. Class discussions based on readings in English and guided listening. No prior music knowledge required, but interested students with or without musical background can participate in an optional, hands-on Arab music performance workshop, on Western or a few (provided) Middle Eastern instruments throughout the term.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; Y. Klein

ARBC 223: Arab Music Workshop

Through music making, this workshop introduces students to Arab music and some of its distinctive features, such as microtonality, modality (maqam), improvisation (taqsim) and rhythmic patterns (iqa'at). Students may elect to participate playing on an instrument they already play, or elect to study the oud (the Arab lute). Ouds and percussion instruments will be provided. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Arabic 222
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; I. Rafea

ARBC 286: Narratives of Arab Modernity

In this course, we will read formative works of modern Arabic literature from Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Palestine. We will trace the processes of societal and literary transformation, from the texts of the nahda or Arabic literary and intellectual renaissance, to contemporary works written in the era of Arab "springs" and revolutions. We will approach these literary texts--poetry, fiction, and graphic novels-- as works of literature with aesthetic claims upon us as readers, even as we treat the contentious relationship between the literary and the political in a period marked by colonialism, nationalism, war, revolution, Islamism and secularism. All readings are in English.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARBC 310: Advanced Media Arabic

Readings of excerpts from the Arabic press and listening to news editions, commentaries and other radio and TV programs from across the Arab world. Emphasis is on vocabulary expansion, text comprehension strategies, and further development of reading and listening comprehension. Class includes oral discussions and regular written assignments in Arabic. Prerequisite: Arabic 206 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARBC 371: Readings in Pre-Modern Arabic Science

It is difficult to overstate Arab scientists' contribution to science. A translation movement from Greek, Persian and Sanskrit into Arabic initiated in the eighth century, led to centuries of innovative scientific investigation, during which Arab scientists reshaped science in a variety of disciplines: from mathematics to astronomy, physics, optics and medicine. Many of their works entered Latin and the European curriculum during the Renaissance. In this reading course we will explore some of the achievements and thought processes in pre-modern Arabic scientific literature by reading selections from several seminal works. We will examine these in the cultural contexts in which they emerged and to which they contributed, and reflect on modern Western perceptions of this intellectual project. Readings and class discussions will be in both Arabic and English. Prerequisite: Arabic 206 or equivalent
3 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; Y. Klein

ARBC 387: The One Thousand and One Nights

This course is an exploration of the world of the Thousand and One Nights, the most renowned Arabic literary work of all time. The marvelous tales spun by Shahrazad have captured and excited the imagination of readers and listeners--both Arab and non-Arab--for centuries. In class, we will read in Arabic, selections from the Nights, and engage some of the scholarly debates surrounding this timeless work. We will discuss the question of its origin in folklore and popular culture and the mystery of its "authorship," as well as the winding tale of its reception, adaptation and translation. Readings and class discussions will be in both Arabic and English. Prerequisite: Arabic 206 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARCN 246: Archaeological Methods

As a field that is truly interdisciplinary, archaeology uses a wide range of methods to study the past. This course provides a hands-on introduction to the entire archaeological process through classroom, field, and laboratory components. Students will participate in background research concerning local places of historical or archaeological interest; landscape surveying and mapping in GIS; excavation; the recording, analysis, and interpretation of artifacts; and the publication of results. This course involves real archaeological fieldwork, and students will have an opportunity to contribute to the history of the local community while learning archaeological methods applicable all over the world.
6 credits; LS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Knodell

ARCN 395: Archaeology: Science, Ethics, Nationalism and Cultural Property

This seminar course will focus on a wide range of contemporary issues in archaeology, including case studies from many continents and time periods that shed light on archaeological theory and practice. Specific course content varies. The course serves as the capstone seminar for the Archaeology Minor; enrollment is also open to non-minors.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 100: Renaissance, Revolution, and Reformation: The Life and Art of Albrecht Durer

"If man devotes himself to art, much evil is avoided..." This statement, on the divine nature of art, was penned by the German artist Albrecht Dürer. Dürer's artworks--his paintings, his drawings, his woodblock prints, and his engravings--have been construed to be some of the most theologically sophisticated, naturalistically rendered, theoretically informed, classically inflected, and socially engaged of the period we now refer to as the "Renaissance." This thematically organized course will engage the work of Albrecht Dürer, around these issues. Discussions will be integrated with student presentations, analyses of primary and scholarly texts, and writing assignments.
6 credits; WR1, AI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; J. Keating

ARTH 101: Introduction to Art History I

An introduction to the art and architecture of various geographical areas around the world from antiquity through the "Middle Ages." The course will provide foundational skills (tools of analysis and interpretation) as well as general, historical understanding. It will focus on a select number of major developments in a range of media and cultures, emphasizing the way that works of art function both as aesthetic and material objects and as cultural artifacts and forces. Issues include, for example, sacred spaces, images of the gods, imperial portraiture, and domestic decoration.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Fall 2016; J. Keating, M. Tierney

ARTH 102: Introduction to Art History II

An introduction to the art and architecture of various geographical areas around the world from the fifteenth century through the present. The course will provide foundational skills (tools of analysis and interpretation) as well as general, historical understanding. It will focus on a select number of major developments in a range of media and cultures, emphasizing the way that works of art function both as aesthetic and material objects and as cultural artifacts and forces. Issues include, for example, humanist and Reformation redefinitions of art in the Italian and Northern Renaissance, realism, modernity and tradition, the tension between self-expression and the art market, and the use of art for political purposes.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Keating

ARTH 140: African Art and Culture

This course will survey the art and architecture of African peoples from prehistory to the present. Focusing on significant case studies in various mediums (including sculpture, painting, architecture, masquerades and body arts), this course will consider the social, cultural, aesthetic and political contexts in which artistic practices developed both on the African continent and beyond. Major themes will include the use of art for status production, the use of aesthetic objects in social rituals and how the history of African and African diaspora art has been written and institutionally framed.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 142: Art of the Ancient Americas

This course will survey art from the cultures of ancient Mesoamerica (Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, and Aztec), the center of the Americas (Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador), and the central Andes (Chavín, Moche, Paracas, Nasca, Wari/Tiwanaku, Chimú, and Inka). The course will consider a variety of art objects within the contexts of geography and environment, artistic process, socio-political status, sacred space, religion, ritual and performance, and writing. Artistic adaptation to and interactions with traditions coming to the Americas from the East and the West during colonial-era encounters will provide another point of departure.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; M. Tierney

ARTH 155: Islamic Art and Architecture

This course surveys the art and architecture of societies where Muslims were dominant or where they formed significant minorities from the seventh through the nineteenth centuries. It examines the form and function of architecture and works of art as well as the social, historical and cultural contexts, patterns of use, and evolving meanings attributed to art by the users. The course follows a chronological order, where selected visual materials are treated along chosen themes. Themes include the creation of a distinctive visual culture in the emerging Islamic polity; cultural interconnections along trade and pilgrimage routes; and westernization.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 160: American Art to 1940

Concentration on painting of the colonial period (especially portraiture) and nineteenth century (especially landscape and scenes of everyday life) with an introduction to the modernism of the early twentieth century. The course will include analysis of the ways art shapes and reflects cultural attitudes such as those concerning race and gender.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 164: Buddhist Art

The Buddhist religion has been a central part of Asian cultures and societies since the third century BC. This course will trace the development of Buddhist art and architecture from its beginnings in India through its migration across the Asian continent. Attention will be paid to both the Mahayana and Theravada traditions in Central East, South, and South-East Asia. Special emphasis will be placed on the relationship between different doctrines, for example, Tantrism or Zen and the development of form and style.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 165: Japanese Art and Culture

This course will survey art and architecture in Japan from its prehistoric beginnings until the early twentieth century, and explore the relationship between indigenous art forms and the foreign (Korean, Chinese, European) concepts, art forms and techniques that influenced Japanese culture, as well as the social political and religious contexts for artistic production.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 166: Chinese Art and Culture

This course will survey art and architecture in China from its prehistoric beginnings to the end of the nineteenth century. It will examine various types of visual art forms within their social, political and cultural contexts. Major themes that will also be explored include: the role of ritual in the production and use of art, the relationship between the court and secular elite and art, and theories about creativity and expression.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Ryor

ARTH 170: History of Printmaking

The course explores printmaking's effects on Western ways of understanding the world; until photography prints were the only exactly repeatable pictorial statements their audiences knew. It examines how prints functioned in their cultures (their originality, production, marketing, collecting). Woodcut, engraving, etching, aquatint, and lithography, c.1400-1930, are studied through such artists as Dürer, Rembrandt, Goya, Daumier, Toulouse-Lautrec, Cassatt, and Kollwitz. The class works extensively with prints in the collections of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (three field trips) and the Carleton Art Gallery. Students taking the course for 4 credits write one fewer paper and a shortened final exam.
4-6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 171: History of Photography

This course covers nineteenth and twentieth century photography from its origins to the present. It will consider formal innovations in the medium, the role of photography in society, and the place of photography in the fine arts.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 172: Modern Art: 1890-1945

This course explores developments in the visual arts, architecture, and theory in Europe and America between 1890 and 1945. The major Modernist artists and movements that sought to revolutionize vision, culture, and experience, from Symbolism to Surrealism, will be considered. The impact of World War I, the Great Depression, and the rise of fascism will be examined as well for their devastation of the Modernist dream of social-cultural renewal. Lectures will be integrated with discussions of artists' theoretical writings and group manifestoes, such as those of the Futurists, Dadaists, Surrealists, Constructivists, and DeStijl, in addition to select secondary readings.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 180: Medieval Art

Survey of architecture, sculpture, the pictorial and decorative arts from the early Christian period to the late Gothic era. Topics include early Christian mosaics, Insular manuscripts, Romanesque monastery and pilgrimage churches, Gothic cathedrals.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 184: Modern American Architecture: Nature vs. History

This course will examine how various twentieth-century American architects searched for ways to evade European precedents and instead to base architecture on nature and geometry, two sources that could be radical and conservative simultaneously. Frank Lloyd Wright, the central figure in this search, who popularized the term “Organic Architecture,” will loom large in the course, but we will also study many other architects who were looking for a similarly individual, experimental architecture to be uniquely “American.”
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; S. Robinson

ARTH 209: Chinese Painting

Since the tenth century in China, a tension emerges between art created as a means of self expression and works which were intended to display social status and political power and to convey conventional values. This course concentrates on the primary site of this tension, the art of painting. We will explore such issues as the influence of Confucian and Daoist philosophy on painting and calligraphy, the changing perception of nature and the natural in art, the politics of style, and the increasing dominance of poetry rather than narrative as a conceptual construct for painting.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Ryor

ARTH 215: Cross-Cultural Psychology in Prague: Prague Art and Architecture

This course will examine key developments in Czech visual art and architecture from the early medieval to the contemporary periods. Slide-based lectures will be supplemented by visits to representative monuments, art collections, and museums in Prague.
4 credits; S/CR/NC; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Abrams

ARTH 220: The Origins of Manga: Japanese Prints

Pictures of the floating world, or ukiyoe, were an integral part of popular culture in Japan and functioned as illustrations, advertisements, and souvenirs. This course will examine the development of both style and subject matter in Japanese prints within the socio-economic context of the seventeenth through twentieth centuries. Emphasis will be placed on the prominent position of women and the nature of gendered activity in these prints.
6 credits; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 223: Women in Art

The study of art about and produced by women in the west from the Renaissance to the present. Attention to the ways gender identity is constructed in the arts, the conditions under which women have worked, the ideologies and institutions that have shaped their relationships to the arts, the feminist critique of the discipline of art history. Prerequisite: Any one term of art history
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 225: Religion, Royalty & Romantics: The Gothic and Gothic Revival

This course examines Gothic art and architecture, both religious and secular, during the late Middle Ages and then again, with the Gothic Revival, after the Industrial Revolution. The course investigates how the concept of the Gothic evolved, explores how the Gothic style became invested with various cultural connotations, and traces its various deployments in popular culture. In the medieval period, this course focuses on works of art from France, England, Germany and Italy from the twelfth through fourteenth centuries. Discussions of the Gothic Revival from the nineteenth century onward focus more broadly upon Europe and the United States. Approximately half of the class sessions will be held at St. Olaf.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 226: The Gothic Cathedral

This course focuses on a selection of high-profile French and English churches built in the Gothic period: the Sainte-Chapelle, Reims Cathedral, and Westminster Abbey. Each commission brought together the finest artists working in a variety of media. We will examine architectural developments of the period, and related arts such as stained glass, sculpture, tombs, shrines, and illuminated manuscripts. More broadly, these works provide a lens through which to consider social, religious, and political issues, especially the cult of saints, the Crusades, and the growing powers of the French and English monarchies. Prerequisite: Any art history course
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 228: The Picturesque: Landscape between Nature and Artifice

This course will focus upon the emergence of a novel aesthetic approach to landscape design: the Picturesque. During the eighteenth century, the British landscape became the scene of a new way to design the land according to models of a loosened, irregular, composition in contrast to previous rigid geometries that sought to improve nature’s waywardness. Not only gardens but books also took up the call for liberty against tyranny and for the natural against the artificial without giving up convention altogether.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Robinson

ARTH 235: Revival, Revelation, and Re-animation: The Art of Europe's "Renaissance"

This course examines European artistic production in Italy, Spain, France, Germany, and the Netherlands from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. The aim of the course is to introduce diverse forms of artistic production, as well as to analyze the religious, social, and political role of art in the period. While attending to the specificities of workshop practices, production techniques, materials, content, and form of the objects under discussion, the course also interrogates the ways in which these objects are and, at times, are not representative of the "Renaissance." Prerequisite: One Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 236: Baroque Art

This course examines European artistic production in Italy, Spain, France, and the Netherlands from the end of the sixteenth century through the seventeenth century. The aim of the course is to interrogate how religious revolution and reformation, scientific discoveries, and political transformations brought about a proliferation of remarkably varied types of artistic production that permeated and altered the sacred, political, and private spheres. The class will examine in depth select works of painting, sculpture, prints, and drawings, by Caravaggio, Bernini, Poussin, Velázquez, Rubens, and Rembrandt, among many others.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Keating

ARTH 240: Art Since 1945

Art from abstract expressionism to the present, with particular focus on issues such as the modernist artist-hero; the emergence of alternative or non-traditional media; the influence of the women's movement and the gay/lesbian liberation movement on contemporary art; and postmodern theory and practice. Prerequisite: Any one term of art history
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; R. Elfline

ARTH 241: Contemporary Art for Artists

This course is a survey of major artistic movements after 1945 as well as an introduction to significant tendencies in current art and craft production. The goal of this course is to develop a familiarity with the important debates, discussions, and critical issues facing artists today. By the end of the course, students will be able to relate their own work as cultural producers to these significant contemporary artistic developments. Students will read, write about, and discuss primary sources, artist statements, and theoretical essays covering a wide range of media with the ultimate goal of articulating their own artistic project. Prerequisite: Any two studio art courses or permission from the instructor. Not open to students who have previously taken Art History 240
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; R. Elfline

ARTH 245: Modern Architecture

This course surveys the history of western architecture, chiefly in Europe and North America, from approximately 1800 to 1950, paying particular attention to new building practices spurred by technological innovations arising from the Industrial Revolution. Architectural theory, stylistic concerns, new building typologies (such as skyscrapers and railway stations), urbanization, and the professionalization of architecture receive attention in the context of different cultural and political settings. Architectural movements covered include neoclassicism, the gothic revival, art nouveau, the beaux-arts tradition, the arts and crafts movement, the prairie school, constructivism, art deco, international-style modernism, brutalism and others. Prerequisite: One Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 247: Architecture Since 1950

This course begins by considering the international triumph of architecture's Modern Movement as seen in key works by Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and their followers. Soon after modernisms rise, however, architects began to question the movement's tenets and the role that architecture as a discipline plays in the fashioning of society. This course will examine the central actors in this backlash from Britain, France, Italy, Japan, the United States and elsewhere before exploring the architectural debates surrounding definitions of postmodernism. The course will conclude by considering the impact of both modernism and postmodernism on contemporary architectural practice.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 252: Islamic Art and the Medieval Mediterranean

This course investigates the origins and development of Islamic art and architecture from the seventh to the sixteenth centuries, with a particular focus on the Mediterranean basin. Under Muslim rule, patrons and artists produced a distinctive and sophisticated visual culture in religious and secular contexts. Topics to be addressed include the expression of cultural and religious identity through visual arts; palace architecture and Islamic court culture; the development of sacred spaces; and cross-cultural exchange with the Byzantine Empire and the Christian west through trade, travel, and at specific sites such as Islamic Spain, Norman Sicily, and Crusader Palestine. Prerequisite: One Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 255: Islam in the Eyes of the West

How have images of Islam impacted European culture? How did existing pictorial traditions/practices frame the ways in which Islam was visualized in Europe? This course will interrogate the ways in which representational technologies facilitated and/or obstructed making sense of Islam from the twelfth to the nineteenth centuries. We will explore a wide range of images in diverse media, including, but not limited to, maps, costume books, panel paintings, sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, popular prints, ethnographic treatises, and early photographs. Prerequisite: Any art history course or permission of the instructor.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017; J. Keating

ARTH 261: English Theater and Literature in London: The Art of Tudor and Stuart Britain

With a focus on the intersections of art, culture, and literature, the course explores various aspects of art in the English Renaissance, including patronage, politics and power, religion, and the role of the artist in society. Students will research specific artworks (for example, Holbein's The Ambassadors, Henry VIII's tapestries at Hampton Court Palace, The Banqueting House, St. Paul's Cathedral), visit historical sites and museums, and work with local experts as they develop their understanding and appreciation of Elizabethan and Jacobean art.
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 267: Gardens in China and Japan

A garden is usually defined as a piece of land that is cultivated or manipulated in some way by man for one or more purposes. Gardens often take the form of an aestheticized space that miniaturizes the natural landscape. This course will explore the historical phenomenon of garden building in China and Japan with a special emphasis on how cultural and religious attitudes towards nature contribute to the development of gardens in urban and suburban environments. In addition to studying historical source material, students will be required to apply their knowledge by building both virtual and physical re-creations of gardens.
6 credits; ARP, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 268: Art History in Kyoto Program: History of Gardens and Landscape Architecture in Japan

A garden is usually defined as a piece of land that is cultivated or manipulated in some way by humans for one or more purposes. Gardens often take the form of an aestheticized space that miniaturizes the natural landscape. This course will explore the historical phenomenon of garden building in Japan, with a special emphasis on how cultural and religious attitudes towards nature contribute to the development of gardens in urban and suburban environments. In addition to studying historical source material, students will be required to visit garden sites on a weekly basis.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; K. Ryor

ARTH 269: Art History in Kyoto Program: Projects in Japanese Garden Design and History

Reading assignments followed by an independent project related to Japanese gardens. Linked to the work done in Art History 268, this course requires an in-depth study of a particular style of Japanese garden design and its history.
3 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; K. Ryor

ARTH 285: The Art of Death in the Middle Ages

Concerns about death, the afterlife, and personal commemoration resulted in rich visual expression in the medieval period. Three main areas of inquiry will be addressed in this class: pilgrimage and the commemoration of saints (the special dead); the death and commemoration of "ordinary" individuals; and depictions of and attitudes toward the body, death, burial, Purgatory, the Last Judgment, and resurrection. Prerequisite: One Art History course
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 286: Legacies of the Avant-Garde: Dada Then and Now

By definition, the artistic neo-avantgarde of the post-1945 era looked back to the historical avant-garde movements of the early twentieth century for inspiration and ideological support. This course will examine how one such historical movement, Dada, has continued to play a profound role in shaping how artists define art and use the art object as an active force to radically alter everyday life. In particular, we will investigate the ways in which Dadaists used chance, humor, irony, negation and the ready made to challenge the institution of art, and then trace the legacies of these practices in recent artistic practice. Prerequisite: One Art History course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 287: Legacies of the Avant-Garde: Constructivism Then and Now

Contemporary artists often look to the historical avant-garde movements of earlier generations for inspiration and ideological support. This course will examine how the strategies of one such historical movement, Constructivism, continue to resonate in the art world as artists question both the definition of art and its broader role in society. In particular, this course will consider how Russian artists in the 1920s and 30s used monochrome painting, industrial materials, installation art, public demonstrations and propaganda to alter the institution of art. We will then trace the legacies of these disruptive practices in art of the recent past.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 288: Curatorial Seminar

Organize an exhibition, and get grounded in curatorial practice and theory, with this small team-based seminar. The exhibition, a collaboration with the Hillstrom Museum at Gustavus Adolphus College, with some input from the Flaten Art Museum at St. Olaf, will feature American art works organized around themes identified by students and collection curators. This seminar offers a unique opportunity to work directly with art works and to contribute to multiple aspects of an exhibition and related programs. Prerequisite: Any one Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; L. Bradley

ARTH 289: Special Projects: The Carleton Art Collection

This small seminar invites students to work with the Carleton Art Collection, currently numbering about 2300 objects and recently located to the Weitz Center for Creativity. Student research and writing will be directed toward donor histories and collection strengths. In addition to guided individual projects, each student will create a brief narrative video highlighting works from the collection. These collection "tours" will be posted on the Perlman Teaching Museum website.
3 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 298: Seminar for Art History Majors

An intensive study of the nature of art history as an intellectual discipline and of the approaches scholars have taken to various art historical problems. Attention as well to principles of current art historical research and writing. Recommended for juniors who have declared art history as a major.
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; R. Elfline

ARTH 307: Rome: The Art of Michelangelo and Caravaggio

Early Modern Rome flourished as a center of art and architecture, reviving its position in classical antiquity. This course is organized around three major artists, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, and Bernini, and secondarily Annibale Carracci and Orazio and Artemisia Gentileschi in Rome, and such foreign artists as Rubens, Velazquez, and Poussin. Recurring themes will include the mechanisms of patronage, concepts of the naturalistic, artistic self-definition, church renewal, the urban landscape, and the interdependence of architecture and society. The major question throughout the term: What difference does it make that this art was produced in Rome? Prerequisite: Any art history course
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 321: Arts of the Chinese Scholar's Studio

During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in China, unprecedented economic development and urbanization expanded the number of educated elite who used their wealth to both display their status and distinguish themselves as cultural leaders. As a result, this period experienced a boom in estate and garden building, art collecting and luxury consumption. This course will examine a wide range of objects from painting and calligraphy to furniture and ceramics within the context of domestic architecture of the late Ming dynasty. It will also examine the role of taste and social class in determining the style of art and architecture.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 323: Idolatry

Idolatry is an issue that has often determined how human beings interact with and conceive of the world around them. Focusing on the Judeo-Christian formulations of idolatry this course draws on a range of media, from the Hebrew Bible to the bones of saints and popular prints, as we analyze verbal and visual representations of the sacred and the profane. The driving questions will be: how have idols and idolaters been recognized in the past, and how have these various textual and visual formulations of idolatry shaped works of art from the ancient, medieval, and early modern worlds? Prerequisite: 200 level Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 333: Visual Culture and the Civil War

How did images reflect and shape popular attitudes towards the events and issues of the American Civil War? This seminar will investigate various visual media, ranging from printed ephemera to fine art, seeking answers to this question. The course will analyze reportage and artworks portraying specific events, such as the Battle of Gettysburg and the assassination of President Lincoln, as well as examine pictorial treatments of subjects such as slavery and emancipation, secession and union, military camp life and the home front. Later thematic directions for the course will be influenced by individual student research projects. Prerequisite: 200 level Art History course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 340: Theories of Postmodernism

In this discussion-based seminar, students will look closely at a series of key texts that have come to epitomize the historical rupture between modernism and postmodernism in visual culture. As "postmodernism" refers neither to a cohesive movement, nor to a specific style, we will investigate the web of various theories and political positions that represent a fundamental re-thinking of modernism's aims. Specifically, we will consider the following themes as they relate to cultural practices from the 1960s to the present day: deconstruction, the death of authorship, post-feminism, simulation, post-colonialism and globalization. Prerequisite: Two Art History courses
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTH 341: Art and Democracy

What does it mean to say that a work of art is “democratic?" For whom is art made? And who can lay claim to the title “artist?" These questions animate contemporary art production as artists grapple with the problems of broadening access to their works and making them more socially relevant. In this course we will consider the challenges involved in making art for a sometimes ill-defined “public.” Topics to be discussed include: activist performance art, feminism, public sculpture, the Culture Wars, queer visual culture, and the recent rise of social practice art. Prerequisite: Any two Art History courses, or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; R. Elfline

ARTH 400: Integrative Exercise

The integrative exercise for the art history major involves an independent research project, on a topic chosen by the student and approved by faculty members, resulting in a substantial essay due late in the winter term. One credit is awarded, usually in the spring term, for a formal presentation that contextualizes the project and summarizes the argument of the essay. The other five credits may be distributed in any fashion over the fall and winter terms. Art History 400 is a continuing course; no grade will be awarded until all six credits are completed.
1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

ARTS 110: Observational Drawing

A beginning course for non-majors and for those who contemplate majoring in art. The aim of the course is to give the student an appreciation of art and of drawing. An understanding of aesthetic values and development of technical skills are achieved through a series of studio problems which naturally follow one another and deal with the analysis and use of line, shape, volume, space, and tone. A wide range of subjects are used, including still life, landscape and the human figure.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Bruggeman, F. Hagstrom, D. Lefkowitz, E. Charbonneau

ARTS 113: Field Drawing

A beginning drawing course for students who are interested in developing their skills in drawing from nature. Much of the classwork will be done outdoors and deal directly with drawing from plant forms, geological sources, and the landscape as subjects. Emphasis will be placed on the development of the technical skills needed for visual note-taking and development of journals. Problems will deal with the analysis of space and objects through line, shape, volume, and tone.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; D. Bruggeman, E. Jensen

ARTS 120: Art, Interactivity, and Robotics

In this hands-on studio centered course, we'll explore and create interactive three dimensional art. Using basic construction techniques, microprocessors, and programming, this class brings together the fundamentals of computer science, sculpture, engineering, and aesthetic design. Students will engage the nuts-and-bolts of fabrication, learn to program computers, and study how robots think. Collaborative labs and individual projects will culminate in a campus wide exhibition. No prior building or programming experience is required. Students who have taken Studio Art 122, Computer Science 111, IDSC 120, or any higher numbered Computer Science course are NOT eligible to enroll.
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 122: Introduction to Sculpture

The ability to build structures that reflect or alter the environment is a basic defining characteristic of our species. In this class we explore creative construction in three dimensions using a variety of media, including plaster, wood, and steel. Using both natural and architectural objects for inspiration, we will examine and manipulate form, space, and expressive content to develop a deeper understanding of this core trait and reawaken our experience of the spaces we inhabit.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Mohring

ARTS 140: The Digital Landscape

Study nature aesthetics and examine your assumptions about the landscape photograph. Question the formal, moral and biological implications of your "framed view-point," as you move your lens across the prairies, woods and farmer's fields of Northfield. Reflect on the ways in which nature has been visually represented in the classroom, creating a three-way intersection between art, science and technology. In particular, what are the effects of two-dimensional representation on our estrangement from nature itself? Demonstrations, readings, discussions and field trips will help the student create a final portfolio of digital prints and text. Student must provide their own digital camera.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; L. Rossi

ARTS 141: Experimental Photography

In this course we will explore the rich history of photography's experimental development through the use of light and chemistry. Our focus will be on black and white darkroom experimentation and color scanning and digital printing. Demonstrations will cover a wide range of materials and techniques such as; the making of pin hole cameras, paper negatives, photograms, photomontages, and the use of toning, solarization and liquid emulsion on paper and glass. Students will create a portfolio and recipe book of their experimental investigations.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Rossi

ARTS 151: Metalsmithing

A basic course in metal design and fabrication of primarily jewelry forms and functional objects. Specific instruction will be given in developing the skills of forming, joining, and surface enrichment to achieve complex metal pieces. Students will learn to render two-dimensional drawings while exploring three-dimensional design concepts. The course examines how jewelry forms relate to the human body. Found materials will be used in addition to traditional metals including copper, brass, and silver.  
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; D. Saathoff

ARTS 178: Sustainable Approach: Papermaking and Pulp as a Material of Choice

This class introduces students to the fundamentals of handmade paper with special emphasis placed on sustainability, harvesting as content, and its potential uses for the two dimensional surface and three dimensional form. Cellulose fiber preparation (both environmentally harvested and culturally harvested), colorants, additives, sheet formation, drying techniques, large scale sheet formations, spraying, stencils, pulp painting, embossing, and casting, mixing with clay and spraying over armatures will additionally be covered. 
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; R. Hutchinson

ARTS 185: Critical Studies in Public Space with N55

In this course, students will work in collaboration with Danish art and design collective N55, who have been invited to campus as part of the Lucas Lectureship in the Arts. N55's practice embraces a critical investigation of how public spaces function in our contemporary era. Who has access to public space? Who has the right to build, and where? What is an environmentally ethical way to occupy the land? This winter, students will work alongside N55 to develop a speculative proposal for some aspect of the Carleton campus and will fabricate models or prototype structures to support this innovative scheme.
3 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 210: Life Drawing

Understanding the basic techniques of drawing the human form is fundamental to an art education and is the emphasis of this class. Humans have been engaged in the act of self-representation since the beginning of time. The relationship artists have had with drawing the human body is complex and has been the subject of religious, philosophical and personal investigation for centuries. Concentrating on representational drawing techniques we will explore a variety of media and materials. Supplemented by lectures, readings and critiques, students will develop an understanding of both contemporary and historical approaches to drawing the human figure. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 142 or 211
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; D. Bruggeman

ARTS 212: Studio Art Seminar in the South Pacific: Mixed-Media Drawing

This course involves directed drawing in bound sketchbooks, using a variety of drawing media, and requires on-going, self-directed drawing in visual journals. Subjects will include landscape, figure, portraits, and nature study. The course will require some hiking in rugged areas. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114 or 142 or previous comparable drawing experience approved by the professor. Participation in OCS program
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; F. Hagstrom

ARTS 213: Elaborating on Perception: Drawing

Drawing has always been characterized by two dominant narratives: one of appearance, the other of conception. In both cases, drawing can be defined as an engagement with the hand, the drawing material and the surface, with consideration given to a visual and/or conceptual subject. In this course we will develop both our perceptual and reflective skills through a series of projects that will challenge the student to explore and refine both traditional and unconventional drawing strategies. This course is part of the OCS winter break New York Program, involving two linked courses in fall and winter terms. This course is the first in the sequence. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114 or 142
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 214: Elaborating on Perception: Drawing (Part 2, Field Investigation and Portfolio Development)

This course is the second part of a two-term course sequence beginning with ARTS 213. The course begins with a two-week visit in December to New York City. Field-work will include daily drawing requirements and visits to the studios of working artists, museums, galleries and art performances. In regular weekly meetings during the winter term on campus, our experiences will be synthesized into a series of drawing projects that will be presented in an exhibit in The Weitz Center. Prerequisite: Studio Art 213
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 230: Ceramics: Throwing

This course is an introduction to wheel throwing as a primary method to construct both functional and non-functional ceramic forms. An understanding of aesthetic values and technical skills are achieved through studio practice, readings, and demonstrations. Basic glaze and clay calculations, kiln firing techniques, and some handbuilding methods will be covered. Prerequisite: Studio Art 128, 130, 236 or high school experience with wheel throwing and instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; M. Helke

ARTS 232: Ceramics: Handbuilding

This course is an introduction to handbuilding as a primary method to construct both functional and non-functional ceramic forms with a focus on experimentation. An understanding of aesthetic values and technical skills are achieved through studio practice, readings, and demonstrations. Basic glaze and clay calculations, kiln firing techniques, and basic throwing methods will be covered. Prerequisite: Studio Art 122, 128, 130, 150, 151, 236 or instructor consent
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 234: The Figure in Clay

This course is an introduction to the figurative and narrative potential of clay as a sculptural medium. Through hands-on demonstrations, lectures, readings, and assignments students will develop an understanding of both contemporary and historical approaches to forming the human figure in clay. The relationship artists have with the human body is complex and has been the subject of religious, philosophical and personal investigation for centuries. This course will analyze this relationship while developing technical skills in construction and firing techniques specific to ceramics. Prerequisite: Studio Art 122, 128, 130 or instructor's consent
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; K. Connole

ARTS 238: Photography I

This course introduces the student to the operation of the 35mm camera, film processing and black and white printing techniques. Through lectures, demonstrations, readings, field trips and critiques we rigorously view and question the nature of photography. Assignments will cover a range of photographic genres. A personal investigation of these photographic experiences will result in a final portfolio of finished prints and accompanying field guide. Manual film cameras provided, check with instructor. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114, 140, 141 or 142
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; L. Rossi

ARTS 240: Introduction to Film and Digital Photography

Learn the fine art of both black and white and color photography through the use of light sensitive silver and pigmented ink. Like the alchemist we will separate and join together the materials, concepts and technology of the past with today's digital image. As we transition between chemicals in the darkroom and Photoshop in the digital lab we will explore the creative and cultural nature of photography. Studio production will be promoted through field trips, readings and critiques. We encourage students to bring their own digital camera, however we do have some digital cameras to loan out. Film cameras will be provided. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114, 140, 141 or 142
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 252: Metalsmithing: Casting and Color

This course focuses on casting, enameling, and stone setting as methods of creating jewelry and small sculptural objects in copper and silver. Specific instruction will be given in developing the skills of forming, joining, and surface enrichment to achieve complex metal pieces. Previous experience with metalsmithing is not required but may be helpful. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114, 122, 130, 142, 150 or 151
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; D. Saathoff

ARTS 260: Painting

The course serves as an introduction to the language of painting. Students develop a facility with the physical tools of painting--brushes, paint and surfaces--as they gain a fluency with the basic formal elements of the discipline--color, form, value, composition and space. Students are also challenged to consider the choices they make in determining the content and ideas expressed in the work, and how to most effectively convey them. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114, 142 or 161
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Lefkowitz

ARTS 262: English Theater and Literature in London: Visualizing the Renaissance

What did the English Renaissance look like? Through on-site observational drawing, watercolor and gouache painting, and/or digital photography, students will investigate the paintings, ceramics, woodwork, metalwork, textiles, fashion, heraldry, architecture, and landscape gardening of early modern England. The critical observation and artistic rendering of these objects and spaces will afford students a window into the culture of the English Renaissance as they acquaint themselves with the visual vocabulary of the past.
3 credits; ARP, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 274: Printmaking

Winter Term: Studio Art Seminar in the South Pacific: Printmaking  (Off Campus Studies Program) Intaglio and relief printmaking using the facilities of host universities. Students will receive instruction in all of the processes of intaglio and relief printmaking. Students will explore the possibilities of this form of printmaking in conjunction with their work in a drawing class. Spring Term: Printmaking (on Campus) Students will work in one of the four primary media of printmaking: intaglio, relief, lithography, or silkscreen. After students make their choice of which process they will use, demonstrations will be offered in each area.  The goal includes building upon skills that were established in the pre-requisite drawing class.  Each print media affords great potential in experimentation. 6 credits, ARP. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113, 114 or 142
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; F. Hagstrom

ARTS 274: Printmaking

Winter Term: Studio Art Seminar in the South Pacific: Printmaking  (Off Campus Studies Program) Intaglio and relief printmaking using the facilities of host universities. Students will receive instruction in all of the processes of intaglio and relief printmaking. Students will explore the possibilities of this form of printmaking in conjunction with their work in a drawing class. Spring Term: Printmaking (on Campus) Students will work in one of the four primary media of printmaking: intaglio, relief, lithography, or silkscreen. After students make their choice of which process they will use, demonstrations will be offered in each area.  The goal includes building upon skills that were established in the pre-requisite drawing class.  Each print media affords great potential in experimentation. 6 credits, ARP.

  Prerequisite: Studio Art 110, 113 or 114 and acceptance in OCS Program

6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; F. Hagstrom

ARTS 275: Studio Art Seminar in the South Pacific: The Physical and Cultural Environment

This course examines how Australia and New Zealand have changed since colonization. Students study the physical and environmental beginnings of these countries and learn about the history of their indigenous people, noting how the physical landscape has been changed through agriculture, mining, and the importation of non-native species. This course will include readings, meetings with visiting artists and lecturers, and visits to cultural centers. Prerequisite: Acceptance to Carleton OCS program
6 credits; S/CR/NC; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; F. Hagstrom

ARTS 278: Paper Arts: Binding and Two-Dimensional Applications

This class introduces students to the fundamentals of handmade paper with special emphasis placed on its use as a substrate for printing, drawing, painting, and other media. Colorants, additives, fiber preparation and finishing techniques will be examined as will various sheet formation techniques including the use of stencils and pulp painting. The second half of the course will introduce students to a variety of binding techniques. Sewn single- and multi-signature bindings will be presented as will various adhesive bindings, decorative spine book structures, traditional Japanese bindings, hard cover formats, historical designs and non-traditional embellishment techniques. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 280: Bookbinding

This class will introduce the fundamentals of hand bookbinding with special emphasis on making journals and albums. We will learn several different binding methods using historical and non-traditional techniques and a variety of different materials, tools and adhesives. In addition we will cover basic box making. Boxes, like books, serve many purposes, one being to house and protect valuable and fragile objects. We will make slipcases and clamshell boxes to protect books and prints. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 or 113
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 298: Junior Studio Art Practicum

Required for the studio major, and strongly recommended for the junior year, this seminar is for student artists considering lives as producers of visual culture. At the core of the course are activities that help build students’ identities as practicing artists. These include the selection and installation of artwork for the Junior Show, a presentation about their own artistic development, and studio projects in media determined by each student that serve as a bridge between media-specific studio art courses and the independent creative work they will undertake as Seniors in Comps. The course will also include reading and discussion about what it means to be an artist today, encounters with visiting artists and trips to exhibition venues in the Twin Cities.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; K. Connole

ARTS 322: Sculpture 2: Form and Context

In this seminar we will expand on our exploration of sculpture--further developing the studio based investigation of Arts 122 while adding interior and exterior site specific installation, robotics, and digital media, to the range of possibilities. Prerequisite: Studio Art 122, 150, 151, 232 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; S. Mohring

ARTS 327: Woodworking: The Table

This class explores the wondrous joys and enlightening frustrations of an intensive material focus in wood. From the perspective of both functional and non-functional design, we will examine wood's physical, visual, philosophical, and expressive properties. Several short projects will culminate in an examination of the table as a conceptual construct, and six week design/build challenge. Prerequisite: Studio Art 122 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 330: Advanced Ceramics

This course is a continuation of either or both beginning courses, focusing on sophisticated handbuilding and throwing techniques and advanced problem solving in ceramics. Development of a personal voice is encouraged through open-ended assignments deepening exploration into the expressive nature of clay. Glaze calculations, kiln firing theory, and alternative firing techniques will broaden approaches to surface design. Prerequisite: Studio Art 130, 230, 232, 234 or 236
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; J. Shibata

ARTS 339: Advanced Photo: Digital Imaging

This course will explore the technical, aesthetic and critical issues of digital media. The student will work with digital cameras, scanners, printers and the Photoshop program. Through specific assignments, field trips and personal experimentation students will broaden their understanding of this new media. Students will need their own digital camera. Prerequisite: Studio Art 140, 141, 238 or 240, 243 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; L. Rossi

ARTS 360: Advanced Painting and Drawing

This course is designed for students who want to explore these 2-D media in greater depth. Students may choose to work exclusively in painting or drawing, or may combine media if they like. Some projects in the course emphasize strengthening students' facility in traditional uses of each medium, while others are designed to encourage students to challenge assumptions about what a painting or drawing can be. Two major assignments make up the core of the course--one focuses on art making as an evolving process and the other on a critical engagement with systems of visual representation. Prerequisite: Studio Art 110 and 260 (for students focusing on painting) or two prior drawing or printmaking courses from Studio Art 110, 113, 114, 210, 212, and 274 (for students focusing on drawing)
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; D. Lefkowitz

ARTS 374: Advanced Printmaking and Book Arts

This course is a continuation from the introductory level print courses, offering instruction in any of the print media--intaglio, relief, silk-screen, lithography and letterpress. In addition, several binding techniques are taught, and some of the assignments can be fulfilled by book-based projects. Prerequisite: Studio Art 273 or 274
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ARTS 398: Senior Studio Art Practicum

Required for the studio major in the senior year, this seminar is designed to prepare emerging artists for continued studio practice. This class engages students in the process of presentation of artwork in a professional setting (the senior art exhibition) and in various other capacities. Students engage with visiting artists, readings, and exhibitions as they begin to develop their own independent paths towards studio work outside of the academic setting.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; K. Connole

ARTS 400: Integrative Exercise

The integrative exercise for the studio arts major consists of an independent research project involving experimentation, reflection, and deep engagement in the production of a cohesive body of artwork. The comps process is designed to give students the opportunity to develop ideas over the course of a term with close advice and support of the studio faculty and fellow students. Typically, students register for 6 credits in Fall or Winter.  In rare cases and in consultation with the studio faculty, exceptions may be made to allow comps to be spread over two terms.  
1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

ASLN 111: Writing Systems

The structure and function of writing systems, with emphasis on a comparison of East Asian writing systems (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) to Western alphabetic systems. Topics covered include classification of writing systems, historical development, diffusion and borrowing of writing systems, and comparison with non-writing symbol systems.
6 credits; SI; Offered Winter 2017; M. Hansell

ASLN 260: Historical Linguistics

Concepts and techniques of historical linguistics, especially methods used in the discovery of family relationships between languages and the reconstruction of ancestral forms. Other topics include grammatical, semantic, and lexical change, processes of sound change, language contact, and the use of linguistic evidence in cultural reconstruction. In addition to the more familiar Indo-European languages, data will come from Western Pacific and Australian languages, and especially East Asian languages. Prerequisite: Previous experience in linguistics or instructor's permission.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

ASST 130: India Program: Civic Engagement in India

This course will facilitate positive, respectful, and reciprocal relationships between Carleton students and people in India. Students will work with community groups that support local visions for an equitable and sustainable society. We will aim to transform ourselves and our place in the world through approaching communities with an informed curiosity, in-depth knowledge about local conditions, and open-minded engagement across various differences. The course will include scholarly readings, instructor and guest lectures, and require student presentations of their work. Students will work together as they engage community groups on topics such as economic development, tourism, gender, sexuality, and political representation.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; B. LaRocque

ASST 260: Resistance Struggles & People's Movements in India

India, according to V.S. Naipal, is the land of "a million mutinies." What are these uprisings, rebellions, and resistance movements? Who is rising up, and why? In this class we will look, through the lens of social movements, at the wide variety of efforts to bring about social change, justice, and equality that have been at work in modern India. Case studies will include movements focused on the caste system, women in search of gender justice, queer activism, farmers' challenges to corporate agricultural policies, environmentalism, struggles for localized control over resources, Maoist uprisings against the state, and religious nationalism.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ASST 282: Art History in Kyoto Program: Religion, Politics and Architecture in Pre-Modern Japan

This course will consist of a series of lectures focusing on topics such as Shintoism, Buddhism, architecture and environmental issues, etc. In addition to the lectures, there will be related field trips beyond those required for Art History 268.
3 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; K. Ryor

ASST 284: Japanese Linguistics in Kyoto Seminar: History and Culture of Japan

This course is an introduction to several aspects of Japanese society, taking advantage of the location of the Linguistics OCS seminar in Kyoto. It consists of readings and lectures about important events in historical and contemporary Japan, and will include visits to sites that illuminate those events in important ways. In addition to Kyoto and nearby places, there will be excursions to Tokyo and Hiroshima. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ASST 400: Integrative Exercise

1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

ASTR 110: Introduction to Astronomy

An introduction to current astronomy with an emphasis on how we know what we know. Topics include the solar system; the life cycles of stars; pulsars, quasars, and black holes; and the history and future fate of the universe. No mathematics background beyond high school algebra and trigonometry is assumed.
6 credits; QRE, LS; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; C. Blaha, F. McNally

ASTR 113: Observational and Laboratory Astronomy

Theory and practice of basic techniques in observational and laboratory astronomy. Certain problems involve the use of the 16-inch and 8-inch telescopes. Prerequisite: Astronomy 100, 110, 127, 232, 233, Physics 226, 228, 232, 233 or instructor permission
3 credits; S/CR/NC; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Weisberg, C. Blaha

ASTR 127: Topics in Modern Astrophysics

Special topics in modern astrophysics will be explored in order to understand the physical processes at work in a variety of cosmic settings. Possible topics include the solar weather and its impact on Earth, extra-solar planets, black holes, dark matter, gravitational lensing, large-scale structures and dark energy in an accelerating universe. Prerequisite: Astronomy 100, or 110, or Physics 131, 143, 144 or 145
6 credits; QRE, NE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ASTR 232: Astrophysics I

A study of stellar structure and evolution with an emphasis on the physical principles underlying the observed phenomena. Topics include the birth, evolution, and death of stars, pulsars, black holes, and white dwarfs. Prerequisite: Physics 226, 228, 231 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ASTR 233: Astrophysics II

A study of galactic and extragalactic astronomy with an emphasis on the physical principles underlying the observed phenomena. Topics include the structure and dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy and other galaxies, the interstellar medium, quasars and active galaxies, clusters and superclusters, and cosmology. Prerequisite: Physics 226, 228, 231 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Blaha

ASTR 356: Special Project

Individual projects in observational, theoretical, or computational astronomy. Available projects are often related to faculty research interests or to the development of course-support materials, such as new laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2-3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Blaha, J. Weisberg, F. McNally

BIOL 100: Viruses: Invisible Invaders

Zika, Ebola, and HIV are now part of our common vocabulary. Through the study of both ancient and emerging viruses, we will explore how human behavior, globalization, and global climate change influence viral spread and evolution, and how viruses impact human populations. We will examine health disparities in the context of viral infection, the contribution of viruses to cancer therapy and the treatment of inherited diseases, and ethical issues related to viral research and treatment through readings, discussions, and your own research and writing.
6 credits; WR1, AI; Offered Fall 2016; D. Walser-Kuntz

BIOL 101: Human Reproduction and Sexuality

The myths surrounding human reproduction and sexuality may out weigh our collective knowledge and understanding. This course will review the basic biology of all aspects of reproduction--from genes to behavior--in an attempt to better understand one of the more basic and important processes in nature. Topics will vary widely and will be generated in part by student interest. A sample of topics might include: hormones, PMS, fertilization, pregnancy, arousal, attraction, the evolution of the orgasm, and the biology of sexuality.
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Rand

BIOL 125: Genes, Evolution, and Development

Emphasizes the role of genetic information in biological systems. Under this theme, we cover subjects from the molecular to the population levels of organization. Topics include the nature of inheritance and life cycles, structure/function of DNA, gene expression and regulation, the changing genetic makeup of species as they evolve, and the development of individual organisms from zygotes.
6 credits; QRE, LS; Offered Winter 2017; M. McKone, S. Zweifel

BIOL 125: Genes, Evolution, and Development: A Problem Solving Approach

This offering of Biology 125 offers a problem solving approach and covers the same concepts as the winter version of Biology 125. The course format allows time in class to apply new concepts by working through case study type problems with faculty present. Students enter Carleton from a wide variety of academic experiences, and this offering of Biology 125 is designed to provide a level playing field for students regardless of previous science background. In addition, the active learning component of the course is beneficial for students who like to learn by doing. Students who complete this course are well-prepared to continue on to Biology 126.
6 credits; QRE, LS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; B. Jacques-Fricke, J. Wolff, M. McKone, S. Zweifel

BIOL 126: Energy Flow in Biological Systems

Follow the pathways through which energy and matter are acquired, stored, and utilized within cells, organisms, and ecosystems. The focus moves among the different levels of organization from protein function to nutrient movement through ecosystems. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or 128
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Hougen-Eitzman, R. Mitra, M. Rand, R. Anderson

BIOL 209: Writing in the Sciences

This course will explore written communication in the sciences, with a particular focus on the biological sciences. Throughout the term, students will study scientific writing intended for different target audiences. For example, students will study the stylistic differences in science writing directed at the educated public and at specialists in a narrow field. Reading assignments will consist of popular writing in the sciences as well as primary literature in the biological sciences. Students will be assigned short and long writing assignments to emulate these styles. An emphasis will be placed on improving writing style through peer and faculty review of writing samples. Prerequisite: Biology 125, 126, Chemistry 122, 123 or 128 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 210: Global Change Biology

Environmental problems are caused by a complex mix of physical, biological, social, economic, political, and technological factors. This course explores how these environmental problems affect life on Earth by examining the biological processes underlying natural ecological systems and the effects of global environmental changes such as resources consumption and overharvesting, land-use change, climate warming, pollution, extinction and biodiversity loss, and invasive species. Prerequisite: One introductory science lab course (Biology 125, 126, Chemistry 123, 128, Geology 110, 115 or 120)
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Hernández

BIOL 212: Australia Program: Ecological Field Research

This course emphasizes field research methodology, with emphasis on comparison of ecological characteristics among terrestrial habitats in Australia. Major topics will include design and analysis of experiments, as well as use of primary literature to inform research questions. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and at least one upper-level Biology course related to ecology, evolution or organismal biology
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Bosacker

BIOL 234: Microbiology with Laboratory

A study of the metabolism, genetics, structure, and function of microorganisms. While presented in the framework of the concepts of cellular and molecular biology, the emphasis will be on the uniqueness and diversity of the microbial world. The course integrates lecture and laboratory, and will fulfill requirements of a microbiology course with lab for veterinary or pharmacy schools. A one-credit trailing course, Philosophy 198, CRISPR and You, is available to interested students. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; Concurrent registration in Biology 235
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; B. Jarvis

BIOL 235: Microbiology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; Concurrent registration in Biology 234
2 credits; Offered Spring 2017; B. Jarvis

BIOL 238: Entomology

Insects are one of the most successful groups of organisms on the planet, playing major roles in all terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. In addition, since insects are ubiquitous they affect human endeavors on many fronts, both positively (e.g., crop pollination) and negatively (damage to crops and transmitting disease). This class will focus on the biology of insects, including physiology, behavior, and ecology. Many examples will highlight current environmental issues. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; Concurrent registration in Biology 239
6 credits; QRE, NE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 239: Entomology Laboratory

Field and laboratory investigation of living insects. Synoptic examination of the major orders of insects, including evolution of different groups, physiology, structure, and identification. Field labs will focus on insect ecology and collection techniques for making a comprehensive insect collection. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration Biology 238
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 240: Genetics

A study of the transmission of genetic information between generations of organisms, and of the mechanism of expression of information within an individual organism. The main emphasis will be on the physical and chemical basis of heredity; mutational, transmissional and functional analysis of the genetic material, and gene expression. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 or instructor permission
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Wolff, A. Broege

BIOL 241: Genetics Laboratory

Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 or instructor permission; Concurrent registration in Biology 240
2 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Wolff, A. Broege

BIOL 242: Vertebrate Morphology

Over 500 million years of evolution has produced a rich diversity of structure and functional morphology in vertebrates. We will use comparative methods to help us understand the various selective forces and constraints that produced the vertebrate forms living today. Laboratory dissection of a variety of preserved vertebrates will allow us to examine how these fascinating animals monitor and move through their environment, procure, ingest and circulate nutrients, respirate, and reproduce. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Rand

BIOL 243: Vertebrate Morphology Laboratory

2 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Rand

BIOL 248: Behavioral Ecology

Behavioral ecologists strive to understand the complex ways that ecological pressures influence the evolution of behavioral strategies. It can be argued that animals face a relatively small set of basic challenges: they must acquire food, water, and mates, and they must avoid danger. Yet we see a rich diversity of solutions to these problems. Consider foraging behavior, for example. All animals must acquire energy, but some filter particles out of sea water, others graze on nearly inedible grasses, while still others hunt in cooperative packs. In this course we will consider such topics as foraging, communication, sociality, and conflict. By focusing on the functions and evolutionary histories of behaviors, we strive to better understand the puzzle of behavioral diversity. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 250: Australia/New Zealand Program: Marine Ecology

This course will explore the population, community, and evolutionary ecology of marine organisms, with a focus on the Great Barrier Reef. Major topics will include coral reef structure and function, diversity of fauna and flora, as well as impacts of climate change and fisheries on reef ecology. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and one upper-level Biology course related to ecology, evolution or organismal Biology
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Bosacker

BIOL 252: Environmental Animal Physiology

This course explores the physiological adaptations animals employ to survive in a wide variety of environments. Animals maintain physiological functions in the face of environmental extremes in heat, cold, aridity, deep ocean pressure, salinity, and the lack of oxygen in water or at high altitude, to name a few. An organism's ability to cope with environmental extremes has a large impact on the geographic distribution of many species. Associated laboratory will emphasize experimentation and application of physiological concepts in living organisms. Concurrent registration in Biology 253 required. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Rand

BIOL 253: Environmental Animal Physiology Laboratory

Concurrent registration in Biology 252 required. Prerequisite: Biology 252; Biology 125 and Biology 126
2 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Rand

BIOL 255: Australia Program: Learning Country, Culture and Environment in Australia

In this course students will learn about the natural history of the Australian landscape and the cultural history of the people who have settled there. We will specifically consider the role of sustainability in Aboriginal, colonial, and modern Australian cultures. The majority of work for this class will be reading selected works that showcase central concepts. This reading should be completed before the program begins, and work will be evaluated through written work. In Australia, students will learn through lectures and cultural immersion, and they will synthesize what they learn in reflective essays. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; NE, IS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Bosacker

BIOL 280: Cell Biology

An examination of the structures and processes that underlie the life of cells, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Topics to be covered include methodologies used to study cells; organelles, membranes and other cellular components; protein targeting within the cell; and cellular communication and division. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; concurrent registration in Biology 281
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Fall 2016; R. Mitra

BIOL 281: Cell Biology Laboratory

The focus of the laboratory will be on current techniques used to study cellular structure and function. Concurrent registration in Biology 280 required. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 280; Biology 125 and 126
2 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; R. Mitra

BIOL 310: Immunology

This course will examine the role of the immune system in defense, allergic reactions, and autoimmunity. Topics to be covered include the structure and function of antibodies, cytokines, the role of the major histocompatibility complex in antigen presentation, cellular immunity, immunodeficiencies, and current techniques used to study immune responses. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and either Biology 240 or 280
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Walser-Kuntz

BIOL 311: Immunology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and Biology 240 or 280; concurrent registration in Biology 310
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 321: Ecosystem Ecology

Ecosystem ecology involves the study of energy and material flow through systems, including both the biotic (animals, plants, microbes) and abiotic (soil, water, atmosphere) components. Topics include the major elemental cycles (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous), patterns of energy flow, and the controls of these fluxes for different ecosystems. Current environmental issues are emphasized as case studies, including climate change, land use change, human alterations of nutrient cycles, and biodiversity effects on ecosystems. Not open to students who have taken Biology 221. Concurrent registration in Biology 322 required. Prerequisite: one 200 level course in Biology or Geology 230, 258, 285 or Environmental Studies 244, 254,260, 265, 288; Biology 126
6 credits; WR2, QRE, NE; Offered Fall 2016; D. Hernández

BIOL 322: Ecosystem Ecology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Requires concurrent registration in Biology 321.
2 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; D. Hernández

BIOL 332: Human Physiology

Human Physiology seeks to understand the fundamental mechanisms responsible for the diverse functions of the body. Course topics include the function and regulation of the various physiological systems (nervous, circulatory, endocrine, excretory, respiratory, digestive, etc.), biochemistry, cellular physiology, homeostasis and acid-base chemistry. The study of human physiology provides the principal groundwork for internal medicine, pharmacology, and other related health fields. The laboratory includes a variety of experiments focusing on the function and regulation of the human body. Not open to students who have taken Biology 232. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; Concurrent registration in Biology 333
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; B. Jacques-Fricke

BIOL 333: Human Physiology Laboratory

Not open to students who have taken Biology 233. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 332; Biology 125 and 126
2 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; B. Jacques-Fricke

BIOL 338: Genomics and Bioinformatics

The advent of next-generation sequencing technology has revolutionized biology, enabling transformative breakthroughs in fields ranging from agriculture to conservation to medicine. In this course, students will gain experience with the computational and bioinformatics tools needed to analyze “big data,” including sequence searching and alignment, assembly, gene calling and annotation. Students will learn to ask and answer their own scientific questions using sequence data, and to critically assess the conclusions other genomics and bioinformatics studies. No prior computer programming experience is required. Associated laboratory will focus on wet lab methods for DNA/RNA extraction and preparation as well as computational analysis. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and one of these upper level courses: Biology 240, Biology 321 or Biology 350; concurrent registration in Biology 339
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; R. Anderson

BIOL 339: Genomics and Bioinformatics Laboratory

 

  Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 338

2 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; R. Anderson

BIOL 342: Animal Developmental Biology

An analysis of animal development from fertilization to the establishment of the adult body form. Lectures and discussions will examine the key processes of animal embryogenesis, as well as the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control these developmental processes. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126, and Biology 240 or 280
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Wolff

BIOL 343: Animal Developmental Biology Laboratory

Laboratory will introduce descriptive and experimental embryological techniques using a variety of model organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126, and Biology 240 or 280; Concurrent registration in Biology 342
2 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Wolff

BIOL 344: Seminar: The Molecular Basis of Plant Development

A study of the molecular basis underlying the development of vascular plants. Topics including embryogenesis, meristem function, leaf and root morphogenesis, and reproduction will be investigated through the analysis of primary literature. Emphasis will be placed on the experimental basis for current concepts in plant development ranging from molecular mechanisms to evolution of developmental pathways. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126; Biology 240 or 280
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 350: Evolution

Principles and history of evolutionary change in wild populations, with consideration of both microevolutionary and macroevolutionary time scales. Topics covered include causes of change in gene frequency, the nature of adaptation, constraints on evolutionary change, the evolution of genes and proteins, rates of speciation and extinction, and the major events in evolutionary history. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. McKone

BIOL 352: Population Ecology

An investigation of the properties of populations and communities. Topics include population growth and regulation, life tables, interspecific and intraspecific competition, predation, parasitism, mutualism, the nature of communities, and biogeography. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126, and Mathematics 111 or other previous calculus course. Recommended course: Statistics 120 (formerly Mathematics 215) or equivalent exposure to statistical analysis; concurrent registration in Biology 353
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Gallinat

BIOL 353: Population Ecology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Biology 125 & 126, and Mathematics 111 or other previous calculus course. Recommended course: Statistics 120 (formerly Mathematics 215) or equivalent exposure to statistical analysis; Concurrent registration in Biology 352
2 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Gallinat

BIOL 354: Human Cutaneous Biology

The course will cover the cellular and molecular biology of human skin in its normal and diseased states as it relates to a clinical presentation. Clinical dermatology and pathology will also be reviewed. The course style will be patterned along the lines as if it were a medical school course. Additionally, students will be introduced to many aspects of successfully negotiating medical school including introductions and possible field trips to the Mayo Clinic Medical School and/or University of Minnesota Medical School(s). Prerequisite: Chemistry 233 and two upper division Biology courses (200 or 300-level) and instructor's permission required
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Crutchfield, S. Zweifel

BIOL 358: Seminar: Evolution of Sex and Sexes

The origin and maintenance of sexual reproduction remains a central enigma in evolutionary biology. This seminar course will explore contemporary primary literature that addresses a variety of evolutionary questions about the nature of sex and the sexes. Why is sexual reproduction usually favored over asexual alternatives? Why are there no more than two sexes? What determines the characteristics of females and males within diverse species? How did sex chromosomes evolve and why do some species lack them? Prerequisite: Biology 240 or Biology 350
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; M. McKone

BIOL 368: Seminar: Developmental Neurobiology

An examination of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying development of the nervous system. We will survey recent studies of a variety of model organisms to explore key steps in neuronal development including neural induction, patterning, specification of neuronal identity, axonal guidance, synapse formation, cell death and regeneration. Prerequisite: Biology 240 or Biology 280
6 credits; QRE, NE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 370: Seminar: Selected Topics in Virology

An examination of selected animal viruses. The course will focus on the most recent developments in HIV-related research, including implications for HIV-treatment and vaccines and the impact of viral infection on the immune system of the host. In addition to studying the structure and replication of particular viruses we will also discuss the current laboratory techniques used in viral research. Prerequisite: Biology 240 or 280
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 374: Seminar: Grassland Ecology

Grassland ecosystems cover one third of the Earth's surface and occur on every continent except Antarctica. Grasslands provide habitat for millions of species, play a major role in global carbon and nutrient cycles, and are the primary source of agricultural land, making them an important ecosystem both ecologically and economically. This course will utilize scientific literature to explore the environmental and biological characteristics of the world's grasslands from population dynamics to ecosystem processes. Topics include competition and succession, plant-animal interactions, carbon and nutrient cycling, the role of disturbances such as fire and land use change, and grassland management and restoration. Enrollment by application. Waitlist only. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126, and one of Biology 210, 238, 248, 321 or 352 and instructor permission
6 credits; WR2, QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; D. Hernández

BIOL 379: Seminar: Behavioral Genetics

Recent advances in molecular biology have allowed researchers to test specific hypotheses concerning the genetic control of behavior. This course will examine information derived from various animal model systems, including humans, using a variety of techniques such as classical genetics, genome databases, transgenics, and behavioral neurobiology. Prerequisite: Biology 240
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

BIOL 380: Biochemistry

Biochemistry is an examination of the molecular basis of life processes. The course provides an in depth investigation of metabolic pathways, their interrelationships and regulation, protein structure and function with special emphasis on enzymes. Other topics include the techniques of protein analysis and how they are employed to examine problems of fundamental biochemical importance. This course meets the requirement for the Biochemistry concentration. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and Chemistry 233 and 234
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Broege

BIOL 381: Biochemistry Laboratory

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 380; Biology 125 and 126 and Chemistry 233 and 234
2 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Broege

BIOL 382: Seminar: Molecular Biology

The molecular basis of the structure, replication, stable inheritance, and expression of genetic material illustrated with examples from the primary literature. Topics include: DNA replication and recombination, chromosome stability, DNA mutation and repair, regulation of gene expression, methods of gene identification, and the impact of recombinant DNA technology on human genetics. Laboratory will focus on current techniques in molecular biology including: gene cloning, genome databases, DNA finger printing, DNA sequencing, and the polymerase chain reaction. Prerequisite: Biology 240
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Zweifel

BIOL 383: Molecular Biology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 382
2 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Zweifel

BIOL 384: Seminar: Biology of Cancer

This course explores the molecular and cellular processes that result in the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells, tumor progression, and current advances in therapeutic approaches to treating cancer. An analytical approach based on primary literature is used, and emphasis will be placed on critical evaluation of experimental design and data-interpretation. Prerequisite: Biology 240 or 380
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Broege

BIOL 385: Seminar: Microbial Pathology

Microbes are the most abundant organisms on earth, and microbial pathogens have caused human and plant disease epidemics worldwide. This course will focus upon the pathogenic strategy of a variety of well-studied microbes in order to illustrate our understanding of the molecular and cellular nature of microbial disease. We will analyze current and seminal papers in the primary literature focusing on mechanisms employed by microbes to attack hosts. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126 and either Biology 240 or 280
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; R. Mitra

BIOL 386: Neurobiology

An analysis of the biology of neurons and the nervous system. Topics include the molecular basis of electrical excitability in neurons, synaptic transmission and plasticity, motor control, mechanisms of sensation, and construction and modification of neural circuits. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; B. Jacques-Fricke

BIOL 387: Neurobiology Laboratory

Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 386; Biology 125 and 126
2 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; B. Jacques-Fricke

BIOL 394: Biology Research

Laboratory and/or field investigation associated with an ongoing research program in the department of Biology. The project is undertaken with the direct supervision of a faculty member. Regular individual meetings, written progress reports, and public presentations should be expected.
1-6 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Mitra, M. Rand, D. Hernández, D. Walser-Kuntz, J. Wolff, S. Zweifel, A. Broege, F. Jaramillo, R. Anderson

BIOL 395: Research Experience Seminar in Biology

This seminar course is intended for students who have completed a summer research project or internship in the biological sciences. The intent of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to discuss their research experience, learn from the experiences of other members of the class, read relevant primary literature, and prepare a poster for a student research symposium. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Deel

BIOL 399: Critical Reading and Analysis of Primary Literature

Guided instruction in reading and interpretation of contemporary primary literature in Biology. Prerequisite: Biology 125, 126 and 3-upper-level Biology courses; concurrent registration in Biology 400
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Zweifel, M. McKone, D. Walser-Kuntz, J. Wolff, D. Hernández, R. Mitra, D. Hougen-Eitzman, B. Jacques-Fricke, A. Broege

BIOL 400: Integrative Exercise

Preparation and submission of the written portion of the Integrative Exercise. Continuing course (fall or winter). Oral examination, evaluation of the Integrative Exercise, and participation in visiting speakers seminars (spring).
1 credit; S/NC; Offered Summer 2016, Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Walser-Kuntz, S. Zweifel, M. Rand

CAMS 100: Rock 'n' Roll in Cinema

This course is designed to explore the intersection between rock music and cinema. Taking a historical view of the evolution of the "rock film," this class examines the impact of rock music on the structural and formal aspects of narrative, documentary, and experimental films and videos. The scope of the class will run from the earliest rock films of the mid-1950s through contemporary examples in ten weekly subunits.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; J. Beck

CAMS 110: Introduction to Cinema and Media Studies

This course introduces students to the basic terms, concepts and methods used in cinema studies and helps build critical skills for analyzing films, technologies, industries, styles and genres, narrative strategies and ideologies. Students will develop skills in critical viewing and careful writing via assignments such as a short response essay, a plot segmentation, a shot breakdown, and various narrative and stylistic analysis papers. Classroom discussion focuses on applying critical concepts to a wide range of films. Requirements include two evening film screenings per week. Extra time.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Donelan, J. Beck

CAMS 111: Digital Foundations

This class introduces students to the full range of production tools and forms, building both the technical and conceptual skills needed to continue at more advanced levels. We will explore the aesthetics and mechanics of shooting digital video, the role of sound and how to record and mix it, field and studio production, lighting, and editing with Adobe Premiere Pro CC. Course work will include individual and group production projects, readings, and writing. This is an essential foundation for anyone interested in moving-image production and learning the specifics of CAMS' studios, cameras, and lighting equipment.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Jimsen, C. Licata, C. Cornejo

CAMS 170: Story Development Workshop

This course explores the creative practice of developing stories or ideas for a range of cinematic forms, including fiction, nonfiction, animation, and experimental films. Students will draw inspiration from a variety of sources that are personal, cultural, or observational, and in doing so, develop confidence in their own artistic practice and perspective. We will learn the fundamentals of dramatic tools, use these tools to make screen ideas evolve, consider audience reception, and practice giving and receiving constructive critique. By the end of term, students will have generated ideas for future production projects that reflect their thematic concerns, and have one fully developed outline for a project that may be realized in an upper level production course. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; C. Licata

CAMS 177: Television Studio Production

In this hands-on studio television production course, students learn professional studio methods and techniques for creating both fiction and nonfiction television programs. Concepts include lighting and set design, blocking actors, directing cameras, composition, switching, sound recording and scripting. Students work in teams to produce four assignments, crewing for each other's productions in front of and behind the camera, in the control room, and in post-production.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; P. Hager

CAMS 186: Film Genres

In this course we survey four or more Hollywood film genres, including but not limited to the Western, musical, horror film, comedy, and science-fiction film. What criteria are used to place a film in a particular genre? What role do audiences and studios play in the creation and definition of film genres? Where do genres come from? How do genres change over time? What roles do genres play in the viewing experience? What are hybrid genres and subgenres? What can genres teach us about society? Assignments aim to develop skills in critical analysis, research and writing.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; C. Donelan

CAMS 188: Rock 'n' Roll in Cinema

This course is designed to explore the intersection between rock music and cinema. Taking a historical view of the evolution of the "rock film," this class examines the impact of rock music on the structural and formal aspects of narrative, documentary, and experimental films and videos. The scope of the class will run from the earliest rock films of the mid-1950s through contemporary examples in ten weekly subunits.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 210: Film History I

This course surveys the first half-century of cinema history, focusing on film structure and style as well as transformations in technology, industry and society. Topics include series photography, the nickelodeon boom, local movie-going, Italian super-spectacles, early African American cinema, women film pioneers, abstraction and surrealism, German Expressionism, Soviet silent cinema, Chaplin and Keaton, the advent of sound and color technologies, the Production Code, the American Studio System, Britain and early Hitchcock, Popular Front cinema in France, and early Japanese cinema. Assignments aim to develop skills in close analysis and working with primary sources in researching and writing film history.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; C. Donelan

CAMS 211: Film History II

This course charts the continued rise and development of cinema 1948-1968, focusing on monuments of world cinema and their industrial, cultural, aesthetic and political contexts. Topics include postwar Hollywood, melodrama, authorship, film style, labor strikes, runaway production, censorship, communist paranoia and the blacklist, film noir, Italian neorealism, widescreen aesthetics, the French New Wave, art cinema, Fellini, Bergman, the Polish School, the Czech New Wave, Japanese and Indian cinema, political filmmaking in the Third World, and the New Hollywood Cinema. Requirements include class attendance and participation, readings, evening film screenings, and various written assignments and exams.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 212: Contemporary Spanish Cinema

This course serves as a historical and critical survey of Spanish cinema from the early 1970s to the present. Topics of study will include the redefinition of Spanish identity in the post-Franco era, the rewriting of national history through cinema, cinematic representations of gender and sexuality, emergent genres, regional cinemas and identities, stars and transnational film projects, and new Spanish auteurs from the 1980s to the present.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 214: Film History III

This course is designed to introduce students to recent film history, 1970-present, and the multiple permutations of cinema around the globe. The course charts the development of national cinemas since the 1970s while considering the effects of media consolidation and digital convergence. Moreover, the course examines how global cinemas have reacted to and dealt with the formal influence and economic domination of Hollywood on international audiences. Class lectures, screenings, and discussions will consider how cinema has changed from a primarily national phenomenon to a transnational form in the twenty-first century.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Beck

CAMS 216: American Cinema of the 1970s

American cinema from 1967-1979 saw the reconfiguration of outdated modes of representation in the wake of the Hollywood studio system and an alignment of new aesthetic forms with radical political and social perspectives. This course examines the film industry's identity crisis through the cultural, stylistic, and technological changes that accompanied the era. The course seeks to demonstrate that these changes in cinematic practices reflected an agenda of revitalizing American cinema as a site for social commentary and cultural change.
6 credits; IDS, LA; Offered Winter 2017; J. Beck

CAMS 218: Contemporary Global Cinemas

This course is designed as a critical study of global filmmakers and the issues surrounding cinema and its circulation in the twenty-first century. The class will emphasize the close reading of films to study different cultural discourses, cinematic styles, genres, and reception. It will look at national, transnational, and diasporic-exilic cinema to consider how films express both cultural forms and contexts. Aesthetic, social, political, and industrial issues also will be examined each week to provide different approaches for cinematic analysis.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 219: African Cinema: A Quest for Identity and Self-Definition

Born as a response to the colonial gaze and discourse, African cinema has been a deliberate effort to affirm and express an African personality and consciousness. Focusing on the film production from West and Southern Africa since the early fifties, this course will entail a discussion of major themes such as colonialism, nationalism and independence, and the analysis of African symbolisms, world-views, and their links to narrative techniques. In this overview, particular attention will be given to the films of Ousmane Sembène, Souleymane Cissé, Mweze Ngangura, Zola Maseko, Oliver Schmitz, Abderrahmane Sissako and many others.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; C. Keïta

CAMS 225: Film Noir: The Dark Side of the American Dream

After Americans grasped the enormity of the Depression and World War II, the glossy fantasies of 1930s cinema seemed hollow indeed. During the 1940s, the movies, our true national pastime, took a nosedive into pessimism. The result? A collection of exceptional films populated with tough guys and dangerous women lurking in the shadows of nasty urban landscapes. This course focuses on classic American noir as well as neo-noir from a variety of perspectives, including mode and genre, visual style and narrative structure, postwar culture and politics, and race, gender, and sexuality. Requirements include two screenings per week and several short papers.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 234: Cinema Directors: Sokurov

Mentored by Tarkovsky, influenced by the German Expressionists Dovzhenko and Bresson, but essentially self-made as a director, Aleksandr Sokurov delights and perplexes viewers with cinematic canvases of exceptional beauty and emotion. He also offers us a media sandbox for analyzing everything from screenplay writing to sound production, from painting to photography, and theories of visuality in-between. Of Sokurov's fifty-seven films (documentary and fiction) made over thirty years and already influencing younger directors around the world we will focus on those grouped around his "power" cycle. In-class analyses, short writing assignments. No knowledge of Russian language or Russian studies required.
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 236: Israeli Society in Israeli Cinema

This course will introduce students to the global kaleidoscope that is Israeli society today. Since the 1980s the Israeli public has increasingly engaged with its multicultural character, particularly through films and documentaries that broaden national conversation. Our approach to exploring the emerging reflection of Israel’s diversity in its cinema will be thematic. We will study films that foreground religious-secular, Israeli-Palestinian, gender, sexual orientation, and family dynamics, as well as Western-Middle Eastern Jewish relations, foreign workers or refugees in Israel, army and society, and Holocaust memory. With critical insights from the professor’s interviews with several directors and Israeli film scholars. Conducted in English, all films subtitled. Evening film screenings.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 236F: Israeli Society in Israeli Cinema - FLAC Hebrew Trailer

This course is a supplement in Hebrew for CAMS 236, Israeli Society in Israeli Cinema. Open to students currently in Hebrew 103 or higher, we will watch particular film clips from class without subtitles and discuss them in Hebrew. We will also read and discuss some critical reviews not available in English, and a sample of scholarly writing in Hebrew on Israeli film and social history. Prerequisite: Hebrew 102; Concurrent registration in Cinema and Media Studies 236
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 240: Adaptation

Film adaptations of pre-existing texts (from songs to novels) have been around almost as long as cinema itself, and the percent of film adaptations continues to grow. (Of the top two-thousand movies over the last twenty years fifty-one percent were adaptations.) In this course we will take a chronological journey through the history of film adaptations in a variety of film cultures, considering along the way the processes involved in translating narratives from words to visual media, and how the cinematic has come to shape the literary (reverse adaptation). Discussions and assignments will aim at both analysis and practice.
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; D. Nemec Ignashev

CAMS 242: Sound and Music in TV and New Media

This course covers the theory and production of sound and music in radio, electronic soundscapes, electroacoustic music, and film and video. The course will focus on the aesthetics, theory and practice of sound in these media. Students will create sound artworks in a laboratory component, using Logic Pro and other sound engineering software. Students will produce several audio projects, including a podcast of a radio show, an electronic musique concrete or sound art piece, and a musical accompaniment to a short film or video using pre-existing music. Music reading and/or knowledge of musical recording software helpful but not required.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; R. Rodman

CAMS 243: Film Sound History

Although cinema is an audio-visual medium, there has long been a tendency to privilege the visual component of film over the elements of film sound. In an attempt to redress this imbalance, this course will focus on the technological, cultural, and theoretical histories of film sound throughout the twentieth century. We will examine the transition to sound in United States and European cinema, radio's role in the development of sound aesthetics, standardized and alternative sound practices, the role and use of music in cinema, and the complex effects of contemporary sound technologies on the medium and experience of film.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 245: The Essay Film

This course explores a hybrid cinematic genre whose critical and creative energies spring from the collision of traditionally separated spheres: documentary and fiction, text and image, private and public, reason and intuition. We focus on the intersection where creative practice and intellectual inquiry meet through theoretical readings, film screenings, and the fulfillment of various production exercises aimed at the production of original film work. Screenings include works by Carmen Castillo, Chris Marker, Ignacio Agüero, Jem Cohen, Agnés Varda, Harun Farocki, Jonas Mekas, and other filmmakers who have explored this hybrid form. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 246: Documentary Studies

This course explores the relevance and influence of documentary films by closely examining the aesthetic concerns and ethical implications inherent in these productions. We study these works both as artistic undertakings and as documents produced within a specific time, culture, and ideology. Central to our understanding of the form are issues of technology, methodology, and ethics, which are examined thematically as well as chronologically. The course offers an overview of the major historical movements in documentary film along more recent works; it combines screenings, readings, and discussions with the goal of preparing students to both understand and analyze documentary films.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; C. Cornejo

CAMS 265: Sound Design

This course examines the theories and techniques of sound design for film and video. Students will learn the basics of audio recording, sound editing and multi-track sound design specifically for the moving image. The goal of the course is a greater understanding of the practices and concepts associated with soundtrack development through projects using recording equipment and the digital audio workstation for editing and mixing. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 269: New Media Program: Exploring New Media and the Arts

This class combines exploration and discussion of art exhibitions in three major European cities, along with creative media projects tailored to each student's skill set and technical resources. A highlight of this course is the production of a series conceptual, photographic projects that will be gathered into a photo-book designed and produced by each student.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Schott

CAMS 270: Nonfiction

This course addresses nonfiction media as both art form and historical practice by exploring the expressive, rhetorical, and political possibilities of nonfiction production. A focus on relationships between form and content and between makers, subjects, and viewers will inform our approach. Throughout the course we will pay special attention to the ethical concerns that arise from making media about others' lives. We will engage with diverse modes of nonfiction production including essayistic, experimental, and participatory forms and create community videos in partnership with CCCE and local organizations. The class culminates in the production of a significant independent nonfiction media project. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111 and one additional Cinema and Media Studies course or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; L. Jimsen

CAMS 271: Fiction

Through a series of exercises, students will explore the fundamentals of making narrative films. Areas of focus in this course include visual storytelling and cinematography, working with actors, and story structure. Through readings, screenings, and writing exercises, we will analyze how mood, tone, and themes are constructed through formal techniques. Course work includes individual and group exercise, and culminates in individual short narrative projects. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111 and one additional Cinema and Media Studies course, or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; C. Licata

CAMS 273: Digital Editing Workshop

This course introduces students to the art of motion picture editing by combining theoretical and aesthetic study with hands-on work using the non-linear digital video editing software Adobe Premiere. We explore graphic, temporal, spatial, rhythmic and aural relationships in a variety of moving image forms including classical narrative continuity and documentary storytelling. Underscoring the strong links between concept, direction, shooting, and editing, this course examines the close ties between production and post-production. Through editing assignments and class critique, students develop expressive techniques and proficiency in basic video and sound editing and post-production workflow. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; C. Licata

CAMS 278: Writing for Television

TV is a very specific, time-driven medium. Using examples from scripts and DVDs, students will learn how to write for an existing TV show, keeping in mind character consistency, pacing, tone, and compelling storylines. Students will also get a taste of what it's like to be part of a writing staff as the class itself creates an episode from scratch. Topics such as creating the TV pilot, marketing, agents, managers, and more will be discussed. Finally, general storytelling tools such as creating better dialogue, developing fully-rounded characters, making scene work more exciting, etc., will also be addressed. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 or 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; A. Rosendorf

CAMS 279: Screenwriting

This course teaches students the fundamentals of screenwriting. Topics include understanding film structure, writing solid dialogue, creating dimensional characters, and establishing dramatic situations. Art, craft, theory, form, content, concept, genre, narrative strategies and storytelling tools are discussed. Students turn in weekly assignments, starting with short scenes and problems and then moving on to character work, synopses, outlines, pitches and more. The goal is for each student to write a 15 to 25 page script for a short film by the end of the term. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 or 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; C. Ham

CAMS 280: New Media Program: Photography Workshop

This edition will be oriented to photo projects on the CAMS Off-Campus Study Program in the winter of 2017. This foundational course deals with vision, technique and publication. Prerequisite: Students should have their own digital camera, laptop and Adobe Lightroom software
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Schott

CAMS 283: Site-Specific Media: Out and About

Video and photography are coming off the screen, out of the gallery, finding their way into the world through site-specific, installation-style projects. We will take visual projects out of the studio using projection and print techniques that speak and respond to particular locations. Imagine a multi-track movie playing on ten laptops in the Arb; or a film projected on the side of a mobile home with viewers in folding chairs. We will explore VJ software and produce live multi-track visuals to accompany a band performance at the end of the class. This class should be attractive to videographers, musicians, photographers, dancers and others with a speculative, experimental bent. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 and 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 286: Animation

Animation will explore both traditional, handmade animation and computer-based animation software. The course will emphasize skills in observation, perception, and technique using both old and new technologies. Exercises will build skills in creating believable and cinematic locomotion, gesture, and characters in diverse media including drawing by hand on cards, software-based animation, and stop-motion. The final project gives students the opportunity to develop more advanced skills in one, or a combination, of the techniques covered in class to create a self-directed animation project. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111 and one Cinema and Media Studies 200-level studio production course or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; L. Jimsen

CAMS 290: New Media Program: Directed Reading: Cultural and Technological Perspectives on Place and Location

This is a self-directed course in which all assignments should be completed prior to departure. The course will provide students with a broad understanding of key issues and ideas central to the seminar. Prerequisite: Participation in OCS Media Arts Program
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; J. Schott

CAMS 295: Cinema in Chile and Argentina: Representing and Reimagining Identity

Through an examination of fiction and documentary films, this course offers a broad historical and cultural overview of Chile and Argentina. The course examines significant political events, cultural developments, and cinema movements including the rise and decline of the politically-engaged New Latin American Cinema movement of the late 1960s, the cinematic diaspora of the 1970s and 1980s, the cultural and artistic responses after the return to democracy, the commercial consolidation of each country's film industry and cultural production in the 1990s, and recent attempts to create a local audiovisual language with an international appeal. This course is part of an off-campus winter break program involving two linked courses in fall and winter terms. Students who take Cinema and Media Studies 295 must also enroll in Cinema and Media Studies 296 in the winter term. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 296 required winter term
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; J. Beck, C. Cornejo

CAMS 295F: Cinema in Chile and Argentina-FLAC

This course is an ancillary reading/discussion-based trailer for CAMS 295; the FLAC section will be a Spanish-language addition to the English-language course. CAMS 295 will provide the set of background knowledge that students taking the trailer will use to discuss Spanish-language texts. Prerequisite: Spanish 204; concurrent registration in Cinema and Media Studies 295
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Cornejo

CAMS 296: Cinema and Cultural Change in Chile and Argentina

This course is the second part of a two-term sequence beginning with Cinema and Media Studies 295. In order to bring the students into contact with the cultural and social discourses examined in Cinema and Media Studies 295, this course begins with a study trip to Santiago and Buenos Aires during the first two weeks in December. Our time will be spent visiting filmmakers, producers, scholars, and cultural organizations that shape filmmaking practices and cultural production. The course meets once early in winter term and then involves individual meetings with the faculty during the first five weeks. The course then meets regularly during the second half of winter term, when students formally present their projects followed by a group discussion. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 295
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Beck, C. Cornejo

CAMS 320: Sound Studies Seminar

This course presents the broader field of Sound Studies, its debates and issues. Drawing on a diverse set of interdisciplinary perspectives, the seminar explores the range of academic work on sound to examine the relationship between sound and listening, sound and perception, sound and memory, and sound and modern thought. Topics addressed include but are not limited to sound technologies and industries, acoustic perception, sound and image relations, sound in media, philosophies of listening, sound semiotics, speech and communication, voice and subject formation, sound art, the social history of noise, and hearing cultures. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; J. Beck

CAMS 330: Cinema Studies Seminar

The purpose of this seminar is guide students in developing and consolidating their conceptual understanding of theories central to the field of cinema studies. Emphasis is on close reading and discussion of classical and contemporary theories ranging from Eisenstein, Kracauer, Balazs, Bazin and Barthes to theories of authorship, genre and ideology and trends in contemporary theory influenced by psychoanalysis, phenomenology and cognitive studies. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA; Offered Winter 2017; C. Donelan

CAMS 350: Visual Studies Seminar

Images abound: contemporary life increasingly is defined by the pervasiveness of visual images which inform, entertain, document, manipulate, and socialize us. This seminar explores a wide range of critical issues and methods--both historical and contemporary--that will provide students a theoretical and critical command of contemporary visual experience. Our primary focus will be the photographic image as the foundational logic not only of photochemical and digital photography, but of cinema, the web and emerging forms such as virtual reality and computational digital imagery. This seminar offers essential critical tools for students of film, photography and contemporary media. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 110 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CAMS 370: Advanced Production Workshop

Working in a variety of genres and technical formats, students design, test, and execute an in-depth, individual media project during the course of the term. Students are expected to work at advanced technical and conceptual levels to expand specific skills and aesthetics. Weekly class critiques will help students develop formal approaches, audio and visual language, and work flows specific to their projects. As students enter the production and post-production phases, further critiques will help them shape their material for the greatest, most precise expression. Students may enroll in this course multiple times. Prior to registering for the course, students must submit a project proposal to the instructor. Please contact instructor for further information. Final enrollment is based on the quality of the proposal. Prerequisite: Cinema and Media Studies 111, and either Cinema and Media Studies 270 or 271 or instructor consent
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; L. Jimsen

CAMS 400: Integrative Exercise

6 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; L. Jimsen, C. Donelan, C. Licata, J. Beck

CCST 100: Cross Cultural Perspectives on Israeli and Palestinian Identity

How have Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel shaped their senses of personal and collective identity since the early twentieth century? We will explore mental pictures of the land, one's self, and others in a selection of Israeli Jewish and Palestinian short stories, novels, and films. We will also explore some of the humanistic roots of U.S. involvement in Israeli-Palestinian relations today, particularly in the realm of American initiated bi-cultural youth camps such as Seeds of Peace. Students will enrich our class focus by introducing us to perspectives on Israel/Palestine in their home countries or elsewhere. In translation.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Beckwith

CCST 100: Growing Up Cross-Culturally

First-year students interested in this program should enroll in this seminar. The course is recommended but not required for the concentration and it will count as one of the electives. From cradle to grave, cultural assumptions shape our own sense of who we are. This course is designed to enable American and international students to compare how their own and other societies view birth, infancy, adolescence, marriage, adulthood, and old age. Using children's books, child-rearing manuals, movies, and ethnographies, we will explore some of the assumptions in different parts of the globe about what it means to "grow up."
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Cox

CCST 208: International Coffee and News

Have you just returned from Asia, Africa, Europe, or South America? This course is an excellent way to keep in touch with the culture (and, when appropriate, the language) you left behind. Relying on magazines and newspapers around the world, students will discuss common topics and themes representing a wide array of regions. You may choose to read the press in the local language, or read English-language media about your region, meeting once each week for conversational exchange. (Language of conversation is English.) Prerequisite: Students must have participated in an off-campus study program (Carleton or non-Carleton)
2 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Myint, M. Czobor-Lupp

CCST 270: Creative Travel Writing Workshop

Travelers write. Whether it be in the form of postcards, text messages, blogs, or articles, writing serves to anchor memory and process difference, making foreign experience understandable to us and accessible to others. While examining key examples of the genre, you will draw on your experiences off-campus for your own work. Student essays will be critiqued in a workshop setting, and all work will be revised before final submission. Some use of blended media is also possible. Prerequisite: Students must have participated in an off-campus study program (Carleton or non-Carleton) or instructor permission
6 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; S. Carpenter

CCST 275: I'm A Stranger Here Myself

What do enculturation, tourism, culture shock, "going native," haptics, cross-cultural adjustment, and third culture kids have in common? How do intercultural transitions shape identity? What is intercultural competence? This course explores theories about intercultural contact and tests their usefulness by applying them to the analysis of world literature, case studies, and the visual arts, and by employing students' intercultural experiences as evidence. From individualized, self-reflective exercises to community-oriented group endeavors, our activities will promote new intercultural paradigms in the classroom and the wider community. Course designed for off-campus returnees, students who have lived abroad, or who have experienced being outsiders.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; . Pósfay

CGSC 130: Revolutions in Mind: An Introduction to Cognitive Science

An interdisciplinary study of the history and current practice of the cognitive sciences. The course will draw on relevant work from diverse fields such as artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, philosophy, biology, and neuroscience. Topics to be discussed include: scientific revolutions, the mind-body problem, embodied cognition, perception, representation, and the extended mind.
6 credits; SI; Offered Fall 2016; T. Chemero

CGSC 130: What Minds Are What They Do: An Introduction to Cognitive Science

An interdisciplinary examination of issues concerning the mind and mental phenomena. The course will draw on work from diverse fields such as artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, and neuroscience. Topics to be discussed include: the mind-body problem, embodied cognition, perception, representation, reasoning, and learning.
6 credits; SI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. Decker

CGSC 232: Cognitive Processes

Cross-listed with PSYC 232. An introduction to the study of mental activity. Topics include attention, pattern recognition and perception, memory, concept formation, categorization, and cognitive development. Some attention to gender and individual differences in cognition, as well as cultural settings for cognitive activities. Prerequisite: Psychology 110, Cognitive Science 100, Cognitive Science 130 or instructor permission; concurrent registration in Cognitive Science 233.
6 credits; WR2, LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; K. Galotti

CGSC 233: Laboratory Research Methods in Cognitive Science

Cross-listed with PSYC 233. Students will participate in the replication and planning of empirical studies, collecting and analyzing data relevant to major cognitive phenomena. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Cognitive Science 232; Psychology 110, Cognitive Science 100, Cognitive Science 130 or permission of the instructor
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; K. Galotti

CGSC 236: Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making

An examination of the way people think and reason, both when given formal laboratory tasks and when facing problems and decisions in everyday life. Students consider their own reasoning and decision making through course exercises. Topics include models of formal reasoning, decision making, heuristics and biases in thinking and problem-solving, moral reasoning, improving skills of higher order cognition. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or Cognitive Science 100 or 130
6 credits; FSR, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

CGSC 330: Embodied Cognition

This seminar will consider recent work in philosophy, cognitive science and linguistics critical of views of human cognition as "disembodied" and Cartesian. Philosophical sources of the early critiques of symbolic AI and "cartesianism" will be considered (Heidegger, Dewey), as will the linguistic theories of George Lakoff and Ray Jackendoff and recent and current work on embodied cognition by Eleanor Rosch, Hubert Dreyfus, John Haugeland, Andy Clark and Herbert Brooks. The seminar will include materials relevant to students in philosophy, linguistics, psychology and cognitive science. Prerequisite: Cognitive Science 130, or Cognitive Science/Psychology 232 or permission of the instructor.
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

CGSC 340: Phenomenology and Cognitive Science

This course will provide an in-depth study of phenomenology, covering both its history and contemporary debates, and phenomenology-inspired research in cognitive science, psychology and neuroscience. Roughly half the course will be devoted to the history of phenomenology, setting the main views within their historical context and explaining how these views respond to the difficulties of their predecessors. The other half will discuss contemporary philosophical debates and scientific research involving phenomenological approaches. Prerequisite: Cognitive Science 130 required, 200 level Cognitive Science, Psychology or Philosophy course recommended
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016; T. Chemero

CGSC 380: Seminar in Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development During the Preschool Years

We will consider the development of memory, perception, and attention, as well as concepts and categorization, problem-solving and thinking, during the years from two to six. We will focus particularly on how these developments are reflected in children's spontaneous behavior and play. Course requirements will include readings, class discussions, short papers, a final project, and regular observation of preschoolers or kindergarteners. Prerequisite: Psychology 250 or Educational Studies 234 or permission of the instructor.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

CGSC 386: Adolescent Cognitive Development: Developing an Identity and Life Plans

An examination of recent literature on how adolescents develop their value system, explore their goals, begin to make life-framing decision, establish new relationships, and discover answers to the question "Who am I?" Course readings will involve primary literature, and the course is discussion-based. Prerequisite: Psychology 250, Educational Studies 234 or consent of the instructor.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

CGSC 394: Collaborative Research in Cognitive Science

This course will be centered around a collaborative research project in cognitive science. Students enrolled will meet with the instructor to complete background readings and discussions, then will create recruiting materials, consent forms, IRB applications, debriefing statements, stimuli, and task instructions. They will then gather data from research participants and participate in data entry, analysis, and writing up the results. This course may be repeated multiple terms. Prerequisite: Cognitive Science 233 or Psychology 233
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; K. Galotti

CGSC 396: Directed Research in Cognitive Studies

Senior majors in cognitive studies will work with the director to develop a thesis proposal for their comps project. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
3 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; K. Galotti, J. Decker, L. Wichlinski, M. Van Der Wege, J. Neiworth, J. London

CHEM 113: Concepts of Chemistry and Lab

A one-term chemistry course designed for non-science majors. In this course we examine what gives rise to three-dimensional shapes of molecules and we explore how the structure and composition of molecules gives rise to chemical reactivity. Our goal is to understand readily observable phenomena (e.g. removal of grease by soap, storage of toxins in fat tissues, cancer, viruses, etc.). Topics include those of current global interest such as anthropogenic forces on the environment and energy producing technologies. The course includes one four-hour lab per week.
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 122: An Introduction to Chemistry

An introduction to the fundamentals of chemistry to prepare students to enter subsequent chemistry courses (Chemistry 123 or 128). Atoms and molecules, stoichiometry, and gases will be covered in the course. Although learning through discovery-based processes, small groups, and short laboratory experimentation will occur, this is not a lab course and doesn't fulfill the requirements for medical school. This course assumes competence with simple algebra, but no prior chemistry experience. Prerequisite: Students with high school chemistry should probably take Chemistry 123 or 128. (Determined by the self-administered Chemistry Placement Evaluation, Chemistry Home Page).
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Kohen

CHEM 123: Principles of Chemistry

An introduction to chemistry for students who have taken high school chemistry or Chemistry 122. Topics include the electronic structure of atoms, periodicity, molecular geometry, thermodynamics, bonding, equilibrium, reaction kinetics, and acids and bases. Substantial independent project work is included in the lab. Each offering will also focus on a special topic(s) selected by the instructor. Students cannot receive credit for both Chemistry 123 and 128.

A section of Chemistry 123 with problem solving (Chem.123.02) is periodically offered for students who wish to further develop their general analytical and critical thinking skills. This smaller section will have additional class meetings for problem solving and review. Chemistry 123 with problem solving is appropriate for students who would like to have more scheduled time to work with a faculty member on developing their scientific reasoning skills and understanding of the foundations of chemistry. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or placement via Chemistry Placement Exam (see Chemistry Department webpage)

6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Whited, D. Kohen, C. Calderone

CHEM 128: Principles of Environmental Chemistry

The core topics of chemistry (i.e. thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibrium, and bonding) are central to understanding major environmental topics such as greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, acid-rain deposition, and general chemical contamination in air, water, and soil. These topics and the chemical principles behind them are addressed through an emphasis on the earth's atmosphere. One four-hour laboratory per week. Because this course covers the major topics of Chemistry 123 (but with an environmental emphasis), students cannot receive credit for both Chemistry 123 and 128. Prerequisite: Chemistry 122 or placement via Chemistry Placement Exam (see Chemistry Department webpage)
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; W. Hollingsworth

CHEM 230: Equilibrium and Analysis

This course builds on topics from introductory chemistry and deals with quantitative aspects of acid-base and electron-transfer equilibria. Numerical and graphical methods are developed for the examination of these chemical systems. Several modern analytical methods of analysis are introduced including UV spectrophotometry, simultaneous spectrophotometric determinations of mixtures, potentiometry, and flow injection analysis. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or 128; concurrent registration in Chemistry 230L
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; S. Drew, D. Gross

CHEM 233: Organic Chemistry I

Theoretical aspects of carbon chemistry are examined with reference to structure-reactivity relationships, functional groups, stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms and spectroscopy. Laboratory work concentrates on modern techniques of organic chemistry, inquiry-based projects, and spectroscopic analysis. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or 128
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; J. Chihade, B. Taylor

CHEM 234: Organic Chemistry II

The chemistry of functional groups is continued from Chemistry 233, and is extended to the multifunctional compounds found in nature, in particular carbohydrates and proteins. The laboratory focuses upon inquiry-based projects and spectroscopic analysis. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 233
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Chihade, B. Taylor

CHEM 301: Chemical Kinetics Laboratory

A mixed class/lab course with one four hour laboratory and one lecture session per week. In class, the principles of kinetics will be developed with a mechanistic focus. In lab, experimental design and extensive independent project work will be emphasized. Prerequisite: Chemistry 224 (230) and 233 and Mathematics 120 (121)
3 credits; NE, QRE, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; D. Gross, T. Ferrett

CHEM 302: Quantum Spectroscopy Laboratory

This lab course emphasizes spectroscopic studies relevant to quantum chemistry, including experiments utilizing UV-VIS, infrared absorption spectroscopy, and visible emission spectroscopy. Corequisite: Chemistry 344.
3 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Winter 2017; W. Hollingsworth, T. Ferrett

CHEM 306: Spectrometric Characterization of Chemical Compounds

This combined lecture and lab course teaches students how to use modern spectrometric techniques for the structural characterization of molecules. Lectures will cover topics and problems in the theory and practical applications associated with GC-Mass Spectrometry, ESI-Mass Spectrometry, Infrared, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H, 13C, and 2D experiments). Students will apply all of these techniques in the laboratory for the structural characterization of known and unknown molecules. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234 or instructor permission
2 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Whited

CHEM 320: Biological Chemistry

This course involves the natural extension of the principles of chemistry to biological systems. The topics to be examined center around the biochemical formation and cleavage of chemical bonds, with an emphasis on the structure and function of the proteins that mediate these processes. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234 and either Chemistry 224 or Biology 380
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Calderone

CHEM 321: Biological Chemistry Laboratory

Purification and characterization of proteins and nucleic acids, with a focus on enzyme kinetics and mechanism, macromolecular interactions with small molecules and the basis of specificity in biological systems. One laboratory per week. Corequisite: Chemistry 320. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Chemistry 320; Chemistry 234 and either Chemistry 224 or Biology 380
2 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Calderone

CHEM 324: Chemistry and Biology of Antibiotics

This course will survey the mechanisms of antibiotic activity from a biochemical perspective, covering the major classes of antibiotics along with their respective biological targets using a combination of lecture and discussion of recent literature. We will also explore strategies for antibiotic discovery including combinatorial and rational approaches, as well as the molecular origins of the current crisis in antibiotic resistance. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Calderone

CHEM 330: Instrumental Chemical Analysis

This course covers the basic principles of quantitative instrumental chemical analysis. Course topics include chromatography, electroanalytical chemistry, analytical spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The background needed to understand the theory and application of these instrumental techniques will be covered. In addition, students will have the opportunity to explore current research in the field of analytical chemistry through the reading and presentation of articles from the primary literature. Prerequisite: Chemistry 224 (230) and Chemistry 233; Concurrent registration in Chemistry 331
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Drew

CHEM 331: Instrumental Chemical Analysis Laboratory

This laboratory provides students with experience in using instrumental methods for quantitative chemical analysis. Laboratory work consists of several assigned experiments that use instrumental techniques such as liquid and gas chromatography, UV spectrophotometry and fluorometry, mass spectrometry, and voltammetry. This laboratory concludes with an instrumental analysis project that is researched and designed by student groups. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Chemistry 330; Chemistry 224 (230) and 233
2 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Drew

CHEM 338: Introduction to Computers and Electronics in Chemical Instrumentation

This laboratory serves to introduce students to the general components that make up any instrument useful in chemical analysis. These components include transducers, analog and digital electronic components, data transmission hardware, computers, and appropriate software. The specific topics to be covered are ion selective electrodes, fluorometry, analog and digital electronics, basic data acquisition principles, serial data communication, and LabVIEW programming. Prerequisite: Chemistry 224 (230)
2 credits; QRE, LS; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 343: Chemical Thermodynamics

The major topic is chemical thermodynamics, including the First and Second Laws, the conditions for spontaneous change, thermochemistry, and chemical equilibrium. To showcase how chemists utilize energy concepts to solve problems, thermodynamics will be regularly applied to a number of real-world examples and scientific problems. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or 128, Mathematics 120 or 211 and six credits from Physics courses number 131 to 165.
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; T. Ferrett

CHEM 344: Quantum Chemistry

This course introduces quantum mechanics with an emphasis on chemical and spectroscopic applications. The focus will be on atomic and molecular quantum behavior involving electrons, rotations, and vibrations. The objective is to develop both a deeper understanding of bonding as well as an appreciation of how spectroscopy provides insight into the microscopic world of molecules. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or 128, Mathematics 120 or 211 and six credits from Physics 131 to 165
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Kohen

CHEM 345: Statistical Thermodynamics

Statistical mechanics is the field which bridges the gap between the modern microscopic world of quantum mechanics and the classical macroscopic world of thermodynamics. Starting with the allowed quantized energy levels for the different forms of molecular motion and then statistically averaging for a large collection of molecules, partition functions are developed which accurately predict thermodynamic properties such as free energy and entropy. Prerequisite: Chemistry 343 and 344.
2 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 348: Introduction to Computational Chemistry

This class will introduce students to computational chemistry with a focus on simulations in chemistry and biology. This course will include hands-on experience in running classical molecular dynamics and quantum chemistry programs, an introduction to methods to simulate large systems, and demonstrations of the use of more sophisticated software to simulate chemical and biological processes. It will also include a survey of the current literature in this area, as well as lecture time in which the background necessary to appreciate this growing area of chemistry will be provided. Prerequisite: Chemistry 343 and 344 or consent of the instructor; Concurrent registration in Chemistry 349
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 349: Computational Chemistry Laboratory

Credit for the laboratory portion of Chemistry 348. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Chemistry 348
2 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 350: Chemical and Biosynthesis

This seminar course considers nature's biosynthetic pathways in conjunction with how organic chemists design the chemical synthesis of complex organic molecules. Important metabolic pathways for biochemical syntheses, as well as the methodology of chemical synthesis, will form the focus of the course. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 351: Inorganic Chemistry

Symmetry, molecular orbital theory and ligand field theory will provide a framework to explore the bonding, magnetism and spectroscopic properties of coordination complexes. Topics in reactivity (hard and soft acids and bases), bioinorganic chemistry, reaction mechanisms, and organometallic chemistry, will also be introduced. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234 and 344
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Cass

CHEM 352: Laboratory in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Synthesis, purification and spectroscopic characterization of transition-metal complexes with an emphasis on methods for preparing and handling air-sensitive compounds. One laboratory per week. Corequisite: Chemistry 351. Prerequisite: Concurrent registation in Chemistry 351; Chemistry 234 and 344
2 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Cass, M. Whited

CHEM 353: Organic Chemistry III

The correlation of structure and reactivity in organic molecular systems is studied through the analysis of reaction mechanisms. Topics will include linear free energy relationships, isotope effects, and molecular orbital theory. We will use these theories to analyze reactions, such as pericyclic, enantioselective, and organometallic transformations. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234; Either previous or concurrent registration in Chemistry 301, 343 or 344
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 354: Lasers and Spectroscopy

Understanding the principles of lasers in conjunction with the framework provided by spectroscopy provides a powerful way to advance a deeper understanding of the molecular basis of chemical reactivity. Important experimental techniques such as Raman scattering methods and molecular beams are explored in addition to a wide range of specific laser applications. Readings are taken from both texts and literature. Prerequisite: Chemistry 302 and 344
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; W. Hollingsworth

CHEM 355: Lasers and Spectroscopy Laboratory

This project-based lab uses both continuous-wave and pulsed lasers to explore not only the basic principles of laser operation but also spectroscopic applications and excited-state phenomena using techniques such as laser-induced fluorescence and Raman scattering. Corequisite: Chemistry 354.
2 credits; QRE, LS; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 358: Organometallic Chemistry

This course covers the bonding and reactivity of organometallic complexes in the context of their applications to industrial catalysis, the synthesis of complex organic molecules, and energy science. We will use simple yet powerful tools such as the eighteen-electron rule and isoelectronic arguments to rationalize and predict observed reactivity, and current literature will be extensively utilized. Prerequisite: Chemistry 234
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Whited

CHEM 359: Molecular Orbital Theory

This course will focus on the construction and understanding of molecular orbital (MO) diagrams using symmetry and energy arguments. Conceptual constructs will be contrasted to computational output to support theoretical tenets. We will begin with the construction of the MO diagrams of small molecules and proceed to larger molecules culminating in dimers and asymmetric molecules using the Hoffmann Fragment Approach. Prerequisite: Chemistry 351 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 362: Chemistry at the Nanoscale

This discussion-based seminar involves critical examination of research literature authored by prominent investigators in the interdisciplinary field of nanochemistry. Learning will draw upon the multiple disciplines of chemistry (physical, analytical, inorganic, and organic), physics, and biology. Includes a focus on the integrative themes of design, size, shape, surface, self-assembly, and defects. Novel and emerging applications in technology, biology, and medicine will be explored. Prerequisite: Chemistry 343 or 344 and 1-300 level Chemistry course. Any of these courses can be taken concurrently
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 363: Biophysical Chemistry

This course examines the chemical and physical underpinnings of biology at the molecular level. Principles of thermodynamics will be applied to problems in biochemistry, including protein structure, folding, and dynamics, ligand binding, membrane transport, and metabolism. Biophysical methods for the characterization of the structure and function of macromolecules will also be discussed. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 (121), Chemistry 234, and either Biology 126 or Chemistry 320, or by instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 364: Biophysical Chemistry Lab

This lab course introduces biophysical techniques, including crystallography, magnetic resonance, and various fluorescence spectroscopy methods, used to study the structure, dynamics, and function of biological macromolecules. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 (121), Chemistry 234 and either Biology 126 or Chemistry 320, or instructor permission; Concurrent registration in Chemistry 363
2 credits; QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CHEM 394: Student-Faculty Research

Projects related to faculty research programs, supervised by faculty in all areas of chemistry. Activities include: original inquiry, laboratory and/or theoretical work, literature reading, formal writing related to research results, and preparing talks or posters for research conferences. Weekly meetings with a faculty advisor and/or research group are expected. Students conducting research that is not directly tied to ongoing faculty research programs should enroll in Chemistry 391/392. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
1-6 credit; S/CR/NC; NE, INT; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Gross, B. Taylor, C. Calderone, S. Drew, M. Whited, D. Alberg, J. Chihade, D. Kohen

CHEM 395: Research Experience Seminar in Chemistry

This seminar course is intended for students who have completed a summer research project or internship in the chemical sciences. The intent of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to discuss their research experience, learn from the experiences of other members of the class, read relevant primary literature, and prepare a poster for a student research symposium.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Deel

CHEM 400: Integrative Exercise

Three alternatives exist for the department comprehensive exercise. Most students elect to join a discussion group that studies the research of a distinguished chemist or particular research problem in depth. Other students elect to write a long paper based on research in the primary literature, or write a paper expanding on their own research investigations. Most of the work for Chemistry 400 is expected to be accomplished during winter term. Students should enroll for five credits of Chemistry 400 during the winter, receive a "CI" at the end of that term, and then enroll for one credit during the spring, with the final evaluation and grade being awarded during spring term.
1 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Calderone, S. Drew, M. Whited, J. Chihade, D. Gross

CHIN 101: Elementary Chinese

Introduction to Chinese sentence structure and writing system, together with the development of basic aural/oral skills, with attention to the cultural context. Students who have learned spoken Mandarin Chinese at home or in another context, but who are unable to read or write, are encouraged to register for Chinese 280.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Guo, M. Hansell

CHIN 102: Elementary Chinese

Continuation of Chinese 101. Prerequisite: Chinese 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Hansell, S. Guo

CHIN 103: Elementary Chinese

Continuation of Chinese 101, 102. Prerequisite: Chinese 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; S. Guo, F. Merritt

CHIN 204: Intermediate Chinese

Expansion of vocabulary and learning of complex sentence forms, with equal emphasis on the development of the four skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension. Prerequisite: Chinese 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; F. Merritt

CHIN 205: Intermediate Chinese

Continuation of Chinese 204. Completion of this course with a C- or better fulfills the language requirement. Prerequisite: Chinese 204, Chinese 280 or placement
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; F. Merritt

CHIN 206: Chinese in Cultural Context

This course advances students' proficiency in oral and written Chinese, at the same time integrating elements of traditional Chinese civilization and modern Chinese society. Emphasis is on cultural understanding and appropriate language use. Prerequisite: Chinese 205 or equivalent
6 credits; Offered Spring 2017; F. Merritt

CHIN 240: Chinese Cinema in Translation

This course introduces to students the drastic transformation of Chinese society, culture, and politics over the past three decades through the camera lens. We will examine representative films from Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Particular attention will be paid to the entangled relationship between art, commerce, and politics, as well as the role digital technologies and international communities play in reshaping the contemporary cultural landscape in China. This class requires no prior knowledge of Chinese language, literature, or culture.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CHIN 248: The Structure of Chinese in Translation

This course uses linguistic methodology to examine the structure of Modern Standard Chinese. Its purpose is to give students a greater insight into the systems and logic at the heart of the Chinese language, both to help them better appreciate the beauty and elegance of language structure, and to help them more effectively learn the language. Topics covered will include the sound system, word formation, syntax, and semantics. No prior experience with linguistics is necessary, but students should have studied at least a year of Chinese or its equivalent. Readings and discussion will be in English. Prerequisite: Chinese 103 or equivalent
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

CHIN 250: Chinese Popular Culture

This course (taught in English) provides an overview of Chinese popular culture from 1949 to the contemporary era, including popular literature, film, posters, music, and blog entries. The course examines both old and new forms of popular culture in relation to social change, cultural spaces, new media technologies, the state, individual expressions, and gender politics. Throughout this course, special attention is paid to the alliance between popular literature and the booming entertainment industry, the making of celebrity culture, and the role digital media plays in shaping China's cultural landscape. The course requires no prior knowledge of Chinese language, literature, or culture.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Guo

CHIN 280: Chinese Literacy

This course is aimed at fluent Mandarin speakers who have not learned to read and write. Students will intensively study the same characters as taught in Chinese 101, 102, 103, and 204. Successful completion will allow students to register for Chinese 205 in the winter term. Prerequisite: Near-native fluency in oral Mandarin
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Hansell

CHIN 310: Chinese Maintenance

This course gives students at the 300 level a chance to continue to practice their reading, speaking, and listening skills when a 300-level course is not available. Class will meet once a week to discuss readings, and students will have conversation practice opportunities with tutors. Does not count toward major or certificate. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Hansell

CHIN 347: Advanced Chinese: Reading the News

This course uses internet readings of various Chinese language news sources to learn about multiple Chinese perspectives on current events, and to become conversant in the prose style that is a model for formal written Chinese. Emphasis is on vocabulary expansion, text comprehension strategies, and differences between colloquial and written usage. Active use of the language (including oral discussion and regular written compositions) will be stressed. Students will learn to become savvy, independent consumers of Chinese-language news media. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Hansell

CHIN 348: Advanced Chinese: The Mass Media

This course introduces to students major milestones in the development of Chinese cinema since 1980, with additional materials including popular television shows and online materials. Emphasis will be on culturally appropriate language use, and on discussion of the social issues that are implicitly and explicitly addressed on the Chinese-language media. The course aims to increase students' fluency in all four aspects of Chinese language learning (listening, speaking, reading, writing) and to deepen students' understanding of China as a transitional society. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent
6 credits; NE, LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CHIN 349: Advanced Chinese: Social Commentary

This course will focus on increasing students' ability to read, write, and speak about contemporary social issues through readings, essay writing, oral presentations, and class discussion. Readings will be from leading twentieth century Chinese reformers and social critics.
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

CHIN 355: Contemporary Chinese Short Stories

This advanced Chinese language course focuses on contemporary short stories. The course is designed to help students enhance reading skills, expand students' mastery of advanced vocabulary, and prepare students to analyze authentic materials. The historical, cultural, and literary forces that shape these cultural works also will be examined. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CHIN 360: Classical Chinese

This course introduces to students the essentials of classical Chinese through a close reading of authentic materials. A wide range of genres, including prose, poems, idioms, and short stories, will be introduced to enrich students’ understanding of various writing conventions and styles. The historical, cultural, and literary forces that shape these cultural works also will be examined. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent.
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; S. Guo

CHIN 363: Conversation and Composition: The Liberal Arts in Chinese

Carleton students receive a broad education, their ability to express themselves in Chinese should be equally broad. This course will provide instruction and practice in speaking, reading, and writing about fundamental concepts from natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, and the arts. Students will learn to read and discuss the kind of non-specialist works that any well-educated speaker can comprehend, and will also receive a foundation that can lead to more specialized work. Specific topics to be covered will depend on the interests of students in the class. Prerequisite: Chinese 206 or equivalent.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 100: Alexander the Great

He became king at twenty, conquered the known world, and was dead before his thirty-third birthday. He has been viewed variously as a military genius, philosopher, holy king, prophet, devil, or even god. But who was Alexander III of Macedon, and what is his legacy? By examining the life and afterlife of Alexander the Great from his own time to ours, this course explores both history and the human fascination with extraordinary individuals. Among other topics, it explores Alexander’s image in different cultures, the separation of man from myth, and the contributions of different academic disciplines to understanding Alexander.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; K. Steed

CLAS 111: Classical Mythology

Myth was an integral component of thought, both individual and societal, in the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome. We will study a selection of the most famous Classical myths through close reading of Homer, the Greek tragedians, Ovid and other ancient sources. In addition we'll discuss the most prominent of modern modes of myth interpretation, in an attempt to determine how myth speaks--both to the ancient world and to us.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 112: The Epic in Classical Antiquity: Texts, Contexts, and Intertexts

It would be difficult to overstate the importance of the early Greek epics for the classical world and the western literary tradition that emerged from that world. This course will study closely both the Iliad and the Odyssey, as well as Hesiod’s Theogony, and then consider a range of works that draw upon these epics for their creator’s own purposes, including Virgil’s own epic, the Aeneid. By exploring the reception and influence of ancient epic, we will develop an appreciation for intertextuality and the dynamics of reading in general as it applies to generations of readers, including our own.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 116: Ancient Drama: Truth in Performance

The tragic and comic stage offered the Greeks and Romans a public arena for addressing such fundamental topics as love, family, justice, and the divine. Although the written word has fortunately preserved many ancient plays, the proper vehicles for their communication remain, as their authors intended, the stage, the voice, and the body. This course will therefore address a variety of ancient tragedies and comedies with special attention, not only to their themes, but to the manner of their performance, culminating in student-driven, adaptive productions that put into practice skills and expertise developed in the class.
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; H. Wietzke

CLAS 122: The Archaeology of Mediterranean Prehistory: From the Beginning to the Classical Age

"Never say that prehistory is not history." The late Fernand Braudel had it right. Over 99 percent of human history predates the written word, and this course examines one of the world's most diverse, yet unifying environments--the Mediterranean Sea--from the earliest populations around its shores to the emergence of the Classical world of the Greeks and Romans. Neanderthals and modern humans, the first artists and farmers, multiculturalism among Greeks, Phoenicians, Etruscans, and others... These are some of the topics to be covered as we study the precursors and roots of what would become "Western" civilization.
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 123: Greek Archaeology and Art

This course explores the archaeology and art of the Ancient Greek world. Beginning with prehistory, we will track the development of the material culture of Ancient Greece through the Classical and Hellenistic periods, and conclude by discussing aspects of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires that followed. We will focus throughout on aspects of archaeological practice, material culture and text, art and society, long-term social change, and the role of the past in the present.
6 credits; HI, IS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 124: Roman Archaeology and Art

The material worlds of the ancient Romans loom large in our cultural imagination. No other civilization has made as direct a contribution to our own political system or to its physical vestiges of power and authority. From the architecture of the state to visual narratives of propaganda, Roman influence is ubiquitous in the monuments of western civilization. But what were the origins of the Romans? Their innovations? Their technical, artistic, and ideological achievements? How are they relevant today? This course explores these questions and more through the archaeology of the eternal city and beyond.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Knodell

CLAS 127: Ancient Technology

Technology--humanity's efforts to manipulate its physical environment--stands as a central concern of the modern world. This course examines the technology of the ancient world and investigates its integral relationship to other facets of human activity. Theories of technological change will be explored initially in order to develop a socially-informed understanding of technology. In the second part, students will investigate specific ancient technologies using archaeological and textual evidence and present their findings to the class. The goal of this course is to understand technology as a social phenomenon in both the ancient and modern worlds.
6 credits; HI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 131: Imagining New Worlds: From Homer to Columbus and Beyond

From the beginnings of their civilization, the Greeks were aware that they inhabited just a small corner of a much larger world. How did they imagine faraway places and peoples? What did ancient maps look like? How much have Greek literature and science shaped later geographical thought and practice, from the Roman Empire to the European “Age of Exploration” to our own “Age of Google”? Can we use ancient methods to measure the world? Drawing on various sources in translation, we will explore the literary and scientific frontiers of ancient geography and trace its legacy into the modern world.
6 credits; HI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; H. Wietzke

CLAS 173: Sport and Daily Life

This course is an exploration of life, death, and entertainment in the ancient world, particularly in Rome. We will focus especially on how and why people take part in sporting events and on how sport intersected with gender, social class, and economic concerns in the ancient world. Topics include the history of sport, slavery and marginal groups, demography, gladiatorial and combat events, and entertainment and politics. Our primary focus in lecture and discussion will be interpretation of a variety of ancient sources, but we will also evaluate modern views of ancient entertainment.
6 credits; HI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 214: Gender and Sexuality in Classical Antiquity

In both ancient Greece and Rome, gender (along with class and citizenship status) largely determined what people did, where they spent their time, and how they related to others. This course will examine the ways in which Greek and Roman societies defined gender categories, and how they used them to think about larger social, political, and religious issues. Primary readings from Greek and Roman epic, lyric, and drama, as well as ancient historical, philosophical, and medical writers; in addition we will explore a range of secondary work on the topic from the perspectives of Classics and Gender Studies.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 223: Ancient Science

Did the Greeks invent “science” as we know it, or has modern science blossomed into something wholly different from its ancient roots? How distinct are scientific and religious patterns of thinking? Who controls knowledge about nature, the cosmos, and the body, and what's the proper way to communicate it? Why should we trust “the experts,” ancient or modern, anyway? Pursuing these and other questions, this course introduces students to the strange and dynamic world of ancient science, from the earliest Presocratics to Roman-era authorities like Claudius Ptolemy. Students will not only learn about theories that dominated Western thinking for millennia, but also gain first-hand experience with ancient scientific methods.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; H. Wietzke

CLAS 227: Greek History: The Greek Polis

The Classical Greek world, with its system of independent city-states, saw the development of unprecedented political structures and a flowering of art, literature, and philosophy, all in the midst of almost constant military conflict. The Greeks are credited with inventing tragedy, democracy, science, and rhetoric (among other things), but their history is both complex and contested. This course examines the period from 750 to 399 B.C.E. and addresses fundamental questions about the development of Greek political, military, and social systems; the conflict between common Greek and local identities; and how we can use limited sources to reconstruct the past.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; K. Steed

CLAS 227F: Greek Epigraphic Texts

This course will introduce students to inscriptions from the Greek poleis of the classical period, especially the Athenian tribute lists and the legal code of Gortyn. In addition to translation, we will focus on the processes of deciphering and editing original physical texts and on the problems presented by fragments. Prerequisite: Greek 103 or equivalent; Concurrent registration in Classics 227
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; K. Steed

CLAS 228: The Roman Republic

Introduction to Rome's political and social history from the Etruscan period to the end of the Republic. Topics include Roman political culture, the acquisition of empire, the role of the army, the psychology of Rome, and interpretation of historical evidence. Based largely on primary source readings.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 230: The World of Alexander

This course examines the background, career, and legacy of Alexander the Great and the emergence of the Hellenistic monarchies. The first part of the course examines the developments of the Fourth Century BCE, including classical philosophy, politics, and art; the rise of Macedon; Alexander the Great; and the wars of Alexander's successors. The second part explores the philosophical, cultural, and scientific world of Ptolemaic Egypt. The course focuses throughout on the lives and experiences of individuals and their place in a rapidly changing society.
6 credits; HI, IS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 230F: Hellenistic Greek: Scientific and Documentary Texts

This trailer course will introduce students to scientific and documentary Greek texts from the Hellenistic world. Texts will include the Hippocratic Oath, Plutarch's descriptions of the inventions of Archimedes, brief selections from scientific works, and papyri containing personal letters and documents from Ptolemaic Egypt. In addition to regular readings, we will work with images of papyri and discuss the challenges of deciphering these texts. Prerequisite: Greek 103 or equivalent; Concurrent registration in Classics 230
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

CLAS 231: The Roman Principate

This class introduces the history of Rome from Augustus to Diocletian. From demented emperors to new religions to economic collapse, the course uses Rome as a lens to address enduring historical questions. For example, how do individuals get, keep, and hand on power? What are the relationships between a central power and those on the periphery of that power and between a ruling elite and those they rule? How do foreign affairs affect internal policies and politics? Since we rely largely on ancient sources, we will also devote time to the interpretation of those sources in all their delightful eccentricity.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Steed

CLAS 231F: Epigraphic Texts

This trailer course will introduce students to Latin inscriptions and other documentary texts from the Roman imperial period. These will include the well-known Res Gestae of the emperor Augustus and lesser known materials such as career inscriptions, graffiti, and Diocletian's price edict. In addition to translation, we will focus on the processes of deciphering and editing original physical texts. Prerequisite: Latin 103 or equivalent; Concurrent registration in Classics 231
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; K. Steed

CLAS 267: Political Landscapes: Archaeologies of Territory and Polity

We live in a world of states. Nearly every inch of the earth is clearly delineated on maps and plans, ascribed to a particular political authority. But the widespread availability of precise spatial information is relatively new in human history. This seminar examines archaeology beyond the site. How did ancient polities understand and demarcate territory? What tools can we use to understand this? We begin by examining theories of space, place, landscape, and boundaries. The second part of the course compares case studies from across the ancient world to explore archaeological approaches to territory and polity in greater detail. Prerequisite: At least one previous archaeology course, Classics 122, 123, 124 or Archeology 246; contact instructor to discuss other relevant courses.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Knodell

CLAS 295: Junior Colloquium

A portfolio to be completed by majors in the Department of Classical Languages in the junior year, ensuring their preparation for the senior capstone experience. The portfolio will demonstrate specific skills using basic tools, as outlined in the majors' handbook.
3 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Zimmerman

CLAS 394: Senior Seminar

As part of their senior capstone experience, majors in the classics department will formulate a call for papers developing the current year's theme for a colloquium, and following standard guidelines of the field produce proposals ("abstracts") for their own papers to be presented in the winter term.
3 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Zimmerman

CLAS 400: Senior Symposium

From proposals ("abstracts") developed in Classics 394, departmental majors will compose a twenty minute presentation to be delivered at a symposium on the model of professional conferences. The talks will then be revised into articles to be submitted to a journal of professional style, accepted and edited by the group into a presentable volume. Prerequisite: Classics 394
3 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017; C. Zimmerman

CS 099: Summer Computer Science Institute

Computer science is a rich academic field that seeks to systematically study the processes for solving problems and untangle the complexities in the concrete physical world and the abstract mathematical world. The Summer Computer Science Institute (SCSI) at Carleton focuses on understanding how to think about these processes, how to program computers to implement them, and how to apply computer science ideas to real problems of interest. Students at SCSI will learn how to systematically approach problems like a computer scientist as they engage in classroom learning, hands-on lab activities, and collaborative guided research.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016; D. Musicant

CS 108: Life in the Age of Networks

This course investigates how the social, technological, and natural worlds are connected, and how the study of networks sheds light on these connections. A network is a collection of entities linked by some relationship: people connected by friendships (e.g., Facebook); web pages connected by hyperlinks; species connected by the who-preys-on-whom relationship. We will explore mathematical properties of networks while emphasizing the efficient processing and analysis of network data drawn from a variety of fields. Topics include: how Google works; "six degrees of separation"; the spread of fads through society. No background in computer science or programming is required or expected. Prerequisite: Students may not simultaneously enroll in Computer Science 108 and Computer Science 111 in the same term, and students who have received credit for Computer Science 111 or above are not eligible to enroll in Computer Science 108
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 111: Introduction to Computer Science

This course will introduce you to computer programming and the design of algorithms. By writing programs to solve problems in areas such as image processing, text processing, and simple games, you will learn about recursive and iterative algorithms, complexity analysis, graphics, data representation, software engineering, and object-oriented design. No previous programming experience is necessary. Students who have received credit for Computer Science 201 or above are not eligible to enroll in Computer Science 111. Students may not simultaneously enroll for CS 108 and CS 111 in the same term.
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Oesper, J. Yang, J. Davis, E. Alexander, A. Rafferty, S. Goings

CS 201: Data Structures

Think back to your favorite assignment from Introduction to Computer Science. Did you ever get the feeling that "there has to be a better/smarter way to do this problem?" The Data Structures course is all about how to store information intelligently and access it efficiently. How can Google take your query, compare it to billions of web pages, and return the answer in less than one second? How can one store information so as to balance the competing needs for fast data retrieval and fast data modification? To help us answer questions like these, we will analyze and implement stacks, queues, trees, linked lists, graphs and hash tables. Students who have received credit for a course for which Computer Science 201 is a prerequisite are not eligible to enroll in Computer Science 201. Prerequisite: Computer Science 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Rafferty, J. Yang, D. Musicant

CS 202: Mathematics of Computer Science

This course introduces some of the formal tools of computer science, using a variety of applications as a vehicle. You'll learn how to encode data so that when you scratch the back of a DVD, it still plays just fine; how to distribute "shares" of your floor's PIN so that any five of you can withdraw money from the floor bank account (but no four of you can); how to play chess; and more. Topics that we'll explore along the way include: logic and proofs, number theory, elementary complexity theory and recurrence relations, basic probability, counting techniques, and graphs. Prerequisite: Computer Science 111 and Mathematics 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Yang, A. Rafferty

CS 208: Computer Organization and Architecture

Computer processors are extraordinarily complex systems. The fact that they work at all, let alone as reliably as they do, is a monumental achievement of human collaboration. In this course, we will study the structure of computer processors, with attention to digital logic, assembly language, performance evaluation, computer arithmetic, data paths and control, pipelining, and memory hierarchies. Prerequisite: Computer Science 111 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; J. Ondich, S. Goings

CS 231: Computer Security

Hackers, phishers, and spammers--at best they annoy us, at worst they disrupt communication systems, steal identities, bring down corporations, and compromise sensitive systems. In this course, we'll study various aspects of computer and network security, focusing mainly on the technical aspects as well as the social and cultural costs of providing (or not providing) security. Topics include cryptography, authentication and identification schemes, intrusion detection, viruses and worms, spam prevention, firewalls, denial of service, electronic commerce, privacy, and usability. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or 202 or 208
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; J. Ondich

CS 251: Programming Languages: Design and Implementation

What makes a programming language like "Python" or like "Java?" This course will look past superficial properties (like indentation) and into the soul of programming languages. We will explore a variety of topics in programming language construction and design: syntax and semantics, mechanisms for parameter passing, typing, scoping, and control structures. Students will expand their programming experience to include other programming paradigms, including functional languages like Scheme and ML. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; D. Liben-Nowell, D. Musicant

CS 252: Algorithms

A course on techniques used in the design and analysis of efficient algorithms. We will cover several major algorithmic design paradigms (greedy algorithms, dynamic programming, divide and conquer, and network flow). Along the way, we will explore the application of these techniques to a variety of domains (natural language processing, economics, computational biology, and data mining, for example). As time permits, we will include supplementary topics like randomized algorithms, advanced data structures, and amortized analysis. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and Computer Science 202 (Mathematics 236 will be accepted in lieu of Computer Science 202)
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; L. Oesper

CS 254: Computability and Complexity

An introduction to the theory of computation. What problems can and cannot be solved efficiently by computers? What problems cannot be solved by computers, period? Topics include formal models of computation, including finite-state automata, pushdown automata, and Turing machines; formal languages, including regular expressions and context-free grammars; computability and uncomputability; and computational complexity, particularly NP-completeness. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and Computer Science 202 (Mathematics 236 will be accepted in lieu of Computer Science 202)
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Liben-Nowell, J. Yang

CS 257: Software Design

It's easy to write a mediocre computer program, and lots of people do it. Good programs are quite a bit harder to write, and are correspondingly less common. In this course, we will study techniques, tools, and habits that will improve your chances of writing good software. While working on several medium-sized programming projects, we will investigate code construction techniques, debugging and profiling tools, testing methodologies, UML, principles of object-oriented design, design patterns, and user interface design. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Alexander, J. Ondich

CS 311: Computer Graphics

Scientific simulations, movies, and video games often incorporate computer-generated images of fictitious worlds. How are these worlds modeled inside a computer? How are they "photographed" to produce the images that we see? What performance constraints and design trade-offs come into play? In this course we learn the basic theory and methodology of computer graphics, following the historical development of the field, from software implementations to fixed-function hardware, shader programs, and recent lower-level interfaces. Collaborative final projects allow students to pursue special topics in greater depth. Familiarity with vectors, matrices, and the C programming language is recommended but not required. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201
6 credits; QRE, FSR; Offered Winter 2017; J. Davis

CS 312: Audio Programming

Students will learn the basics of MIDI and Digital Audio programming using C++. In the MIDI portion of the course, you’ll learn to record, play, and transform MIDI data. During the Digital Audio portion of the course, you’ll learn the basics of audio synthesis: oscillators, envelopes, filters, amplifiers, and FFT analysis. Weekly homework assignments, two quizzes, and two independent projects. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 314: Data Visualization

Understanding the wealth of data that surrounds us can be challenging. Luckily, we have evolved incredible tools for finding patterns in large amounts of information: our eyes! Data visualization is concerned with taking information and turning it into pictures to better communicate patterns or discover new insights. It combines aspects of computer graphics, human-computer interaction, design, and perceptual psychology. In this course, we will learn the different ways in which data can be expressed visually and which methods work best for which tasks. Using this knowledge, we will critique existing visualizations as well as design and build new ones. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; E. Alexander

CS 321: Artificial Intelligence

How can we design computer systems with behavior that seems "intelligent?" This course will examine a number of different approaches to this question, including intelligent search computer game playing, automated logic, machine learning (including neural networks), and reasoning with uncertainty. The coursework is a mix of problem solving and computer programming based on the ideas that we discuss. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201. Additionally Computer Science 202 is strongly recommended.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; A. Rafferty

CS 322: Natural Language Processing

Computers are poor conversationalists, despite decades of attempts to change that fact. This course will provide an overview of the computational techniques developed in the attempt to enable computers to interpret and respond appropriately to ideas expressed using natural languages (such as English or French) as opposed to formal languages (such as C++ or Lisp). Topics in this course will include parsing, semantic analysis, machine translation, dialogue systems, and statistical methods in speech recognition. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and Computer Science 202 (Mathematics 236 will be accepted in lieu of Computer Science 202)
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 324: Data Mining

How does Google always understand what it is you're looking for? How does Amazon.com figure out what items you might be interested in buying? How can categories of similar politicians be identified, based on their voting patterns? These questions can be answered via data mining, a field of study at the crossroads of artificial intelligence, database systems, and statistics. Data mining concerns itself with the goal of getting a computer to learn or discover patterns, especially those found within large datasets. We'll focus on techniques such as classification, clustering, association rules, web mining, collaborative filtering, and others. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201. Additionally, Computer Science 202 is strongly recommended
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; L. Oesper

CS 328: Computational Models of Cognition

How are machine learning and human learning similar? What sorts of things can people learn, and how can we apply computer science ideas to characterize cognition? This interdisciplinary course will take a computational modeling approach, exploring how models can help us to better understand cognition and observing similarities between machine learning methods and cognitive tasks. Through in class activities and readings of both classic and contemporary research papers on computational cognitive modeling, we'll build up an understanding of how different modeling choices lead to different predictions about human behavior and investigate potential practical uses of cognitive models. Final collaborative research projects will allow you to apply your modeling skills to a cognitive phenomenon that you're interested in. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission. Computer Science 202 strongly recommended
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 331: Computer Networks

The Internet is composed of a large number of heterogeneous, independently-operating computer networks that work together to transport all sorts of data to points all over the world. The fact that it does this so well given its complexity is a minor miracle. In this class, we'll study the structure of these individual networks and of the Internet, and figure out how this "magic" takes place. Topics include TCP/IP, protocols and their implementations, routing, security, network architecture, DNS, peer-to-peer networking, and Wi-Fi along with ethical and privacy issues. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 332: Operating Systems

If you're working in the lab, you might be editing a file while waiting for a program to compile. Meanwhile, the on-screen clock ticks, a program keeps watch for incoming e-mail, and other users can log onto your machine from elsewhere in the network. Not only that, but if you write a program that reads from a file on the hard drive, you are not expected to concern yourself with turning on the drive's motor or moving the read/write arms to the proper location over the disk's surface. Coordinating all this hardware and software is the job of the operating system. In this course we will study the fundamentals of operating system design, including the operating system kernel, scheduling and concurrency, memory management, and file systems. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and 208 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 334: Database Systems

Database systems are used in almost every aspect of computing, from storing data for websites to maintaining financial information for large corporations. Intrinsically, what is a database system and how does it work? This course takes a two-pronged approach to studying database systems. From a systems perspective, we will look at the low-level details of how a database system works internally, studying such topics as file organization, indexing, sorting techniques, and query optimization. From a theory perspective, we will examine the fundamental ideas behind database systems, such as normal forms and relational algebra. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or consent of the instructor.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; D. Musicant

CS 341: Cryptography

Modern cryptographic systems allow parties to communicate in a secure way, even if they don't trust the channels over which they are communicating (or maybe even each other). Cryptography is at the heart of a huge range of applications: online banking and shopping, password-protected computer accounts, and secure wireless networks, to name just a few. In this course, we will introduce and explore some fundamental cryptographic primitives, using a rigorous, proof-based approach. Topics will include public-key encryption, digital signatures, pseudorandom number generation, zero knowledge, and novel applications of cryptography. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and 202. (Mathematics 236 will be accepted in lieu of CS 202)
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Liben-Nowell

CS 342: Mobile Application Development

Software used to stay on the desktop where you put it. Now, we carry multi-purpose computational devices in our pockets. Mobile computers raise a host of software design challenges, with constrained visual spaces, touch screens, GPS sensors, accelerometers, cellular access, and cameras all in one device. More challenges come from the idea of an "app store," a five-year-old experiment that has changed the way developers and computer users think about software. In the context of a few app development projects, this course will focus on mobile computing's design patterns, user interface principles, software development methodologies, development tools, and cultural impact. Prerequisite: Computer Science 257
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 344: Human-Computer Interaction

The field of human-computer interaction addresses two fundamental questions: how do people interact with technology, and how can technology enhance the human experience? In this course, we will explore technology through the lens of the end user: how can we design effective, aesthetically pleasing technology, particularly user interfaces, to satisfy user needs and improve the human condition? How do people react to technology and learn to use technology? What are the social, societal, health, and ethical implications of technology? The course will focus on design methodologies, techniques, and processes for developing, testing, and deploying user interfaces. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 348: Parallel and Distributed Computing

As multi-core machines become more prevalent, different programming paradigms have emerged for harnessing extra processors for better performance. This course explores parallel computation (programs that run on more than one core) as well as the related problem of distributed computation (programs that run on more than one machine). In particular, we will explore the two major paradigms for parallel programming, shared-memory multi-threading and message-passing, and the advantages and disadvantages of each. Other possible topics include synchronization mechanisms, debugging concurrent programs, fork/join parallelism, the theory of parallelism and concurrency, parallel algorithms, cloud computing, and Map/Reduce. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 352: Advanced Algorithms

A second course on designing and analyzing efficient algorithms to solve computational problems. We will survey some algorithmic design techniques that apply broadly throughout computer science, including discussion of wide-ranging applications. A sampling of potential topics: approximation algorithms (can we efficiently compute near-optimal solutions even when finding exact solutions is computationally intractable?); randomized algorithms (does flipping coins help in designing faster/simpler algorithms?); online algorithms (how do we analyze an algorithm that needs to make decisions before the entire input arrives?); advanced data structures; complexity theory. As time and interest permit, we will mix recently published algorithmic papers with classical results. Prerequisite: Computer Science 252 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; D. Liben-Nowell

CS 361: Evolutionary Computing and Artificial Life

An introduction to evolutionary computation and artificial life, with a special emphasis on the two way flow of ideas between evolutionary biology and computer science. Topics will include the basic principles of biological evolution, experimental evolution techniques, and the application of evolutionary computation principles to solve real problems. All students will be expected to complete and present a term project exploring an open question in evolutionary computation. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; S. Goings

CS 362: Computational Biology

Recent advances in high-throughput experimental techniques have revolutionized how biologists measure DNA, RNA and protein. The size and complexity of the resulting datasets have led to a new era where computational methods are essential to answering important biological questions. This course focuses on the process of transforming biological problems into well formed computational questions and the algorithms to solve them. Topics include approaches to sequence comparison and alignment; molecular evolution and phylogenetics; DNA/RNA sequencing and assembly; and specific disease applications including cancer genomics. Prerequisite: Computer Science 201 and Computer Science 202 (Mathematics 236 will be accepted in lieu of Computer Science 202)
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

CS 399: Senior Seminar

As part of their senior capstone experience, majors will work together in teams (typically four to seven students per team) on faculty-specified topics to design and implement the first stage of a project. Required of all senior majors. Prerequisite: Senior standing. Students are strongly encouraged to complete Computer Science 252 and Computer Science 257 before starting Computer Science 399.
3 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Rafferty, D. Liben-Nowell, J. Ondich, D. Musicant

CS 400: Integrative Exercise

Beginning with the prototypes developed in the Senior Seminar, project teams will complete their project and present it to the department. Required of all senior majors. Prerequisite: Computer Science 399
3 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Rafferty, D. Liben-Nowell, J. Ondich, D. Musicant

DANC 107: Ballet I

A beginning course in ballet technique, including basic positions, beginning patterns and exercises. Students develop an awareness of the many ways their body can move, an appreciation of dance as an artistic expression and a recognition of the dancer as an athlete.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Bader

DANC 115: Cultures of Dance

The study of dance is the study of culture. We will look at dance as culturally-coded, embodied knowledge and investigate dance forms and contexts across the globe. We will examine, cross-culturally, the function of dance in the lives of individuals and societies through various lenses including feminist, africanist and ethnological perspectives. We will read, write, view videos and performances, discuss and move. This course in dance theory and practice will include a weekly movement lab. No previous dance experience necessary.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Howard

DANC 147: Moving Anatomy

This course seeks to provide an underlying awareness of body structure and function. Using movement to expand knowledge of our anatomy will encourage participants to integrate information with experience. Heightened body awareness and class studies are designed to activate the general learning process.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; J. Shockley

DANC 148: Modern Dance I: Technique and Theory

A physical exploration at the introductory level of the elements of dance: time, motion, space, shape and energy. Students are challenged physically as they increase their bodily awareness, balance, control, strength and flexibility and get a glimpse of the art of dance.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. McCoy

DANC 150: Contact Improvisation

This is a course in techniques of spontaneous dancing shared by two or more people through a common point of physical contact. Basic skills such as support, counterbalance, rolling, falling and flying will be taught and developed in an environment of mutual creativity.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; J. Shockley

DANC 190: Fields of Performance

This introductory course in choreography explores games, structures, systems and sports as sources and locations of movement composition and performance. Readings, viewings and discussion of postmodernist structures and choreographers as well as attendance and analysis of dance performances and sports events will be jumping off point for creative process and will pave the way for small individual compositions and one larger project. In an atmosphere of play, spontaneity and research participants will discover new ways of defining dance, pushing limits and bending the rules. Guest choreographers and coaches will be invited as part of the class. Open to all movers. No previous experience necessary.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; J. Howard

DANC 200: Modern Dance II: Technique and Theory

A continuation of Level I with more emphasis on the development of technique and expressive qualities.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. McCoy

DANC 205: Winter Dance

Intensive rehearsal and performance of a work commissioned from a professional guest choreographer. Open to all levels.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Howard

DANC 206: Spring Dance

Rehearsal and full concert performance of student dance works created during the year and completed in the spring term. Open to all levels. Prerequisite: Dance 205 or 215
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; J. Howard, J. Shockley

DANC 208: Ballet II

For the student with previous ballet experience. This course emphasizes articulation of technique and development of ballet vocabulary.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Bader

DANC 215: Winter Dance, Student Choreography

For students enrolled in Dance 205, supervised student choreography with two public showings. Prerequisite: Dance 205
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Howard

DANC 253: Movement for the Performer

This course investigates the structure and function of the body through movement. Applying a variety of somatic techniques (feldenkrais, yoga, improvisation, body-mind centering). The emphasis will be to discover effortless movement, balance in the body and an integration of self in moving.
3 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Shockley

DANC 266: Reading The Dancing Body: Topics in Dance History

This course will look at dance as a field in which bodies articulate a history of sexuality, nation, gender, and race. Students will survey a range of dance forms in the United States and indigenous communities of the Americas as well as the Caribbean, South Asia, and South Africa. Specific explorations will include classical Indian dance, Native American performance, jazz, contact improvisation, and Hip-Hop performance. Through reading comprehension, written reflections and analyses, classroom dialogue, and oral presentation work, we will outline dance history in terms of anti-colonial and civil rights movements from Modernism through Post-Modernism—that is, from the imperialism at the dawn of the twentieth century to current late-capitalism. Students will be introduced to interdisciplinary methodologies in dance studies by learning to: conduct dance analysis in their accounts for gesture and social context; theorize according to the intersection of multiple social categories; and write autoethnographies or critical inquiries into personal experience.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; A. Williams

DANC 268: The Body as Choreographer

 "The pleasure of the text is that moment when my body pursues its own ideas-for my body does not have the same ideas I do." -Roland Barthes. Through guided movement sessions we will explore the body as a source for ideas. Using "Authentic Movement," experiential anatomy practices and compositional strategies, students will generate several small compositions and one larger gallery project exploring alternative spaces and the influx of various media (movement, text, images, technology, objects, sites, fabric). This choreography "lab" will help answer the question: How do you make a dance? For both beginning and advanced dance students. 
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. Howard

DANC 300: Modern Dance III: Technique and Theory

Intensive work on technical, theoretical, and expressive problems for the experienced dancer.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Shockley

DANC 301: Contemporary Styles and Techniques: African Dance

A physical exploration of the technical, theoretical and stylistic bases of different approaches to modern dance movement chosen yearly from such techniques as: Body Mind Centering; Limon; Cunningham; Graham; African-Caribbean.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; W. McClusky, J. Howard

DANC 309: Ballet III

This is an advanced class for students who have some capabilities and proficiency in ballet technique. Content is sophisticated and demanding in its use of ballet vocabulary and musical phrasing.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; J. Bader

DANC 350: Semaphore Repertory Dance Company

Provides advanced dance students with an intensive opportunity to develop as performers in professional level dances. Skills to be honed are: the dancer as "tool" and contributor to the process of art-making; defining individual technical and expressive gifts; working in a variety of new technical and philosophical dance frameworks. In addition to regular training during the academic terms, participation in a "preseason" rehearsal period before fall term is required. A few pieces of student choreography will be accepted for repertory. The group produces an annual concert, performs in the Twin Cities and makes dance exchanges with other college groups. Prerequisite: Audition required
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Howard, J. Shockley

ECON 110: Principles of Macroeconomics

This course gives students a foundation in the general principles of economics as a basis for effective citizenship and, when combined with 111, as a preparation for all advanced study in economics. Topics include analysis of the measurement, level, and distribution of national income; the concepts of inflation and depression; the role and structure of the banking system; fiscal and monetary stabilization techniques; implications of and limits to economic growth; and international economic relations.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; B. Keefer, T. Bauer, B. Dalgaard, S. Fried

ECON 111: Principles of Microeconomics

This course gives the students a foundation in the general principles of economics as a basis for effective citizenship and, when combined with 110, as a preparation for all advanced study in economics. Topics include consumer choice theory; the formation of prices under competition, monopoly, and other market structures; the determination of wages, profits, and income from capital; the distribution of income; and an analysis of policy directed towards problems of public finance, pollution, natural resources, and public goods.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Lafky, S. Auerbach, F. Bhuiyan, A. Swoboda

ECON 221: Cambridge Program: Contemporary British Economy

This course focuses on the development of the British economy since the inter-war period. The approach integrates economic and historical analysis to discuss the development of the structure of the British economy, economic policy and the institutions affecting economic performance. Prerequisite: Students who have completed Economics 110 and 111 by the end of spring term 2021 are eligible to participate in the seminar. Students majoring in economics, political science, and history are particularly encouraged to apply, but the seminar is open to st
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Summer 2016; M. Paas

ECON 222: Cambridge Program: The Origins of the Modern Economy

This course begins in Nuremberg and Rothenburg Germany, where we will investigate the origins of modern economic growth in these cities which flourished in the middle ages and early modern period. We will travel down the Rhine to see one of the great arteries of trade and on to Belgium to visit the flax museum. In England we will visit the sites of the wool trade and the early Industrial revolution to discuss the economic and noneconomic origins of modern growth. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; NE; Offered Summer 2016; M. Paas

ECON 223: English Culture Between the Wars

In this course we will discuss the intellectual and social milieu in which Keynes worked between his service at the Versailles Conference and the writing of the General Theory. We will read works of the Bloomsbury Group, visit Charleston Farmhouse (which was the center of the group), read Singled Out (about the two million women who could not find husbands after WWI and the effect on the position of women in British society), and read Love on the Dole (a classic novel set against the backdrop of unemployment in the 30s). The goal of the course is to investigate the social backdrop of the economic revolution of Keynesian economics. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Summer 2016; M. Paas

ECON 232: American Economic History: A Cliometric Approach

An introduction to the growth of the American economy from colonial times to the present with emphasis on the nineteenth century. Topics include technical change, the choice of production technology, income distribution, demographic transition, factor markets, and the role of institutions. Debates in economic history such as the economic viability of antebellum slavery, the integration of capital markets, the role of railroads in the growth process, and the economic impact of the New Deal are evaluated with an emphasis on empirical evidence. May be counted toward the History major. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; J. Bourne

ECON 233: European Economic History

A comparative study of dynamic economic components in the growth of western European countries, with particular attention to Great Britain, from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. Topics include the methodology of economic history, agriculture, technology, population, foreign trade, the role of the state, and monetary systems. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 240: Microeconomics of Development

This course explores household behavior in developing countries. We will cover areas including fertility decisions, health and mortality, investment in education, the intra-household allocation of resources, household structure, and the marriage market. We will also look at the characteristics of land, labor, and credit markets, particularly technology adoption; land tenure and tenancy arrangements; the role of agrarian institutions in the development process; and the impacts of alternative politics and strategies in developing countries. The course complements Economics 241. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Fall 2016; F. Bhuiyan

ECON 241: Growth and Development

Why are some countries rich and others poor? What causes countries to grow? This course develops a general framework of economic growth and development to analyze these questions. We will document the empirical differences in growth and development across countries and study some of the theories developed to explain these differences. This course complements Economics 240. Prerequisite: Economics 110
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Fried

ECON 244: Analysis of Microeconomic Development Models

This course is the second part of a two-term winter break course sequence beginning with Economics 240. This course will focus on critically analyzing the appropriateness of modern microeconomic development models in the context of Bangladesh. Students exposed to various on-site visits and lectures in Bangladesh during the winter break will be required to research, write and present their views on the reliability of different model assumptions and implications they studied in Economics 240. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111 and 240
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 246: Economics of Welfare

This course presents economic theory on how society as a whole ranks and chooses between different alternatives. It delves into the realm of normative economics analyzing objectives society may want to pursue, mechanisms designed to reach those objectives, and the resulting welfare of individuals affected by the choices made. The theoretical tools discussed will be used to study different mechanisms of voting, redistributing income, government intervention, auctions, and trade. Among other things, students will be exposed to the Pareto criterion, Arrow's impossibility theorem, the Vickery-Clarke-Grove mechanism, the Coase theorem, utilitarianism, Rawlsian ethics, and welfare theorems. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Spring 2017; F. Bhuiyan

ECON 250: History of Economic Ideas

A survey of the evolution of economic thought from the seventeenth century to the present, with emphasis on the intellectual and historical background which influenced economists. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 259: Economics of Higher Education

This course examines current issues in higher education through the lens of both theoretical and empirical economics. Students will be exposed to both signaling models of higher education and empirical analyses of its returns. We will also discuss admissions as a matching process, rising tuition as a form of price discrimination, and the globalization of higher education, among other topics. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; S. Auerbach

ECON 262: The Economics of Sports

In recent years, the sports business in the United States has grown into a multibillion-dollar industry. Understanding the sports business from an economic viewpoint is the subject of this course. Topics will include player compensation, revenue-sharing, salary caps, free agency, tournaments, salary discrimination, professional franchise valuation, league competitiveness, college athletics, and the economics of sports stadiums and arenas. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Kanazawa

ECON 263: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Economic Performance

Joseph Schumpeter, in lamenting the absence of an accepted theory of entrepreneurship, observed that this gap in economics is much like having Hamlet performed with the Prince of Denmark absent. Much has changed since Schumpeter leveled this criticism. Economics has embraced the contributions of entrepreneurs and provided theoretical models explaining their actions. This course explores the foundations of a microeconomic theory of entrepreneurship, investigating the role of entrepreneurs (and intrapreneurs within large organizations) as agents for change. Case studies of business development provide practical illustrations of ways in which entrepreneurs operate and how their efforts contribute to economic progress. Prerequisite: Economics 110 or 111
6 credits; SI; Offered Spring 2017; B. Dalgaard

ECON 264: Health Care Economics

This course will focus on the economics of medical care and how health care markets and systems work. We will consider both private health insurance markets and publicly provided social health insurance. The changes which demography, technology and the Affordable Health Care Act are bringing to health care delivery will be examined. Some time will be devoted to understanding the health care systems in other countries. This is a discussion course. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 265: Game Theory and Economic Applications

Game theory is the study of purposeful behavior in strategic situations. It serves as a framework for analysis that can be applied to everyday decisions, such as working with a study group and cleaning your room, as well as to a variety of economic issues, including contract negotiations and firms' output decisions. In this class, modern game theoretic tools will be primarily applied to economic situations, but we will also draw on examples from other realms. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Lafky

ECON 266: Experimental Economics

Controlled experiments are a useful tool for testing and improving upon economic theory. This course will provide an introduction to experimental methodology, with an emphasis on design and hypothesis testing. We will examine experimental results across a wide range of economic topics, including individual decision making, auctions, public goods, and asset markets. Students will participate in experiments, as well as design and conduct their own studies. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 267: Behavioral Economics

This course introduces experimental economics and behavioral economics as two complementary approaches to understanding economic decision making. We will study the use of controlled experiments to test and critique economic theories, as well as how these theories can be improved by introducing psychologically plausible assumptions to our models. We will read a broad survey of experimental and behavioral results, including risk and time preferences, prospect theory, other-regarding preferences, the design of laboratory and field experiments, and biases in decision making. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; J. Lafky

ECON 268: Economics of Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost-benefit analysis is a tool commonly used by economists and policy makers to compare and choose among competing policy options. This course will cover the basic theory and empirical techniques necessary to quantify and aggregate the impacts of government policy, especially as related to the environment. Topics covered include the time value of money; uncertainty; sensitivity analysis; option value; contingent valuation; hedonic estimation; basic research design. Throughout the course case studies will be used to elucidate and bring life to the theoretical concepts. Prerequisite: Economics 111. Some statistics background will be useful.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 269: Economics of Climate Change

This course studies economic models of climate change and their implications for policy design. Covered topics include: the relationship between climate change and the macroeconomy, the performance of different climate policy instruments such as carbon taxes and cap and trade systems, the potential effects of innovation, and the economics surrounding the use of different types of energy. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Fried

ECON 270: Economics of the Public Sector

This course provides a theoretical and empirical examination of the government's role in the U.S. economy. Emphasis is placed on policy analysis using the criteria of efficiency and equity. Topics include rationales for government intervention; analysis of alternative public expenditure programs from a partial and/or general equilibrium framework; the incidence of various types of taxes; models of collective choice; cost-benefit analysis; intergovernmental fiscal relations. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Bourne, T. Bauer

ECON 271: Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment

This course focuses on environmental economics, energy economics, and the relationship between them. Economic incentives for pollution abatement, the industrial organization of energy production, optimal depletion rates of energy sources, and the environmental and economic consequences of alternate energy sources are analyzed. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Swoboda

ECON 272: Economics, Property and Institutions in Natural Resources

This course examines the economic, historical, legal and institutional roots of the present-day environmental crisis, with the main, but not exclusive, focus on the United States. Topics covered include land and timber policy, minerals extraction, grazing rights, fisheries management, energy use and production, agriculture, wildlife management, endangered species protection, and rain forest preservation. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 273: Water and Western Economic Development

This course examines a number of important aspects of water as a legal/political/economic factor in the development of the western United States. The topics include western water law, the evolution of water supply institutions, state and local water planning, the role of the federal government, and a number of current water problems, including surface and groundwater pollution, impediments to market transfers of water, and state/regional/international conflicts over water. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 274: Labor Economics

Why do some people choose to work and others do not? Why are some people paid higher wages than others? What are the economic benefits of education for the individual and for society? How do government policies, such as subsidized child care, the Earned Income Tax Credit and the income tax influence whether people work and the number of hours they choose to work? These are some of the questions examined in labor economics. This course will focus on the labor supply and human capital decisions of individuals and households. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; F. Bhuiyan

ECON 275: Law and Economics

Legal rules and institutions influence people's behavior. By setting acceptable levels of pollution, structuring guidelines for contract negotiations, deciding who should pay for the costs of an accident, and determining punishment for crimes, courts and legislatures create incentives. How do economic considerations factor into legal rules, and how do laws affect economic output and distribution? In this class, we use court cases, experiments, and current legal controversies to explore such issues. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 276: Money and Banking

This course examines the role of money and monetary institutions in determination of income, employment, and prices in the domestic and world economies. It also examines the role of commercial banking and financial markets in a market-based economy. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; B. Dalgaard

ECON 277: History and Theory of Financial Crises

The course provides an historical perspective on financial bubbles and crashes and critically examines theories of financial crises. The course will look at the long history of financial crises to highlight recurring themes and to try to determine, among other things, what went wrong, what elements precede most crises, and which responses were effective. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 278: Industrial Organization and Firm Behavior

This course analyzes the firm's marketing and pricing problems, its conduct, and the resulting economic performance, given the nature of the demand for its products, its buying markets, the nature of its unit costs, and the structure of its selling markets. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; S. Auerbach

ECON 280: International Trade

A study of international trade theories and their policy implications. Classical and neo-classical trade models, the gains from trade, the terms of trade and the distribution of income, world trade patterns, international factor movements, tariffs, and the impact of commercial policy on developing and developed countries are analyzed. Prerequisite: Economics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; T. Bauer

ECON 281: International Finance

This course studies theories of the multi-faceted interaction between the balance of international payments and foreign exchange market and the general levels of domestic prices, employment and economic activity. Topics include the balance of payments, foreign exchange markets, adjustment mechanisms in international payments, macroeconomic policies for internal and external balance, and international monetary systems. Prerequisite: Economics 110
6 credits; SI, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 282: The Theory of Investment Finance

The main objective of this course is to investigate various aspects of modern portfolio theory and develop basic techniques for applying this theoretical framework to real-world data. Topics covered include portfolio and asset pricing theories, and derivatives with the primary focus on option pricing. The class will develop and actively use univariate calculus for theory-building and statistical techniques for data analysis. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; B. Keefer

ECON 283: Corporate Organization and Finance

This course investigates decision-making by firms and their managers. Specific topics include tradeoffs in corporate organization, executive compensation, project valuation, the cost of capital under debt and equity financing, and the firm’s optimal capital structure.  Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; B. Keefer

ECON 284: Inequality in an Interconnected World

The rise in inequality and economic insecurity worldwide starting in the latter part of the previous century has taken center stage in public discourse and academic work. This course applies economic analysis to investigate the causes and implications of inequality and economic insecurity in an increasingly interconnected world. Topics include income inequality, gender inequality, access to healthcare and health outcomes, and the role of technical change. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ECON 329: Econometrics

This course is an introduction to the statistical methods used by economists to test hypotheses and to study and quantify economic relationships. The course emphasizes both statistical theory and practical application through analysis of economic data sets using statistical software. Topics include two-variable and multiple regression, interval estimation and hypothesis testing, discrete and continuous structural change, parameter restrictions, model construction, heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation, and multicollinearity. Prerequisite: Mathematics 111 and either Statistics 120 (formerly Mathematics 215) or Statistics 250 (formerly Mathematics 275), and Economics 110 and 111 or instructor consent
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; M. Kanazawa

ECON 330: Intermediate Price Theory

An analysis of the forces determining relative prices within the framework of production and distribution. This class is normally taken by juniors. Sophomores considering enrolling should speak to the instructor. Prerequisite: Economics 110 and 111 and Mathematics 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; N. Grawe

ECON 331: Intermediate Macro Theory

Analysis of the forces determining the general level of output, employment, and prices with special emphasis on the role of money and on interest rate determination. This class is normally taken by juniors. Sophomores considering enrolling should speak to the instructor. Prerequisite: Mathematics 111 and Statistics 120 (formerly Mathematics 215) or Statistics 250 (formerly Mathematics 275) or permission of the instructor and Economics 110 and 111
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; B. Keefer

ECON 395: Advanced Topics in Economics of Sports

In this topics-based seminar, we explore the economics and business of professional sports, mostly (but by no means necessarily entirely) in the United States. We will examine a variety of topics, including the institutions that govern pro sports and its main interested parties, especially owners, professional athletes, fans, media, and local municipalities. To better understand these institutions, we apply models from various traditional fields in economics including industrial organization, labor economics, public finance, and behavioral economics. The ultimate objective is to achieve an advanced understanding of the sports industry, and to understand how economists use economic models to develop hypotheses testable with sports data.

Prerequisite: Economics 330, 331; Concurrent or previous enrollment in Economics 329

6 credits; FSR, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Kanazawa

ECON 395: Advanced Topics in Macro Time Series

This course will introduce students to vector autoregression (VAR) techniques to analyze macroeconomic time-series data. Possible applications of VAR analysis include  (but are not limited to): the time series dynamics of GDP, interest rates, carbon emissions, and energy prices. Prerequisite: Economics 330, 331; Concurrent or previous enrollment in Economics 329
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Fried

ECON 395: Advanced Topics in the Economics of Housing

This seminar-style course focuses on the empirical analysis of topics in housing economics. Specific areas of study depend on student interest, but may include: determinants of housing supply and demand, hedonic analysis, land use regulation, rent control, spatial segregation, housing policy, housing as an investment, and the recent subprime mortgage crisis. Class time is primarily devoted to student-led presentation and discussion of peer-reviewed journal articles. Prerequisite: Economics 329, 330, and 331, or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Swoboda

ECON 400: Integrative Exercise

3 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Grawe, A. Swoboda, S. Fried, M. Kanazawa

EDUC 110: Introduction to Educational Studies

This course will focus on education as a multidisciplinary field of study. We will explore the meanings of education within individual lives and institutional contexts, learn to critically examine the assumptions that writers, psychologists, sociologists and philosophers bring to the study of education, and read texts from a variety of disciplines. What has "education" meant in the past? What does "education" mean in contemporary American society? What might "education" mean to people with differing circumstances and perspectives? And what should "education" mean in the future? Open only to first-and second-year students.
6 credits; SI, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; K. Wegner, J. Snyder, M. Cunningham

EDUC 225: Issues in Urban Education

This course is an introduction to urban education in the United States. Course readings and discussion will focus on various perspectives in the field in order to understand the key issues and debates confronting urban schools. We will examine historical, political, economic, and socio-cultural frameworks for understanding urban schools, students and teachers. Through course readings, field visits and class discussions, we explore the following: (1) student, teacher and researcher perspectives on urban education, (2) the broader sociopolitical urban context of K-12 schooling in cities, (3) teaching and learning in urban settings and (4) ideas about re-imagining urban education.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 234: Educational Psychology

Human development and learning theories are studied in relation to the teaching-learning process and the sociocultural contexts of schools. Three hours outside of class per week are devoted to observing learning activities in public school elementary and secondary classrooms and working with students.
6 credits; SI; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; D. Appleman, M. Cunningham

EDUC 245: The History of American School Reform

This course explores major issues in the history of school reform in the United States, with an emphasis on the twentieth century. Readings and discussions examine the role of education in American society, the various and often competing goals of school reformers, and the dynamics of educational change. With particular focus on the American high school, this course looks at why so much reform has produced so little change.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Snyder

EDUC 250: Fixing Schools: Politics and Policy in American Education

This course will survey current approaches to educational change. Students will explore the current systems and structures that constitute the policy framework, scrutinize the assumptions and ideological underpinnings of different political camps, and examine the dynamic interactions between and among those shaping American education. Additionally, they will look at various reform efforts and models, considering their use in the effort to transform schools.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Snyder

EDUC 254: Teaching Exceptional Students

This course considers the identification, planning, non-discriminatory testing and instruction of exceptional students. The course includes the topics: the needs and rights of exceptional students, speech/language impaired students, hearing impaired students, visually impaired students, physically impaired students, gifted and talented students, learning disabled students, and emotionally disturbed students. Prerequisite: Educational Studies 234
3 credits; NE, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Leming

EDUC 260: The Politics of Teaching

Teaching is a political act. Each decision a teacher makes has the power to reinforce or disrupt dominant social hierarchies. In this course, we will explore this premise to understand how teachers navigate power and politics in and out of their classrooms. Students will read educational research in critical pedagogy and critical policy studies, interact with guest speakers, and take field trips to meet teachers in their classrooms. Topics may include racial justice, climate change, and teachers’ unions.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Wegner

EDUC 335: Educational Research: Cultural Capital and Carleton

In our data-driven world, individuals who are able to critically read and produce quality research are in powerful positions to effect educational change. What changes have the greatest promise? Once change is implemented, does it actually live up to that promise? This course will provide an introductory experience to being an educational researcher. Students will distinguish cases in which qualitative or quantitative research methods are warranted; examine the literature and identify gaps; and prepare a research plan. The topic of study will be the influence of cultural capital in the ways Carleton students study or choose courses of study. Prerequisite: Previous Educational Studies course or instructor permission
6 credits; QRE, IDS, FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 338: Multicultural Education

This course focuses on the respect for human diversity, especially as these relate to various racial, cultural and economic groups, and to women. It includes lectures and discussions intended to aid students in relating to a wide variety of persons, cultures, and life styles. Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level Educational Studies course or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Chikkatur, J. Snyder

EDUC 340: Race, Immigration, and Schools

This course explores the important role that public schools have played in the American national imagination as the way to socialize students about what it means to be American and to prepare them to participate as citizens in a democracy. Focusing on two periods of high rates of immigration into the United States (1890-1920 and 1965-present), the course examines how public schools have attempted to Americanize newly arrived immigrant children as well as to socialize racial minority children into the American mainstream. While most of the readings will focus on urban schools, the course will also consider the growing immigrant populations in rural schools through readings and applied academic civic engagement projects. Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level Educational Studies course or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 344: Teenage Wasteland: Adolescence and the American High School

Is adolescence real or invented? How does the American high school affect the nature of American adolescence? How does adolescence affect the characteristics of middle and high schools? In addition to treating the concept historically, this interdisciplinary course focuses on psychological, sociological, and literary views of adolescence in and out of the classroom. We will also analyze how adolescence is represented in popular culture, including television, film, and music. Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level Educational Studies course
6 credits; SI; Offered Spring 2017; D. Appleman

EDUC 347: Methods of Teaching Science

This course will explore teaching methods for the life and physical sciences in grades 5-12. Curricular materials and active learning labs will be discussed and developed. In addition, time outside of class will be spent observing and teaching in local science classrooms. Will not count toward a biology major. Prerequisite: Teaching Licensure Candidate or Instructor Permission
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 348: Methods of Teaching Social Studies

Structure, methodology, strategies, and materials for teaching sociology-anthropology, psychology, economics, political science, geography and history in grades 5-12. Prerequisite: Senior standing and Instructor Permission
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 353: Schooling and Opportunity in American Society

This course is concerned with both the role of schools in society and the impact of society on schools. It deals with race, ethnicity, sex, social class and other factors which influence school achievement, and also examines the widespread assumption that the expansion of schooling can increase equality of opportunity in society. Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level Educational Studies course or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, QRE, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 355: Student Teaching

Fulltime teaching in middle and high school under supervision. Prerequisite: 13th term teacher licensure candidate, special methods in teaching area, and instructor permission
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016; D. Appleman

EDUC 356: Student Teaching

Fulltime teaching in middle and high school under supervision. Prerequisite: 13th term teacher licensure candidate, special methods in teaching area, and instructor permission
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016; D. Appleman

EDUC 375: Issues in Science Education: Policy and Praxis

This colloquium focuses on the pedagogy of science teaching, both in the United States and abroad. Through journal articles, guest speakers and other texts, students will consider the teaching of the sciences through the lenses of history, sociology, philosophy and educational policy. This course will also include active involvement with local schools and educators to ground it in lived practice.
2 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 379: Methods of Literacy Instruction

This course introduces students to a variety of approaches and perspective in teaching English language arts in grades 5-12. We will explore methodologies and issues surrounding the teaching of reading, literature, language and composition in middle and high schools. In addition to the usual course components of reading, writing, and discussion approximately one day per week outside of class time will be devoted to observation and mini-teaching in 5-12 grade English classes in the Twin Cities. Prerequisite: Senior English major, instructor permission and Educational Studies 234
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

EDUC 386: Pre-Student Teaching Practicum: Teaching Reading in the Content Areas

This course is required for all students pursuing teacher licensure, regardless of content area. The course provides a theoretical and practical foundation for helping secondary teachers learn to provide specific instructional support for secondary readers. The course will cover instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension. Theoretical instruction will be combined with a clinical tutoring experience. This course also prepares students for their student teaching placement by providing licensure candidates with an opportunity to work directly in schools and community organizations related to schools and to reflect on that experience in a classroom setting. Prerequisite: Senior Teacher Licensure Candidates
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Oehmke

EDUC 395: Senior Seminar

This is a research and design seminar for educational studies concentrators. It focuses on a contemporary issue in American education. Recent seminars have been on educational reform and reformers, service learning, literacy leaders in education, education and the emotions, and personal essays about education. Some off campus work with public school students and teachers is an integral part of the seminar. Prerequisite: Educational Studies minor or instructor permission
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Chikkatur

ENGL 099: Summer Writing Program

Emphasizing a writing process approach, the Summer Writing Program helps high school seniors learn to compose academic papers that are similar to those they will write in college. Students read both contemporary and traditional literature from classic texts by writers such as Plato and Shakespeare to a variety of modern short stories, essays, and poems by authors such as August Wilson, Margaret Atwood, James Baldwin, Alice Walker, and Adrienne Rich. This literature then becomes the focus of their papers. Students write every day, and although occasional creative writing exercises are included, the main emphasis of the course will be on expository prose. Cannot be used for the Writing Requirement.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016; D. Appleman

ENGL 100: American Lyric: Poetry, Pop and Rap

In this course we will look at the shifting boundary between genres that share a common root in lyrical expression. From the sonnet to chart topping pop to underground rap, what it means to be American has been built from the lyric up. We will be asking many questions. How does Kendrick Lamar’s song “i” echo and update Walt Whitman’s “Song of Myself”? What happens when you mash up Beyoncé and Gwendolyn Brooks? Where do slam, spoken word, and performance poetry fit in? Your answers will come in both critical and creative writing.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; C. Martin

ENGL 100: Autobiography

How do we, how should we, respond to the autobiographical writings of public figures, private citizens, academics, or movie stars? Are there common strategies employed in these acts and processes of self-mapping? Does accuracy matter to us if we happen to find these textual self-portraits appealing? We will keep questions like these in mind as we read, discuss, and write about autobiographies and memoirs by Maya Angelou, Sidney Poitier, James McBride, Barack Obama, bell hooks, and John Hope Franklin.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; K. Owusu

ENGL 100: Drama, Film, and Society

With an emphasis on critical reading, writing, and the fundamentals of college-level research, this course will develop students' knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of the relationship between drama and film and the social and cultural contexts of which they are (or were) a part and product. The course explores the various ways in which these plays and movies (which might include anything and everything from Spike Lee to Tony Kushner to Christopher Marlowe) generate meaning, with particular attention to the social, historical, and political realities that contribute to that meaning. Attending live performances in the Twin Cities will be required.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; P. Hecker

ENGL 100: Milton, Shelley, Pullman

We will read Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials as responses to and radical revisions of Milton's Paradise Lost.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; C. Walker

ENGL 100: Novel, Nation, Self

With an emphasis on critical reading and writing in an academic context, this course will examine how contemporary writers from a range of global locations approach the question of the writing of the self and of the nation. Reading novels from both familiar and unfamiliar cultural contexts we will examine closely our practices of reading, and the cultural expectations and assumptions that underlie them.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; A. Chakladar

ENGL 100: Visions of the Waste Land

In his great post-World War I poem, T. S. Eliot described the waste land of western civilization as "a heap of broken images." We will explore how the writers of the first half of the twentieth-century invented ways of reshaping those broken images into a new literary art that has come to be called Modernism. Writers studied will likely include Yeats, Joyce, Woolf, and Faulkner. Attention will be given to the writing of literary critical papers, and to supplying students with the foundational tools for more advanced literary study. 
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; G. Smith

ENGL 100: Writing About America and Globalization

Focusing on rhetorical choices and writing strategies, we will seek to read critically, formulate questions, and write persuasively about contemporary issues of globalization. Varied readings, journalistic, scholarly, and literary, as well as our own experiences, will provide a springboard for discussion of the impact of globalization on particular cultures (in the United States and other countries), economic justice, national sovereignty, sustainability, and human rights in the face of increasing economic interdependence and instant communication in our "globalized" world. Students will refine persuasive skills through research, writing and revising several major essays, peer review, and a final oral presentation.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; E. McKinsey

ENGL 109: Introduction to Rhetoric

English 109 is the single Carleton course devoted exclusively to the study and practice of expository prose. It is designed to provide students with the organizational and argumentative skills they will need in order to write effectively at the college level and beyond. All sections of the course feature diverse readings, weekly writing exercises and essays, and individual tutorials.
6 credits; NE, WR2; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Rutz, E. Ciner

ENGL 112: Introduction to the Novel

This course explores the history and form of the British novel, tracing its development from a strange, sensational experiment in the eighteenth century to a dominant literary genre today. Among the questions that we will consider: What is a novel? What makes it such a popular form of entertainment? How does the novel participate in ongoing conversations about family, sex, class, race, and nation? How did a genre once considered a source of moral corruption become a legitimate literary form? Authors include: Daniel Defoe, Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Bram Stoker, Virginia Woolf, and Jackie Kay.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 114: Introduction to Medieval Narrative

This class will focus on three of the most popular and closely connected modes of narrative enjoyed by medieval audiences: the epic, the romance, and the saint's life. Readings, drawn primarily from the English and French traditions, will include BeowulfThe Song of Roland, the Arthurian romances of Chretien de Troyes, and legends of St. Alexis and St. Margaret. We will consider how each narrative mode influenced the other, as we encounter warriors and lovers who suffer like saints, and saints who triumph like warriors and lovers. Readings will be in translation or highly accessible modernizations.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 115: The Art of Storytelling

Jorge Luis Borges is quoted as saying that "unlike the novel, a short story may be, for all purposes, essential." This course focuses attention primarily on the short story as an enduring form. We will read short stories drawn from different literary traditions and from various parts of the world. Stories to be read include those by Aksenov, Atwood, Beckett, Borges, Camus, Cheever, Cisneros, Farah, Fuentes, Gordimer, Ishiguro, Kundera, Mahfouz, Marquez, Moravia, Nabokov, Narayan, Pritchett, Rushdie, Trevor, Welty, and Xue. 
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; K. Owusu

ENGL 117: African American Literature

This course pays particular attention to the tradition of African American literary expression and the individual talent that brings depth and diversity to that tradition. The course's broader aims will be complemented by an introduction to the concept of genre and by the cultivation of the relevant skills of literary analysis. Authors to be read include Baraka, Ed Bullins, Countee Cullen, Douglass, Ellison, Nikki Giovanni, Hughes, Weldon Johnson, Larsen, and Wheatley.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Owusu

ENGL 118: Introduction to Poetry

We will look at the whole kingdom of poetry, exploring how poets use form, tone, sound, imagery, rhythm, and subject matter to create what Wallace Stevens called the "supreme fiction." Examples will be drawn from around the world, from Sappho to spoken word. Participation in discussion is mandatory; essay assignments will ask you to provide close readings of particular works; a couple of assignments will focus on the writing of poems so as to give you a full understanding of this ancient and living art.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 119: Introduction to U.S. Latino/a Literature

We will begin by examining the forefathers and mothers of Latino/a literature: the nineteenth century texts of exile, struggles for Latin American independence, and southwestern resistance and accommodation. The early twentieth century offers new genres: immigrant novels and popular poetry that reveal the nascent Latino identities rooted in (or formed in opposition to) U.S. ethics and ideals. Finally we will read a sampling of the many excellent contemporary authors who are transforming the face of American literature.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 125: Norse and Celtic Mythology

What remains of the beliefs of the pre-Christian Norse and Celts represent some of the stranger and more obscure elements of Western tradition. Preserved thanks to the literacy which was brought by the new religion that extinguished it, the mythology of the Irish, Welsh, and Icelanders left a legacy that reveals itself in surprising places in our modern world. This course studies works such as the Prose and Poetic Eddas, The Mabinogi, and The Táin to explore myths as the products of environment and culture and examine the problems of transmission inherent to Christian descriptions of pagan belief.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Fall 2016; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 129: Introduction to British Comedy

"And those things do best please me / That befall prepost'rously." A survey of comic plays, novels, short stories, films and television from Shakespeare, Austen, Lewis Carroll, Gilbert and Sullivan, Oscar Wilde, through P.G. Wodehouse and beyond.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; C. Walker

ENGL 131: Reading Fiction

Selected texts to be read in this course include those by Daniel Defoe, Thomas Hardy, Charles Johnson, J.M. Coetzee, Zadie Smith, and Sherman Alexie. We will pay close attention to the language of fiction, to the nature of narrative, and to narrative traditions in our ten-week journey from the world of Defoe's Moll Flanders to that of Alexie's Part-Time Indian.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; K. Owusu

ENGL 135: Imperial Adventures

Indiana Jones has a pedigree. In this class we will encounter some of his ancestors in stories, novels and comic books from the early decades of the twentieth century. The wilds of Afghanistan, the African forest, a prehistoric world in Patagonia, the opium dens of mysterious exotic London--these will be but some of our stops as we examine the structure and ideology and lasting legacy of the imperial adventure tale. Authors we will read include Arthur Conan Doyle, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Rudyard Kipling and H. Rider Haggard.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 144: Shakespeare I

A chronological survey of the whole of Shakespeare's career, covering all genres and periods, this course explores the nature of Shakespeare's genius and the scope of his art. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between literature and stagecraft ("page to stage"). By tackling the complexities of prosody, of textual transmission, and of Shakespeare's highly figurative and metaphorical language, the course will help you further develop your ability to think critically about literature. Note: Declared or prospective English majors should register for English 244.
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; P. Hecker

ENGL 160: Introduction to Creative Writing

This course offers training in the writing and revision of poetry and prose fiction, supplemented by examples from published writers and some essays on the creative process. Discussion of each participant's writing is the central mode of instruction.
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hewett, G. Smith

ENGL 161: Writing Across Genres

This course is a practitioner’s guide to the creative writing process. We will work across genres, from poetry and prose fiction to creative nonfiction. Much of the reading in the class will be generated by class participants. Be ready to engage in critical and compassionate editorial conversation/discussion of each other’s writing.
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; K. Yang

ENGL 194: The "Great War" and the Literary Imagination

The First World War shaped the world that we recognize as ours, creating new ways of remembering and forgetting as well as new forms of artistic expression. Writers shattered poetic forms and visual artists traditional modes of representation in order to register the previously unimaginable horrors of mechanized trench warfare and industrial-scale slaughter. Focusing primarily on poetry we will follow the arc of this aesthetic engagement from both British and German perspectives, starting with the late-Romantic musings of Rupert Brooke, through the haunting poems of Wilfred Owen, on to the various short-lived movements that marked the birth of modernism.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 202: The Bible as Literature

We will approach the Bible not as an archaeological relic, nor as the Word of God, but "as a work of great literary force and authority [that has] shaped the minds and lives of intelligent men and women for two millennia and more." As one place to investigate such shaping, we will sample how the Bible (especially in the "Authorized" or King James version) has drawn British and American poets and prose writers to borrow and deploy its language and respond creatively to its narratives, images, and visions.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; P. Balaam

ENGL 203: The Age of Beowulf

Although the Age of Beowulf ended almost one thousand years ago, its influence endures. Just as the CGI adaptation of Beowulf uses Old English--the language in England during this period--to mark the monstrous, the History Channel's Vikings uses this era as a historical backdrop, and Tolkien's LOTR finds much of its inspiration in Old English literature. In this class, then, we'll return to the source--to tales of demons, dragons, heroes, and saints found in various chronicles, poems, riddles, and more from the Age of Beowulf--and, hopefully, start to understand why this particular epoch looms so large. Texts will be read in modern translation.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 204: History of the English Language

This class teaches the history of the English language through the prism of sociolinguistics. Along with teaching phonology, the basics of Old and Middle English, and changes in morphology, pronunciation and vocabulary over time, the course will explore how language both shapes and is shaped by society. We will use the history of English as a vehicle for exploring issues of imperialism, class, and politics that arose throughout the language’s development. Along the way, students see how language plays an active role in both perpetuating and resolving communities’ thorniest social problems, in the past and in the present day.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 205: The Medieval Outlaw

Some of the most enduring figures of the Middle Ages are Robin Hood and his Merry Men.  However, the Robin Hood we know only appeared in English literature in the Late Middle Ages and his story was not established until the Renaissance. This course traces the development of the outlaw figure from Anglo-Saxon poetry through Irish and Icelandic traditions to the rebels that arose in the Middle English period. We examine the outlaw from several theoretical standpoints, including the postcolonial, anthropological, ecocritical, and gender studies perspectives. All readings are either in Middle English or in Modern English translation.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 209: The Merchant of Venice: A Project Course

This interdisciplinary course will explore one of Shakespeare’s most controversial and complex plays, The Merchant of Venice. We will investigate the play’s historical, political, religious, and theatrical contexts as we try to understand not only the world that produced the play, but the world that came out of it. How should what we learn of the past inform a modern production? How can performance offer interpretive arguments about the play’s meanings? Individual and group projects may involve research, writing, dramaturgy, program design, and exhibition curation. Students will be actively involved in a full-scale Carleton Players production of the play.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; P. Hecker

ENGL 210: From Chaucer to Milton: Early English Literature

An introduction to some of the major genres, texts, and authors of medieval and Renaissance England. Readings may include works of Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, and the lyric poets of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 211: Neoclassic, Romantic, and Victorian Literature

Readings in eighteenth and nineteenth-century British literature.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 212: Nineteenth-Century American Literature

A survey of the major forms and voices of nineteenth-century American literature during the Romantic and Realist periods, with attention to historical and intellectual contexts including ideas about race, class, gender, and the nature of democracy. Topics covered will include the literary writings of Transcendentalism, abolition, and the rise of literary "realism" after the Civil War as an artistic response to urbanization and industrialism. Writers to be read include Irving, Hawthorne, Melville, Emerson, Fuller, Jacobs, Douglass, Dickinson, Whitman, Twain, James, and Chopin.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 213: Christopher Marlowe

Christopher Marlowe lived fast, died young, and left behind a beautiful body of work. The course will explore the major plays and poems, as well as the life, of this transgressive Elizabethan writer.
3 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 214: Revenge Tragedy

Madness, murder, conspiracy, poison, incest, rape, ghosts, and lots of blood: the fashion for revenge tragedy in Elizabethan and Jacobean England led to the creation of some of the most brilliant, violent, funny, and deeply strange plays in the history of the language. Authors may include Cary, Chapman, Ford, Marston, Middleton, Kyd, Tourneur, and Webster.
3 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 215: Modern American Literature

A survey of some of the central movements and texts in American literature, from World War I to the present. Topics covered will include modernism, the Harlem Renaissance, the Beat generation and postmodernism.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 217: A Novel Education

Samuel Johnson declared novels to be "written chiefly to the young, the ignorant, and the idle, to whom they serve as lectures of conduct, and introductions into life." This course will explore what kinds of education the novel offered its readers during a time when fiction was considered a source of valuable lessons and a vehicle for corruption. We will read a selection of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century novels, considering how they engage with contemporary educational theories, notions of male and female conduct, and concerns about the didactic and imaginative possibilities of fiction. Authors include Richardson, Lennox, Austen, Edgeworth, and Dickens.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 218: The Gothic Spirit

The eighteenth and early nineteenth century saw the rise of the Gothic, a genre populated by brooding hero-villains, vulnerable virgins, mad monks, ghosts, and monsters. In this course, we will examine the conventions and concerns of the Gothic, addressing its preoccupation with terror, sex, and the supernatural. As we situate this genre within its literary and historical context, we will consider its relationship to realism and Romanticism, and we will explore how it reflects the political and cultural anxieties of the age. Authors include Walpole, Radcliffe, Lewis, Austen, M. Shelley, and E. Bronte.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 220: Arts of Oral Presentation

Instruction and practice in being a speaker and an audience in formal and informal settings.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017, Spring 2017; E. McKinsey, M. Kowalewski

ENGL 222: The Art of Jane Austen

All of Jane Austen's fiction will be read; the works she did not complete or choose to publish during her lifetime will be studied in an attempt to understand the art of her mature comic masterpieces, Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, Emma, and Persuasion.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; C. Walker

ENGL 223: American Transcendentalism

Attempts to discern the nineteenth-century Zeitgeist come down, Emerson says, to a "practical question of the conduct of life. How shall I live?" This interdisciplinary course will investigate the works of the American Transcendentalist movement in its restless discontent with the conventional, its eclectic search for better ways of thinking and living. We will engage major works of Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller, and Whitman alongside documents of the scientific, religious, and political changes that shaped their era and provoked their responses.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; P. Balaam

ENGL 225: 'Public Offenders': Pre-Raphaelites and Bloomsbury Group

Two exceptional groups of artists changed aesthetic and cultural history through their writings, art, politics, and lives. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood began in 1847 when art students united to create “direct and serious and heartfelt” work; the Bloomsbury group began with Cambridge friends sharing their insistence on aesthetic lives. Critics said the PRB “extolled fleshliness as the supreme end of poetic and pictorial art,” and the Bloomsbury Group “painted in circles, lived in squares and loved in triangles.” We will study Dante Rossetti, Holman Hunt, John Millais, William Morris, Virginia Woolf, E.M. Forster, Roger Fry, Vanessa and Clive Bell.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Jaret McKinstry

ENGL 226: Modernism

In the first decades of the twentieth century, modernist writers, artists, and thinkers confronted a modern world of rapidly accelerating industrialization, urbanization, and militarization with radically new ideas and forms that, by the estimation of many, upended twenty centuries of culture. This course, while centered on literature, will explore the modernist movement on both sides of the Atlantic and across genres and disciplines. We will study William Butler Yeats, James Joyce, T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, Albert Einstein, and Sigmund Freud, among others.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; G. Hewett

ENGL 228: Encountering the Other: The Crusades

The Crusades, beginning in 1099, brought the kingdoms of Western Europe into contact with many new cultures. This course studies the literature of the period to understand the attitudes and motivations that initiated it, and takes a postcolonialist approach to characterize texts from the Crusades as an attempt to define the Self against the Other—not just on the part of the Crusaders, but from the perspective of Muslims, Jews, Orthodox Greeks, and others. By examining this material, we can gain insight into the motivations behind prejudice and violence, issues which are of crucial importance today.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 229: The American Novel: Romance to Realism (1850 to 1910)

Post-Civil War writers refashioned the cultural work of fiction to express the new taste for realism and the even more chastened mode of naturalism. The novels of this period have a documentary feel, as though charged with representing and re-envisioning the drama of real American lives in a disenchanted, industrialized, and rapidly consolidating world. Readings from Howells, James, Crane, Jewett, Gilman, Dreiser, Chesnutt, and Wharton.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 234: Literature of the American South

Masterpieces of the "Southern Renaissance" of the early and mid-twentieth century, in the context of American regionalism and particularly the culture of the South, the legacy of slavery and race relations, social and gender roles, and the modernist movement in literature. Authors will include Allen Tate, Jean Toomer, William Faulkner, Robert Penn Warren, Zora Neale Hurston, Eudora Welty, Katherine Anne Porter, William Percy, and others.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 235: Asian American Literature

This course is an introduction to major works and authors of fiction, drama, and poetry from about 1900 to the present. We will trace the development of Asian American literary traditions while exploring the rich diversity of recent voices in the field. Authors to be read include Carlos Bulosan, Sui Sin Far, Philip Kan Gotanda, Maxine Hong Kingston, Jhumpa Lahiri, Milton Murayama, Chang-rae Lee, Li-young Lee, and John Okada.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; N. Cho

ENGL 236: American Nature Writing

A study of the environmental imagination in American literature. We will explore the relationship between literature and the natural sciences and examine questions of style, narrative, and representation in the light of larger social, ethical, and political concerns about the environment. Authors read will include Thoreau, Muir, Jeffers, Abbey, and Leopold. Students will write a creative Natural History essay as part of the course requirements.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; M. Kowalewski

ENGL 238: African Literature in English

This is a course on texts drawn from English-speaking Africa since the 1950's. Authors to be read include Chinua Achebe, Ama Ata Aidoo, Ayi Kwei Armah, Buchi Emecheta, Bessie Head, Benjamin Kwakye, and Wole Soyinka.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; K. Owusu

ENGL 244: Shakespeare I

A chronological survey of the whole of Shakespeare's career, covering all genres and periods, this course explores the nature of Shakespeare's genius and the scope of his art. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between literature and stagecraft ("page to stage"). By tackling the complexities of prosody, of textual transmission, and of Shakespeare's highly figurative and metaphorical language, the course will help you further develop your ability to think critically about literature. Note: non-majors should register for English 144.
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; P. Hecker

ENGL 245: Bollywood Nation

This course will serve as an introduction to Bollywood or popular Hindi cinema from India. We will trace the history of this cinema and analyze its formal components. We will watch and discuss some of the most celebrated and popular films of the last 60 years with particular emphasis on urban thrillers and social dramas.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 247: The American West

Wallace Stegner once described the West as "the geography of hope" in the American imagination. Despite various dystopian urban pressures, the region still conjures up images of wide vistas and sunburned optimism. We will explore this paradox by examining both popular mythic conceptions of the West (primarily in film) and more searching literary treatments of the same area. We will explore how writers such as Twain, Cather, Stegner and Cormac McCarthy have dealt with the geographical diversity and multi-ethnic history of the West. Weekly film showings will include The Searchers, McCabe and Mrs. Miller, Unforgiven, and Lone Star. Extra Time Required, evening screenings.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 248: Visions of California

An interdisciplinary exploration of the ways in which California has been imagined in literature, art, film and popular culture from pre-contact to the present. We will explore the state both as a place (or rather, a mosaic of places) and as a continuing metaphor--whether of promise or disintegration--for the rest of the country. Authors read will include Muir, Steinbeck, Chandler, West, and Didion. Weekly film showings will include Sunset Boulevard, Chinatown and Blade Runner.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 249: Irish Literature

We will read and discuss modern Irish poetry, fiction, and drama in the context of Irish politics and culture. Readings will include works by W. B. Yeats, James Joyce, Patrick Kavanaugh, Samuel Beckett, Brian Friel, Edna O'Brien, Seamus Heaney, Eavan Boland, and Ciaran Carson, among others.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; C. Walker

ENGL 250: Indian Fiction 1880-1980

In this course we will follow the various paths that the novel in India has taken since the late nineteenth century. Reading both works composed in English and some in translation we will probe in particular the ways in which questions of language and national/cultural identity are constructed and critiqued in the Indian novel. We will read some of the most celebrated Indian writers of the last 100 odd years as well as some who are not as well-known as they should be. The course will also introduce you to some fundamental concepts in postcolonial studies.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 251: Contemporary Indian Fiction

Contemporary Indian writers, based either in India or abroad, have become significant figures in the global literary landscape. This can be traced to the publication of Salman Rushdie's second novel, Midnight's Children in 1981. We will begin with that novel and read some of the other notable works of fiction of the following decades. The class will provide both a thorough grounding in the contemporary Indian literary scene as well as an introduction to some concepts in post-colonial studies.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 252: Caribbean Fiction

This course will examine Anglophone fiction in the Caribbean from the late colonial period through our contemporary moment. We will examine major developments in form and language as well as the writing of identity, personal and (trans)national. We will read works by canonical writers such as V.S Naipaul, George Lamming and Jamaica Kincaid, as well as by lesser known contemporary writers.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 257: Ireland Program: Contemporary Irish Literature

In this course students will read contemporary Irish literature and meet with writers. Students will learn how to write short book reviews and how to interview an author. The goal of the course is for student writers to become familiar with the rich, unique world of Irish letters today, and more generally, to understand how a community of writers works.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 258: Contemporary American Playwrights of Color

This course examines a diverse selection of plays from the 1960s to the present, exploring how different theatrical contexts, from Broadway to regional theater to Off-Off Broadway, frame the staging of ethnic identity. Playwrights and performers to be studied include Amiri Baraka, Alice Childress, Ntozake Shange, George C. Wolfe, Luis Valdez, David Henry Hwang, August Wilson, Philip Gotanda, Maria Irene Fornes, Suzan-Lori Parks, and Anna Deavere Smith. There will be occasional out-of-class film screenings, and attendance at live theater performances when possible.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; N. Cho

ENGL 260: Ireland Program: Creative Writing in Ireland

Students will be asked to do journal writing covering their experiences of place, people, history, legend, contemporary events and conflicts, etc.--out of which they will produce a portfolio of creative nonfiction (a hybrid of personal essay and expository writing). The goal of this course is to synthesize experience into creative writing.
6 credits; ARP, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 261: Telling Your American Story

This is a creative nonfiction course focused around students writing their American stories. The goal of the course is the generation of new narratives to enrich and add complexity to the popular stories of what constitutes America(n). Each assignment will build on the next, culminating in a final portfolio of student writing about their lives and its place in American history and context.  Prerequisite: Any one English course
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; K. Yang

ENGL 262: Narrative Lab

We’ll explore narrative in any number of styles and guises, reading and writing various forms including the fairy tale, prose poem, ten minute play, and short fiction. We may veer toward the pilot and we will touch on the narrative potential in video games. A few of the questions we'll consider: What do we require of narrative in 2017? What form is best suited to specific material? What basic material must be included in this form but is not essential to that form? Some projects will be collaborative and others will be done solo.  
6 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. Hamilton

ENGL 263: Crafts of Writing: Creative Non-Fiction

This course explores the translation from event to effective writing through a variety of creative non-fiction forms, including memoir, journalism, and personal essay. Discussion of each participant's writing is the central mode of instruction, supplemented by examples from published writers, current magazines and newspapers, and essays on the creative process. Each student will create a portfolio of their work. Prerequisite: One previous English course
6 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; D. Cass

ENGL 270: Short Story Workshop

An introduction to the writing of the short story (prior familiarity with the genre of the short story is expected of class members). Each student will write and have discussed in class three stories (from 1,500 to 6,000 words in length) and give constructive suggestions, including written critiques, for revising the stories written by other members of the class. Attention will be paid to all the elements of fiction: characterization, point of view, conflict, setting, dialogue, etc. Prerequisite: One prior 6-credit English course
6 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP, WR2; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; G. Smith, J. Hamilton

ENGL 271: Poetry Workshop

This course offers newer poets ways of developing poetic craft and vision. Through intensive writing and revision of poetry, supplemented by reading and discussion of poetry, each member of the group will create a portfolio of poems. Prerequisite: One prior 6 credit English course
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; G. Hewett

ENGL 272: Telling True Stories: A Journey in Journalism

In this workshop class, the classroom becomes a newsroom and students create and publish their own works of journalism in digital media of their choosing including but not limited to personal blogs, podcasts, videos, still photography, online graphics and multimedia. Journalism as a truth-finding and truth-telling discipline--using vernacular language and digital tools to communicate critical social truths accessibly--is the underlying skill set taught in a "learning by doing" (as opposed to lecture style) format. Short classroom discussions on ethics and craft, based on recent published journalism and current events, are interspersed throughout.
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 273: Writing Memoir

This writing workshop allows students to explore the craft of memoir through intensive writing, critique, and revision in order to create their own memoir. To develop their skills, students will read and discuss memoirs in varied forms (including visual arts), and consider the competing demands of truth, narrative, fiction, and non-fiction in this rich and complex genre. Prerequisite: One prior 6 credit English course or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 274: Ireland Program: Modern Irish Literature in Ireland

In Dublin we will read and discuss works by Joyce, Frank O’Connor, and Eavan Boland; in Galway, poems by Yeats; and in Northern Ireland, works by Seamus Heaney, Ciaran Carson, and Brian Friel, among others. We will also meet with writers and attend readings, lectures, films, and plays.
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 275: Rhetoric and Self-Presentation

Given that 75% of Carleton graduates enroll in graduate or professional school within five years of graduation, today's undergraduates can expect to be required to present themselves, their personal histories, their ideas, and their career goals in writing for various prestigious audiences. In this course, we will examine the rhetoric of self-presentation in contexts such as personal statements, fellowship applications, and research proposals. Students should expect frequent peer workshops and extensive revision toward polished, formally written products. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or higher
6 credits; NE, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Rutz

ENGL 277: London Progam: London Studies Project

In consultation with the director, students will work in pairs or groups of three to design an independent research project that demonstrates their knowledge of London. The projects will focus on particular London sites chosen by students--a street, a tube station, a city square, a store, a public artwork--the possibilities are vast. Student groups will design a presentation format (e.g., digital slideshow, poster board, artistic collage, etc.) and present their projects at the end of term.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Chakladar

ENGL 279: London Program: Urban Field Studies

A combination of background readings, guided site visits, and personal exploration will give students tools for understanding the history of multicultural London. Starting with the city's early history and moving to the present, students will gain an understanding of how the city has been defined and transformed over time and of the complex cultural narratives that shape its standing as a global metropolis.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Chakladar

ENGL 281: Postcolonial London

There has been a rich history of immigration to England from its colonies from the very beginning of the colonial period. And in the twentieth century writers from England's (ex) colonial possessions have reshaped our understanding of English identity and literature. Beginning in the 1950s and progressing to the present, this class will study a number of these writers and in particular their representation of the city of London. Readings include Sam Selvon, V.S. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Monica Ali, Zadie Smith and Hanif Kureishi. There will also be film and television screenings as well as other visual and musical materials. Prerequisite: Participation in OCS London program
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Chakladar

ENGL 282: London Program: London Theater

Students will attend productions (at least two per week) of classic and contemporary plays in a range of London venues both on and off the West End, and will do related reading.   We will also travel to Stratford-upon-Avon for a 3-day theater trip.  Class discussions will focus on dramatic genres and themes, dramaturgy, acting styles, and design.  Guest speakers may include actors, critics, and directors.  Students will keep a theater journal and write several full reviews of plays.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; A. Chakladar

ENGL 286: Eat the Story

What happens when kids stop playing with their food? We write about it, Instagram it, Tweet it. Our obsession has also inspired a bumper crop of new food prose: call it desk-to-table. "Eat the Story" will be a writing workshop, with a focus on foodways, heirloom crops, and community/urban ag. Our reading menu will draw on contemporary post-Pollan food journalism. (Depending on our appetite, we may visit with local food producers.) These samples will serve as fodder for our main course: practical field reporting and writing projects, from blog posts to longer features. Prerequisite: One prior 6-credit English course
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 287: Storytelling in a Changing Media Landscape

There have never been more platforms available to journalists--from Twitter to full-length films and everything in between. But each of these platforms has is own strengths and weaknesses as a way to communicate, and simply porting older forms like newspaper and magazine writing to new platforms is doomed to be unsatisfying to both storyteller and audience. We'll look at the tools and technologies available to today's journalists, identify how they might be most effectively deployed, and do case studies on some of the best work happening at the frontier of the media business. Prerequisite: One prior 6 credit English course or Cinema and Media Studies Digital Foundations course
2 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 288: California Program: The Literature of California

An intensive study of writing and film that explores California both as a place (or rather, a mosaic of places) and as a continuing metaphor--whether of promise or disintegration--for the rest of the country. Authors read will include John Muir, Raymond Chandler, Nathanael West, Robinson Jeffers, John Steinbeck, and Joan Didion. Films will include: Sunset Boulevard, Chinatown, The Grapes of Wrath, Zoot Suit, and Blade Runner.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; M. Kowalewski

ENGL 295: Critical Methods

Required of students majoring in English, this course explores practical and theoretical issues in literary analysis and contemporary criticism. Not open to first year students. Prerequisite: One English Foundations course and one prior 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; P. Balaam, S. Jaret McKinstry

ENGL 302: The Medieval Outlaw

Some of the most enduring figures of the Middle Ages are Robin Hood and his Merry Men.  However, the Robin Hood we know only appeared in English literature in the Late Middle Ages and his story was not established until the Renaissance. This course traces the development of the outlaw figure from Anglo-Saxon poetry through Irish and Icelandic traditions to the rebels that arose in the Middle English period. We examine the outlaw from several theoretical standpoints, including the postcolonial, anthropological, ecocritical, and gender studies perspectives. All readings are either in Middle English or in Modern English translation. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; J. DeAngelo

ENGL 310: Shakespeare II

Continuing the work begun in Shakespeare I, this course delves deeper into the Shakespeare canon. More difficult and obscure plays are studied alongside some of the more famous ones. While focusing principally on the plays themselves as works of art, the course also explores their social, intellectual, and theatrical contexts, as well as the variety of critical response they have engendered. Prerequisite: One English Foundations course and English 144 or 244
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 319: The Rise of the Novel

A study of the origin and development of the English novel throughout the long eighteenth century. We will situate the early novel within its historical and cultural context, paying particular attention to its concern with courtship and marriage, writing and reading, the real and the fantastic. We will also consider eighteenth-century debates about the social function of novels and the dangers of reading fiction. Authors include Behn, Defoe, Haywood, Richardson, Fielding, Sterne, Walpole, and Austen. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 323: English Romantic Poetry

"It is impossible to read the compositions of the most celebrated writers of the present day without being startled with the electric life which burns within their words"--P. B. Shelley. Readings in Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats, and their contemporaries. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; C. Walker

ENGL 327: Victorian Novel

We will study selected British novels of the nineteenth century (Eliot's Middlemarch, Dickens' Bleak House, Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, Du Maurier's Trilby, C. Bronte's Jane Eyre, and E. Bronte's Wuthering Heights) as literary texts and cultural objects, examining the prose and also the bindings, pages, and illustrations of Victorian and contemporary editions. Using Victorian serial publications as models, and in collaboration with studio art and art history students, students will design and create short illustrated serial editions of chapters that will be exhibited in spring term. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one additional 6 credit English course or instructor consent
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; S. Jaret McKinstry

ENGL 328: Victorian Poetry

Living in an era of rapid progress and profound doubt, Victorian poets are prolific, challenging, inventive, and insistent that poetry address contemporary questions of social inequity, science, gender, nation, self, race, and knowledge itself. Readings will include works by Alfred Tennyson, Robert Browning, Oscar Wilde, Matthew Arnold, Dante Rossetti, Christina Rossetti, Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll), Gerard Manley Hopkins, and others, as well as cultural images and documents. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 329: The City in American Literature

How do American authors "write the city"? The city as both material reality and metaphor has fueled the imagination of diverse novelists, poets, and playwrights, through tales of fallen women and con men, immigrant dreams, and visions of apocalypse. After studying the realistic tradition of urban fiction at the turn of the twentieth century, we will turn to modern and contemporary re-imaginings of the city, with a focus on Chicago, New York and Los Angeles. Selected films, photographs, and historical sources will supplement our investigations of how writers face the challenge of representing urban worlds. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course, or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; N. Cho

ENGL 332: Studies in American Literature: Faulkner, Hemingway, and Fitzgerald

An intensive study of the novels and short fiction of William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. The course will focus on the ethos of experimentation and the "homemade" quality of these innovative stylists who shaped the course of American modernism. Works read will be primarily from the twenties and thirties and will include The Sound and the Fury, In Our Time, Light in August, The Great Gatsby, The Sun Also Rises, and Go Down, Moses. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one additional 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 334: Postmodern American Fiction

We will get lost in the funhouse of postmodern fiction, in whose mirrored rooms we will encounter Maxwell's Demon, a depressed Krazy Kat, and the icy imagination of the King of Zembla. (Time will be budgeted for side-excursions into pastiche, dreck, and indeterminacy.) Authors read will include Nabokov, Pynchon, Barthelme, and DeLillo. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one additional 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; G. Smith

ENGL 335: England in India/India in England

This class will begin by exploring the representation of India in the colonial British imagination and segue into the representation of Britain by contemporary South Asian immigrant writers. We will examine the ways in which British and Indian identities are staged, contested and constructed in both the colonial and postcolonial period. Primary texts will include novels by Kipling, Forster, Kureishi and Kunzru; we will also read a range of postcolonial theory and watch related films and television shows. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 350: The Postcolonial Novel: Forms and Contexts

Authors from the colonies and ex-colonies of England have complicated understandings of the locations, forms and indeed the language of the contemporary English novel. This course will examine these questions and the theoretical and interpretive frames in which these writers have often been placed, and probe their place in the global marketplace (and awards stage). We will read writers such as Chinua Achebe, V.S Naipaul, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Salman Rushdie, Nuruddin Farah, Arundhati Roy and Zadie Smith as well as some of the central works of postcolonial literary criticism. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one additional 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENGL 351: Zadie Smith

In this course we will study the majority of the oeuvre of Zadie Smith, a writer who stands at the intersections of a number of traditions of literary study as traditionally construed. All the novels will be read along with some short stories and much of her critical essays and other non-fiction work. We will read the growing body of criticism on her work as well and analyze the ongoing development of one of the major writers of our time. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one additional 6 credit English course
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Chakladar

ENGL 352: Toni Morrison: Novelist

Morrison exposes the limitations of the language of fiction, but refuses to be constrained by them. Her quirky, inimitable, and invariably memorable characters are fully committed to the protocols of the narratives that define them. She is fearless in her choice of subject matter and boundless in her thematic range. And the novelistic site becomes a stage for Morrison's virtuoso performances. It is to her well-crafted novels that we turn our attention in this course. Prerequisite: One English foundations course and one other 6 credit English course or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Owusu

ENGL 362: Narrative Theory

"Does the world really present itself to perception in the form of well-made stories?" asks Hayden White, metahistoriographer. To try to answer that question, we will read contemporary narrative theory by critics from several disciplines and apply their theories to literary texts, films, and cultural objects such as graphic novels, television shows, advertisements, and music videos. Prerequisite: One 6-credit foundations course plus one 6-credit English course or Cinema and Media Studies 210, 211, 214 or 243
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; S. Jaret McKinstry

ENGL 370: Advanced Fiction Workshop

An advanced course in the writing of fiction. Students will write three to four short stories or novel chapters which will be read and critiqued by the class. Students wishing to register for the course must first submit a portfolio of creative writing (typically a short story) to the instructor during Registration (see the English Department's website for full instructions.) Final enrollment is based on the quality of the submitted work. Prerequisite: English 160, 161, 263, 265, 270, 271, 273, Cinema and Media Studies 271, 278, 279, Cross Cultural Studies 270 or Theater 246
6 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; G. Smith

ENGL 371: Advanced Poetry Workshop

For students with some experience in writing poetry, this workshop further develops craft and vision. Readings and exercises will be used to expand the poet's individual range, and to explore the power of poetic language. Over the ten weeks, each poet will write and revise a significant portfolio. Students must submit three poems to the instructor prior to registration. Final enrollment is based on the quality of the submitted work. Prerequisite: English 160, 161, 263, 265, 270, 271, 273, Cinema and Media Studies 271, 278, 279, Cross Cultural Studies 270 or Theater 246
6 credits; ARP, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; G. Hewett

ENGL 395: Dissenting Americans

This course examines the rich tradition of cultural critique that has helped to define American literature. What does it mean to write as a "dissenting American"? How are political debates shaped by genre and the writer's craft? Different historical moments will inform our readings of paired authors: Henry David Thoreau, Rebecca Harding Davis, Stephen Crane, Charles Chesnutt, John Okada, Ralph Ellison, Lorraine Hansberry, Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, Alice Childress, Audre Lord, Chay Yew, and Anna Deavere Smith. Students are expected to be careful readers of criticism as well as literature, and will do a major research paper. Prerequisite: English 295 and one 300 level English course
6 credits; LA, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; N. Cho

ENGL 395: Murder

From the ancient Greeks to the King James Bible to the modern serial killer novel, murder has always been a preeminent topic of intellectual and artistic investigation. Slaying our way across different genres and periods, we will explore why homicide has been the subject of such fierce attention from so many great minds. Prepare to drench yourselves in the blood of fiction and non-fiction works that may include: the Bible, Shakespeare, Poe, Thompson, Capote, Tey, McGinniss, Malcolm, Wilder, and Morris, as well as legal and other materials. Warning: not for the faint-hearted. Prerequisite: English 295 and one 300-level English course
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; P. Hecker

ENGL 400: Integrative Exercise

Senior English majors may fulfill the integrative exercise by completing one of the four options: the Colloquium Option (a group option in which participants discuss, analyze and write about a thematically coherent list of literary works); the Research Essay Option (an extended essay on a topic of the student's own devising); the Creative Option (creation of a work of literary art); or the Project Option (creation of an individual or group multidisciplinary project). The Research Essay Option is open to students who have completed a senior seminar in the major by the end of fall term senior year. The Creative Option is open only to students who have completed at least two creative writing courses (one of which must be at the 300 level) by the end of fall term senior year.
6 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017

ENTS 100: Science, Technology & Public Policy

Science and technology have led to profound effects upon public life over the past century. This course will study the social and political impacts of scientific and technological developments on modern life. We will investigate particular cases drawn from across the sciences, such as genetics, energy production and consumption, nuclear weapons, and the information revolution. The relationship between government, the public, and the science/technology enterprise will be examined. What is, and what should be the role of the practitioners themselves?
6 credits; WR1, AI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; J. Weisberg

ENTS 110: Environment and Society

This course offers an interdisciplinary introduction to a number of the pressing environmental changes currently facing human societies around the world. We will seek to understand and integrate the social, economic, scientific and political dimensions of these challenges. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the complexity of environmental issues and the interdisciplinary nature of the search for appropriate solutions. Topics will include global warming, population pressures, energy use, industrial waste and pollution, biological diversity, and sustainable agriculture.
6 credits; SI; Offered Spring 2017; K. Smith

ENTS 120: Introduction to Geospatial Analysis

Spatial data analysis using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, global positioning, and related technologies are increasingly important for understanding and analyzing a wide range of biophysical, social, and economic phenomena. This course serves as an overview and introduction to the concepts, algorithms, issues, and methods in describing, analyzing, and modeling geospatial data over a range of application areas.
6 credits; QRE, SI; Offered Fall 2016; T. Nega

ENTS 203: Ethics and Ecology

This course is designed to investigate the ethical questions raised by the topics explored in Global Change Biology (Biology 210), concurrent registration is required. We will consider how environmental ethicists have engaged topics such as species loss, global warming, invasive species, resource consumption and overharvesting, and pollution. The course will meet once a week to discuss ethical literature around such questions as whether we have duties to animals, ecosystems, and future generations and to examine how ethicists make use of ecological concepts. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 210
3 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 209: Public Rhetoric and Environmental Science

In this course, students will pursue projects based in environmental science and aimed at public audiences. Forms may include grant proposals, articles for the popular press, talks aimed at peer scientists, the general public, or school groups, and posters for various audiences. In all cases, purpose, audience, and form will be carefully considered for effective communication of science. Students can expect frequent revision, assiduous peer review responsibilities, and presentation of individual projects orally and in more than one form of writing.
6 credits; NE, WR2, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 212: Global Food Systems

The course offers a survey of the world's food systems--and its critics--from the initial domestication of plants and animals to our day. We will begin by examining the critical theoretical and foundational issues on the subject, and then turn to a series of case studies that illuminate major themes around the world. Topics will include land and animal husbandry, the problem of food security, food politics, the Green Revolution, biotechnology, and the implications of global climate change. Throughout the course, students will assess and seek to integrate differing disciplinary and methodological approaches. The class will include field experiences.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Spring 2017; T. Nega

ENTS 215: Environmental Ethics

This course is an introduction to the central ethical debates in environmental policy and practice, as well as some of the major traditions of environmental thought. It investigates such questions as whether we can have moral duties towards animals, ecosystems, or future generations; what is the ethical basis for wilderness preservation; and what is the relationship between environmentalism and social justice.
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016; K. Smith

ENTS 232: Research Methods in Environmental Studies

This course covers various methodologies that are used to prosecute interdisciplinary academic research relating to the environment. Among the topics covered are: identification of a research question, methods of analysis, hypothesis testing, and effective rhetorical methods, both oral and written.
3 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Kanazawa

ENTS 238: Ethiopia and Tanzania Program: Energy and Society in Developing Countries

This course will examine the determinants of household energy use in developing countries, with special emphasis in Ethiopia. Specifically, the course will examine the technical, economic, and cultural factors that affect energy choice and the ways in which these factors can be incorporated in the design of new improved cookstoves to increase their adaption. Students will explore these issues in Addis Ababa and Debre Berhan in Ethiopia. Through readings and discussions with local experts as well as fieldwork, they will develop a better understanding of the opportunities and obstacles towards designing improved cookstoves that are affordable, fuel efficient, and less polluting. Prerequisite: One of the following courses are highly recommended: Environmental Studies 244, 265, or Geology 258
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 239: Ethiopia and Tanzania Program: Urban Agriculture

In this course students learn about the role of urban agriculture in meeting the demand of urban population, explore its productivity, and evaluate the effect of biochar on urban agricultural productivity. Visiting and evaluating existing experiments on the effect of biochar on soil productivity will make up the core of the course. Through readings, conversations, and field research, students understand the possibilities for expanding urban agriculture.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 244: Biodiversity Conservation and Development

How can the need for intensive human social and economic development be reconciled with the conservation of biodiversity? This course explores the wide range of actions that people take at a local, national, and international level to address this question. We will use political ecology and conservation biology as theoretical frameworks to examine the role of traditional and indigenous approaches to biodiversity conservation as well as contemporary debates about integrated conservation development across a spectrum of cultures in North America, Africa, Latin America, and Asia.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Winter 2017; T. Nega

ENTS 254: Topics in Landscape Ecology

Landscape ecology is an interdisciplinary field that combines the spatial approach of the geographer with the functional approach of the ecologist to understand the ways in which landscape composition and structure affects ecological processes, species abundance, and distribution. Topics include collecting and referencing spatial data at broad scales, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), landscape metrics, simulating change in landscape pattern, landscape connectivity and meta-population dynamics, and reserve design. Prerequisite: Biology 125 and 126
6 credits; QRE, SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; T. Nega

ENTS 260: Comparative Agroecology

As the world human population continues to expand, while at the same time the arable land base and fossil fuel supply shrink, the need for a sustainable food system is imperative. This course explores factors influencing food production and distribution at both local and national levels, with an eye towards how these factors affect choices made by the ultimate stewards of the land--the farmers. While the course focuses on the scientific aspects of agroecosystem sustainability, comparisons will be made among various production models both in the U.S. and China, bringing in social, economic and policy issues. This course is part of the OCS winter break China program, involving two linked courses in fall and winter terms, this class is the first class in the sequence.  Prerequisite: Biology 125 or 126 or Chemistry 123 or 128 or Geology 110 or 120 and instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 261: Field Investigation in Comparative Agroecology

This course is the second part of a two-term course sequence beginning with Environmental Studies 260. The course begins with a two-week visit in December to Beijing and Sichuan province. Field work will include visits to Chinese farms at the forefront of an incipient sustainable agriculture movement in China, as well as discussions with Chinese sustainable agriculture researchers. In regular weekly meetings during the winter term on campus, data will be analyzed and presented in oral and written reports. Prerequisite: Environmental Studies 260
6 credits; NE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 262: Materials Science, Energy, and the Environment

Drawing on chemistry and physics principles, this course will focus on the relationship between the structure and physical properties of materials, how materials science can address environmental and energy challenges, and the technological and societal impacts of materials development. Topics to be covered will vary from year to year, but may include material life cycle assessment, traditional plastics and biodegradable alternatives, materials and technologies for solar energy conversion, and the role of materials in developing energy efficient buildings. Prerequisite: Two five-week or one ten-week Physics course numbered 151-165 or Chemistry 123 or 128
6 credits; NE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 265: The Science of the Earth System

An interdisciplinary approach will be employed to understand the science behind major environmental issues such as pollution and climate change. The initial focus of the class will be to develop a good general understanding of the movement of energy and matter among the global biogeochemical cycles. Case studies will draw from recent literature.    Prerequisite: One introductory course in Biology (125 or 126), Chemistry 123 or 128 or any 100-level Geology or Physics (two five-week courses or one ten week course from 131 through 165) or instructor's permission.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; W. Hollingsworth

ENTS 272: Remote Sensing of the Environment

This course provides an introduction to the use of remotely sensed imagery and the application of remote sensing in environmental and natural resources management. Topics include raster-vector integration, geometric and atmospheric correction, spatial and spectral enhancement, image classification, change detection, and spatial modeling. This course will involve both lecture classes that will be used for presentation of fundamental topics and theory and sessions devoted to providing hands-on experience in the processing and interpretation of remotely sensed imagery. Prerequisite: Environmental and Technology Studies 120 is recommended not required
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 275: Urban Ecology

This course will examine the interdisciplinary field of urban ecology, seeking to address such questions as: How do cities function as social-ecological systems? What makes cities sustainable and resilient? How are urban dwellers implicated in the environmental processes around them? Topics include urban metabolism, cities as social-ecological systems, land use planning and design principles, and the hydrological, biogeochemical, and atmospheric processes of urban environments.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 280: Ethiopia and Tanzania Program: Research Projects on Conservation and Development

This course will cover basic research methods in the social and natural sciences including how to collect, analyze, integrate, and report social and ecological data. We will give a particular attention to the role of Requirement Analysis in designing and introducing new technologies, with particular emphasis to improved cookstoves. Requirement Analysis involves understanding both functional and non-functional requirements that are key for product success. Students will work in small groups to develop and execute research projects, which will be conducted in both countries in consultation with local faculty.
4 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 284: Ethiopia and Tanzania Program: Cultural Studies

The course is intended to expose students to the cultural heritages of Tanzania and Ethiopia. Among the cultural activities involved in the course include visits to historical cultural sites and museums, guest lectures, and lessons in local cuisines.
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 287: Climate Science

In this course, we will explore the state of the science of the modern global climate. The course will include a discussion of the impact of greenhouse gases and aerosol particles on the global climate system, and attention will be paid to understanding global cycles as well as global climate models. In order to understand the underlying science, geoengineering schemes to "fix" the global climate system will be investigated. Throughout the course, our emphasis will be on a quantitative, scientifically rigorous understanding of the complex climate system. Prerequisite: One introductory course in Biology 125 or 126, Chemistry 123 or 128, any 100-level Geology, or Physics (two five-week courses or one ten week course from 131-165) and Math 111 or 215 or Statistics 120, or consent of the instructor
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 288: Abrupt Climate Change

Abrupt climate change is very fast change, related to "tipping points" and thresholds, evident in current and historical climate records. Includes interpretation of historical climate data and measurement methods, evolving theories for abrupt change, the role of complex earth systems processes, and trends in global climate change today. The course will address our future through examining cases studies on past human civilizations and discussion of how to reduce our vulnerability to an unstable future climate. Includes a term-long project at the intersection of abrupt climate change and an issue of human concern. Prerequisite: One introductory course in Biology 125 or 126, or Chemistry 123 or 128 or any 100-level Geology, or Physics (two five-week courses or one ten week course from 131 through 165)
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 310: Topics in Environmental Law and Policy

This seminar will examine topical issues in domestic and international environmental law and policy. We will aim to understand how environmental laws work to achieve policy objectives, with attention also to debates about the role of markets and community-based environmental management. The specific topics may change from year to year, but may include approaches to sustainable development, sustainable agriculture, protection of endangered species, and conservation and management of water resources. This course has no prerequisites and is suitable for students of environmental studies, political science, international relations and political economy.
6 credits; SI; Offered Winter 2017; K. Smith

ENTS 372: Coffee Ecologies and Livelihoods

This course presents an overview of the environmental, social and economic dimensions of coffee production, commercialization and consumption. Specifically, we will cover the following topics: 1) How coffee is produced and the challenges and opportunities that affect the livelihoods of coffee producers; 2) How coffee is marketed in the global economy, including a comparison of conventional and alternative markets (fair trade, organic, shade grown, etc.); 3) The opportunities and challenges to integrate coffee production with environmental conservation initiatives. The course will be run as a seminar with regular discussions and presentations by students.
6 credits; NE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

ENTS 395: Senior Seminar

This seminar will focus on preparing Environmental Studies majors to undertake the senior comprehensive exercise. The seminar will be organized around a topic to-be-determined and will involve intensive discussion and the preparation of a detailed research proposal for the comps experience. The course is required for all Environmental Studies majors choosing the group comps option. Prerequisite: Completion of all other Environmental Studies core courses except comps
3 credits; SI; Offered Fall 2016; A. Swoboda

ENTS 400: Integrative Exercise

In this course, ENTS majors complete a group-based comprehensive exercise. Each group is expected to research and execute a group project on the topic chosen by the group, under the guidance of an ENTS faculty member. Toward the end of winter term, all groups present their research at a symposium sponsored by ENTS. Prerequisite: Environmental and Technology Studies 395.
6 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017

EUST 100: Allies or Enemies? America through European Eyes

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, America often served as a canvass for projecting European anxieties about economic, social and political modernization. Admiration of technological progress and political stability was combined with a pervasive anti-Americanism, which was, according to political scientist Andrei Markovits, the "lingua franca" of modern Europe. These often contradictory perceptions of the United States were crucial in the process of forming national histories and mythologies as well as a common European identity. Accordingly, this course will explore the many and often contradictory views expressed by Europe's emerging mass publics and intellectual and political elites about the United States during this period.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; P. Petzschmann

EUST 110: The Nation State in Europe

This course explores the role of the nation and nationalism within modern Europe and the ways in which ideas and myths about the nation have complemented and competed with conceptions of Europe as a geographic, cultural and political unity. We will explore the intellectual roots of nationalism in different countries as well as their artistic, literary and musical expressions. In addition to examining nationalism from a variety of disciplinary perspectives--sociology, anthropology, history, political science--we will explore some of the watershed, moments of European nationalism such as the French Revolution, the two world wars, and the Maastricht treaty.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; P. Petzschmann

EUST 159: "The Age of Isms" - Ideals, Ideas and Ideologies in Modern Europe

"Ideology" is perhaps one of the most-used (and overused) terms of modern political life. This course will introduce students to important political ideologies and traditions of modern Europe and their role in the development of political systems and institutional practices from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. We will read central texts by conservatives, liberals, socialists, anarchists and nationalists while also considering ideological outliers such as Fascism and Green Political Thought. In addition the course will introduce students to the different ways in which ideas can be studied systematically and the methodologies available.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; P. Petzschmann

EUST 249: The European Union from Constitution to Crisis

It has become commonplace to say that Europe is in crisis – yet what does that mean? It is difficult to overestimate the importance of crises considering that the European Union played a large part in overcoming Europe’s “Long Civil War” between 1914 and 1945. The collective decision-making processes created by European treaties are often credited with bringing peace and prosperity to Europe. Yet they have also instituted idiosyncracies, asymmetries and inequities that stand in the way of solving the continent’s most pressing problems. We will examine decision-making processes in the European Union and the much-debated “democratic deficit” of its institutions. These debates about the foundations of the Union will be rounded off by an overview and brief history of Euroscepticism. The course will include a discussion of a number of case studies that confront member states of the European Union across the board: the reconstruction of the welfare state, immigration and the refugee crisis, and the rise of the far right. 
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; P. Petzschmann

EUST 279: Cross Cultural Psychology in Prague: Nationalism, Minorities, Migrations

In this course students will be introduced to the complex phenomena of migration, nationalism, and the formation of ethnic minorities in modern Europe through theory and historical examples. among the topics covered will be European attitudes and policies toward minorities (including Jews, Roma, Muslims, and Africans) and the responses of those minorities to them from assimilation to dual identity to nationalism.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; K. Abrams

EUST 398: Senior Colloquium

Culminates in a final oral presentation that will allow concentrators to synthesize and reflect upon their diverse European studies, including on-campus and off-campus classwork, internships, and cross-cultural experiences.
3 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; P. Petzschmann

FREN 101: Elementary French

This course introduces the basic structures of the French language and everyday vocabulary in the context of common cultural situations. Students are exposed to all four skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking). Taught five days a week in French. Prerequisite: None. Placement score for students with previous experience in French
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Lac, S. Cox, C. Shearer

FREN 102: Elementary French

Building on the material covered in French 101, this course introduces complex sentences and additional verb tenses. Students apply the tools of narration in context through the reading of short literary and cultural texts. The focus of the course is on all four skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking). Taught five days a week in French. Prerequisite: French 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; C. Lac, C. Keïta, S. Cox

FREN 103: Intermediate French

This course continues the study of complex sentence structures and reviews basic patterns in greater depth, partly through the discussion of authentic short stories and cultural topics. Throughout the course, students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking). Taught five days a week in French. Prerequisite: French 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; C. Keïta, C. Briand, S. Cox

FREN 204: Intermediate French

Through discussion of book-length literary and cultural texts (film, etc.), and including in-depth grammar review, this course aims to help students acquire greater skill and confidence in both oral and written expression. Taught three days a week in French. Prerequisite: French 103 or equivalent
6 credits; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; C. Keïta, S. Rousseau, . Pósfay

FREN 206: Contemporary Francophone Culture

This course aims to improve knowledge of France and the Francophone world and written and oral expression. Through an analysis of texts written by novelist and sociologist Azouz Begag, journalist Françoise Laborde and novelist Maryse Condé, we will discuss various aspects of national, racial and family identity in France. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; C. Keïta

FREN 208: Paris Program: Contemporary France: Cultures, Politics, Society

This course seeks to deepen students' knowledge of contemporary French culture through a pluridisciplinary approach, using multimedia (books, newspaper and magazine articles, videos, etc.) to generate discussion. It will also promote the practice of both oral and written French through exercises, debates, and oral presentations. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; . Pósfay

FREN 210: Coffee and News

Keep up your French while learning about current issues in France, as well as world issues from a French perspective. Class meets once a week for an hour. Requirements include reading specific sections of leading French newspapers, (Le Monde, Libération, etc.) on the internet, and then meeting once a week to exchange ideas over coffee with a small group of students. Prerequisite: French 204 or instructor approval
2 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Yandell

FREN 233: French Cinema and Culture

Incorporating the tools of film analysis, this course focuses on such questions as controversial historical moments, postcolonial culture, immigration, gender/ genre, and contemporary French society. It also attempts to answer the following questions: how does French cinema reflect, contradict, or create cultural norms? What in a particular historical moment incites the production of a particular film and catapults it to fame? In what ways does film provide another medium through which to “read” French culture? Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; C. Yandell

FREN 238: Back to the Future: French Classics Reimagined

What if Little Red Riding Hood wore a red burqa? And if Eurydice willingly relocated to the Underworld to join her cancan-crazed lover Pluto? In this course, we will explore bold and inventive acts of rewriting the French classics in a wide assortment of contexts. To do so, we will immerse ourselves in the often irreverent world of literary, musical, comic strip, and film retellings, adaptations, sequels, and spin-offs. Works by Perrault, Molière, Baudelaire, Offenbach, Camus, Ben Jelloun, Daoud, Prévert, Truffaut, and more. Songs from the cabaret era to raï. Special emphasis on developing analytical and communicative skills. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 204 or instructor approval
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 239: Banned Books

Recent events in France have highlighted the issues of free speech and religious intolerance, among other cultural questions. Some of the most fascinating and now canonized works in French and Francophone literature were once banned because they called into question the political, religious, or moral sensibilities of the day. Even now, books deemed to be subversive are routinely censored in certain Francophone cultures. Through readings of such writers as Rabelais, Voltaire, Sade, Camus, Franz Fanon, Assia Djebar, and Hergé (Tintin), as well as contemporary articles from Charlie Hebdo, we will explore the crucial role of forbidden works in their cultural contexts. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 241: The Lyric and Other Seductions

French lyric poetry occupies a privileged position in the literary landscape of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. However, it also shares a common heritage with less literary siblings, such as popular music and even advertising. Starting with the study of such poets as Lamartine, Desbordes-Valmore, Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Valéry, and Bonnefoy, we will also investigate poetic techniques in popular songs and contemporary ads. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Carpenter

FREN 242: Journeys of Self-Discovery

What initiates the process of self-discovery? How does one's environment nurture or hinder this journey? What are the repercussions of being introspective? How do new discoveries about the self inform life choices? Such questions will animate this survey course, which proposes to examine a variety of paths towards self-knowledge through the prism of French and Francophone literature, music, and the visual arts. From ravishing fairy tale fugitives and intrepid travelers to lucid prisoners and uprooted exiles, we will explore the richly diverse literary landscape of the French-speaking world with special attention given to developing analytical and communicative skills. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 243: Cultural Reading of Food

Through the thematic lens of food, we will study enduring and variable characteristics of societies in the French and Francophone world, with a comparative nod to the American experience. We will analyze various cultural texts and artifacts (fiction, non-fiction, print, film, and objects) from medieval times to the present with a pinch of theory and a dash of statistics. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; HI, QRE, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 244: Contemporary France and Humor

This class is an overview of France's social, cultural, and political history from 1939 onwards. The core units of this class (WWII, decolonization, May 1968, the Women's liberation movement, the rise of the National Front, globalization, and immigration) will be studied through their comic representations. Sources for this class will include historical, political, literary and journalistic texts as well as photographs, paintings, videos, blogs, and music. The contrast between comical and non-comical texts and objects will highlight the uses and functions of humor in communicating about history, and illustrate the impact of comic discourses in everyday culture. In French. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 245: Francophone Literature of Africa and the Caribbean

Reading and discussion of literary works, with analysis of social, historical and political issues. Prerequisite: French 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; C. Keïta

FREN 247: The Seven Deadly Sins

The idea of the Seven Deadly Sins (the source of all vices) captured the medieval western imagination and continues to inspire diverse writers, artists, filmmakers, and graphic novelists to the present day. Through La Fontaine’s fables, Maupassant’s Carmen (and Bizet’s eponymous opera), the African tales of Amadou Koumba, Camus’s The Stranger, and Julie Mazoh’s graphic novel, Blue is the Warmest Color, this course explores literary and filmic representations of such vices as pride, envy, and lust. Interrogating the presence and power of these categories in both historical and contemporary culture, the course also develops students’ skills in analysis, writing, and discussion in French. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; C. Yandell

FREN 249: Paris Program: Hybrid Paris

Through literature, cultural texts, and experiential learning in the city, this course will explore the development of both the "Frenchness" and the hybridity that constitute contemporary Paris. Immigrant cultures, notably Moroccan, will also be highlighted. Plays, music, and visits to cultural sites will complement the readings. Prerequisite: French 204 or equivalent
6 credits; IS, LA; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 254: Paris Program: French Art in Context

Home of some of the finest and best known museums in the world, Paris has long been recognized as a center for artistic activity. Students will have the opportunity to study art from various periods on site, including Impressionism, Expressionism, and Surrealism. In-class lectures and discussions will be complemented by guided visits to the unparalleled collections of the Louvre, the Musée d'Orsay, the Centre Pompidou, local art galleries, and other appropriate destinations. Special attention will be paid to the program theme. Prerequisite: French 204 or the equivalent and Participation in OCS Paris Program
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; . Pósfay

FREN 255: Islam in France: Historical Approaches and Current Debates

In this course, students will explore the historical, cultural, social, and religious traces of Islam as they have been woven over time into the modern fabric of French society. Through images drawn from film, photography, television, and museum displays, they will discover the important role this cultural contact zone has played in the French experience. The course will take advantage of the resources of the city of Paris and will include excursions to museums as well as cultural and religious centers. Prerequisite: French 204 or the equivalent and participation in Paris OCS program
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; . Pósfay

FREN 259: Paris Program: Hybrid Paris

Through literature, cultural texts, and experiential learning in the city, this course will explore the development of both the "Frenchness" and the hybridity that constitute contemporary Paris. Immigrant cultures, notably North African, will also be highlighted. Plays, music, and visits to cultural sites will complement the readings. Prerequisite: French 204 or the equivalent and participation in OCS Paris program
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; . Pósfay

FREN 308: France and the African Imagination

This course will look at the presence of France and its capital Paris in the imaginary landscape of a number of prominent African writers, filmmakers and musicians such as Bernard Dadié (Côte d' Ivoire), Ousmane Sembène (Senegal), Calixthe Beyala (Cameroun), Alain Mabanckou (Congo-Brazzaville), Salif Keïta (Mali) and others. The history of Franco-African relations will be used as a background for our analysis of these works. Conducted in French. This course is part of the OCS winter break French Program in Senegal, involving two linked courses in fall and winter terms. This courses is the first in the sequence, students must register for French 246 winter term. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 and acceptance in OCS Winter Break French Program in Senegal
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 309: Communication and Stylistics

Learn what language can do for you when you use techniques that express ideas with clarity, convince readers and listeners, and create a sense of style. Beyond basic grammar, you will work on various strategies to enliven your writing and speaking and to communicate more effectively with a given audience. Sample projects in the course may include translations, subtitling, blogging, academic and creative writing, and formal oral presentations. Required for the major in French and Francophone Studies, and recommended for all advanced students. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or permission of instructor
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; C. Lac

FREN 340: Arts of Brevity: Short Fiction

The rise of newspapers and magazines in the nineteenth century promotes a variety of short genres that will remain popular to the present day: short stories, prose poetry, vignettes, theatrical scenes. In this short course (first five weeks of the term) we'll study short works by such authors as Diderot, Sand, Balzac, Mérimée, Flaubert, Allais, Tardieu, Le Clézio. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
3 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Carpenter

FREN 341: Madame Bovary and Her Avatars

Decried as scandalous, heralded as the first "modern" novel, Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary (published in 1857) sparked debate, spawned both detractors and followers, and became a permanent fixture in French culture and even the French language. In this five-week course we will read the novel, study its cultural context and impact, and see how it has been variously re-interpreted in film and other media. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
3 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Carpenter

FREN 349: Paris Program: Hybrid Paris

Through literature, cultural texts, and experiential learning in the city, this course will explore the development of both the "Frenchness" and the hybridity that constitute contemporary Paris. Immigrant cultures, notably Moroccan, will also be highlighted. Plays, music, and visits to cultural sites will complement the readings. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; IS, LA; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 351: Love, War and Monsters in Renaissance France

The French Renaissance continues to intrigue students and critics by its propensity for paradox, ambiguity, and contradiction. Just as literature and the arts reached new levels of aesthetic achievement, the bloodiest civil war in French history was taking shape. Lyric poetry, bawdy tales, essays and chronicles depict beautiful bodies and monsters, war and peace, hatred and love. Through such authors as Rabelais, Marguerite de Navarre, Ronsard, Louise Labé and Montaigne, as well as artistic and musical works, we will investigate the multiple worlds of French Renaissance culture. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017; C. Yandell

FREN 356: Women of Ill Repute: Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century France

From the libertine novels of the Marquis de Sade to the decadent tales of Rachilde, the figure of the prostitute pervades French art and literature of the nineteenth-century. We find her various avatars (including the "grisette" and the "courtisane") in works by Balzac, Sand, Mérimée, Baudelaire, Flaubert, Dumas, Zola--not to mention in the art of Manet and others. In this class we'll investigate why these representations rise to prominence--and what they mean. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 359: Paris Program: Hybrid Paris

Through literature, cultural texts, and experiential learning in the city, this course will explore the development of both the "Frenchness" and the hybridity that constitute contemporary Paris. Immigrant cultures, notably North African, will also be highlighted. Plays, music, and visits to cultural sites will complement the readings. Prerequisite: French 230 or beyond and participation in OCS Paris program
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; . Pósfay

FREN 360: The Algerian War of Liberation and Its Representations

Over fifty years after Algeria's independence from France, discourses and representations about the cause, the violence, and the political and social consequences of that conflict still animate public life in both France and Algeria. This class aims at presenting the Algerian war through its various representations. Starting with discussions about the origins of French colonialism in North Africa, it will develop into an analysis of the war of liberation and the ways it has been recorded in history books, pop culture, and canonical texts. We will reflect on the conflict and on its meanings in the twenty-first century, and analyze how different media become memorial artifacts. Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

FREN 395: Middle East and French Connection

PersepolisSyngue SabourLe rocher de Tanios—three prize-wining texts written in French by authors whose native tongue was not French but Arabic or Farsi. In this class we will direct our attention to the close—albeit problematic—relations between France and the Middle East (broadly-considered) through an analysis of cultural and literary objects. What has this “French connection” meant for the Middle-Eastern and for French culture? Prerequisite: One French course beyond French 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; S. Rousseau

FREN 395: The Mande of West Africa

This course examines the main aspects of social change in the area formerly covered by the medieval Empire of Mali, through anthropological texts, oral narratives, novels, films and both traditional and modern music. Some of the writers, film directors and musicians who will be studied are: Amadou Kourouma, Massa Makan Diabaté, Amadou Hampaté Bâ, Souleymane Cissé, Cheick O. Sissoko, Salif Keita, and others. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: French 200-level course or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; C. Keïta

FREN 400: Integrative Exercise

During their senior year students will expand and deepen an essay in French from one of their advanced courses in the major. The director for this project will usually be the professor from that course. This essay may be completed during any term, but must be finished by the end of winter term. In the spring term, students will deliver an oral presentation (in English) of their work. Senior students may choose one of the following: Option One: A substantial individual essay. Option Two: A individual essay that complements work done in a second major (subject to approval by the Department). Option Three: Creation of a group multidisciplinary project (such as those organized by Global Engagement), subject to approval by the Department. Further details about these options are available on the Department's website.
3 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

GEOL 100: Geology in the Field

This course introduces fundamental principles of geology and geological reasoning through first-hand field work. Much class time will be spent outdoors at nearby sites of geological interest. Using field observations, descriptions, data-gathering, hypothesis-testing, and interpreting, supplemented by lab work and critical reading, students will piece together the most important elements of the long and complex geologic history of southern Minnesota. They will learn how geologists ask questions, evaluate information and construct arguments. In a civic engagement project, students will also explain their results to the public. The course includes several writing assignments. Two weekend field trips will be included.
6 credits; AI, WR1, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Cowan

GEOL 110: Introduction to Geology

An introduction to the study of earth systems, physical processes operating on the earth, and the history of the earth. Field trips, including an all-day trip, and laboratories included. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have taken another 100-level Geology course
6 credits; LS; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; B. Haileab, C. Cowan

GEOL 115: Climate Change in Geology

This course is designed to introduce the study of paleoclimatology broadly, and is based on investigating local deposits that span a broad range of geologic time. We will perform research projects on topics of local interest, which may include: analyzing fossils in 450 million year old rock, scrutinizing reported Cretaceous dinosaur gizzard-stones, researching post-Ice Age climate change using cave or lake deposits, and using dendrochronology (tree rings) and seismic surveys to study disruption of the prairie-big woods landscape by European settlers. Participants should be prepared for outdoor laboratories and one Saturday field trip. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have taken another Geology 100-level course.
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Maxbauer

GEOL 120: Introduction to Environmental Geology & Lab

An introduction to geology emphasizing the physical basis of systems of interest to environmentalists, ecologists, and policy makers. Field trips and laboratories included. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have taken another Geology 100-level course
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 205: Geology of Energy and Mineral Resources

This course provides a broad overview of the geology of Earth’s finite, non-renewable energy and mineral resources. The main focus of the course will be on the processes of formation, concentration, and geologic and geographic distribution of these resources. In addition we will examine how resource and reserve estimates are made, model future trends in resource production and consumption, and study the environmental impacts of resource exploitation and use. Field trips and laboratories included. Prerequisite: One lab science course or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 210: Geomorphology

Study of the geological processes and factors which influence the origin and development of the surficial features of the earth, with an emphasis on some or all of the processes in Minnesota. Laboratories and field trips included. Prerequisite: 100 level Geology course or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, QRE, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; M. Savina

GEOL 220: Tectonics

This course focuses on understanding the plate tectonics paradigm and its application to all types of plate boundaries. We will explore the historical development of the paradigm, geophysical tools used for imaging the structure of the Earth and determining plate motions, and possible driving mechanisms of this global system. Students will independently explore a particular tectonic plate in detail throughout the term. Laboratories included. Prerequisite: One introductory (100-level) Geology course.
6 credits; LS, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Titus

GEOL 230: Paleobiology

Fossils: their anatomy and classification, evolution, and ecology. Special emphasis on the paleobiology of marine invertebrates. Field trips and laboratories included. Prerequisite: 100-level Geology course or an introductory Biology course, or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; D. Maxbauer

GEOL 240: Geophysics

This applied geophysics course focuses on understanding the near-surface structure of the Earth using a hand-on approach. Students will collect, process, model, and interpret geophysical data using gravitational, magnetic, and seismic methods. Weekly laboratories and one weekend field trip will be required. Prerequisite: One introductory 100-level Geology course and one Physics introductory course or instructor consent
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; S. Titus, B. Titus

GEOL 250: Mineralogy

The study of the chemical and physical properties of minerals, their geologic occurrence and associations. Topics include crystallography, crystal chemistry, x-ray analysis, phase equilibria, classification, optical mineralogy, and environments of formation. Laboratories are included. Prerequisite: One introductory (100-level) Geology course, or Chemistry 123 or 128.
6 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017; B. Haileab

GEOL 255: Petrology

An introduction to the fundamental physical, chemical and tectonic principles that are relevant to the formation of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Labs emphasize description and interpretation of the origin of rocks based on hand specimen and thin section study. Field trips and laboratories are included. Prerequisite: Geology 250
6 credits; LS; Offered Spring 2017; B. Haileab

GEOL 258: Geology of Soils and Lab

The study of soil formation, and physical and chemical properties of soils especially as related to geomorphology and land use. Laboratories and field trips will emphasize how to describe and interpret soils. Prerequisite: One introductory (100-level) geology course
6 credits; LS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 270: Topics: Tasmania Geology and Natural History

Reading and discussion of sources about Tasmanian natural history, human history and geology, including the geologic and biologic inheritance from Gondwana, the influence of aboriginal culture on the landscape, and current conservation issues. Students will plan field research and excursions for winter break and develop formal proposals for projects. This course is part of the OCS winter break program, involving two linked courses in fall and winter terms. This course is the first in the sequence.
3 credits; NE, IS, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; M. Savina, N. Braker

GEOL 271: Tasmania: Geology, Natural History and Conservation Research

This course is the second part of a two-term course sequence beginning with GEOL 270. Following the winter break trip to Tasmania, students will complete and present research projects. In this course, we will also consider comparative examples of natural history and conservation policy drawn from the American Midwest. Prerequisite: Geology 270 prior term
6 credits; NE, IS, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; M. Savina, N. Braker

GEOL 285: Geology in New Zealand: North Island

In this course, participants will study modern and ancient geologic systems in the North Island with a view to understanding the tectonic, volcanic, and sedimentary history of New Zealand. The course will include projects in a wide range of geological settings. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS Program
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 286: Geology in New Zealand: Topics in North Island Geology

This course is tied to the North Island half of the program. Readings and discussions will cover a broad range of topics appropriate to North Island geology. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 287: Geology in New Zealand: South Island

In this course, students will study the tectonic evolution of the South Island. Participants will work in small teams to hone their field observation skills, make structural measurements, and develop their mapping skills in several field sites across the South Island. Visits to additional field sites such as glaciers, fjords, and the Alpine fault are possible. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 288: Geology in New Zealand: Topics in South Island Geology

This course is tied to the South Island half of the program. Readings and discussions will cover a broad range of topics appropriate to South Island geology. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 289: Geology in New Zealand: Basic Field Drawing

Formal and informal instruction and opportunity to improve field drawing skills. This course will include an independent field drawing assignment during midterm break in New Zealand. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 340: Hydrology

A seminar on major principles of ground and surface water hydrology and their application to contemporary hydrologic problems. The course will draw considerably on student-directed investigation of critical areas of study in hydrology. Prerequisite: Geology 210 or junior/senior standing in one of the physical sciences.
6 credits; LS, WR2, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Hagemann

GEOL 360: Sedimentology and Stratigraphy and Lab

This course is based on field examination of outcrops of Lower Paleozoic sedimentary rock. We will interpret the processes involved in the creation, movement, and deposition of these ancient sediments, and try to determine their paleoenvironments. Also of interest are the transformation of these sediments into rock and the analysis and correlation of strata. Weekly laboratories, one overnight trip, and one Saturday trip are required. Please note the late laboratory times. Both paleobiology and geomorphology prepare students for work in sedimentology. This course is intended for upperclass Geology majors, and much of the work is done in teams. Prerequisite: Three 200-level Geology courses
6 credits; LS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 365: Structural Geology

This course focuses on rock deformation at scales ranging from the collision of continents to the movement of individual atoms within crystals. We will examine structures that develop within different layers of the Earth's lithosphere and discuss how and why these structures form. Reading, discussion, and presentation of scientific literature is expected throughout the term as we focus on deformation and tectonics in a single region. Laboratories and one weekend field trip are included. Prerequisite: Two 200-level Geology courses or instructor consent
6 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Titus

GEOL 370: Geochemistry of Natural Waters

The main goal of this course is to introduce and tie together the several diverse disciplines that must be brought to bear on hydrogeochemical problems today. This course will explore: principles of geochemistry, applications of chemical thermodynamics to geologic problems, mineral solubility, stability diagrams, chemical aspects of sedimentary rocks, geochemical tracers, radiogenic isotopes and principles of stable isotope fractionation. Laboratories included. Prerequisite: Chemistry 123 or permission of the instructor
6 credits; LS, WR2, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

GEOL 400: Integrative Exercise

Each senior geology major must take a total of six credits of Geology 400. One of the credits will be awarded in the spring term for the preparation and delivery of a formal talk and attendance at the talks or other seniors. The other five credits must be taken in the fall and/or winter terms. Credits can be divided between those two terms or all five credits may be taken in the same term. All seniors must attend the Geology 400 seminars which will meet weekly fall and winter term. Geology 400 is a continuing course, and the grade will not be awarded until the end of spring term.
1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

GERM 100: Monsters, Robots, and Other (Non-)Humans

How do we define humans? How are we, for example, different from intelligent machines? This seminar focuses on beings who push the limits of what it means to be human, such as monsters, robots, and cyborgs. Through a discussion of works by German authors and filmmakers, alongside influential texts from other traditions (ranging from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein to Ridley Scott’s Blade Runner), we will explore how these stories react to changing notions of humanity in the face of rapid technological and scientific progress. All readings, discussion, and coursework will be in English.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Leonhard

GERM 101: Elementary German

This course stresses a firm understanding of the basic structural patterns of the German language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening drills. For students with no previous knowledge of German or for those whose test scores indicate that this is the appropriate level of placement.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; J. Schicker

GERM 102: Elementary German

Further study of the basic structural patterns of the German language. Prerequisite: German 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Leonhard

GERM 103: Intermediate German

Continuation of the study of basic structural patterns of the German language, and the reading and discussion of longer texts, films, and other media from German-speaking cultures. Prerequisite: German 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Simon

GERM 105: Berlin Program: Beginning German in Berlin

This course is designed for participants in Carleton's OCS Berlin program with little or no prior knowledge of German. Students will develop a basic foundation in the five skills of reading, writing, listening, speaking, and intercultural communication, with the goal of accomplishing a variety of basic everyday needs in Berlin. Topics will include communication with hosts, travel and transportation, shopping, and meals. Although students will be introduced to some fundamental grammar points, the emphasis is on the development of conversational abilities.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 140: Culture or Barbarity? The German Question

German culture has had a profound influence on world history, but one often wonders how the culture that produced Goethe, Schiller, Luther, Beethoven, and Kant was also the source of some of the greatest atrocities of the twentieth century. We will attempt to understand the reasons for this dichotomy by considering the development of Germany within the context of Europe from Roman times to the present. Taught in English
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 150: The Sound of Germany: German Cultural History From Mozart to Rammstein

In this course, we survey significant developments in German-language culture, broadly defined, from the Enlightenment to the twentieth century. Students of all disciplines and majors are invited to receive an overview of the culture of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, starting in the 1750s and tracing its impact into the present time. The course is based on literature, film, music, language, history, habits, news, etc., and surveys major figures, movements, and their influence on the world’s civilization. The course encourages critical engagement with the material at hand and provides the opportunity to compare it with the students’ own cultural background. In translation.
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; J. Schicker

GERM 175: Berlin Program: Berlin Field Studies in English

Individually or in small groups, students will work on a major project that incorporates research done on-site in Berlin and during our travels. The main objective of the course is to interact with Berlin and Berliners (and Europe and Europeans). Possible topics include music, visual arts, immigration, media, politics, personal history topics, or Germany's role within Europe. Conducted in English.
6 credits; NE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 204: Intermediate German

In this course, students build on basic communication skills to engage in more in-depth spoken and written discussions of German-speaking culture. By analyzing longer and more challenging texts, films and cultural media, continuing grammar review, and writing compositions, students acquire greater facility and confidence in all four language skills (writing, speaking, listening, and reading). Prerequisite: German 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; J. Simon

GERM 205: Berlin Program: Intermediate Composition and Conversation

This course is designed for students with intermediate proficiency in German, who wish to extend their knowledge of German language and culture through reading, discussions, and writing. Students will work on developing the ability to articulate opinions, exchange substantive information and to argue points of view; honing analytic and interpretive writing skills; and expanding their linguistic toolkit. The class format features discussions with grammar exercises interspersed as needed. Prerequisite: German 103 or equivalent and acceptance in Berlin Program
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 206: Composition and Conversation

Short texts, films, video clips and other cultural materials serve as the basis for discussions of contemporary German and Austrian culture. Prerequisite: German 204 or the equivalent.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 208: Coffee and News

An excellent opportunity to brush up your German while learning about current issues in German-speaking countries. Relying on magazines, newspapers, podcasts, and streamings, students will discuss common topics and themes once a week to exchange their ideas over snacks with a small group of students.  Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
2 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 209: Reading German

This course is designed to help students make the transition to reading German texts of their own choosing in any academic discipline. May be retaken for additional credits. Prerequisite: German 204 or the equivalent
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 210: What’s Under Your Bed: Ghosts, Germans, and the Uncanny

This class explores creepy and uncanny texts from the German-speaking world in the fields of literature, music, and film to examine their connections to the particular cultural moments in which they emerged. Horror themes such as madness, death, and the supernatural will haunt our texts and discussions and will shed light on the state of society in its different epochs. Along the way, we will discuss forms, conventions, and styles that connect the broad diversity of our texts. We will refine written expression in German and develop the ability to express, discuss, and argue opinions. Prerequisite: Take German 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. Schicker

GERM 211: German Film After 1945: German Discussion Section

This optional discussion section for German 219 offers course participants proficient in German the opportunity to apply their background in foreign languages and cultures to the topic of German postwar film. Students will discuss and engage with original texts from various German media that complement the required course readings, such as German film reviews, print and TV interviews, literary sources or short films. We will also critique subtitles and analyze the use of idiomatic German in selected scenes. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent; Concurrent registration in German 219
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 215: Refugees Welcome? Debating Migration and Multiculturalism in Post-War Germany

This class brings together diverse voices--journalists, philosophers, and political scientists, as well as authors and filmmakers--in order to trace Germany’s contested development to a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society. Starting with the “guest worker” program of the 1960s to the ongoing refugee crisis, Germans have asked themselves “What is ‘deutsch’?” We will explore Germany’s rich history of negotiating national identity through public discourse, including topics such as German-Turkish relations, Jewish emigration after the Cold War, and the role of Islam in modern Germany. We will focus on refining students’ reading skills: We will survey works from a variety of genres, expand our vocabulary, and explore different layers of German writing through contextualization, translation, analysis and discussion. We will hone our reading strategies for works of fiction and non-fiction, discuss the pros and cons of various (online) dictionaries, and review relevant grammar topics. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Leonhard

GERM 231: Damsels, Dwarfs, and Dragons: Medieval German Literature

Around the year 1200 German poets wrote some of the most lasting works in the Western literary tradition. It was a time of courtly love and Arthurian romances, and themes vary widely from love and honor to revenge and murder. Special attention is given to the poetry of Walther von der Vogelweide and two major epics: The Nibelungenlied and Gottfried von Strassburg's Tristan and Isolde. In English translation.
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 233: Schiller!

Why would people want to make, much less steal, a bust of a long-dead German author? What could he have done that inspired such admiration? This class introduces students to Friedrich Schiller "poet, philosopher, historian, and Carleton icon” with a focus on his groundbreaking dramatic work. We will analyze and occasionally also perform scenes from Schiller's contributions to the European stage, ranging from Storm and Stress plays to Classical and Romantic tragedies, to historical dramas. Students will consider Schiller's writings through the lenses of politics, family relationships, and revolution, and also explore his productive friendship with Goethe. Taught in English.
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 241: Crisis of Identity/Identity of Crisis: Introduction to German Jewish Literature and Thought

This course draws on short literary and philosophical texts, poems and visual artworks to examine the historical and cultural conditions of the "golden age" of German Jewish literature and thought surrounding the First World War. In response to the religious and philosophical "crisis" of Jewish identity during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, we will explore what it means to live between two distinct cultural traditions,how this struggle impacts questions of authorship, cultural belonging and personal identity, and how critical engagement with the past helps to shape and determine our hopes and aspirations for the future. In English translation.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. Simon

GERM 247: Mirror, Mirror: Reflecting on Fairy Tales and Folklore

Many people are familiar with the fairy tales collected and published by the Brothers Grimm and have seen iterations of such stories in animated Disney films and live-action reboots. In this class, taught in English, we will critically examine folktales, consider their role in shaping societal standards and how they spread specific values across cultures. We will study the origins of Grimms’ fairy tales before discussing their larger role across media and cultures. Our study of traditional German fairy tales will be informed by contemporary theoretical approaches including feminist theory, ecocriticism, psychology, and animal studies.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 253: In the Shadow of Goethe and Schiller: German Women Writers around 1800

In the German literary sphere around 1800 female authorship was viewed as a transgression. At a time when Goethe and Schiller created texts that would soon dominate the German canon, women were routinely warned of the dangerous side effects of reading, and declared unfit to produce any work of literary merit. This course is structured around a diverse group of women writers who, while remaining under the radar of readers and critics, devised successful strategies for writing. We will analyze their poetic production, with particular attention to biography, gender, and society. Taught in German. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 254: Berlin Program: The World's a Stage -- Theater in Berlin

This course is structured around the theater productions of the fall season in Berlin. Our group will attend six to eight performances of German language plays, ranging from the Enlightenment to the post-war period. In preparation for each outing, students will read and discuss the original play, and study its historical and literary context. In the course of the term, we will hone our skills as theater spectators and learn how to describe and critique different performance styles and directorial choices. Prerequisite: German 103 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 263: Alternative Visions: Counter Cinema from New German Cinema to the Berlin School

"The old cinema is dead! We believe in a new cinema!" This bold declaration, signed by a group of German filmmakers at the Oberhausen Film Festival in 1962, marks a radical break with German postwar film. Influenced by the French New Wave and the 1968 student protests, the directors of New German Cinema created works that were both artistically ambitious and socially critical. We will discuss iconic films of this period by directors such as Fassbinder, Herzog, Schlöndorff, and Wenders, and contrast their vision with the politics and aesthetics of a later generation of German filmmakers, the Berlin School. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 271: Iron Curtain Kids: Coming of Age in East Germany

What was it like to grow up behind a wall, know Western music only through vinyl records from the black market, and revolt with HipHop, graffiti, and breakdance against a restrictive government? How did artists present life in block buildings, socialist youth groups, and a society without freedom of speech, travel, and expression? We will explore the youth culture of East Germany (1949-1989) through film, music, literature, and other media, compare it with today's world, and examine, e.g., Die neuen Leiden des Jungen W., Am kürzeren Ende der Sonnenallee, Beat Music, and the movie Russendisko. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 272: The Latest--Current Themes in German Literature, Film and the Media

In this course, students will read and discuss a number of new works from the German-speaking countries that deal with important contemporary issues--the pressures of growing up and finding a job in uncertain economic times, the catastrophe of 9/11, the ever-present theme of finding love, immigrant perspectives, the challenges of aging, etc. We will examine novels and stories that deal with these topics, but also articles in magazines (Der Spiegel, Die Zeit, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) and films, trying to understand how various genres and media differ in their approaches to our themes. At the center of our discussion there will thus be the question what forms of expression a society finds for the formulation of its most urgent challenges, and how these texts take part in the public debate. Prerequisite: German 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 273: Mystery, Murder, Madness: Crime Stories in German Literature

This course focuses on the rich German tradition of crime and detective stories, with a focus on the long nineteenth century. Contrasting authentic crime reports with fictionalized accounts of murder, rape, and mysterious occurrences, we will approach literary crime scenes as narrative spaces where contested concepts of truth, justice, and morality emerge, and where changing notions of perception come to the fore. Conducted in German. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent.
3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 275: Berlin Program: Berlin Field Studies in German

Individually or in small groups, students will work on a major project in German that incorporates research done on-site in Berlin and during our travels. The main objective of the course is to interact with Berlin and Berliners (and Europe and Europeans). Possible topics include music, visual arts, immigration, media, politics, personal history topics, or Germany's role within Europe. Prerequisite: German 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 305: Berlin Program: Advanced Composition and Conversation

This course is designed for students with advanced proficiency in German, who wish to extend their knowledge of German language and culture through reading, discussions, and writing. Students will work on developing the ability to articulate opinions, exchange substantive information and to argue points of view; honing analytic and interpretive writing skills; and expanding their linguistic toolkit. The class format features discussions with grammar exercises interspersed as needed. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 321: The Invention of Childhood: Coming of Age in Nineteenth-Century Germany

This class introduces students to the cultural history of childhood through the lens of German literature and thought. Starting with the “discovery of childhood” in the age of enlightenment and concluding with the “loss of innocence” associated with Freud’s theories and Fin-de-siècle culture, we will trace changing notions of education, family life, gender, and sexuality. Our discussions will draw on a wide array of texts--including children’s literature, coming-of-age stories, pedagogical treatises, paintings, photographs, and reading primers. We will also explore how modern takes on nineteenth-century "black pedagogy" and teenage rebellion, such as Haneke’s film The White Ribbon and the Broadway musical Spring Awakening, adapt these tales of childhood terror for contemporary audiences. Prerequisite: One course above German 204
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Leonhard

GERM 354: Studies in Twentieth-Century Prose and Poetry

An examination of the modern novella and lyric, including works by such authors as Kafka, Brecht, Hesse, Rilke, George, Hofmannsthal, Mann, Frisch, Wolf, Bäll, Frischmuth, Kaschnitz, and others, in their historical and cultural context. Prerequisite: German 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GERM 372: The Latest--Current Themes in German Literature, Film and the Media

In this course, students will read and discuss a number of new works from the German-speaking countries that deal with important contemporary issues--the pressures of growing up and finding a job in uncertain economic times, the catastrophe of 9/11, the ever-present theme of finding love, immigrant perspectives, the challenges of aging, etc. We will examine novels and stories that deal with these topics, but also articles in magazines (Der Spiegel, Die Zeit, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) and films, trying to understand how various genres and media differ in their approaches to our themes. At the center of our discussion there will thus be the question of what forms of expression a society finds for the formulation of its most urgent challenges, and how these texts take part in the public debate. Prerequisite: German 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Leonhard

GERM 400: Integrative Exercise

Examining an aspect of German literature across eras or genres.
1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017

GRK 101: Elementary Greek

Study of essential forms and grammar, with reading of connected passages.
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; H. Wietzke

GRK 102: Intermediate Greek

Study of essential forms and grammar, with reading of original, unadapted passages. Prerequisite: Greek 101 with a grade of at least C-
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Zimmerman

GRK 103: Greek Prose

Selected prose readings. The course will emphasize review of grammar and include Greek composition. Prerequisite: Greek 102 with a grade of at least C-.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Knodell

GRK 204: Greek Poetry

Selected readings from Homer (in odd-numbered years) or Greek Tragedy (in even-numbered years). Prerequisite: Greek 103 with a grade of at least C-
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; C. Zimmerman

GRK 240: Xenophon's Oeconomicus

Xenophon's Oeconomicus is a fascinating text preserving valuable primary evidence on Classical Athenian attitudes toward gender, household management, marital relations, slavery, urban and rural domestic life, and household religion among many other topics. We will read selections of the Greek and the whole in English, as well as some of the very interesting secondary literature--from Foucault to Leo Strauss--in this unique work. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 244: Plato Symposium

Readings of some of the most significant dialogues in translation, with selections in the original. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 245: Herodotus's Histories

In this course we will read and examine selections from Herodotus's Histories in Greek, as well as the whole of the work in English. We will explore questions about historiography, culture, ethnicity, ancient warfare, contact between Greece and Persia, among other issues. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA, LA; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 280: Philosophers and Martyrs

Through the close reading and discussion of two texts from Late Antiquity in their original Greek, Lucian's On the Death of Peregrinus and the anonymous Martyrdom of Polycarp, we will gain experience in the reading and comprehension of late Hellenistic and koine Greek. We will also explore the ways in which these texts and their literary construction offer insight into the thought-worlds within which both Christian and various pagan philosophical schools developed. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or equivalent
2 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 281F: Introduction to Byzantine Greek

In this course, students learn about Byzantine Greek through initial work on prose selections from different authors, genres, and periods, followed by sustained engagement with a single author. For 2015, we will focus on a historian of the last years of Byzantium who writes a history of a failed Ottoman siege of Constantinople in 1422. Students will also gain some experience with later Greek paleography through readings and hands on work with photographs and facsimiles. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or instructor permission; Enrollment in History 233 encouraged but not required
2 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 304: Greek Tragedy for Advanced Students

Intensive study of one play in the original and the remaining plays in translation. Offered simultaneously with Greek 204, with additional assignments for the advanced students. Prerequisite: Greek 204
6 credits; LA; Offered Winter 2017; C. Zimmerman

GRK 305: Homer

Intensive study of selections from Homer's Iliad or Odyssey. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

GRK 320: Hesiod and the Homeric Hymns

Hesiod is the first Greek author to express an individual persona. He was a man from Askra -- “harsh in winter, hard in summer, never pleasant” -- yet at the same time he refers to nearby Mt. Helikon as the beautiful home of the muses who inspire his songs. His is a world of contrasts. This course will study (in Greek) Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, which range widely in subject matter and message: the former describing the cosmic origins of the world; the latter a lesson in living the good life. We will also read some contemporary poetry. Prerequisite: Greek 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; A. Knodell

GRK 351: Aristophanes

Intensive study of one or two plays in the original and of the remaining plays in translation.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

HEBR 101: Elementary Modern Hebrew

Think beyond the Bible! Modern Hebrew is a vital language in several fields from religion and history to international relations and the sciences. This course is for students with no previous knowledge of Modern Hebrew or whose test scores indicate that this is an appropriate level of placement. We continually integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Hebrew, incorporating materials from the Israeli internet and films into level appropriate class activities and assignments.
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Beckwith

HEBR 102: Elementary Modern Hebrew

This course is for students who have completed Hebrew 101 or whose test scores indicate that this is an appropriate level of placement. We continue expanding our vocabulary and grammar knowledge, integrating listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Hebrew. We also continue working with Israeli films and internet, particularly for a Karaoke in Hebrew group project which involves learning and performing an Israeli pop song and researching the artists' background and messages for a class presentation. Prerequisite: Hebrew 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; S. Beckwith

HEBR 103: Elementary Modern Hebrew

This course is for students who have completed Hebrew 102 or whose test scores indicate that this is an appropriate level of placement. We continue expanding our vocabulary and grammar knowledge, integrating listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Hebrew. We also continue working with Israeli films and internet, particularly to publish in-class magazines in Hebrew on topics related to Israel, the Middle East, and Judaic Studies. Prerequisite: Hebrew 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

HEBR 204: Intermediate Modern Hebrew

In this course students will strengthen their command of modern conversational, literary and newspaper Hebrew. As in the elementary sequence, we will continually integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Hebrew. Popular Israeli music, broadcasts, internet sources, and films will complement the course's goals. Class projects include a term long research paper on a topic related to Israel, the Middle East, or Judaic Studies. Students will create a poster in Hebrew to illustrate their research. They will discuss this with other Hebrew speakers on campus at a class poster session toward the end of the course. Prerequisite: Hebrew 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 100: Gandhi, Nationalism and Colonialism in India

This seminar will examine the wide array of nationalist movements which struggled for independence from colonial rule in South Asia. Most prominent among these was the anti-colonial struggle led by Mohandas K. Gandhi. In this course we will examine the historical forces and the people which comprised these socio-political movements, in an effort to understand the complex and intriguing ways in which Gandhi's movement intersected, combined, and conflicted with other nationalist trends. Topics including the role of political violence and non-violence, conceptions of masculinity and femininity, caste, class, and race will also form part of our material.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; B. LaRocque

HIST 100: History and Memory in Africa, Nineteenth through Twenty-first Centuries

This course explores how Africans have remembered and retold their own history in the colonial and post-colonial contexts (nineteenth-twenty-first centuries). Students will examine memories of origin, the slave trade, conversion, and colonialism as well as of personal and communal triumphs and tragedies. Both long-standing historical texts like praise-names and rituals and modern texts like journals, court records, and letters will be explored. What is the relationship between the historical medium and the memory? Drawing from select cases in West, East and South Africa, students will come to understand the rich and varied history of Africa's creative expression. 
6 credits; AI, IS, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; T. Willis

HIST 100: Migration and Mobility in the Medieval North

Why did barbarians invade? Traders trade? Pilgrims travel? Vikings raid? Medieval Europe is sometimes caricatured as a world of small villages and strong traditions that saw little change between the cultural high-water marks of Rome and the Renaissance. In fact, this was a period of dynamic innovation, during which Europeans met many familiar challenges—environmental change, religious and cultural conflict, social and political competition—by traveling or migrating to seek new opportunities. This course will examine mobility and migration in northern Europe, and students will be introduced to diverse methodological approaches to their study by exploring historical and literary sources, archaeological evidence and scientific techniques involving DNA and isotopic analyses.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Mason

HIST 100: Music and Politics in Europe since Wagner

This course examines the often fraught, complicated relationship between music and politics from the mid-nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth. Our field of inquiry will include all of Europe, but will particularly focus on Germany, Poland, and the Soviet Union. We will look at several composers and their legacies in considerable detail, including Beethoven, Wagner, and Shostakovich. While much of our attention will be devoted to "high" or "serious" music, we will explore developments in popular music as well.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Offered Fall 2016; D. Tompkins

HIST 100: Slavery and the Old South: History and Historians

This seminar introduces students to historiography of slavery in antebellum America. Debates over slavery are important to Americans generally and to historians of the American South in particular. The topic illuminates our understanding of human bondage through emphasis on the development of skills in historical analysis, writing, and oral argumentation. Major readings from the early twentieth century to the present engage the problem of methodology, relations between masters and slaves, the slave community, gendered work, and expressive culture. A mixture of short assignments and response papers and a final essay is required.
6 credits; AI, WR1, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; H. Williams

HIST 100: The Black Death: Disease and Its Consequences in the Middle Ages

In the 1340s, the Black Death swept through the Middle East and Europe, killing up to a third of the population in some areas. How can we understand what this catastrophe meant for the people who lived and died at the time? In this seminar, we will examine the Black Death (primarily in Europe) from a range of perspectives and disciplines and through a range of sources. We will seek to understand the biological and environmental causes of the disease, therapies, and the experience of illness, but also the effects of the mortality on economic, social, religious, and cultural life.
6 credits; AI, WR1, QRE, IS; Offered Fall 2016; V. Morse

HIST 120: Rethinking the American Experience: American History, 1607-1865

A survey of the American experience from before Christopher Columbus' arrival through the Civil War. Some of the topics we will cover include: contact between Native and European cultures; the development of the thirteen mainland British colonies; British, French, and Spanish imperial conflicts over the Americas; slavery; the American Revolution; religious awakenings; antebellum politics; and the Civil War.
6 credits; HI, IDS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; S. Zabin

HIST 121: Rethinking the American Experience: American Social History, 1865-1945

This course offers a survey of the American experience from the end of the Civil War through World War II. Although we will cover a large number of major historical developments--including Reconstruction, the Progressive movement, World War I, the Great Depression, the New Deal and World War II--the course will seek to emphasize the various beliefs, values, and understandings that informed Americans' choices throughout these periods. A particular theme will be individual Americans' varied personal experiences of historical trends and events. We will seek to understand the connections (and sometimes the disconnections) between the past and present.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; E. Manovich

HIST 122: U.S. Women's History to 1877

Gender, race, and class shaped women's participation in the arenas of work, family life, culture, and politics in the United States from the colonial period to the late nineteenth century. We will examine diverse women's experiences of colonization, industrialization, slavery and Reconstruction, religion, sexuality and reproduction, and social reform. Readings will include both primary and secondary sources, as well as historiographic articles outlining major frameworks and debates in the field of women's history.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017; A. Igra

HIST 123: U.S. Women's History Since 1877

In the twentieth century women participated in the redefinition of politics and the state, sexuality and family life, and work and leisure as the United States became a modern, largely urban society. We will explore how the dimensions of race, class, ethnicity, and sexuality shaped diverse women's experiences of these historical changes. Topics will include: immigration, the expansion of the welfare system and the consumer economy, labor force segmentation and the world wars, and women's activism in civil rights, labor, peace and feminist movements.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 124: History of the City in the United States

This course introduces modern United States urban history in social, cultural, political, and economic perspective. Our particular focus will be the period from 1865-present, but we will also consider earlier trends of urbanization in the U.S.  Major course themes will include: life in the city, the rise, fall, and renewal of the American city, urban history and public memory, the economic and political history of the city, the culture of cities, and immigration, race, and ethnicity. We will also examine approaches to studying U.S. urban history.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; E. Manovich

HIST 125: African American History I: From Africa to the Civil War

This course is a survey of early African American history. It will introduce students to major themes and events while also covering historical interpretations and debates in the field. Core themes of the course include migration, conflict, and culture. Beginning with autonomous African polities, the course traces the development of the United States through the experiences of enslaved and free African American women and men to the Civil War. The main aim of the course is for students to become familiar with key issues and developments in African American history and their centrality to understanding U.S. history.
6 credits; HI, IDS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 126: African American History II

The transition from slavery to freedom; the post-Reconstruction erosion of civil rights and the ascendancy of Booker T. Washington; protest organizations and mass migration before and during World War I; the postwar resurgence of black nationalism; African Americans in the Great Depression and World War II; roots of the modern Civil Rights movement, and black female activism.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Williams

HIST 131: Saints, Sinners, and Philosophers in Late Antiquity

In Late Antiquity, Christians and pagans asked with particular intensity: How should I live? What should be my relationship to wealth, family, power, and the world? How are mind and body related in the good life and how can this relationship be controlled and directed? What place had education in the pursuit of the good life? Was the best life to be achieved through material renunciation, psychological transformation, or both? We will ask these and many other questions of a wide array of primary sources written originally in Latin, Greek, Syriac, Coptic, and Armenian while employing the insights of modern scholarship.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; W. North

HIST 133: Crisis, Creativity, and Transformation in Late Antiquity

This course investigates the dramatic transformations that shaped the eastern Mediterranean world and surrounding regions between ca. 250-850 CE. We will focus in particular on how people in late antiquity used environmental, institutional, socio-economic, and cultural resources to address an ongoing series of changes and challenges in their worlds. It also examines these responses from multiple perspectives: winners and losers, elites and non-elites, people of different ethnicities and cultures, urban and rural populations, and diverse religious groups and sects within these groups. The emergence and implications of Christianity and Islam as major organizing identities will also be explored.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 137: Early Medieval Worlds

Through the intensive exploration of a variety of distinct "worlds" in the early Middle Ages, this course offers an introduction to formative political, social, religious, and cultural developments in Europe between c.300 and c.1050. We will pay special attention to the structures, ideologies, practices, and social dynamics that shaped and energized communities large and small.  We will also focus on developing the ability to observe and interpret various kinds of textual, visual, and material primary sources. 
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 138: Crusades, Mission, and the Expansion of Europe

This course examines the complex and sometimes contradictory roles of crusade and mission in the gradual expansion of Europe (eleventh -fifteenth century) into the eastern Mediterranean, the Iberian peninsula, the Baltic, and even Central Asia. We will examine questions like: What did "crusade" or "mission" mean? How did people respond to, resist, or co-opt these enterprises? Did crusade and mission expand Europeans' knowledge of other cultures? In addition to critical analysis of primary sources and current scholarship, the course will offer opportunities to share knowledge with a broader public.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017; V. Morse

HIST 139: Foundations of Modern Europe

A narrative and survey of the early modern period (fifteenth through eighteenth centuries). The course examines the Renaissance, Reformation, Contact with the Americas, the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. We compare the development of states and societies across Western Europe, with particularly close examination of the history of Spain.
6 credits; HI, IS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 140: The Age of Revolutions: Modern Europe, 1789-1914

This course traces the evolution of Europe from the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War I, and examines some of the political, social, economic, intellectual, and cultural forces that have shaped and reshaped European society. We will cover the growth of modern nation-states, the industrial revolution and its effects on society, changes in the family and gender roles, and the evolution of modern consciousness in the arts, literature, and philosophy. The course will strive to look at both Western and Eastern Europe, and will conclude with a close examination of the causes of the First World War.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 141: Europe in the Twentieth Century

This course explores developments in European history in a global context from the final decade of the nineteenth century through to the present. We will focus on the impact of nationalism, war, and revolution on the everyday experiences of women and men, and also look more broadly on the chaotic economic, political, social, and cultural life of the period. Of particular interest will be the rise of fascism and communism, and the challenge to Western-style liberal democracy, followed by the Cold War and communism’s collapse near the end of the century.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; D. Tompkins

HIST 142: Women in Modern Europe

An exploration of women’s lives in Europe from 1700 to the present. We will focus on changes in women’s work before and after the industrial revolution, women as revolutionaries in 1789, 1848, and 1871, and campaigns for women’s rights. Why did Virginia Woolf say it was worse “perhaps” to be locked in than to be locked out? Why did Bertolt Brecht’s character known simply as "the mother" take up the flag of revolution in Russia in 1905? We will investigate these questions from the Early Modern era to the European Union through a variety of sources: philosophical treatises, novels, plays, and political tracts, as well as historical monographs.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Polasky

HIST 151: History of Modern Japan

This course explores the modern transformation of Japanese society, politics, economy and culture from the Meiji Restoration of 1868 to the present. It is designed to provide students with an opportunity to explore basic issues and problems relating to modern Japanese history and international relations. Topics include the intellectual crisis of the late Tokugawa period, the Meiji Constitution, the development of an interior democracy, class and gender, the rise of Japanese fascism, the Pacific War, and postwar developments.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Yoon

HIST 153: Modern China: China with Mao

This survey course of twentieth-century China examines how ordinary people interacted with Mao, the chief architect of Communist China. We will scrutinize social change over time by looking at patterns of contestations and negotiations between Mao and his rivals among peasants, workers, students, women, intellectuals, ethnic minorities, and local cadres. Topics include the operation of the new democracy, social classification and distribution, food and famine politics, the changing meaning of family and education, body and biomedicine, mass science and archaeological projects, and Mao’s exhibition culture. Students will engage with images, memoirs, autobiographies, interviews, oral histories, films, “garbage materials,” and archival sources.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 156: History of Modern Korea

A comparative historical survey on the development of Korean society and culture from the nineteenth century to the present. Key themes include colonialism and war, economic growth, political transformation, socio-cultural changes, and historical memory. Issues involving divided Korea will be examined in the contexts of post-colonialism and Cold War. Students are also expected to develop skills to analyze key historical moments from relevant primary sources against broader historiographical contexts.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 158: Cold War in East Asia

How is the Cold War in East Asia related to the global Cold War? Many argue that Cold War came prematurely in East Asia and outlasts the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Students will examine evolving patterns of the region's engagement with global dimensions of war, diplomacy, and trade and conduct a case study (e.g., Roosevelt on China, Stalin on North Korea, Kennedy on Japan, Khrushchev and Nixon on China, or Bush on North Korea). Themes may be drawn from sports and pop culture or urban renewal projects in terms of post-colonial nation building, market fundamentalism, and new empire formation.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 161: From the Mughals to Mahatma Gandhi: An Introduction to Modern Indian History

This is an introductory survey course; no prior knowledge of South Asian History required. The goal is to familiarize students with some of the key themes and debates in the historiography of modern India. Beginning with an overview of Mughal rule in India, the main focus of the course is the colonial period. The course ends with a discussion of 1947: the hour of independence as well as the creation of two new nation-states, India and Pakistan. Topics include Oriental Despotism, colonial rule, nationalism, communalism, gender, caste and race. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Khalid

HIST 162: Politics and Public Culture in Modern South Asia

This course examines the intersection of politics and culture in the public sphere in South Asia. We will look at the impact of British colonial rule, social hierarchies and caste, gender and the public sphere, race, religion and secularism. We'll also examine movements for independence, including Gandhian nationalism, left- and right-wing movements, and religious nationalism. Lastly, we will look at contemporary issues of popular culture, identity, gender, social justice, and militarism in the age of globalization. In addition to scholarly books and articles, course material includes music, poetry, journalism, popular Bollywood cinema and "art films."
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 165: From Young Turks to Arab Revolutions: A Cultural History of the Modern Middle East

This course provides a basic introduction to the history of the wider Muslim world from the eighteenth century to the present. We will discuss the cultural and religious diversity of the Muslim world and its varied interactions with modernity. We will find that the history of the Muslim world is inextricably linked to that of its neighbors, and we will encounter colonialism, anti-colonialism, nationalism, and socialism, as well as a variety of different Islamic movements.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 167: Nuclear Nations: India & Pakistan as Rival Siblings

At the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947 India and Pakistan, two new nation states emerged from the shadow of British colonialism. This course focuses on the political trajectories of these two rival siblings and looks at the ways in which both states use the other to forge antagonistic and belligerent nations. While this is a survey course it is not a comprehensive overview of the history of the two countries. Instead it covers some of the more significant moments of rupture and violence in the political history of the two states. The first two-thirds of the course offers a top-down, macro overview of these events and processes whereas the last third examines the ways in which people experienced these developments. We use the lens of gender to see how the physical body, especially the body of the woman, is central to the process of nation building. We will consider how women’s bodies become sites of contestation and how they are disciplined and policed by the postcolonial state(s).
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 169: Colonial Latin America 1492-1810

How did peoples from the Americas, the Iberian Peninsula, and Africa contribute to the creation of new colonial societies in Latin America and the Caribbean? The course examines the bewildering spectrum of indigenous societies Europeans and Africans encountered in the Americas, then turns to the introduction and proliferation of Hispanic institutions and culture, the development of mature colonial societies, and the increasing tensions and internal contradictions that plagued the region by the late eighteenth century. It asks how the colonized population managed to survive, adapt, and resist imperial pressures and examines the creation of new collective identities.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 170: Modern Latin America 1810-Present

Modern Latin American history is marked by both violent divisions and creative cooperation, nationalist proclamations and imperialist incursions, and democratic pursuits and dictatorial repression. This course offers a survey of this complex regional history from independence movements at the beginning of the nineteenth century though globalization in the twenty-first century. It addresses methodological issues that include the significance of multiple historical perspectives and the interpretation of sources. It considers the relationship between individuals and larger social contexts with an emphasis on race, ethnicity, class, citizenship status, and gender. It places Latin American culture and politics in regional and global contexts. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 181: West Africa in the Era of the Slave Trade

The medieval Islamic and the European (or Atlantic) slave trades have had a tremendous influence on the history of Africa and the African Diaspora. This course offers an introduction to the history of West African peoples via their involvement in both of these trades from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century. More specifically, students will explore the demography, the economics, the social structure, and the ideologies of slavery. They also will learn the repercussions of these trades for men's and women's lives, for the expansion of coastal and hinterland kingdoms, and for the development of religious practices and networks.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 182: Living in the Colonial Context: Africa, 1850-1950

This course considers major actors and developments in sub-Saharan Africa from the mid-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries. With a critical awareness of the ways that Africa's past has been narrated, it balances coverage of the state and economy with attention to daily life, families, and popular culture. The majority of the reading assignments are drawn from contemporary documents, commentaries, interviews, and memoirs. These are supplemented by works produced by historians. Students will analyze change, question perspectives, and imagine life during the age of European imperialism. Written assignments include a book review, examinations, and identifying and editing a primary source text.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 183: History of Early West Africa

This course surveys the history of West Africa during the pre-colonial period from 790 to 1590. It chronicles the rise and fall of the kingdoms of Ancient Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. We will examine the transition from decentralized to centralized societies, the relations between nomadic and settler groups, the institution of divine kingship, the emergence of new ruling dynasties, the consolidation of trade networks, and the development of the classical Islamic world. Students will learn how scholars have used archeological evidence, African oral traditions, and the writings of Muslim travelers to reconstruct this important era of West African history.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; T. Willis

HIST 184: Colonial West Africa

This course surveys the history of West Africa during the colonial period, 1860-1960. It offers an introduction to the roles that Islam and Christianity played in establishing and maintaining colonial rule. It looks at the role of colonialism in shaping African ethnic identities and introducing new gender roles. In addition, we will examine the transition from slave labor to wage labor, and its role in exacerbating gender, generation, and class divisions among West Africans. The course also highlights some of the ritual traditions and cultural movements that flourished in response to colonial rule.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 194: The Making of the "Pacific World"

The Pacific is the largest ocean on our planet, covering thirty percent of the Earth’s surface and bordered by four continents. This course will explore how a “Pacific World” framework can help us understand the movement of peoples, goods, and ideas across an oceanic space. Can we describe the history of the Pacific as having a unified history? This course will explore various topics in Pacific history including the history of exploration and migration, cross-cultural encounters, science and empire, and environmental history from 1750 to the present. While this course will be transnational in scope, it will focus primarily on U.S. exploration, trade, and the making of an American Pacific frontier. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; T. Adler

HIST 200: History Workshop: The Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1966-76

In the recent past the youthful radical movement in Communist China has made an indelible mark on the society comprising a quarter of the world's population. In 1966 the student radicals known as Red Guards launched a series of destructive campaigns against the Communist Party with the Maoist cue to "Bombard the Headquarters!" How could a Leninist party find itself the victim of its own supreme leader? Students will examine tabloids, wall posters, pamphlets, cartoons, memoirs, reportage literature, play scripts, films, as well as party documents to explore theories on personality formation, class consciousness, legitimation of violence, and operations of memory.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 201: Rome Program: Community and Communication in Medieval Italy, CE 300-1250

Through site visits, on-site projects, and readings, this course explores the ways in which people in Italy from late antiquity through the thirteenth century sought to communicate political, religious, and civic messages through combinations of words, images, objects, and structures. What are the "arts of power and piety" and when and why are they used? How do people use spaces and images to educate, to challenge, to honor, to remember, or to forget? How can materials create and transmit meaning and order? How do people combine creativity and tradition to maintain and enrich the worlds they inhabit? Prerequisite: Acceptance to Carleton Rome Program
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; W. North

HIST 204: Jews, Christians and Muslims in the Medieval Mediterranean

The Mediterranean was a dynamic hub of cultural exchange in the Middle Ages. We will draw on Jewish, Muslim, and Latin Christian sources to explore this contact from 1050-1492 and the role of the sea itself in joining and separating the peoples who surrounded it. What did it mean to be a Muslim pilgrim in Christian-held Palestine? A Jewish vizier serving a Muslim ruler in Spain? A Christian courtier courting martyrdom in North Africa? We will explore lives led between coexistence and violence, intellectual and legal structures that helped to negotiate difference, and the textures of daily life.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 205: American Environmental History

Environmental concerns, conflicts, and change mark the course of American history, from the distant colonial past to our own day. This course will consider the nature of these eco-cultural developments, focusing on the complicated ways that human thought and perception, culture and society, and natural processes and biota have all combined to forge Americans' changing relationship with the natural world. Topics will include Native American subsistence strategies, Euroamerican settlement, industrialization, urbanization, consumption, and the environmental movement. As we explore these issues, one of our overarching goals will be to develop an historical context for thinking deeply about contemporary environmental dilemmas.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; G. Vrtis

HIST 206: Eternal City in Time: Structure, Change, and Identity

This course will explore the lived experience of the city of Rome in the twelfth-sixteenth centuries. We will study buildings, urban forms, surviving artifacts, and textual and other visual evidence to understand how politics, power, and religion (both Christianity and Judaism) mapped onto city spaces. How did urban challenges and opportunities shape daily life? How did the memory of the past influence the present? How did the rural world affect the city and vice versa? Students will work on projects closely tied to the urban fabric. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; V. Morse

HIST 207: Rome Program: Roman Journal: The Traveler as Witness

This course examines travel as an occasion for investigation, encounter, and reflection and as an opportunity to document and communicate these observations of people and place. Through select readings drawn from a range of disciplines and genres, travel accounts, and ongoing discussion of their own travel experiences, students will seek better to understand the traveler as observer and recorder of other peoples and places. The course will also examine the nature of public memory and commemoration and the role of travelers as audiences for sites of memory. As part of the course, students will maintain their own travel journals, prepare several reflections, and contribute to the Program Blog. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
3 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; W. North, V. Morse

HIST 208: The Atlantic World: Columbus to the Age of Revolutions, 1492-1792

In the late fifteenth century, the Atlantic ocean became a vast highway linking Spain, France, Britain, and the Netherlands to the Americas and Africa. This course will examine the lives of the men and women who inhabited this new world from the time of Columbus to the eighteenth-century revolutions in Haiti and North America. We will focus on the links between continents rather than the geographic segments. Topics will include the destruction and reconfiguration of indigenous societies; slavery and other forms of servitude; religion; war; and the construction of ideas of empire. Students considering a concentration in Atlantic History are particularly encouraged to enroll. Emphasis on primary sources.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 209: The Revolutionary Atlantic

Students in this course will investigate social conflicts, political struggles, and protest movements from the Age of Revolution, 1776-1848 ranging over four continents. We will read pamphlets from the Dutch Patriot Revolution, eye witness accounts of slave insurrections in the Caribbean, novels and plays describing/provoking changes in families on both sides of the Atlantic, and newspaper articles written by Karl Marx. We will compare histories of revolutions on both sides of the Atlantic, including the newest research on West Africa and Latin America.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Polasky

HIST 210: The Boston Massacre in 3D: Mapping, Modeling and Serious Gaming

In this highly experimental, demanding, and project-orientated Digital Humanities Lab, we will research, design, and produce immersive 3D experiences based on the events of the Boston Massacre. We will leverage all the critical, creative, and technical skills we can assemble to bring this pivotal moment in early American history to life in 3D. Tools will include GIS and CityEngine procedural mapping software, 3D modeling programs, and the Unity game engine. No technical experience necessary, but a willingness to learn independently. Prerequisite: Requires concurrent registration in History 212, prior coursework in Computer Science or Cinema and Media Studies, or instructor permission.
3 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; A. Mason

HIST 211: Revolts and Resistance in Early America

Far from being a single entity, America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was a world of vibrant, polyglot, globally linked, and violent societies. In this course we will learn how the enslavement of Africans and Native Americans created a state of war that bridged Europe, America, and Africa. We will examine how indigenous resistance to European settlement reshaped landscapes and cultures. We will focus throughout on the daily lives of the women and men who created and shaped the vast world of early America.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 212: The Era of the American Revolution

How Revolutionary was the American Revolution? This class will examine the American Revolution as both a process and a phenomenon. It will consider the relationship of the American Revolution to social, cultural, economic, political, and ideological change in the lives of Americans from the founding fathers to the disenfranchised, focusing on the period 1750-1790. Students currently enrolled in History 212 are eligible to take the optional 2-credit digital lab, History 210, “Boston Massacre in 3D.” We will use 3D modeling and GIS to create a Boston Massacre digital game.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Zabin

HIST 213: Politics and Protest in the New Nation

In the first years of the United States, men and women of all races had to learn what it meant to live in the nation created by the U.S. Constitution. This class will focus on the American attempts to form a more perfect union, paying close attention to the place of slavery, Native dispossession, sexuality, and politics during the years 1787-1840. Throughout the course we will examine the ways in which the politics and protests of the early Republic continue to shape the current United States.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 214: Rethinking the American Civil War

The Civil War, in which more than 620,000 died, was a cataclysmic event that reshaped American life. Using both original sources and the most recent scholarship, we will explore the causes, leadership, battles, and consequences of the war for ordinary Americans. Topics include the war's impact on men, women, slavery, legal rights, the economy, the confederacy, the presidency, and American memory. Special attention will be paid to Civil War photography, the problems of mapping the conflict, and the attempt to understand the war through modern movies and documentaries, including those of Ken Burns.
6 credits; HI, IDS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 215: Carleton in the Archives: Studies in Institutional Memory and Culture

Ours is a world of institutions--schools, corporations, non-profits, government agencies--that shape the way we act, think, and remember. The memory [and amnesia] of institutions themselves, the records they keep and throw away, and the way these repositories are organized and used are crucial elements in their function and survival. How do institutions remember? What is the relationship between "official" and "individual" memory in the making of an institutional world? How do past and present connect? We will explore this and related questions through readings, discussion, and a hands-on project based upon material in Carleton's own archives.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 216: History Beyond the Walls

This course will examine the world of history outside the walls of academia. Looking at secondary-school education, museums, and public policy, we will explore the ways in which both general and specialized publics learn and think about history. A central component of the course will be a civic engagement project. Prerequisite: One History course
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; E. Manovich

HIST 217: Engaging Youth in the Past

The course centers on a civic engagement project mentoring sixth grade students at the Northfield Middle School as they research and produce projects for a local version of National History Day. In addition to mentoring, we will also meet once a week to discuss readings on public history and issues such as the controversies over national history standards. Prerequisite: One college level history course
3 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 219: Is Obama Black?: American Mixed Race History

This course explores the historical political, social, philosophical, and cultural problems related to mixed-race identity since the late nineteenth century, with emphasis on the U.S. government's 2000 decision allowing Americans to define their racial makeup as one race or more. Life stories, literature, and film investigate identity formation, stratification based on race, and the particular ways mixed-raced people articulate their identities in various contexts. Final projects beyond black and white mixed-race people encouraged.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 224: Divercities: Exclusion and Inequality in Urban America

This course examines the twentieth-century history of the United States city in global comparative perspective. It will focus on how exclusion, difference, inequality, and segregation have evolved along with diversity and heterogeneity in the modern city. We will explore this basic contradiction of the U.S. city in history as a contested site of opportunity and foreclosure, asking: how have American cities been both zones of exclusion and inequality while at the same time places in which diverse groups of people have interacted?
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; E. Manovich

HIST 226: U.S. Consumer Culture

In the period after 1880, the growth of a mass consumer society recast issues of identity, gender, race, class, family, and political life. We will explore the development of consumer culture through such topics as advertising and mass media, the body and sexuality, consumerist politics in the labor movement, and the response to the Americanization of consumption abroad. We will read contemporary critics such as Thorstein Veblen, as well as historians engaged in weighing the possibilities of abundance against the growth of corporate power.
6 credits; HI, IDS, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; A. Igra

HIST 227: The American West

Somewhere on the sunset-side of the Mississippi River, the American West begins. It is a region steeped in nostalgia and freighted with stories and longings that Americans have now cherished for many generations. It is also a place as complex and tangled in dynamic cultural, political, and environmental forces as any place on earth. Among the themes we will focus on are relationships among Native American and Euro-American peoples, the transition from imperial frontier to American territory, the shaping power of economic and cultural initiatives, and the centrality of nature and environmental change in forging our western past and present.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 228: Civil Rights and Black Power

This course treats the struggle for racial justice from World War II through the 1960s. Histories, journalism, music, and visual media illustrate black and white elites and grassroots people allied in this momentous epoch that ranges from a southern integrationist vision to northern Black Power militancy. The segregationist response to black freedom completes the study.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; H. Williams

HIST 229: Working with Gender in U.S. History

Historically work has been a central location for the constitution of gender identities for both men and women; at the same time, cultural notions of gender have shaped the labor market. We will investigate the roles of race, class, and ethnicity in shaping multiple sexual divisions of labor and the ways in which terms such as skill, bread-winning and work itself were gendered. Topics will include domestic labor, slavery, industrialization, labor market segmentation, protective legislation, and the labor movement.
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Igra

HIST 231: Mapping the World Before Mercator

This course will explore early maps primarily in medieval and early modern Europe. After an introduction to the rhetoric of maps and world cartography, we will examine the functions and forms of medieval European and Islamic maps and then look closely at the continuities and transformations in map-making during the period of European exploration. The focus of the course will be on understanding each map within its own cultural context and how maps can be used to answer historical questions. We will work closely with the maps in Gould Library Special Collections to expand campus awareness of the collection.
6 credits; HI, WR2, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 232: Renaissance Worlds in France and Italy

Enthusiasm, artistry, invention, exploration.... How do these notions of Renaissance culture play out in sources from the period? Using a range of evidence (historical, literary, and visual) from Italy and France in the fourteenth-sixteenth centuries we will explore selected issues of the period, including debates about the meaning of being human and ideal forms of government and education; the nature of God and mankind's duties toward the divine; the family and gender roles; definitions of beauty and the goals of artistic achievement; accumulation of wealth; and exploration of new worlds and encounters with other peoples.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 233: Cultures of Empire: Byzantium, 843-1453

Heir to the Roman Empire, Byzantium is one of the most enduring and fascinating polities of the medieval world. Through a wide variety of written and visual evidence, we will examine key features of Byzantine history and culture such as the nature of imperial rule; piety and religious controversy; Byzantium's evolving relations with the Latin West, Armenia, the Slavic North, and the Dar al-Islam (the Abbasids and Seljuk and Ottoman Turks); economic life; and Byzantine social relations. Extra time may be required for group projects. Prerequisite: No prerequisites, but History 137, 138, or 204 will be helpful.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 234: Papacy, Church, and Empire in the Middle Ages

This course explores the dynamic interactions between three distinct centers of authority and power: the Roman papacy, the Church, and the heir to the legacies of Rome, the Holy Roman Empire from the tenth through thirteenth centuries. Among other topics to be covered: the rise of canon and Roman law; new religious orders; changing models of sanctity; the Church and local and 'national' identity; and the development of the papacy as a powerful, but controversial, European institution. The course will also consider the Holy Roman Empire as a cultural zone in which Church and Empire play vital roles as patrons and subjects.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 235: Bringing the English Past to (Virtual) Life

This course will explore the history of England from the time of the Tudors through the Industrial Revolution, with a particular focus on the history of poverty and social welfare. We will use new technologies to develop innovative ways to teach and learn about the past. Using a specially designed digital archive, students will construct life stories of paupers, politicians and intellectuals. One day per week, the class will work in a computer lab constructing 3-Dimensional, virtual institutions and designing computer game scenarios that utilize their research to recreate the lived experience of the poor.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 236: Women and Gender in Europe before the French Revolution

What were women’s lives and experiences like in Europe before the modern era? What work did they do, how did they manage their private lives, their family commitments, their faith, and their intellectual lives? We will examine these questions through women’s own writings, writings about women, and secondary literature on family, gender, medicine, law, and culture. In 2016-17, we will have a special opportunity to think about Jewish women’s lives. Projects will include helping to create an exhibition related to William Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice or working with Middle School students in the after school program.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; V. Morse

HIST 237: The Enlightenment

This course focuses on the texts of Enlightenment thinkers, including Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot, Rousseau, Kant and Mesmer. Emphasis will be on French thinkers and the effect of the Enlightenment on French society. The course covers the impact of the Enlightenment on science, religion, politics and the position of women. Students will have the opportunity to read the philosophies in French.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 238: The Viking World

In the popular imagination, Vikings are horn-helmeted, blood-thirsty pirates who raped and pillaged their way across medieval Europe. But the Norse did much more than loot, rape, and pillage; they cowed kings and fought for emperors, explored uncharted waters and settled the North Atlantic, and established new trade routes that revived European urban life. In this course, we will separate fact from fiction by critically examining primary source documents alongside archaeological, linguistic and place-name evidence. Students will share their insights with each other and the world through two major collaborative digital humanities projects over the course of the term.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Mason

HIST 239: Health and Welfare in Industrializing Britain

Historians disagree about the timing, causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution, but no one disputes that there were massive changes in England's population, economy and society from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. In this course, we examine those transformations with a focus on the ways that social and economic changes related to social welfare policies, the health of the people, and the environment.
6 credits; HI, IS, QRE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 240: Tsars and Serfs, Cossacks and Revolutionaries: The Empire that was Russia

Nicholas II, the last Tsar-Emperor of Russia, ruled over an empire that stretched from the Baltic to the Pacific. Territorial expansion over three-and-a-half centuries had brought under Russian rule a vast empire of immense diversity. The empire's subjects spoke a myriad languages, belonged to numerous religious communities, and related to the state in a wide variety of ways. Its artists produced some of the greatest literature and music of the nineteenth century and it offered fertile ground for ideologies of both conservative imperialism and radical revolution. This course surveys the panorama of this empire from its inception in the sixteenth century to its demise in the flames of World War I. Among the key analytical questions addressed are the following: How did the Russian Empire manage its diversity? How does Russia compare with other colonial empires? What understandings of political order legitimized it and how were they challenged?
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 241: Russia through Wars and Revolutions

The lands of the Russian empire underwent massive transformations in the tumultuous decades that separated the accession of Nicholas II (1894) from the death of Stalin (1953). This course will explore many of these changes, with special attention paid to the social and political impact of wars (the Russo-Japanese War, World War I, the Civil War, and the Great Patriotic War) and revolutions (of 1905 and 1917), the ideological conflicts they engendered, and the comparative historical context in which they transpired.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 242: Communism, Cold War, Collapse: Russia Since Stalin

In this course we will explore the history of Russia and other former Soviet states in the period after the death of Stalin, exploring the workings of the communist system and the challenges it faced internally and internationally. We will investigate the nature of the late Soviet state and look at the different trajectories Russia and other post-Soviet states have followed since the end of the Soviet Union.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 243: The Peasants are Revolting! Society and Politics in the Making of Modern France

Political propaganda of the French Revolutionary period tells a simple story of downtrodden peasants exploited by callous nobles, but what exactly was the relationship between the political transformations of France from the Renaissance through the French Revolution and the social, religious, and cultural tensions that characterized the era? This course explores the connections and conflicts between popular and elite culture as we survey French history from the sixteenth through early nineteenth centuries, making comparisons to social and political developments in other European countries along the way.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 245: Ireland: Land, Conflict and Memory

This course explores the history of Ireland from Medieval times through the Great Famine, ending with a look at the Partition of Ireland in 1920. We examine themes of religious and cultural conflict and explore a series of English political and military interventions. Throughout the course, we will analyze views of the Irish landscape, landholding patterns, and health and welfare issues. Finally, we explore the contested nature of history and memory as the class discusses monuments and memory production in Irish public spaces.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 246: The Material World of the Anglo-Saxons

This course explores the world of Anglo-Saxon England from Rome's decline through the Norman Conquest (c.400-1066) through the lens of material culture. These six centuries witnessed dramatic transformations, including changing environmental conditions, ethnic migrations, the coming of Christianity, waning Roman influence, the rise of kingdoms, and the emergence of new agricultural and economic regimes. We will look beyond the kings and priests at the top of society by analyzing objects people made and used, buildings they built, and human remains they buried alongside primary and secondary written sources. Students will gain experience in how to write history from "things."
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 247: The First World War as Global Phenomenon

On this centenary of the First World War, the course will explore the global context for this cataclysmic event, which provides the hinge from the nineteenth century into the twentieth. We will spend considerable time on the build-up to and causes of the conflict, with particular emphasis on the new imperialism, race-based ideologies, and the complex international struggles for global power. In addition to the fighting, we will devote a significant portion of the course to the home front and changes in society and culture during and after the war.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 248: Berlin Program: A German Crucible of European and Global Culture

Berlin is the center of a transnational space that is German, European and global. This course will examine Berlin's complicated history and culture through its monuments, museums, and other sites of commemoration. Using Berlin as our text, we will gain insights into the significant historical events that shaped the society and culture of Germany's capital city. On visits to nearby cities, such as Vienna and Warsaw, we will also discuss developments in Germany and Europe more generally. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 249: Two Centuries of Tumult: Modern Central Europe

An examination of the political, social, and cultural history of Central Europe from 1848 to the present day. We will explore the evolution of state and civil society in the multicultural/multinational regions of the present-day Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, as well as eastern Germany and Austria. Much of the course will focus on the common experiences of authoritarianism, anti-Semitism, fascism/Nazism, and especially the Communist era and its dissolution.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; D. Tompkins

HIST 250: Modern Germany

This course offers a comprehensive examination of German history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We will look at the German-speaking peoples of Central Europe through the prism of politics, society, culture, and the economy. Through a range of readings, we will grapple with the many complex and contentious issues that have made German history such an interesting area of intellectual inquiry.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; D. Tompkins

HIST 250F: Modern Germany-FLAC German Trailer

This course is a supplement in German for History 250, Modern Germany, and will meet once weekly. Open to students who have completed German 103 or who have intermediate or advanced skills in German. Speaking in German, we will discuss German language primary sources, including documents, music and film clips. Prerequisite: German 103 or equivalent
2 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; D. Tompkins

HIST 254: Colonialism in East Asia

This course explores the colonialisms in East Asia, both internal and external. Students examine Chinese, Inner Asian, Japanese, and European colonialisms from the seventeenth century to the present. Geographically, students cover borderlands of East Asian empires (Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Manchuria, Fujian, Yunnan, Canton, Vietnam, Taiwan, Korea, Okinawa, and Hokkaido). Methodologically, students eschew power-politics and historical studies of "frontier" regions in order to analyze everyday aspects of colonial arrangements and communities in different historical moments from the bottom up. Topics include ethnic identities, racial discourses, colonial settlements, opium regimes, violence and memory (e.g. Nanjing massacre), and forced labor migrations (e.g. comfort women).
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 255: Rumors, Gossip, and News in East Asia

What is news? How do rumors and gossips shape news in modern China, Japan, and Korea? Is the press one of the sociocultural bases within civil society that shapes opinion in the public sphere in East Asia? Students will examine how press-like activities reshape oral communication networks and printing culture and isolate how the public is redefined in times of war and revolutions. Drawing sources from a combination of poems, private letters, maps, pamphlets, handbills, local gazetteers, rumor mills, pictorials, and cartoons, students will map communication circuits that linked authors, journalists, shippers, booksellers, itinerant storytellers, gossipers, listeners, and active readers.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; S. Yoon

HIST 256: History of Urban China

Who initiated the circulation of new ideas and novel communicative behaviors in urban China? Is there anything Chinese about the "public" forged in Chinese cities? This course adopts a comparative and integrative approach to examine the studies of major ritual centers (e.g., Beijing), market towns, and foreign concessions (e.g., Shanghai). Thematically, students will analyze the ongoing tension between time and place as expressed in the conflict between China's colonial past and its search for national identity.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 259: Women in South Asia: Histories, Narratives, and Representations

The objective of this course is to analyse the historical institutions, practices and traditions that define the position of women in India. We consider the various ways in which the trope of the Goddess has been used for and by Indian women in colonial and post-colonial India; the colonial state's supposed rescue of Indian women; the position and role of European women in colonial India; how women's bodies come to embody and signify community honor and become sites of communal contest. We explore the making of Mother India; the connection between nation, territory and the female form; and the ways in which women have been represented in history as well as Indian cinema. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Khalid

HIST 260: The Making of the Modern Middle East

A survey of major political and social developments from the fifteenth century to the beginning of World War I. Topics include: state and society, the military and bureaucracy, religious minorities (Jews and Christians), and women in premodern Muslim societies; the encounter with modernity.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 261: Turkey Prog: Nations, Islams, and Modernities: Trnsfrmtn of the Ottoman Empire-Making of Middle East

An overview of the period since 1774 to the present through an analysis of the interplay of various currents of Islam, nationhood, and modernity. We will have the advantage of studying this material in Istanbul, where many of these changes transpired, and we will make full use of the opportunities afforded by our location and incorporate visits to historical sites and museums into the structure of the class. We will focus on the multiple and contested meanings of "nation," "Islam," and "modernity," and trace how political space itself was redefined in the transition from empire to national statehood.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 262: Public Health: History, Policy, and Practice

This course will examine the rise of the institution of public health in the modern period. Locating public health within the social history of medicine we will consider how concepts of health and disease have changed over time and how the modern state's concern with the health of its population cannot be separated from its need to survey, police, and discipline the public. Topics covered will include miasma, contagion, quarantine, vaccination and the connection between European imperialism and the institutionalization of public health in colonial contexts. We will also consider how certain epidemics became the major drivers for public health.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Khalid

HIST 263: Plagues of Empire

The globalization of disease is often seen as a recent phenomenon aided by high-speed communication and travel. This course examines the history of the spread of infectious diseases by exploring the connection between disease, medicine and European imperial expansion. We consider the ways in which European expansion from 1500 onwards changed the disease landscape of the world and how pre-existing diseases in the tropics shaped and thwarted imperial ambitions. We will also question how far Western medicine can be seen as a benefit by examining its role in facilitating colonial expansion and constructing racial and gender difference.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Khalid

HIST 264: Turkey Program: The Politics of Gender in the Modern Middle East

This course will analyze the multiple intersections of gender with nation, Islam, and modernity in the Muslim world, with Turkey as the key example. The focus will be on the multiplicity of the intersections, so that different political situations produce markedly different configurations. The structure of the course will be historical but with a strong theoretical component. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 265: Central Asia in the Modern Age

Central Asia--the region encompassing the post-Soviet states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and the Xinjiang region of the People's Republic of China--is often considered one of the most exotic in the world, but it has experienced all the excesses of the modern age. After a basic introduction to the long-term history of the steppe, this course will concentrate on exploring the history of the region since its conquest by the Russian and Chinese empires. We will discuss the interaction of external and local forces as we explore transformations in the realms of politics, society, culture, and religion.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 266: History of Islam in South Asia

While Islam in popular thought is often associated solely with the Arab world, in reality eighty percent of the world’s Muslim population is not of Arab ethnicity.  The countries of South Asia--particularly India, Pakistan and Bangladesh--are collectively home to the largest number of Muslims. After examining the early background of the appearance and growth of Islamic societies and governments, we will explore the rich history of the expansion of Islam into the Indian subcontinent. We will take account of the role of trade and conquest in the early centuries of Islamic expansion and study the development of specifically Indian forms of Islam. The nature and impact of the Indo-Islamic empires will receive our attention, as will the interaction of Muslims with non-Muslim communities in medieval and early modern India. This will be followed by a look at the period of colonial rule, and an analysis of the specific historical contexts that gave rise to specific religious nationalist movements. We will then trace out how, once established, these movements developed according to their changing relationships to national liberation movements, secularism, state administrative systems, global economic shifts, and changing social demands. 
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 267: Muslims and Modernity

Through readings in primary sources in translation, we will discuss the major intellectual and cultural movements that have influenced Muslim thinkers from the nineteenth century on. Topics include modernism, nationalism, socialism, and fundamentalism.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 268: India Program: History, Globalization, and Politics in Modern India

Indian democracy presents a complicated social and political terrain that is being reshaped and remapped by a wide variety of efforts to bring about economic development, social change, political representation, justice, and equality. In this course we will examine, among other topics, the history of modern India with a focus on political movements centered on issues of colonialism, nationalism, class, gender, and caste. We will also examine changes in contemporary India brought about by globalization, and study how particular groups and communities have reacted and adapted to these developments. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the India OCS Program required
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; B. LaRocque

HIST 269: Turkey Program: Istanbul: Imperial Past, Global Present

Byzantium, Constantinople, Istanbul--The City was the cosmopolitan capital of major world empires for sixteen centuries until 1923, when it became a provincial city in a national republic. Since 1980, however, Istanbul has risen as a global megalopolis. Today's Istanbul is the crossroads of Europe and the Middle East, of the Mediterranean and Central Asia, the hub of one of the world's great airlines. Its expansion has led to great innovations in urban planning and design as well as to intense debate over their course. This course will try to convey a sense of the place--of the past of the city and its vibrant present. Students will visit the great historical sites of the city, go on walking tours of its different neighborhoods, and meet with community groups representing different constituencies to get a sense of current debates about the future of the city. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS program
3 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 270: Nuclear Nations: India and Pakistan as Rival Siblings

At the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947 India and Pakistan, two new nation states emerged from the shadow of British colonialism. This course focuses on the political trajectories of these two rival siblings and looks at the ways in which both states use the other to forge antagonistic and belligerent nations. While this is a survey course it is not a comprehensive overview of the history of the two countries. Instead it covers some of the more significant moments of rupture and violence in the political history of the two states. The first two-thirds of the course offers a top-down, macro overview of these events and processes whereas the last third examines the ways in which people experienced these developments. We use the lens of gender to see how the physical body, especially the body of the woman, is central to the process of nation building. We will consider how women’s bodies become sites of contestation and how they are disciplined and policed by the postcolonial state(s).
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Khalid

HIST 271: Political Violence and Human Rights in Latin America

Rooted in earlier social struggles and influenced by the advent of the Cold War, political violence and war pervaded the Latin American landscape throughout the latter half of the twentieth century. This violence impacted political horizons, social relations, cultural representations, and the very memory of those who lived through this era. This course explores three different genres of violence through in-depth case studies: Southern Cone dirty wars (Argentina); Central American civil wars (Guatemala) and Andean civil wars (Peru). Writing assignments will involve multiple forms of analysis, while challenging students to think comparatively about the different case studies.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 272: The Mexican Revolution: History, Myth and Art

As the twentieth century's first major social revolution, the Mexican Revolution represents a watershed moment in Latin American history. This course examines the origins of the conflict and its key domestic and international dimensions. It also explores how a collective memory of the Revolution was crafted and contested by the post-revolutionary state, artists, intellectuals, and peasants through the means of photography, murals, education, popular protest, commemorations, and shrines. Emphasis will be placed on agrarian leader and rebel chieftain Emiliano Zapata as both historical figure and myth.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; A. Fisher

HIST 273: Go-Betweens and Rebels in the Andean World

This course examines the dynamics of imperial rule in the vertical world of the Andes from the time of the Inca, through Spanish rule, and beyond. Of particular interest will be the myriad roles played by indigenous intermediaries who bridged the social, political and cultural gap between their communities and the state. While critical for maintaining the imperial order, these individuals also served as a galvanizing source of popular resistance against the state. Emphasis will be placed on the reading of translated primary sources written by a diverse group of Andean cultural intermediaries and rebels.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 274: Drugs, Violence & Rebellion in Mexico: From the Dirty War to the Drug War

Since 2006, some 100,000 lives have been lost as a result of the Mexican government's decision to unleash its army against the powerful cartels supplying the United States with marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and crystal methamphetamine. This course situates the bloodshed within a broader historical and transnational context. It traces the conflict's roots to a longer struggle against Mexico's authoritarian political culture and the state's repression of dissent, including a little known "dirty war" that raged during the 1960s-1970s. It also examines evolving attitudes toward drugs, the emergence of a narco culture in Mexico, and grassroots movements against the violence.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 280: African in the Arab World

This course examines African people's existence as religious, political, and military leaders, and as slaves and poets in Arab societies from ancient to modern times. It also interrogates the experiences of men as eunuchs, and of women as concubines and wives. Beginning with the pre-Islamic era, it highlights the movement of Africans from the Sahara Desert to the Nile valley, from the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean. It traces the experiences of peoples whose dark skin became equated with slave status (and the legacy of slavery) even as they became loyal followers of Islam in the Arab world.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; T. Willis

HIST 281: War in Modern Africa

This course examines the causes, features, and consequences of wars across two critical phases of African history, colonial and post-colonial. It covers four cases studies from modern Central, East, and West Africa: the Congo (first under the rule of King Leopold and later the Belgian colonial government), Tanganyika (under German colonial rule), Nigeria (during the first republic through the civil war), and Uganda (under the rule of Idi Amin). Students will learn how certain memories or interpretations of events are narrated, fashioned, truncated, contested, forgotten, or silenced. Students also will learn how different historical actors participated in and experienced war.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 283: Christian Encounter, Conversion, and Conflict in Modern Africa

This course explores the nature of Christian mission in West, Central, and East Africa and its complex encounters with practitioners of Islam, other Christian sects, and indigenous religious traditions in modern Africa. Using scholarship and primary sources such as oral traditions, missionary writings, vernacular publications, newspapers, and ethnographic fieldnotes, we will focus on understanding religious encounter in a variety of case studies: the Akan in the Gold Coast (Ghana), the Hausa in Nigeria, the Bantu in Zambia, and the Maasai in Tanzania as well as Atlantic-Creoles in Angola and the Kongo.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Spring 2017; T. Willis

HIST 284: Crafting a History of Africa Since Independence

The course begins as Europe's African empire unraveled, and ends with a look toward the future. Students engage in this history while joining the professor in the project of compiling a textbook collection of primary sources. The course is organized thematically into units. Each begins with research on and critical discussion of a broad topic considered within specific historical contexts. Students will identify, edit, and comment on primary sources that represent these major developments and themes. The class will assemble their collection into a narrative collage consisting of official documents, political commentaries, interviews, memoirs, transcripts, and visual records.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 285: Museums, Monuments, and Memory

"History" is not just the name of a department at Carleton College; "History-making" is an activity engaged in by everybody, everyday. We watch historical movies, listen to political leaders invoking history in making policy, tour historic sites and museums, etc. We listen to our elders tell us stories about their lives, and we tell ourselves stories that place our experiences into the historical continuum. This course ranges widely over the varied and sometimes risky terrain of contemporary history-making in Minnesota and beyond to examine preservation organizations, museums, archives, oral history projects, documentary films, historic sites, schools, theater, TV, and cyberspace.
3 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 286: Africans in the Arab World: On Site and Revisited

This course is the second part of a two-term sequence. It begins with a two-week December-break trip to Dubai, UAE, to visit museums, mosques, other heritage sites, universities, media outlets, and markets. It promotes dialogue with Afro-Arab women around the historical constructions of gender, race, and ethnicity in heritage sites, Islam, Arab media, academic institutions, and popular culture. Ultimately, students will ponder Afro-Arab women's voice and visibility beyond the home in this Arab society. Then upon return to Carleton, students will reflect upon their experiences in the UAE, analyze their data, and present it in oral, written, and visual formats. Prerequisite: History 280
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 287: From Alchemy to the Atom Bomb: The Scientific Revolution and the Making of the Modern World

This course examines the growth of modern science since the Renaissance with an emphasis on the Scientific Revolution, the development of scientific methodology, and the emergence of new scientific disciplines. How might a history of science focused on scientific networks operating within society, rather than on individual scientists, change our understanding of “genius,” “progress,” and “scientific impartiality?” We will consider a range of scientific developments, treating science both as a body of knowledge and as a set of practices, and will gauge the extent to which our knowledge of the natural world is tied to who, when, and where such knowledge has been produced and circulated.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; T. Adler

HIST 298: Junior-year History Colloquium

In the junior year, majors must take six-credit reading and discussion course taught each year by different members of the department faculty. The general purpose of History 298 is to help students reach a more sophisticated understanding of the nature of history as a discipline and of the approaches and methods of historians. A major who is considering off-campus study in the junior year should consult with their adviser on when to take History 298. Prerequisite: At least two six credit courses in History (excluding HIST 100 and Independents) at Carleton.
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; W. North, A. Fisher

HIST 306: American Wilderness

This course is part of the off-campus spring break program, involving two-linked courses in winter and spring. To many Americans, wild lands are among the nation's most treasured places. Yosemite, Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon, Joshua Tree--the names alone evoke a sense of awe, naturalness, beauty, even love. But, where do those ideas and feelings come from, and how have they both reflected and shaped American cultural, political and environmental history over the last four centuries? These are the central issues and questions that we will pursue in this seminar. Prerequisite: History 205 or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 307: Advanced Wilderness Studies

This course is the second half of a two-course sequence focused on the study of wilderness in American society and culture. The course will begin with a two-week off-campus study program during spring break at the Grand Canyon, where we will learn about the natural and human history of the Grand Canyon, examine contemporary issues facing the park, meet with officials from the National Park Service and other local experts, conduct research, and experience the park through hiking and camping. The course will culminate in the spring term with the completion and presentation of a major research project. Prerequisite: History 306
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 308: American Cities and Nature

Since the nation's founding, the percentage of Americans living in cities has risen nearly sixteenfold, from about five percent to the current eighty-one percent. This massive change has spawned legions of others, and all of them have bearing on the complex ways that American cities and city-dwellers have shaped and reshaped the natural world. This course will consider the nature of cities in American history, giving particular attention to the dynamic linkages binding these cultural epicenters to ecological communities, environmental forces and resource flows, to eco-politics and social values, and to those seemingly far-away places we call farms and wilderness.  Prerequisite: History 205 or permission of the instructor
6 credits; WR2, IDS, HI; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 316: History, Nature & Smartphones

For the past two decades, historians have increasingly used digital tools to construct and deliver their research. This is particularly the case in public history, which aims to collaborate with public audiences in the co-construction of the past. This seminar will build on this trend, exploring the ways that Minnesota's environmental history can be imagined, understood, and expressed in the digital age. During the course, we will meet with specialists in public and digital history; we will conduct research at the Minnesota Historical Society; and we will develop several web- and smartphone-based stories for the Minnesota Environmental History Project. Prerequisite: Previous History course or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 346: The Holocaust

This course will grapple with the difficult and complicated phenomenon of the genocide of the Jews of Europe. We will explore anti-Semitism in its historical context, both in the German-speaking lands as well as in Europe as a whole. The experience of Jews in Nazi Germany will be an area of focus, but this class will look at European Jews more broadly, both before and during the Second World War. The question of responsibility and guilt will be applied to Germans as well as to other European societies, and an exploration of victims will extend to other affected groups.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 360: Muslims and Modernity

Through readings in primary sources in translation, we will discuss the major intellectual and cultural movements that have influenced Muslim thinkers from the nineteenth century on. Topics include modernism, nationalism, socialism, and fundamentalism. Prerequisite: At least one prior course in the history of the Middle East or Central Asia or Islam
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 381: U.S. Relations with Ghana

This seminar prepares students for, participation in, and reflection upon the winter-break field trip to Ghana. Assignments involve readings in history, the social sciences, and intercultural communication. Preliminary research on history or social science projects required.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 382: U.S. Relations with Ghana: The Field Trip and Beyond

The first part of the seminar is the winter break field trip to three regional capitals in Ghana. Fieldwork and experiential living starts in Accra, continues in Kumasi, and ends in Cape Coast. The seminar resumes on campus with weekly reflection meetings. Public poster sessions on fieldwork will be held in Spring term. Prerequisite: History 381
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

HIST 395: Controversial Histories

This seminar explores the histories of how people in diverse times and places discussed, debated and decided the issues and ideals that shaped their lives, communities, and world. Particular attention will be paid to the role of institutions and individuals, networks, the forms and functions of polemical discourse, and the dynamics of group formation and stigmatization in the historical unfolding of conflict and consensus. Theoretical readings and select case studies from different historical contexts will provide the common readings for the seminar. Possible extra time required for end of term "mini-conference."
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; W. North

HIST 395: The Global Cold War

In the aftermath of the Second World War and through the 1980s, the United States and the Soviet Union competed for world dominance. This Cold War spawned hot wars, as well as a cultural and economic struggle for influence all over the globe. This course will look at the experience of the Cold War from the perspective of its two main adversaries, the U.S. and USSR, but will also devote considerable attention to South America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Students will write a 25 page paper based on original research.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; D. Tompkins

HIST 395: The Progressive Era?

Was the Progressive Era progressive? It was a period of social reform, labor activism, and woman suffrage, but also of Jim Crow, corporate capitalism, and U.S. imperialism. These are among the topics that can be explored in research papers on this contradictory era. We will begin by reading a brief text that surveys the major subject areas and relevant historiography of the period. The course will center on the writing of a 25-30 page based on primary research, which will be read and critiqued by members of the seminar. 
6 credits; HI; Offered Spring 2017; A. Igra

HIST 398: Advanced Historical Writing

This course is designed to support majors in developing advanced skills in historical research and writing. Through a combination of class discussion, small group work, and one-on-one interactions with the professor, majors learn the process of constructing sophisticated, well-documented, and well-written historical arguments within the context of an extended project of their own design. They also learn and practice strategies for engaging critically with contemporary scholarship and effective techniques of peer review and the oral presentation of research. Concurrent enrollment in History 400 required. By permission of the instructor only.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; V. Morse, T. Willis

HIST 400: Integrative Exercise

Required of all seniors majoring in history. Registration in this course is contingent upon prior approval of a research proposal.
6 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017

IDSC 099: Carleton Undergraduate Bridge Experience

The Carleton Undergraduate Bridge Experience is a six-week program designed to review quantitative skills and explore how these quantitative skills are relevant to disciplines ranging from biology and physics to economics and psychology. Topics may include functions (linear, exponential, logarithmic), geometry, trigonometry, and analysis and graphical representation of data sets. Students will work in teams on several activities, including exploring Carleton-specific data sets that can be used tell a story about the College and collaborating on problems that explore how particular quantitative skills are used in the sciences and social sciences. In addition, students review and practice their quantitative skills through self-paced work.
5 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Summer 2016; M. Eblen-Zayas

IDSC 099: Language and Global Issues Summer Institute

Our world is a tangle of languages and cultures and market forces. The Language and Global Issues Institute provides tools for beginning to reckon with global issues. Each morning students have an intense experience of language immersion in one of the program languages (French or Spanish). In the afternoon class, they will participate in a multi-disciplinary seminar on a global issue such as immigration (taught in English). The program includes activities and excursions that reinforce the themes of the classes. For accepted high-school juniors and seniors.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016; S. Sippy

IDSC 099: Summer Humanities Institute

The Summer Humanities Institute brings together seminar, lecture, and individual and group research experiences in History and English Literature along with six art historical lectures to offer students an in depth and multi-disciplinary understanding of the legacies of the Roman Empire in Early Modern Europe. In the History component, students explore the world and thought of Niccolo Machiavelli, as he uses the Roman past to understand the Italian present. In the English component, students will examine in depth William Shakespeare’s use of Roman history as inspiration and context for drama but also as an ongoing tradition of performance. Lectures and discussion requiring significant preparation are complemented by daily supervised research throughout the course culminating in a public presentation of their original research. For high school juniors and seniors.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016; W. North

IDSC 099: Summer Quantitative Reasoning Institute

The Summer Quantitative Reasoning Institute (SQRI) is a three-week intensive training in quantitative methods in the social sciences. Instruction is divided into week-long courses in political science/international relations, economics, and psychology. Students work on group research projects in their single core discipline under faculty direction. Study includes classroom work, lab work, and some field trips. For high school juniors and seniors.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016; A. Montero

IDSC 099: Summer Science Institute

This course consists of three one-week seminars with faculty from various departments in the sciences. Topics change from year to year, depending on faculty interests. Classes consist of a mix of lecture, hands-on activities, problem sets, and completion of an independent research project. For high school juniors and seniors.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Summer 2016, Summer 2016; J. Wolff, S. Drew

IDSC 100: Introduction Data Visualization

The world is awash in data. How can we make sense of it all? Businesses, scientists, and academics of all backgrounds are increasingly relying on visualization to better understand and communicate about data. This course serves as an introduction to the theory and practice of data visualization. Students will learn the design principles common to effective visual displays of data and how to overcome the most prevalent mistakes made by practitioners. We will spend considerable time in the computer lab working to collect, analyze, and communicate about multiple datasets throughout the term.
6 credits; AI, WR1, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Swoboda

IDSC 100: Let's Talk about Race!: Exploring Race in Higher Education

From Starbucks' failed "Race together" initiative to debates about Rachel Dolezal's racial identity to the Black Lives Matter movement, it is clear that race still matters in America. These incidents also demonstrate the difficulties of having discussions about race, especially across racial lines. Drawing on texts from multiple disciplines, this course will examine the history of racial categories with a particular emphasis on how race matters in higher education. This course will also incorporate readings and activities that will help students develop further their skills to have productive discussions about race, especially in the context of a small residential college. 
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; A. Chikkatur

IDSC 100: Measured Thinking: Reasoning with Numbers about World Events, Health, Science and Social Issues

This interdisciplinary course addresses one of the signal features of contemporary academic, professional, public, and personal life: a reliance on information and arguments involving numbers. We will examine how numbers are used and misused in verbal, statistical, and graphical form in discussions of world events, health, science, and social issues. Students will also apply quantitative reasoning skills to assist community organizations.
6 credits; AI, WR1, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; N. Lutsky

IDSC 103: Student Conversations about Diversity and Community

In this course students participate in peer-led conversations about diversity and community at Carleton. Students complete readings and engage in experiential exercises that invite them to reflect on their own social identities and their attitudes toward race, gender, class, and sexuality. By taking risks and engaging in honest conversations and self-reflection, students work together to understand differences and to explore how to build communities that are welcoming and open to diversity. Students keep a weekly journal and write two reflective essays that are graded by faculty members. Required application form: https://apps.carleton.edu/dialogue/.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Estill

IDSC 110: Thinking with Numbers: Using Math and Data in Context

This course will enhance students' quantitative skills and provide opportunities to apply those skills to authentic problems. Topics covered will vary depending on students in the class; possible topics include unit conversions, significant figures and estimation, exponents, logarithms, algebra, geometry, probability, and statistics. We will explore how these skills are relevant in contexts ranging from making personal finance decisions to understanding medical research reports. Prerequisite: Interdisciplinary Studies 099, Undergraduate Bridge Experience
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Eblen-Zayas

IDSC 128: Civil Discourse on a Diverse Campus: An Experiential Living-Learning Community

Why is it so hard to get along? This residential course will meet once a week for the students’ first three terms at Carleton to connect the classroom to the dorm room by creating a cohort dedicated in engaging in difficult conversations that can help reduce the impact of conflict within individuals and our community at large. We will work with a basic theoretical framework and readings to help identify universal local and global issues that will be explored in open-ended class discussions and through exchanges with guest speakers. Assignments will include a journal and on campus outreach assignments.  Prerequisite: Fall term by instructor approval, winter and spring term requires prior term registration in IDSC 128
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Cox

IDSC 130: Hacking the Humanities

The digital world is infiltrating the academy and profoundly disrupting the humanities, posing fundamental challenges to traditional models of university education, scholarly research, and academic publication. This course introduces the key concepts, debates and technologies that are shaping the Digital Humanities (DH) revolution, including text encoding, digital mapping (GIS), network analysis, data visualization, and the basic programming languages that power them all. Students in this class will learn to hack the humanities by making a collaborative, publishable DH project, while acquiring the skills and confidence necessary to actively participate in the digital world, both at the university and beyond.
6 credits; HI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Mason

IDSC 198: FOCUS Colloquium

This colloquium is designed to give students participating in the Focusing on Cultivating Scientists program an opportunity to learn and use skills in scientific study, reasoning, and modeling. The topics of this project-based colloquium will vary each term, and allow students to develop competencies in areas relevant to multiple science disciplines.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Gross, D. Hernández

IDSC 202: MMUF Research Seminar

This seminar develops the skills needed to engage in and communicate advanced research. Each participant will work and present regularly on their ongoing research projects, and participate actively in an ongoing series of workshops and conferences. The seminar will also discuss in depth the nature of academia as institution and culture, and the role of diversity in the production of knowledge and teaching in American higher education. Open only to students with MMUF fellow status. Prerequisite: Participation in the Mellon Program/MMUF or MGSEF Program.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; W. North, M. Ryan Van Zee

IDSC 203: Talking about Diversity

This course prepares students to facilitate peer-led conversations about diversity in the Critical Conversations Program. Students learn about categories and theories related to social identity, power, and inequality, and explore how race, gender, class, and sexual orientation affect individual experience and communal structures. Students engage in experiential exercises that invite them to reflect on their own social identities and their reactions to difference, diversity, and conflict. Students are required to keep a weekly journal and to participate in class leadership. Participants in this class may apply to facilitate sections of IDSC 103, a 2-credit student-led course in winter term.
6 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Chikkatur

IDSC 235: Perspectives in Public Health

This course will explore the many dimensions of public health within the United States and provide an introduction to community based work and research. Public health is by nature interdisciplinary and the course will address local public health issues through the lenses of social, biological, and physical determinants of health. In addition to readings and discussions, the course will incorporate the expertise of visiting public health practitioners and include site visits to local public health agencies. Students will work collaboratively with a community partner on a public health-related civic engagement project selected during Fall term and continued during Winter Break. This is the first course of a two course winter break program. Prerequisite: Interdisciplinary Studies 236 required winter term
3 credits; S/CR/NC; IDS, NE; Offered Fall 2016; D. Walser-Kuntz

IDSC 236: Public Health in Practice

This course is the second part of a two-term sequence beginning with Perspectives in Public Health. Over the winter break, students will spend two weeks exploring a variety of public health organizations both locally (Minneapolis/St. Paul) and nationally. During the winter term, students will complete their final public health-related civic engagement project in collaboration with a community partner, set their individual project back into the wider context of public health, and prepare to present their experience to a broader audience. Prerequisite: Interdisciplinary Studies 235
6 credits; IDS, ARP; Offered Winter 2017; D. Walser-Kuntz

IDSC 251: Windows on the Good Life

Human beings are always and everywhere challenged by the question: What should I do to spend my mortal time well? One way to approach this ultimate challenge is to explore some of the great cultural products of our civilization--works that are a delight to read for their wisdom and artfulness. This series of two-credit courses will explore a philosophical dialogue of Plato in the fall, a work from the Bible in the winter, and a pair of plays by Shakespeare in the spring. The course can be repeated for credit throughout the year and in subsequent years.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; HI; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Cooper, A. Rubenstein

IDSC 265: Topics in Public Health

This five-week introductory course will explore a variety of topics in public health through readings, discussion, guest speakers, and a final research paper. The seminar will examine the social, environmental, economic, and political forces that influence health outcomes. An important goal of the course is to help each participant think about their position in public health, reflecting on past public health related experiences and/or looking ahead to upcoming opportunities.
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

IDSC 280: Learning from Internships

Carleton does not grant credit for internships, but valuable off-campus learning experiences can be integrated into the academic program. Although the specific nature of internship experiences will vary, internships are opportunities to apply and extend one's academic skills and interests into work in non-academic settings. This course will involve carefully monitored work experiences in which a student has intentional learning goals. Achieving these goals will be measured through reflective writing assignments, as well as written work in connection with assigned readings. Prerequisite: An internship and learning contract approved by the Career Center Director of Internships. The internship must be a minimum of 6 weeks and 180 hours and approved in advance by the instructor and the Career Center Internship Program Director
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; P. Balaam

IDSC 289: Science Fellows Research Colloquium

This colloquium develops the skills needed to engage in and communicate scientific and mathematical research. Topics will vary each term, but will include searching and reading the primary literature and communicating results orally and via posters. The colloquium will also explore the landscape of academic scientific research and how to negotiate the expectations of being a research group member. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Wolff

IDSC 298: FOCUS Sophomore Colloquium

This colloquium is designed for sophomore students participating in the Focusing on Cultivating Scientists program. It will provide an opportunity to participate in STEM-based projects on campus and in the community. The topics of this project-based colloquium will vary each term. Prerequisite: Interdisciplinary Studies 198 as first year student
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Ferrett

IDSC 398: Team-Based Global Issues Research Seminar

How can we understand a refugee crisis in Europe, the health and environmental effects of a sulfide-ore mine in Minnesota, or destruction of archeological sites in the Middle East? Complex topics like these require multiple specialists working across disciplines. IDSC 398 invites students with advanced (typically Comps-level) skills to develop a team-based project dealing with a regional, national, or international issue that has global significance. Projects are shaped in consultation with the seminar leaders, but are largely independent. Typically separate from departmental Comps. Normally done over three consecutive terms starting in the Fall. For more, see https://apps.carleton.edu/collab/gei/. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Carpenter, T. Ferrett, S. Beckwith

JAPN 101: Elementary Japanese

Introduction to the Japanese sentence structure and writing system, together with the development of basic aural/oral skills, with attention to cultural context.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Kaga

JAPN 102: Elementary Japanese

Continuation of Japanese 101. Prerequisite: Japanese 101 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; N. Tomonari, M. Kaga

JAPN 103: Elementary Japanese

Continuation of Japanese 102. Prerequisite: Japanese 102 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; N. Tomonari, K. Ryor

JAPN 105: Art History in Kyoto Program: Introduction to Japanese Language and Culture Through Language Study

Students with no prior Japanese language study can enroll in this course, which is designed to introduce basic pattern and vocabulary with a special emphasis on topics related to everyday life in Japan and interactions with people. Students will also learn both forms of the Japanese phonetic script, hiragana and katakana. Prerequisite: Participation in OCS program
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; K. Ryor

JAPN 204: Intermediate Japanese

Emphasis is on the development of reading skills, especially the mastery of kanji, with some work on spoken Japanese through the use of audiovisual materials. Prerequisite: Japanese 103 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Habuka

JAPN 205: Intermediate Japanese

Continuation of Japanese 204. Completion of this course with a C- or better fulfills language requirement. Prerequisite: Japanese 204 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Habuka

JAPN 206: Japanese in Cultural Context

This course advances students' proficiency in the four skills, of speaking, listening, reading and writing in Japanese. The course also integrates elements of traditional Japanese civilization and modern Japanese society, emphasizing cultural understanding and situationally appropriate language use. Prerequisite: Japanese 205 or equivalent
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Kaga, K. Ryor

JAPN 231: Japanese Cinema in Translation

This course examines the extraordinary achievement of Japanese cinema, from the classic films of Mizoguchi, Ozu, and Kurosawa to the pop cinema of Kitano and the phenomenon of anime. The films will be studied for their aesthetic, cultural, and auteur contexts. Particular attention will be paid to the relationship of the film to traditional arts, culture and society. This course is conducted in English and all the course materials are in English translation or in English subtitles.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 243: The Other in Modern Japanese Literature and Society in Translation

This course is a study of major works of fiction, non-fiction, and cinema from 1906 to the present. We will trace the representations of minority characters in Japanese literature and cinema and also explore the rich diversity of minority voices in the field. Authors include Shimazaki Toson, Sumii Sue, Yu Miri, and the film directors include Sai Yoichi and Hashiguchi Ryosuke. The texts are all in English and films are shown with English subtitles.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 244: The World of Anime in Translation

This course examines the extraordinary achievement of anime (Japanese animation), from the modern classics by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, and Mamoru Oshii, to more recent anime directors. The anime will be studied for their aesthetic, cultural, and auteur contexts. Particular attention will be paid to the relationship of the anime to traditional arts, culture and society. This course is conducted in English and all the course materials are in English translation or in English subtitles.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 245: Modern Japanese Literature and Manga in Translation

This course is a study of major works of modern fiction in Japan and their recent adaptations in manga. We will pay particular attention to cultural, aesthetic, and ideological aspects of Japanese literature in the twentieth century and to the relationship between the text, the author, and the society. We will also read their adaptations in manga. Manga has become the most popular literary medium during the last century and we will consider the relationship between modern Japanese literature and manga. This class requires no prior knowledge of Japanese language, literature, manga, or culture.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; N. Tomonari

JAPN 254: World of Japanese Manga in Translation

This course will examine manga (Japanese comic books that first appeared in post-World War II Japan). Manga are avidly read in Japan as a main component of Japanese popular culture. They have a huge influence on other media such as films and anime. The genre has greatly expanded its readership outside of Japan during the last decade. We will read a variety of manga aimed at different gender and age groups, in English translation. The texts will be interpreted as a means of understanding the world-views of the Japanese, and how Japanese society has evolved in recent decades.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 310: Japanese Maintenance

This course gives students at the 300 level an opportunity to continue to practice their reading, speaking, writing and listening skills when a 300-level course is not available. Class will meet once a week to discuss readings or discuss topics students are interested in. Students will have conversation practice opportunities with tutors. Does not count toward major or minor. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or equivalent
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 345: Advanced Reading in Modern Japanese Literature: The Short Story

Introduction to modern Japanese short fiction in the original, with exposure to a variety of styles. Some practice in critical analysis and literary translation. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or the equivalent.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 351: Advanced Japanese through Documentary Film

In this course we will subtitle in English a Japanese documentary film and also read the script and/or other related materials. The course aims to improve understanding of spoken Japanese at a natural pace, to improve the skill in reading of Japanese texts, and to comprehend some aspects of contemporary Japan. Students are expected to participate actively in the discussion of the film and the subtitles. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or equivalent.
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; N. Tomonari

JAPN 352: Advanced Japanese through Manga and Contemporary Materials

Reading and discussion of advanced Japanese materials that include classical and recent manga. The materials are to be determined by both the instructor and the students. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 353: Thinking about Environmental Issues in Japanese

This course explores various environmental issues, pollution, recycle, etc., in Japanese using newspaper clips, internet, and other authentic written texts. We will examine what kind of environmental issues Japan faces and how the government and communities are dealing with them. Then students are expected to explore how their communities are dealing with environmental issues. The purpose of the course is to encourage students to think about issues, contents, in Japanese rather than study purely language, grammar and vocabularies. Students are expected to write a short research paper in Japanese and do class presentation at the end. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or equivalent.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

JAPN 354: Japanese Food Culture

This course explores Japanese food culture: its history, variety of ingredients, influence from other cultures, and other topics. We will examine what has created "washoku=Japanese cuisine," what "bento" means to Japanese people, and different ideas about food among cultures, etc. Students are expected to take the initiative in exploring Japanese food culture, find what interests them, and share their findings in class. The purpose of the course is to encourage students to think about Japanese food culture in Japanese, rather than to purely study language, grammar and vocabulary. Students are expected to research for their compositions and class presentations, and experiment with the Japanese food experience. Prerequisite: Japanese 206 or equivalent
6 credits; NE, IS; Offered Spring 2017; M. Kaga

LATN 101: Elementary Latin

While many claims are made about the benefits of learning Latin, here’s what we know for sure: it’s a beautiful language, both intensely precise and rigorous, as well as poetically expressive and inviting. Spoken by millions in the ancient world and kept continuously “alive” up to the present, Latin provides a window onto an intellectual and cultural landscape that is both foreign and familiar to modern students. This beginning course will develop necessary vocabulary, forms, and grammar that allows students to begin reading short passages of unadulterated prose and poetry from the ancient Roman world right from the start.
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; H. Wietzke

LATN 102: Intermediate Latin

Continuation of essential forms and grammar. Prerequisite: Latin 101 with a grade of at least C- or placement
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; C. Zimmerman

LATN 103: Introduction to Latin Prose and Poetry

The course is designed to help students make the transition from the discrete rules of morphology and syntax to the integrated reading of extended passages of Latin prose and poetry with fluency and understanding. The first half of the course will focus on the consolidation of grammar through a systematic review of morphology and syntax based on compositional exercises keyed to passages of medieval Latin and Cicero. The second half will equip students with the basic skills needed to engage ancient Latin poetry, including meter, genre, rhetorical devices and poetic tropes, as encountered in selections from Ovid's mythological epic, Metamorphoses. Prerequisite: Latin 102 with a grade of at least C- or placement
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; K. Steed

LATN 204: Intermediate Latin Prose and Poetry

What are the “rules” of friendship? Would you do anything for a friend? Anything? The ancient Romans were no strangers to the often paradoxical demands of friendship and love. The goal for Intermediate Latin Prose and Poetry is to gain experience in the three major modes of Latin expression most often encountered “in the wild”—prose, poetry, and inscriptions—while exploring the notion of friendship. By combining all three modes into this one course, we hope both to create a suitable closure to the language sequence and to provide a reasonable foundation for further exploration of Roman literature and culture. Prerequisite: Latin 103 with a grade of at least C- or placement
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; C. Zimmerman

LATN 233: The Catilinarian Conspiracy

In 63 BC, a frustrated Roman nobleman named Catiline attempted to start a revolution to overthrow the Roman government, only to be exposed and stopped by the politician Cicero. At least, that is how Cicero depicts it, and we will read part of Cicero's speech that led to Catiline's condemnation. However, we will also read the contemporary Roman historian Sallust's magisterial account of the events which reveals a more complicated story about both Catiline and the senators' response. These are two of the greatest works in Latin literature and reading them together will allow us to investigate what really happened in 63 BC. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 246: Livy

In this course we will read and examine selections from Livy's ab Urbe Condita in Latin, as well as the larger work in English. We will explore questions about historiography, culture, politics, ancient warfare, and the city of Rome, among other issues. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 255: Tacitus

A survey of the works of the Roman Silver Age historian and rhetorician Gaius Cornelius Tacitus, reading Latin excerpts and selections in English translation. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 256: The Art and Philosophy of the Letter

Dear Carl, What Latin class are you taking this fall? Have you considered The Art and Philosophy of the Letter? The course will investigate why epistolary form was so important in Latin literature, and you’ll learn about the consequences (even controversies!) that resulted when authors imparted the form of personalized communication to texts with a public reception. We’ll read Cicero, Ovid, and Seneca, but also the correspondence of private individuals and some theoretical treatments of letter-writing, all to determine the range of styles and content that epistolary form enveloped. See you in September, Hans. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; H. Wietzke

LATN 257: Caesar, Lucan, and Civil War

This course will examine narratives of the early stages of the Roman Civil War through contemporary prose accounts of Caesar and Cicero and the poet Lucan's Neronian epic on the Civil War. Topics will include manipulation of public opinion and memory, historical reconstruction through text, the relationship between prose history and historical epic, and the literal and metaphorical dissolution of Rome through civil war, as well as stylistic and philosophical concerns specific to each author. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Steed

LATN 258: Seminar: Horace

Selection from Horace's Odes, Epodes, Satires and Epistles in Latin and the remaining works in translation. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 259: Seminar: Vergil

Intensive study of selections from Vergil. May be offered simultaneously with Latin 359 without the supplemental assignments for advanced students. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 280: Martyr Texts from Roman North Africa

Through close reading and discussion of Latin texts on Christian martyrdom from the second and third centuries, including The Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicity and Tertullian's To the Martyrs, we will discuss the qualities of the newly emerging Christian Latin. We will also examine how these authors construct an image of a new hero--the martyr--in the classical landscape and the nature and meaning of their struggle. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or equivalent
2 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 345: Roman Comedy

Selected readings in the original from Plautus and/or Terence; study in translation of both Roman Comedy and its predecessor Greek New Comedy.
6 credits; LA; Not offered 2016-2017

LATN 359: Vergil

Intensive study of selections from Vergil. May be offered simultaneously with Latin 259, with additional assignments for the advanced students. Prerequisite: Latin 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; WR2, LA; Not offered 2016-2017

LCST 101: Cross-Cultural Psychology Seminar in Prague: Communicating in the Czech Republic

This highly recommended language course will meet twice per week and emphasize basic listening and speaking skills. Students will be challenged to utilize their new language skills in everyday situations. Prerequisite: Enrollment in Cross-Cultural Psychology in Prague Program
4 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016; K. Abrams

LCST 101: India Program: Elementary Hindi Language

This course will introduce students to basic spoken and written Hindi, covering introductory grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Students will acquire familiarity with common expressions and phrases. A basic familiarity with Hindi will facilitate students' interactions with host families and locals, help them in getting around, and with accomplishing common, everyday tasks.  Prerequisite: Enrollment in Globalization & Local Responces in India Program
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE, IS; Offered Winter 2017; B. LaRocque

LCST 101: History, Religion and Urban Change in Rome: Elementary Italian

This highly-recommended language course will emphasize basic listening and speaking skills. Students will be challenged to utilize their new language skills in everyday situations. Prerequisite: Enrollment in Rome OCS program
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; W. North

LCST 101: Turkey Program: Survival Turkish

This course will introduce students to the basics of spoken and written Turkish. This will give students an investment in the culture of the place and allow them to interact with their surroundings with some degree of familiarity.
3 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

LCST 245: The Critical Toolbox: Who's Afraid of Theory?

This class introduces students to the various theoretical frameworks and the many approaches scholars can use when analyzing a text (whether this text is a film, an image, a literary piece or a performance). What do words like ‘structuralism,’ ‘ecocriticism,’ 'cultural studies,' and ‘postcolonial studies’ refer to? Most importantly, how do they help us understand the world around us? This class will be organized around interdisciplinary theoretical readings and exercises in cultural analysis. Prerequisite: At least one 200- or 300-level course in Literary/Artistic Analysis (in any language) or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Rousseau, J. Schicker

LING 100: The Noun

We've all been taught that nouns are people, places, and things. Yet, these seemingly simple linguistic objects are surprisingly complex. For instance, languages vary in what information (e.g., case, gender, person, number) nouns display. Even within a single language, the form of a noun may change depending on its function within a sentence or its function within a conversation. This course uses contemporary linguistic theories to account for the many varied forms of nouns throughout the world's languages. No familiarity with languages other than English is required.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; C. Ussery

LING 110: Introduction to Linguistics

The capacity to acquire and use natural languages such as English is surely one of the more remarkable features of human nature. In this course, we explore several aspects of this ability. Topics include the sound systems of natural languages, the structure of words, principles that regulate word order, the course of language acquisition in children, and what these reveal about the nature of the mind.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Flynn, C. Fortin

LING 115: Introduction to the Theory of Syntax

This course is organized to enable the student to actively participate in the construction of a rather elaborate theory of the nature of human cognitive capacity to acquire and use natural languages. In particular, we concentrate on one aspect of that capacity: the unconscious acquisition of a grammar that enables a speaker of a language to produce and recognize sentences that have not been previously encountered. In the first part of the course, we concentrate on gathering notation and terminology intended to allow an explicit and manageable description. In the second part, we depend on written and oral student contributions in a cooperative enterprise of theory construction.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Flynn, C. Ussery, C. Fortin

LING 216: Generative Approaches to Syntax

This course has two primary goals: to provide participants with a forum to continue to develop their analytical skills (i.e. to 'do syntax'), and to acquaint them with generative syntactic theory, especially the Principles and Parameters approach. Participants will sharpen their technological acumen, through weekly problem solving, and engage in independent thinking and analysis, by means of formally proposing novel syntactic analyses for linguistic phenomena. By the conclusion of the course, participants will be prepared to read and critically evaluate primary literature couched within this theoretical framework. Prerequisite: Linguistics 115
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; C. Ussery

LING 217: Phonetics and Phonology

Although no two utterances are ever exactly the same, we humans don't function like tape recorders; we overlook distinctions to which mechanical recording devices are sensitive, and we "hear" contrasts which are objectively not there. What we (think we) hear is determined by the sound system of the language we speak. This course examines the sound systems of human languages, focusing on how speech sounds are produced and perceived, and how these units come to be organized into a systematic network in the minds of speakers of languages. Prerequisite: 100-level Linguistics course
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; M. Flynn

LING 222: Case and Agreement

The form words take is, in part, governed by complex systems called "case" and "agreement." In general, case refers to forms of nouns, and agreement refers to forms of verbs. We go beyond familiar case patterns in which subjects are Nominative and objects are Accusative and familiar agreement patterns in which verbs display the person, gender, and/or number of subjects. We discover that nouns can bear a variety of cases and that agreement comes in many forms. Using syntactic theory, we explore the interaction between how languages construct words and sentences. No familiarity with languages other than English is required. Prerequisite: 100-level linguistics course
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; C. Ussery

LING 265: Language and Brain

Topics include: the history of the field, agrammatism, fluent aphasia, acquired dyslexias, the role of the non-dominant hemisphere, bilingualism, and subcortical structures. Prerequisite: 100-level Linguistics course
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 275: First Language Acquisition

Humans are unique among animals in that we are able to attain native speaker competency in any language(s) we receive a sufficient amount of exposure to during our development. The path of acquisition is remarkably stable regardless of the language(s) being acquired, and is believed to yield insights into the nature of human language. In this course, we explore children's capacity to acquire language, with a focus on its implications for linguistic theory. Topics include acquisition of phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics, and acquisition in extraordinary circumstances. Prerequisite: 100-level linguistics course
6 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017; C. Fortin

LING 280: Field Methods in Linguistics

This course will introduce students to techniques of linguistic research and analysis through direct work with a native speaker of a language not taught at Carleton. Students will learn techniques for eliciting, organizing, describing, and analyzing data in an ethically responsible and scientifically rigorous manner. Our goal is to develop a description of the language--primarily, aspects of its phonology, morphology, and syntax--through working exclusively with a native speaker. Each student will investigate some aspect of the language in depth, culminating in a class presentation and research report. Prerequisite: 100-level Linguistics course
6 credits; LS; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 285: Japanese Linguistics in Kyoto Seminar: The Linguistics of the Japanese Writing System

The Japanese writing system is often said to be the most complicated in the world, even as Japan has among the very highest literacy rates. In this course, we will closely examine this extraordinary aspect of Japanese society, including its history, relationship with the spoken language, psychological processing, and neural implementation. Finally, we will examine the controversy concerning the use of Kanji, its political ramifications, and look at how the Japanese are responding to various pressures on the system. Experience with Japanese is not necessary. Prerequisite: 100-level Linguistics course
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 286: Japanese Linguistics in Kyoto Seminar: The Structure of Japanese

This course examines the nature of the Japanese language through the lens of contemporary linguistic theory. Topics include the history of the language, its sound structure, word formation operations, syntax, and its use in social and artistic contexts. This course is not intended to teach students to speak Japanese, and while experience with Japanese would be helpful, it is not necessary. Prerequisite: 100-level Linguistics course
6 credits; FSR, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 315: Topics in Syntax

More on syntax. Particular topics vary by year and student interest. Prerequisite: Linguistics 216
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; C. Fortin

LING 316: Topics in Morphology

This course explores how languages form words and how contemporary theories account for this complicated process. We concentrate primarily on the interaction between morphology and syntax, but we may also explore the relationship between morphology and phonology. While we will investigate a wide variety of languages, no familiarity with any language other than English is required. Prerequisite: Linguistics 216
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 317: Topics in Phonology

More on phonology. This course examines a small number of topics in depth. Particular topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: Linguistics 217
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; A. Lubowicz

LING 325: Syntax of an Unfamiliar Language

In this course we examine, with the help of a native speaker consultant, the syntax of a language deliberately chosen for its being unfamiliar to all the participants. Our goals will be to construct a coherent and theoretically respectable account of principles of the grammar of this language, and to understand what our account reveals about the structure of human language generally. Each student will investigate some aspect of the syntax of the language in depth, culminating in a class presentation and research report. Prerequisite: Linguistics 216
6 credits; LS; Not offered 2016-2017

LING 340: Topics in Semantics

Semantics is the study of meaning (broadly construed) in language. In this course we explore several objects of inquiry within the field of semantics, including compositional semantics (i.e., the computation of meaning over syntactic structures), lexical semantics, argument structure, and pragmatics. Prerequisite: Linguistics 216. Prerequisite: Linguistics 216
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; C. Ussery

LING 399: Senior Thesis

3 credits; S/CR/NC; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; C. Fortin

LING 400: Integrative Exercise

6 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Flynn

LTAM 110: Portuguese for Spanish Speakers

This fast-paced introductory Portuguese language course focuses on developing communication skills and emphasizes speaking, reading, and writing. Previous knowledge of Spanish is assumed in presentation of grammar and vocabulary. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or instructor permission
3 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

LTAM 270: Chile's September 11th: History and Memory since the Coup

September 11, 2013 marked the fortieth anniversary of the coup d' état  that deposed the democratically elected government of socialist Salvador Allende and ushered in the seventeen-year dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet. This interdisciplinary course canvasses this tumultuous era and its aftermath through the study of historical sources, literature, film, photography, and music. It explores the rise and fall of Allende, life and repression under the dictatorship, the protest movement against military rule, and the ongoing struggles and debates over human rights, justice, and collective memory.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LTAM 300: Issues in Latin American Studies

This is an advanced multidisciplinary research seminar on contemporary Latin America. New forms of political populism, indigenous understanding of the relationship between human and non-human forms of being, transformative urbanistic solutions at work in its largest cities, the political economy of migration, and vibrant cultures of protest, will be among our topics of study. Ideal for students going to or returning from study abroad in Latin America. Required course for minors and majors in Latin American Studies. Prerequisite: Latin American Studies gateway course
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

LTAM 382: Conflictive Development: Peru 1980 to Present

This is a two-track course that focuses, on one hand, on specific problems resulting from the conflict between strong economic growth and the persistence of social inequality and marginalization. On the other hand, the class will explore the difficulties of creating forms of participatory politics, against the background of key moments in Peru's political history. The emphasis will be on present-day manifestations of the polarity "formal" vs. "real" democracy." A political scientist and a sociologist lead the class, and classes are supplemented with lectures by experts on specific issues. Prerequisite: Spanish 204 or the equivalent
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Cerna-Bazán

LTAM 398: Latin American Forum

This colloquium will explore specific issues or works in Latin American Studies through discussion of a common reading, public presentation, project, and/or performance that constitute the annual Latin American Forum. Students will be required to attend two meetings during the term to discuss the common reading or other material and must attend, without exception. All events of the Forum which take place during fourth week of spring term (on Friday afternoon and Saturday morning). A short integrative essay or report will be required at the end of the term. Intended as capstone for Latin American Studies concentrators.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; HI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; J. Brioso

LTAM 400: Integrative Exercise

Satisfactory completion of the major includes the writing of a thesis which attempts to integrate at least two of the various disciplines studied. A proposal must be submitted for approval early in the fall term of the senior year. The thesis in its final form is due no later than the end of the first week of spring term. An oral defense of the thesis is required.
1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

MATH 101: Calculus with Problem Solving

An introduction to the central ideas of calculus with review and practice of those skills needed for the continued study of calculus. Problem solving strategies will be emphasized. (Meets Monday through Friday). Prerequisite: Not open to students who have received credit for Mathematics 111.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; D. Haunsperger

MATH 106: Introduction to Mathematics

This course is designed to provide an understanding of fundamental concepts, and examples of applications, of mathematics. It attempts to provide insights into the nature of mathematics and its relation to other branches of knowledge, and helps students develop skill in mathematical reasoning. No prerequisites.
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 111: Introduction to Calculus

An introduction to the differential and integral calculus. Derivatives, antiderivatives, the definite integral, applications, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite: Requires placement via the Calculus Placement Exam 1, see Mathematics web page. Not open to students who have received credit for Mathematics 101.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; P. Shereen, R. Thompson

MATH 115: Statistics: Concepts and Applications

Introduction to statistical concepts with emphasis on understanding and interpretation of statistical information, especially in the context of media reports and scholarly articles. Examples taken from a wide-range of areas such as public policy, health and medicine, and the social and natural sciences. Computationally less intensive than Math 215. Students will learn how to use statistical software. Topics include: Uncertainty and variability, statistical graphs, types of studies, correlation and linear regression, two-way tables, and inference. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have already received credit for Mathematics 211, Mathematics 215, Psychology 200/201, Statistics 120 or Sociology/Anthropology 239
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; B. Dobrow

MATH 121: Calculus II

Integration techniques, improper integrals, the calculus of the logarithmic, exponential and inverse trigonometric functions, applications, Taylor polynomials and infinite series. Prerequisite: Mathematics 101, 111 or placement via Calculus Placement Exam # 2
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Sattler, E. Egge, R. Thompson, R. Jones

MATH 206: A Tour of Mathematics

A series of eight lectures intended for students considering a Mathematics major. The emphasis will be on presenting various striking ideas, concepts and results in modern mathematics, rather than on developing extensive knowledge or techniques in any particular subject area.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MATH 211: Introduction to Multivariable Calculus

Vectors, curves, partial derivatives, gradient, multiple and iterated integrals, line integrals, Green's theorem. Prerequisite: Mathematics 121, score of 4 or 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam, or placement via Calculus Placement Exam #3
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Egge, M. Krusemeyer, S. Patterson, H. Wong, P. Shereen, L. Sattler, J. Davis

MATH 215: Introduction to Statistics

Introduction to statistics and data analysis. Practical aspects of statistics, including extensive use of statistical software, interpretation and communication of results, will be emphasized. Topics include: exploratory data analysis, correlation and linear regression, design of experiments, basic probability, the normal distribution, randomization approach to inference, sampling distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, and two-way tables. Students who have received credit for Mathematics 115 may petition the department to seek approval to register for Mathematics 215. Students who have taken Mathematics 211 are encouraged to consider the more advanced Mathematics 265-275 Probability-Statistics sequence. Prerequisite: Not open to students who have already received credit for Psychology 200/201, Sociology/Anthropology 239 or Math 275.
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Poppick, K. St. Clair, L. Chihara

MATH 232: Linear Algebra

Vector spaces, linear transformations, determinants, inner products and orthogonality, eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 or Mathematics 211
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; P. Shereen, S. Patterson, B. Dobrow, M. Krusemeyer

MATH 236: Mathematical Structures

Basic concepts and techniques used throughout mathematics. Topics include logic, mathematical induction and other methods of proof, problem solving, sets, cardinality, equivalence relations, functions and relations, and the axiom of choice. Other topics may include: algebraic structures, graph theory, and basic combinatorics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 232 and either Mathematics 210 or Mathematics 211
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Haunsperger, R. Jones, M. Krusemeyer, H. Wong

MATH 241: Ordinary Differential Equations

An introduction to ordinary differential equations, including techniques for finding solutions, conditions under which solutions exist, and some qualitative analysis. Prerequisite: Mathematics 232 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Thompson, S. Patterson

MATH 244: Geometries

Euclidean geometry from an advanced perspective; projective, hyperbolic, inversive, and/or other geometries. Recommended for prospective secondary school teachers. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 245: Applied Regression Analysis

A second course in statistics covering simple linear regression, multiple regression and ANOVA, and logistic regression. Exploratory graphical methods, model building and model checking techniques will be emphasized with extensive use of statistical software to analyze real-life data. Prerequisite: Statistics 120 or Statistics 250 (formerly Mathematics 215 or 275)
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Chihara, A. Poppick, K. St. Clair

MATH 251: Chaotic Dynamics

An exploration of the behavior of non-linear dynamical systems. Topics include one and two-dimensional dynamics, Sarkovskii's Theorem, chaos, symbolic dynamics,and the Hénon Map. Prerequisite: Mathematics 232 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; S. Kennedy

MATH 255: Introduction to Sampling Techniques

Covers sampling design issues beyond the basic simple random sample: stratification, clustering, domains, and complex designs like two-phase and multistage designs. Inference and estimation techniques for most of these designs will be covered and the idea of sampling weights for a survey will be introduced. We may also cover topics like graphing complex survey data and exploring relationships in complex survey data using regression and chi-square tests. Prerequisite: Mathematics 215 or 275 or Statistics 120
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 261: Functions of a Complex Variable

Algebra and geometry of complex numbers, analytic functions, complex integration, series, residues, applications. Not open to students who have already received credits for Mathematics 361. Prerequisite: Mathematics 210 or Mathematics 211
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; S. Patterson

MATH 265: Probability

Introduction to probability and its applications. Topics include discrete probability, random variables, independence, joint and conditional distributions, expectation, limit laws and properties of common probability distributions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 or 211
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; B. Dobrow, L. Chihara

MATH 275: Introduction to Statistical Inference

Introduction to modern mathematical statistics. The mathematics underlying fundamental statistical concepts will be covered as well as applications of these ideas to real-life data. Topics include: resampling methods (permutation tests, bootstrap intervals), classical methods (parametric hypothesis tests and confidence intervals), parameter estimation, goodness-of-fit tests, regression, and Bayesian methods. The statistical package R will be used to analyze data sets. Prerequisite: Mathematics 265
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; B. Dobrow, A. Poppick

MATH 280: Statistical Consulting

Students will apply their statistical knowledge by analyzing data problems solicited from the Northfield community. Students will also learn basic consulting skills, including communication and ethics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 245 and instructor permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; K. St. Clair

MATH 295: Coding Theory

This course is an introduction to error-correcting codes. The course will cover topics including linear codes, Hamming codes and cyclic codes. Additional topics may include low-density parity-check codes and perfect codes. Prerequisite: Mathematics 232
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; P. Shereen

MATH 295: Seminar in Low-dimensional Topology

A combinatorial introduction to the study of manifolds in dimensions less than four, including selected topics in knot theory.    Prerequisite: Mathematics 236
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; H. Wong

MATH 297: Assessment and Communication of External Mathematical Activity

An independent study course intended for students who have completed an external activity related to the mathematics major (for example, an internship or an externship) to communicate (both in written and oral forms) and assess their mathematical learning from that activity. Prerequisite: Permission of department chair and homework in advance of the external mathematical activity
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; K. St. Clair, L. Chihara

MATH 312: Elementary Theory of Numbers

Properties of the integers. Topics include the Euclidean algorithm, classical unsolved problems in number theory, prime factorization, Diophantine equations, congruences, divisibility, Euler's phi function and other multiplicative functions, primitive roots, and quadratic reciprocity. Other topics may include integers as sums of squares, continued fractions, distribution of primes, integers in extension fields, p-adic numbers. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MATH 315: Topics Probability/Statistics: Data Science

This course will cover the computational side of data analysis, including data acquisition, management and visualization tools. Topics may include data scraping and manipulation, unstructured data, data visualization using packages such as ggplots, cross-validation, classification, and network analysis. Prerequisite: Mathematics 275
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; K. St. Clair

MATH 321: Real Analysis I

A systematic study of concepts basic to calculus, such as topology of the real numbers, limits, differentiation, integration, convergence of sequences, and series of functions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; H. Wong

MATH 331: Real Analysis II

Further topics in analysis such as measure theory, Lebesgue integration or Banach and Hilbert spaces. Prerequisite: Mathematics 321 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; L. Sattler

MATH 332: Advanced Linear Algebra

Selected topics beyond the material of Mathematics 232. Topics may include the Cayley-Hamilton theorem, the spectral theorem, factorizations, canonical forms, determinant functions, estimation of eigenvalues, inner product spaces, dual vector spaces, unitary and Hermitian matrices, operators, infinite-dimensional spaces, and various applications. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 333: Combinatorial Theory

The study of structures involving finite sets. Counting techniques, including generating functions, recurrence relations, and the inclusion-exclusion principle; existence criteria, including Ramsey's theorem and the pigeonhole principle. Some combinatorial identities and bijective proofs. Other topics may include graph and/or network theory, Hall's ("marriage") theorem, partitions, and hypergeometric series. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; E. Egge

MATH 341: Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems

Fourier series and their applications to boundary value problems in partial differential equations. Topics include separation of variables, orthogonal sets of functions, representations of functions in series of orthogonal functions, Sturm-Liouville theory, and Fourier transforms. Prerequisite: Mathematics 241
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; R. Thompson

MATH 342: Abstract Algebra I

Introduction to algebraic structures, including groups, rings, and fields. Homomorphisms and quotient structures, polynomials, unique factorization. Other topics may include applications such as Burnside's counting theorem, symmetry groups, polynomial equations, or geometric constructions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; M. Krusemeyer

MATH 344: Differential Geometry

Local and global theory of curves, Frenet formulas. Local theory of surfaces, normal curvature, geodesics, Gaussian and mean curvatures, Theorema Egregium. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or permission of the instructor.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016; R. Thompson

MATH 349: Methods of Teaching Mathematics

Methods of teaching mathematics in grades 7-12. Issues in contemporary mathematics education. Regular visits to school classrooms and teaching a class are required. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and instructor permission
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; S. Kennedy

MATH 352: Topics in Abstract Algebra

An intensive study of one or more of the types of algebraic systems studied in Mathematics 342. Prerequisite: Mathematics 342
6 credits; FSR; Offered Winter 2017; E. Egge

MATH 354: Topology

An introduction to the study of topological spaces. We develop concepts from point-set and algebraic topology in order to distinguish between different topological spaces up to homeomorphism. Topics include methods of construction of topological spaces; continuity, connectedness, compactness, Hausdorff condition; fundamental group, homotopy of maps. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 361: Complex Analysis

The theoretical foundations for the calculus of functions of a complex variable. Prerequisite: Mathematics 321 or instructor permission. Students who have already received credit for Mathematics 261 may only take this course with instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Not offered 2016-2017

MATH 365: Stochastic Processes

Introduction to the main discrete and continuous time stochastic processes. Topics include Markov chains, Poisson process, continuous time Markov chains, Brownian motion. Use of R and/or Mathematica. Prerequisite: Mathematics 232 and Mathematics 240 (formerly Mathematics 265)
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; B. Dobrow

MATH 395: Topics in the Theory of Elliptic Curves

Introduction to the geometry and arithmetic of elliptic curves, with selected advanced topics. Introductory topics include the geometry of cubics, the group law on an elliptic curve, points of finite order, the group of rational points, heights and the Mordell-Weil theorem. Students will have the opportunity to explore through group projects advanced topics such as: integral points on elliptic curves; elliptic curves over finite fields; elliptic curves with complex multiplication; and Galois representations on torsion points. Prerequisite: Mathematics 342, an equivalent Budapest or Moscow Semester in Mathematics course or instructor permission
6 credits; FSR; Offered Spring 2017; R. Jones

MATH 400: Integrative Exercise

Either a supervised small-group research project or an individual, independent reading. Required of all senior majors. Prerequisite: Mathematics 236 and successful completion of three courses from among: Mathematics courses numbered above 236, Computer Science 252, Computer Science 254, Computer Science 352, Statistics 250, Statistics 320, Statistics 340
3 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Chihara, D. Haunsperger, M. Krusemeyer, S. Patterson, P. Shereen, K. St. Clair, R. Jones, L. Sattler, A. Poppick, H. Wong

MELA 121: Mid East Persp Israeli and Palestini Lit

As a crossroads of diverse perspectives in such a multicultural, but fraught environment in the Middle East, Israeli and Palestinian fiction and film offer a kaleidoscopic socio-cultural introduction to Middle East Studies, in microcosm. We will focus on how mental pictures of home, self, and other have been created, perpetuated, and/or challenged in local fiction since the 1940s and in film since the 1990s, by authors and artists of Middle Eastern Jewish, European Jewish, and Palestinian backgrounds. We will also explore community, generational, and gender-relevant responses to their projections of post/colonial history and national life in Israel/ Palestine.
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Winter 2017

MELA 230: Jewish Collective Memory

Judaism emphasizes transmitting memory from one generation to the next. How have pivotal events and experiences in Jewish history lived on in Jewish collective memory? How do they continue to speak through artistic/literary composition and museum/memorial design? How does Jewish collective memory compare with recorded Jewish history? We will study turning points in Jewish history including the Exodus from Egypt, Jewish expulsion from medieval Spain, the Holocaust, and Israeli independence, as Jews in different times and places have interpreted them with lasting influence. Research includes work with print, film, and other visual/ performative media.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MEST 395: Middle East Studies Capstone

The Middle East Studies capstone will situate students within the major debates in the field.  Students will spend each week with a different professor affiliated with Middle East Studies, exploring a key text that characterizes the field or a key theme within it. At the end of the course, students will write and present a "Middle East Studies portfolio" that puts the totality of their experiences in Middle East Studies while at Carleton into conversation with the texts they encountered in this course. Prerequisite: Middle East Studies minor
3 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; N. Salomon

MUSC 100: Bob Dylan's America

Bob Dylan’s music has a captivating relationship with the “American spirit.” This course will look at select periods of Dylan’s career to investigate the manner in which he has engaged themes of nationalism, protest, romanticism, and religion. We will use close listening of commercial recordings and live performance analysis to investigate Dylan’s music, and read both primary sources and academic writings that speak to the ephemeral nature of his musical output. Using methods from both musicology and American Studies, students will engage with fundamental questions concerning national identity from the early 1960s to the present.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; A. Flory

MUSC 101: Music Fundamentals

A course designed for students with little or no music background as preparation and support for other music courses, ensemble participation and applied music study. The course covers the fundamentals of note and rhythmic reading, basic harmony, and develops proficiency in aural skills and elementary keyboard skills. This class will make regular use of the music computer lab for assignments.
3 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 103: Musicianship Lab I

An introduction to the basic elements of rhythm and melody, with a strong emphasis on sight reading using solfége, score reading in multiple clefs, and short dictation exercises.
3 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 104: Musicianship Lab II

Continuation of Musicianship Lab I. More advanced solfége is introduced, including chromaticism, and longer dictation exercises which introduce standard melodic schemas. Some harmonic dictation will also be included. Prerequisite: Music 103, or permission of instructor as assessed by a diagnostic exam administered at the start of the term
2 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; J. London

MUSC 108: Introduction to Music Technology

A course in using the computer to make meaningful interventions into our practices as musicians. We'll explore a number of approaches to composing, producing, and hearing music, among them coding, visual programming, and working in a digital audio workstation. Students will ultimately combine and hybridize these different methods in order to create unique, individual systems, using them to make new work. Open to all interested students; no prior experience with music, programming, or production required.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 110: Theory I: The Materials of Music

An introduction to the materials of western tonal music, with an emphasis on harmonic structure and syntax. It also covers phrase structure, musical texture, and small musical forms, along with basic theoretical concepts and vocabulary. Student work involves readings, listening assignments, analytical exercises, and short composition projects. Prerequisite: Music 103 (may be concurrently enrolled), or permission of the instructor as assessed by a diagnostic exam administered at the start of term
6 credits; LA; Offered Fall 2016; R. Rodman

MUSC 111: Western Art Music: The Last 1000 Years

A general overview of art music practices in the European tradition from the medieval period to the present. Students will encounter representative examples from the major style periods-Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, Modern, and contemporary classical. Genres include chant, the madrigal, opera, symphony, and chamber music. Listening assignments introduce students to the music, and reading assignments explain relationships between music and politics, society, and the other arts. Ability to read music not required.  
6 credits; LA, IS; Offered Fall 2016; M. Sarno

MUSC 115: Music and Film

This course explores the history and development of film music along with theories of how music contributes to the meaning of moving images and narrative scenes. The primary focus of the course will be on film music in the U.S., but notable film scores from Europe and Asia will also be discussed. The film music history covers historical periods from the pre-cinematic Vaudeville era through the postmodern films of the early twenty-first century. Cross-cutting this chronological history will be discussion of film musicals as a separate genre. Ability to read music not required.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 120: A History of Opera: Stage, Screen, Recording

Pure pleasure or pure torture: Opera is said to be both. Music 120 is an introduction to opera based on its 400-year history from 1600 to the present. Issues covered include the relationship between words, action, and music in opera; singers and their power; opera as spectacle; race, gender and opera; opera in film; and the experience of live performance. This course will focus on specific repertoire from the classical tradition and will introduce students to a broad range of analytical methods, and cultural contexts. The course is open to all students and the ability to read music is not required.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 121: Songs of Love, State, and Self

Humble in means but mighty in meaning, the song has given voice to every human emotion. Devout believers use song for worship, prima donnas sing for love or tragedy, and popular songsters tell stories through song. Anthems convey national identity while show-tunes offer an escape from reality. In this course students will encounter many types of song and learn how they are composed, where they are sung, and what power they have over us. Class activities include discussion and singing, and assignments include song identification and analysis. Prerequisite: Ability to read music not required.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 122: Symphonies from Mozart to Mahler

A survey of orchestral symphonies and related genres from the late eighteenth through the late nineteenth centuries with emphasis on the works of Mozart, Beethoven, Berlioz, Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Mahler, and others. Symphonies will be studied through listening and readings; connections to other aspects of nineteenth-century European culture will be explored. Prerequisite: Ability to read music not required.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 126: America's Music

A survey of American music with particular attention to the interaction of the folk, popular, and classical realms. No musical experience required.
6 credits; WR2, LA, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Flory

MUSC 128: Conducting

Learn the fundamentals of instrumental and choral conducting including gesture, beat patterns, score reading, and beginning rehearsal techniques. Students in this course will form a laboratory ensemble that participants lead as a means of gaining conducting experience and experimenting with the relationship between gesture and sound. Prerequisite: Ability to read music and active participation in a faculty conducted ensemble, or permission of instructor.
3 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 129: Rock on Record

This course is devoted to deep listening and analysis of records illustrating the chief style trends and genres of rock's first three decades. During this period (1950s-1970s) popular music developed a new common language that bound together diverse stylistic and cultural elements through the medium of sound recording. We will trace the development of that language and its rhetorical elements through a series of guided listening projects.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 130: The History of Jazz

A survey of jazz from its beginnings to the present day focusing on the performer/composers and their music.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 131: The Blues From the Delta to Chicago

A history of the Delta blues and its influence on later blues and popular music styles, tracing its movement from the Mississippi Delta in the 1920s to Chess Records and the Chicago Blues of the 1940s and 50s (especially Howlin' Wolf and Muddy Waters). Music and musicians discussed will include the classic blues singers of the 1920s, early country music (Jimmie Rodgers), and the legacy of Robert Johnson. Issues of authenticity and "ownership" of both the music and its cultural legacy will also be discussed. The course involves readings, listening assignments, and some transcriptions of early recorded blues. No prerequisite, although the ability to read music is helpful.
6 credits; LA, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 132: Golden Age of R and B

A survey of rhythm and blues from 1945 to 1975, focusing on performers, composers, and the music industry.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Flory

MUSC 136: History of Rock

This course is an introduction to the history of rock music, emphasizing primarily the period between 1954 and the present. Mixing historical and cultural readings with intense listening, we will cover the vast repertoire of rock music and many other associated styles. We will focus on the sounds of the music, learning to distinguish a wide variety of genres, while also tracing the development and transformation of rock and pop styles. The lectures will use a wide variety of multimedia, including commercial audio and video, unpublished audio and video sources, print materials, and technological devices. Knowledge of a technical musical vocabulary and an ability to read music are not required for this course. 
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; A. Flory

MUSC 140: Ethnomusicology and the World's Music

This course introduces both the world's musical diversity and the discipline of ethnomusicology. Drawing on musics of Native America, Indonesia, India, and the Caribbean, among others, we will study the written and recorded/filmed work of ethnomusicologists from roughly 1950-present, focusing on theories and methods. Though geographically wide-ranging, these efforts are connected by themes of tradition, globalization, religion, politics, gender, youth, and decolonization. Students will engage multiple forms of ethnomusicological scholarship, develop critical listening skills, and learn to convey their growing understanding of musical elements in writing and oral presentation. No musical experience necessary. 
6 credits; LA, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 142: Musical Theater Practicum

The Last Five Years, Jason Robert Brown’s musical about a writer/aspiring Broadway performer couple, dramatizes the exhilaration and frustration of going to audition after audition on the way to a big break. This theme is exploited countless times in American musicals, precisely because singers and actors face countless auditions. In this course, students will gain historical and theoretical knowledge of the musical theater genre, a deeper knowledge of the craft, and be better prepared to face auditions of any kind. Final projects may be small-scale performances of solos, duets, or a full-class ensemble number.
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; M. Sarno

MUSC 150: Piano

Applied study on the instrument, with attention to both musical and technical development. Students will study appropriate works from the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods, with special reference to a composer's individual notation, technical challenges and stylistic interpretation.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Melville, L. Fishman, M. McCright, M. Widman

MUSC 150J: Piano (Juried)

Applied study on the instrument, with attention to both musical and technical development. Students will study appropriate works from the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods, with special reference to a composer's individual notation, technical challenges and stylistic interpretation.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Melville, L. Fishman, M. McCright, M. Widman

MUSC 151: Voice

A study of voice production, breathing, tone development, diction, and pronunciation. Selection (according to the individual voice) of Italian, German, French, and English songs of the Classic, Romantic, and Modern periods. Arias and songs from operas, oratorios, musical theater and popular songs from Western and non-Western traditions. In addition, one studio class per week.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett, B. Allen, P. Kent, V. Vargas, R. Penning

MUSC 151J: Voice (Juried)

A study of voice production, breathing, tone development, diction, and pronunciation. Selection (according to the individual voice) of Italian, German, French, and English songs of the Classic, Romantic, and Modern periods. Arias and songs from operas, oratorios, musical theater and popular songs from Western and non-Western traditions. In addition, one studio class per week.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett, B. Allen, P. Kent, V. Vargas, R. Penning

MUSC 152: Guitar

Studies for the development of technique appropriate to the needs of the student. Music is chosen from all musical periods including folk picking, blues, ragtime, popular and classical styles. Students with no prior experience or lessons should take one term of class guitar (Music 197).
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 152J: Guitar (Juried)

Studies for the development of technique appropriate to the needs of the student. Music is chosen from all musical periods including folk picking, blues, ragtime, popular and classical styles. Students with no prior experience or lessons should take one term of class guitar (Music 197).
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 155: Violin

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 155J: Violin (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 156: Viola

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 156J: Viola (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 157: Cello

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Rosenberg, Z. Pelletier

MUSC 157J: Cello (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Rosenberg, Z. Pelletier

MUSC 158: Classical String Bass

The study of the acoustic string bass in the Classical style.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Martin

MUSC 158J: Classical String Bass (Juried)

The study of the acoustic string bass in the Classical style.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Martin

MUSC 159: Flute

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Jamsa

MUSC 159J: Flute (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Jamsa

MUSC 160: Oboe

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Klemp

MUSC 160J: Oboe (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Klemp

MUSC 161: Clarinet

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Olsen

MUSC 161J: Clarinet (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Olsen

MUSC 162: Saxophone

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Keel

MUSC 162J: Saxophone (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Keel

MUSC 163: Bassoon

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Pesavento

MUSC 163J: Bassoon (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Pesavento

MUSC 164: French Horn

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Anderson

MUSC 164J: French Horn (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Anderson

MUSC 165: Trumpet

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Deichert

MUSC 165J: Trumpet (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Deichert

MUSC 166: Trombone

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 166J: Trombone (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 167: Tuba

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 167J: Tuba (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 168: Orchestral Percussion

Instruction on orchestral percussion instruments such as snare drum, mallets, and tympani. Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 168J: Orchestral Percussion (Juried)

Instruction on orchestral percussion instruments such as snare drum, mallets, and tympani. Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 169: Harp

Studies to develop technique and a varied selection of works from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Works from the Romantic and Modern periods are also studied.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Niemisto

MUSC 169J: Harp (Juried)

Studies to develop technique and a varied selection of works from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Works from the Romantic and Modern periods are also studied.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Niemisto

MUSC 170: Harpsichord

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 170J: Harpsichord (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 171: Organ

Basic piano skills required.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 171J: Organ (Juried)

Basic piano skills required.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 172: Oud

Beginning through advanced study of the Arab oud. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Instruments are provided.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Y. Klein, I. Rafea

MUSC 172J: Oud

Beginning through advanced study of the Arab oud. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Instruments are provided.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Y. Klein

MUSC 174: Recorder

1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MUSC 174J: Recorder (Juried)

1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MUSC 175: Jazz Piano

Study the tools for learning the jazz "language." Learn to improvise through scale and mode study, transcription, and composition. Turn chord symbols into chord voicings and accompaniment. Explore the blues, jazz "standards," and today's music. Three years piano required. Materials: staff paper and portable tape player. Prerequisite: Three years of piano or instructor permission
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 175J: Jazz Piano (Juried)

Study the tools for learning the jazz "language." Learn to improvise through scale and mode study, transcription, and composition. Turn chord symbols into chord voicings and accompaniment. Explore the blues, jazz "standards," and today's music. Three years piano required. Materials: staff paper and portable tape player. Prerequisite: Three years of piano or instructor permission
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 176: Electric & Acoustic Bass

The study of either electric bass guitar or acoustic string bass in all contemporary styles including rock, jazz, pop, rap, and reggae.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Schilling

MUSC 176J: Electric & Acoustic Bass (Juried)

The study of either electric bass guitar or acoustic string bass in all contemporary styles including rock, jazz, pop, rap, and reggae.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Schilling

MUSC 177: Jazz and Blues Guitar

Study of chord voicings, accompanimental techniques, and solo guitar performance in the jazz idiom. Prerequisites: previous study of guitar and the ability to read music, or the permission of the instructor. Students must provide their own instruments.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Z. Harris

MUSC 177J: Jazz and Blues Guitar (Juried)

Study of chord voicings, accompanimental techniques, and solo guitar performance in the jazz idiom. Prerequisites: previous study of guitar and the ability to read music, or the permission of the instructor. Students must provide their own instruments.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Z. Harris

MUSC 178: Drum Set Instruction

Drum Set Instruction on/in jazz and popular drumming styles which use the standard drum set. Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 178J: Drum Set Instruction (Juried)

Drum Set Instruction on/in jazz and popular drumming styles which use the standard drum set. Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 179: Jazz Improvisation

The study of the basic grammar and syntax of jazz improvisation styles, including transcribing solos, chord/scale materials and melodic patterns.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 179J: Jazz Improvisation (Juried)

The study of the basic grammar and syntax of jazz improvisation styles, including transcribing solos, chord/scale materials and melodic patterns.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 180: Raga: Vocal or Instrumental Study of Hindustani Music

Beginning, intermediate, and advanced students of voice, guitar, violin, flute, clarinet, etc., approach raga from their current level of musicianship. In all cases, traditional practical instruction is complemented by some theoretical and philosophical exploration of the underpinnings of the music.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 180J: Raga: Vocal or Instrumental Study of Hindustani Music

Beginning, intermediate, and advanced students of voice, guitar, violin, flute, clarinet, etc., approach raga from their current level of musicianship. In all cases, traditional practical instruction is complemented by some theoretical and philosophical exploration of the underpinnings of the music.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 181: Sitar

Beginning through advanced study of sitar in the gayaki ang style of Ustad Vilayat Khan. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Sitars are provided.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 181J: Sitar (Juried)

Beginning through advanced study of sitar in the gayaki ang style of Ustad Vilayat Khan. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Sitars are provided.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 182: Chinese Musical Instruments

Beginning through advanced study on traditional Chinese instruments, pipa (Chinese lute), erhu (Chinese violin), guzheng (Chinese zither), zhongruan (Chinese moon guitar), hulusi, bawu and dizi (Chinese bamboo flutes).
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hong

MUSC 182J: Chinese Musical Instruments (Juried)

Beginning through advanced study on traditional Chinese instruments, pipa (Chinese lute), erhu (Chinese violin), guzheng (Chinese zither), zhongruan (Chinese moon guitar), hulusi, bawu and dizi (Chinese bamboo flutes).
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hong

MUSC 183: Ethnic Drumming Instruction

Ethnic drumming instruction in various ethnic drumming styles including West African (Ghanaian instruments), Cuban (congas), North Indian (tabla) and Middle Eastern (dumbek). Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 183J: Ethnic Drumming Instruction (Juried)

Ethnic drumming instruction in various ethnic drumming styles including West African (Ghanaian instruments), Cuban (congas), North Indian (tabla) and Middle Eastern (dumbek). Equipment available for registered students.
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 184: American Folk Instruments

Beginning to advanced study of technique and improvisational styles on American folk instruments. Students may study 5-string banjo (bluegrass or clawhammer style), bluegrass guitar, Dobro©, fiddle (violin, viola, cello), bass, ukulele, mandolin, mandola or mandocello. The Music Department has a single mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and guitar (and two ukuleles) available for shared use by enrolled students unable to provide their own instruments.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 184J: American Folk Instruments (Juried)

Beginning to advanced study of technique and improvisational styles on American folk instruments. Students may study 5-string banjo (bluegrass or clawhammer style), bluegrass guitar, Dobro©, fiddle (violin, viola, cello), bass, ukulele, mandolin, mandola or mandocello. The Music Department has a single mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and guitar (and two ukuleles) available for shared use by enrolled students unable to provide their own instruments
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 185: Carleton Choir: Men's Chorus

The Carleton Choir, the cornerstone of the choral program, is a select mixed chorus of Carleton students. Each term, the ensemble presents a concert of short and extended works from the large bodies of classical, ethnic and cultural repertories, including works for mixed, treble and tenor-bass voices. Concerts are sometimes repeated off campus. Students must have good vocal skills, music reading ability, and a high degree of interest in performing quality choral music. Admission is by audition. Prerequisite: Audition
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett

MUSC 185: Carleton Choir: Bella Cantemus

The Carleton Choir, the cornerstone of the choral program, is a select mixed chorus of Carleton students. Each term, the ensemble presents a concert of short and extended works from the large bodies of classical, ethnic and cultural repertories, including works for mixed, treble and tenor-bass voices. Concerts are sometimes repeated off campus. Students must have good vocal skills, music reading ability, and a high degree of interest in performing quality choral music. Admission is by audition. Prerequisite: Audition
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett

MUSC 186: Carleton Singers

The Carleton Singers is a small, highly select vocal group dedicated to performing a cappella choral music of all periods and styles. The Singers comprise the core of the Carleton Choir. Membership is offered to students who demonstrate exceptional vocal and musical skills. The need to balance all parts (Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass) dictates the size of the ensemble. With few exceptions, membership is for the full year. Admission by audition and concurrent registration in Music 185 are required. Prerequisite: Requires concurrent registration in Music 185
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

MUSC 187: Carleton Orchestra

The Carleton Orchestra performs large symphonic masterpieces, such as Beethoven, Stravinsky and Bernstein. Concerti with students and faculty soloists, and smaller works for string and wind ensembles are also performed. Occasional sight-reading sessions. Admission by audition.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia

MUSC 188: Carleton Chinese Music Ensemble

The ensemble will use indigenous instruments and a Chinese approach to musical training in order to learn and perform music from China. Prerequisite: Previous experience in a music ensemble, Chinese Musical instruments or instructor permission
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP, IS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hong

MUSC 189: Carleton Symphony Band

The Carleton Symphony Band performs music selected from the standard repertory, including compositions by Holst, Grainger, Nelybel, and Sousa. Regular sight-reading sessions. Admission by audition.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 190: Carleton Jazz Ensemble

The Carleton Jazz Ensemble's focus is on improvisation and the fusion between jazz, rock, funk, and Latin influences. There is no predetermined instrumentation. Rather, the ensemble's size and instrumentation vary each term. String players, vocalists, and any brass or woodwind instrumentalists are welcome to register. The ensemble performs once each term. Prerequisite: Admission by audition
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 191: Karimba Ensemble

This ensemble focuses on the 15-key Shona (Zimbabwe) karimba (sometimes called a "thumb piano"). Beginning students learn the fundamentals of solo and group playing on the karimba. No musical training or experience is necessary.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP, IS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

MUSC 192: West African Drum Ensemble

The ensemble will use indigenous instruments and an African approach to musical training in order to learn and perform rhythms and songs from West Africa. Prerequisite: Music 199 and/or instructor permission
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP, IS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 193: Mbira Ensemble

An ensemble of 22-key Shona (Zimbabwe) mbira dza vadzimu. Playing techniques, improvisational practices, and traditional repertoire will be taught. No previous musical experience required. 
1 credit; IS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 194: Chamber Music

Small groups, formed by at least three students, will participate in the study and performance of keyboard and instrumental chamber music, non-western, or small jazz ensemble repertory, coached weekly by music faculty. Students must be registered and may not audit or participate in more than one group. Prerequisite: At least one term of applied music lessons at Carleton, or co-registration in applied music lessons, or permission of instructor
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Melville, L. Caviani, Z. Harris, G. Keel, G. Hong, M. Kreitzer, M. Jamsa, G. Anderson, L. Ericksen, A. Flory, H. Valdivia, T. Rosenberg, J. Johnson, L. Fishman

MUSC 195: Jubilee Singers

The ensemble explores chants, spirituals and gospel music from the African-American communal singing tradition. Music reading skills are not required. A placement hearing is required to assess student's ability to match pitch and be assigned to a voice part. Prerequisite: A placement hearing
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett

MUSC 195: Opera Workshop

Opera Workshop (MUSC 195.04) develops the vocal skills, acting, and technique needed for the demanding roles and musical styles of fully-staged productions, as well as smaller scenes (highlights) of musicals and operas. Winter 2015: Vilia - The Jukebox Recital. Prerequisite: Placement hearing
1 credit; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 196: Jazz Workshop

Workshop in basic techniques of jazz ensemble and combo playing, including improvisation. Student cannot be simultaneously registered for Music 190, Jazz Ensemble.  Prerequisite: Ability to read music and facility on an instrument/voice: performing knowledge of major scales: or instructor permission
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 197: Class Guitar

An introduction to classical and folk guitar: styles, chords and music notation for persons with little or no previous music instruction. Special fee: $85. Not to be taken concurrently with Music 152 or 252 (Guitar).
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 198: Middle Eastern Music Ensemble

Directed by Syrian oud player and composer Issam Rafea, Dayton Hudson Distinguished Visiting Artist in Spring 2017. The ensemble will introduce participants to Arab music and its modal system (maqamat) by exploring traditional and modern repertoir. All instrumentalists are welcome to register. No previous experience with Middle Eastern music necessary. 
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP, IS; Offered Spring 2017; I. Rafea

MUSC 199: Fundamentals of African Drumming

Class instruction in basic techniques of African drumming. No musical training or experience is necessary. Special fee: $85.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 204: Theory II: Musical Structures

An investigation into the nature of musical sounds and the way they are combined to form rhythms, melodies, harmonies, and form. Topics include the spectral composition of musical pitches, the structure of musical scales and their influence on melody, chords and their interval content, and the symmetry and complexity of rhythmic patterns. Student work includes building a musical instrument, programming a drum machine, analyzing the statistical distribution of pitches in a folksong corpus, and comparing the music of Bob Dylan and Charles Ives. Prerequisite: Music 103, or permission of the instructor as assessed by a diagnostic exam administered at the start of the term
6 credits; LA, WR2, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; J. London

MUSC 208: Computer Music and Sound

This course will survey computer techniques for analyzing, synthesizing, manipulating and creating musical sounds. We'll study the basic components of digital sound: waveforms, oscillators, envelopes, delay lines, and filters. We'll analyze and modify sounds using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). We'll study several methods of sound synthesis and create and play original music using open source computer music languages. Course projects will include real-time performances on multiple computers using video game controllers. Prerequisite: Music 108 or Computer Science 111 or Instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Spring 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 210: Medieval and Renaissance Music

A study of the most characteristic forms of music from 800 to 1600 in the western tradition. Prerequisite: the ability to read music.
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 211: Baroque and Classical Music

This course provides an introduction to the music of the Baroque and Classical periods. Students will learn about musical form, expressive conventions such as the doctrine of affections and musical topoi, performance practice, and the social function of music. We will encounter examples from keyboard repertory, dance music (both court ballet and aristocratic social dance), theater music, the symphony, and chamber music. Prerequisite: Ability to read music preferred, but not required
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; M. Sarno

MUSC 213: Music and Religion

Music and religion are united through philosophical precepts, but also through practical means. In this course we will encounter philosophical ideas about music as well as examine sacred musical practices of various religions, including Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and Hindu. Students will analyze what function music holds in liturgies of many traditions. The final project will involve visiting local services to observe first-hand how religions use music. No previous music experience required. 
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; M. Sarno

MUSC 215: Music Theater in America

This course outlines the history of the musical from Tin Pan Alley, through the golden age of Broadway with Rodgers and Hammerstein, to the current sensation "Hamilton," passing through the works of Stephen Sondheim. We will study the development of this hybrid genre by considering musical elements such as form, instrumentation, and harmony as well as dramatic, choreographic, and staging components. Additionally, social questions such as the representation of women and minority cultures, as they concern the works themselves and their audiences, will guide our readings and class discussion. Ability to read music not required.
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; M. Sarno

MUSC 220: Composition Studio

This course focuses on creating new music, through several exercises as well as a substantial term composition. Class meetings reinforce key concepts, aesthetic trends, and compositional techniques, as well as provide opportunities for group feedback on works in progress. Individual instruction focuses on students' own creative work in depth and detail. Prerequisite: Music 110, 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; ARP; Offered Winter 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 227: Perception and Cognition of Music

Covers basic issues in auditory perception and cognition with an emphasis on the perception of musical pitch, including sensory discrimination, categorical perception, roughness and dissonance, absolute pitch, and auditory streaming. Other topics to be covered include the processing of language and music, and emotional responses to music. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Music 227 and 228 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: A previous course in Music or Psychology, or instructor permission; Concurrent registration in Music 228
6 credits; QRE, LS; Offered Spring 2017; J. London

MUSC 228: Perception and Cognition of Music Lab

An introduction to the methods of experimental and observational research in music perception and cognition. Student teams will replicate/extend classic experiments in music perception, which will involve reviewing historical and current literature, creating stimuli, running experimental trials, performing statistical analyses of data, and giving a poster presentation of their results. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Music 227 and 228 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Music 227
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; J. London

MUSC 236: Rock Lab

This combines performance and academic study of rock music. In the first half of the course, we will learn to perform simple songs in small-group coaching sessions with a polished public performance as a midterm goal. During the second half of the course, we will make recordings of these performances. Throughout the term, we will accompany performance and recording activities with readings and discussion about aesthetics, performance practice in rock music, and mediation of recording techniques, all extraordinarily rich topics in popular music studies. No performance experience is needed. The course will accommodate students with a range of experience. Students will be grouped according to background, interest, and ability.
3 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 245: Music of Africa

The study of traditional and popular musics of sub-Saharan Africa, through reading, listening, watching, and playing. Using the works of canonical and contemporary scholars, we'll examine music with particular attention to its intersections with technology, ethnic identity, political life, religion, and gender roles. Students will also learn about West African percussion and Shona karimba through applied study. No experience necessary. 
6 credits; IS, ARP; Offered Winter 2017; M. Russell

MUSC 247: 1950s/60s American Folk Music Revival

Explores the historical bases of musical style, the role of recorded music, the social construction of a "folk music" milieu, and the music of Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, Phil Ochs, Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, et al.  No musical experience necessary; you need not read musical notation. Includes one day per week of applied instruction: Section 1 (beginning folk guitar--instruments provided) only for those with zero guitar experience; Section 2 (folk workshop --provide your own instruments) if you have any experience on guitar, banjo, fiddle, mandolin, ukelele, Dobro, viola, cello, or bass.

 

6 credits; ARP, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; M. Russell

MUSC 248: Music of South Asia

This course focuses on South Asian musical traditions including qawwali, folk and popular musics, and the classical Hindustani and Carnatic traditions of North and South India. We will consider the historical and cultural contexts of several genres, read the work of scholars from various disciplines, and study relevant audio and video. Students will learn rudimentary theory of Indian classical music, understand its twentieth and twenty-first century developments, and develop listening skills to enable recognition of major genres, styles, and artists. One day a week will be devoted to applied study of Indian vocal raga. No musical background required.
6 credits; ARP, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 250: Piano

Applied study on the instrument, with attention to both musical and technical development. Students will study appropriate works from the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods, with special reference to a composer's individual notation, technical challenges and stylistic interpretation. Music 250 is intended for the advanced piano student: permission of instructor is required.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Melville, L. Fishman, M. McCright, M. Widman

MUSC 250J: Piano (Juried)

Applied study on the instrument, with attention to both musical and technical development. Students will study appropriate works from the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods, with special reference to a composer's individual notation, technical challenges and stylistic interpretation. Music 250 is intended for the advanced piano student: permission of instructor is required.
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Melville, L. Fishman, M. McCright, M. Widman

MUSC 251: Voice

A study of voice production, breathing, tone development, diction, and pronunciation. Selection (according to the individual voice) of Italian, German, French, and English songs of the Classic, Romantic, and Modern periods. Arias and songs from operas, oratorios, musical theater and popular songs from Western and non-Western traditions. In addition, one studio class per week. Prerequisite: Music 151 or permission of the instructor.
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett, B. Allen, P. Kent, V. Vargas, R. Penning

MUSC 251J: Voice (Juried)

A study of voice production, breathing, tone development, diction, and pronunciation. Selection (according to the individual voice) of Italian, German, French, and English songs of the Classic, Romantic, and Modern periods. Arias and songs from operas, oratorios, musical theater and popular songs from Western and non-Western traditions. In addition, one studio class per week. Prerequisite: Music 151 or permission of the instructor.
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Burnett, B. Allen, P. Kent, V. Vargas, R. Penning

MUSC 252: Guitar

Studies for the development of technique appropriate to the needs of the student. Music is chosen from all musical periods including folk picking, blues, ragtime, popular and classical styles. Students with no prior experience or lessons should take one term of class guitar (Music 197). Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 252J: Guitar (Juried)

Studies for the development of technique appropriate to the needs of the student. Music is chosen from all musical periods including folk picking, blues, ragtime, popular and classical styles. Students with no prior experience or lessons should take one term of class guitar (Music 197). Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 255: Violin

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 255J: Violin (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 256: Viola

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 256J: Viola (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Valdivia, L. Ericksen, M. Horozaniecki, S. Crawford

MUSC 257: Cello

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Rosenberg, Z. Pelletier

MUSC 257J: Cello (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Rosenberg, Z. Pelletier

MUSC 258: Classical String Bass

The study of the acoustic string bass in the Classical style. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Martin

MUSC 258J: Classical String Bass (Juried)

The study of the acoustic string bass in the Classical style. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Martin

MUSC 259: Flute

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Jamsa

MUSC 259J: Flute (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Jamsa

MUSC 260: Oboe

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Klemp

MUSC 260J: Oboe (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Klemp

MUSC 261: Clarinet

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Olsen

MUSC 261J: Clarinet (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Olsen

MUSC 262: Saxophone

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Keel

MUSC 262J: Saxophone (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Keel

MUSC 263: Bassoon

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Pesavento

MUSC 263J: Bassoon (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Pesavento

MUSC 264: French Horn

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Anderson

MUSC 264J: French Horn (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Anderson

MUSC 265: Trumpet

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Deichert

MUSC 265J: Trumpet (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Deichert

MUSC 266: Trombone

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 266J: Trombone (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 267: Tuba

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 267J: Tuba (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 268: Orchestral Percussion

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 268J: Orchestral Percussion (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 269: Harp

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Niemisto

MUSC 269J: Harp (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; E. Niemisto

MUSC 270: Harpsichord

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 270J: Harpsichord (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 271: Organ

Basic piano skills required. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 271J: Organ (Juried)

Basic piano skills required. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Hall

MUSC 272: Oud

Advanced study of the Arab oud. Instruments are provided. Instructor's permission required. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Y. Klein, I. Rafea

MUSC 272J: Oud

Advanced study of the Arab oud. Instruments are provided. Instructor's permission required. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Y. Klein, I. Rafea

MUSC 274: Recorder

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MUSC 274J: Recorder (Juried)

Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Krusemeyer

MUSC 275: Jazz Piano

Study the tools for learning the jazz "language." Learn to improvise through scale and mode study, transcription, and composition. Turn chord symbols into chord voicings and accompaniment. Explore the blues, jazz "standards," and today's music. Three years piano required. Materials: staff paper and portable tape player. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 275J: Jazz Piano (Juried)

Study the tools for learning the jazz "language." Learn to improvise through scale and mode study, transcription, and composition. Turn chord symbols into chord voicings and accompaniment. Explore the blues, jazz "standards," and today's music. Three years piano required. Materials: staff paper and portable tape player. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 276: Electric & Acoustic Bass

The study of either electric bass guitar or acoustic string bass in all contemporary styles including rock, jazz, pop, rap, and reggae. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Schilling

MUSC 276J: Electric & Acoustic Bass (Juried)

The study of either electric bass guitar or acoustic string bass in all contemporary styles including rock, jazz, pop, rap, and reggae. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; T. Schilling

MUSC 277: Jazz and Blues Guitar

Study of chord voicings, accompanimental techniques, and solo guitar performance in the jazz idiom. Prerequisites: previous study of guitar and the ability to read music, or the permission of the instructor. Students must provide their own instruments. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Z. Harris

MUSC 277J: Jazz & Blues Guitar (Juried)

Study of chord voicings, accompanimental techniques, and solo guitar performance in the jazz idiom. Prerequisites: previous study of guitar and the ability to read music, or the permission of the instructor. Students must provide their own instruments. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; Z. Harris

MUSC 278: Drum Set Instruction

Drum Set Instruction on/in jazz and popular drumming styles which use the standard drum set. Equipment available for registered students. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 278J: Drum Set Instruction (Juried)

Drum Set Instruction on/in jazz and popular drumming styles which use the standard drum set. Equipment available for registered students. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 279: Jazz Improvisation

The study of the basic grammar and syntax of jazz improvisation styles, including transcribing solos, chord/scale materials and melodic patterns. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 279J: Jazz Improvisation (Juried)

The study of the basic grammar and syntax of jazz improvisation styles, including transcribing solos, chord/scale materials and melodic patterns. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Caviani

MUSC 280: Raga: Vocal or Instrumental Study of Hindustani Music

Beginning, intermediate, and advanced students of voice, guitar, violin, flute, clarinet, etc., approach raga from their current level of musicianship. In all cases, traditional practical instruction is complemented by some theoretical and philosophical exploration of the underpinnings of the music. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 280J: Raga:Voc/Instr Study Hindustani (Juried)

Beginning, intermediate, and advanced students of voice, guitar, violin, flute, clarinet, etc., approach raga from their current level of musicianship. In all cases, traditional practical instruction is complemented by some theoretical and philosophical exploration of the underpinnings of the music. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 281: Sitar

Beginning through advanced study of sitar in the gayaki ang style of Ustad Vilayat Khan. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Sitars are provided. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 281J: Sitar (Juried)

Beginning through advanced study of sitar in the gayaki ang style of Ustad Vilayat Khan. Previous musical experience is not necessary. Sitars are provided. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. Whetstone

MUSC 282: Chinese Musical Instruments

Beginning through advanced study on traditional Chinese instruments, pipa (Chinese lute), erhu (Chinese violin), guzheng (Chinese zither), zhongruan (Chinese moon guitar), hulusi, bawu and dizi (Chinese bamboo flutes). Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hong

MUSC 282J: Chinese Musical Instruments (Juried)

Beginning through advanced study on traditional Chinese instruments, pipa (Chinese lute), erhu (Chinese violin), guzheng (Chinese zither), zhongruan (Chinese moon guitar), hulusi, bawu and dizi (Chinese bamboo flutes). Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; G. Hong

MUSC 283: Ethnic Drumming Instruction

Ethnic drumming instruction in various ethnic drumming styles including West African (Ghanaian instruments), Cuban (congas), North Indian (tabla) and Middle Eastern (dumbek). Equipment available for registered students. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 283J: Ethnic Drumming Instruction (Juried)

Ethnic drumming instruction in various ethnic drumming styles including West African (Ghanaian instruments), Cuban (congas), North Indian (tabla) and Middle Eastern (dumbek). Equipment available for registered students. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Johnson

MUSC 284: American Folk Instruments

Beginning to advanced study of technique and improvisational styles on American folk instruments. Students may study 5-string banjo (bluegrass or clawhammer style), bluegrass guitar, Dobro©, fiddle (violin, viola, cello), bass, ukulele, mandolin, mandola or mandocello. The Music Department has a single mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and guitar (and two ukuleles) available for shared use by enrolled students unable to provide their own instruments. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; S/CR/NC; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 284J: American Folk Instrument (Juried)

Beginning to advanced study of technique and improvisational styles on American folk instruments. Students may study 5-string banjo (bluegrass or clawhammer style), bluegrass guitar, Dobro©, fiddle (violin, viola, cello), bass, ukulele, mandolin, mandola or mandocello. The Music Department has a single mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and guitar (and two ukuleles) available for shared use by enrolled students unable to provide their own instruments. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Kreitzer

MUSC 285J: Composition (Juried)

Individual instruction focusing on the student’s original compositions. Course work includes the study of compositional techniques, analysis of relevant works, and computer/MIDI/synthesizer technologies. The course is particularly directed toward the major who wishes to pursue the composition option in the Senior Integrative Exercise. Prerequisite: Music 220 or instructor permission
1 credit; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 286J: Composition (Juried)

Individual instruction focusing on the student's original compositions. Course work includes the study of compositional techniques, analysis of relevant works, and computer/MIDI/synthesizer technologies. The course is particularly directed toward the major who wishes to pursue the composition option in the Senior Integrative Exercise. Prerequisite: Music 220 or instructor permission
2 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Mazzariello

MUSC 299: Recital

A public music recital of a minimum of thirty minutes of solo performance (some chamber music may be included). Students enrolling in 299 do so in lieu of registering for applied lessons; 299 includes nine one-hour lessons. Prerequisite: completed recital form and permission of the Music Department the term prior to the recital. Fees and financial aid for 299 are the same as for two-credit applied lessons. Prerequisite: Permission of department. At least two terms of juried lessons at the 200 level. Students must have completed recital form and permission of the Music Department the term prior to the recital
3 credits; ARP; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Penning, M. Horozaniecki, M. McCright, N. Melville, L. Caviani, B. Allen, L. Ericksen, M. Jamsa, V. Vargas, G. Hong

MUSC 303: Music Since 1900

This course, required for the music major, is both an overall survey of the Western art music of the twentieth century, and an analysis class designed to equip the major with analytical techniques in non-formal music from Schoenberg to the avant-garde. Prerequisite: Music 201 or 204
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 304: Songwriters and Songwriting

This course combines analysis of popular songs from various idioms with practical songwriting workshops. Songs from Tin Pan Alley to rock will serve as models illustrating principles of musical design and lyric writing. These, in turn, will inform students' creative efforts developed through a series of writing assignments leading ultimately to original songs.
6 credits; ARP; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 305: Seminar in American Music

A research seminar addressing issues in American Music with rotating topics. This course will allow students to build upon previous studies of American Music in a focused seminar environment. Bibliographic tools, historical artifacts, and critical readings will comprise course texts. Students will present short regular written reports in preparation for a research paper on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Music 130
3 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 306: Moldy Figs and the Birth of Jazz Criticism

In this course, students will investigate the interest of white literati in jazz during the 1930s and 1940 through the lens of former Carleton English professor Jack Lucas. An writer for the well-known jazz appreciation magazine Down Beat, Lucas taught courses about jazz in the 1950s, and donated his large historic record collection to the College. We will read early written criticism and consider issues of canonization of jazz. Students will create their own compilation of early jazz recordings according to a theme, revisiting a common form of agency among jazz critics during the 1950s.  Prerequisite: Music 126
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; A. Flory

MUSC 308: Seminar in Music Analysis

An introduction to advanced analytical techniques for larger formal structure in Western Art Music repertoire from the classic, romantic and early twentieth century. Musical forms to be considered are binary, ternary, rondo, and variation forms, with particular emphasis on theories and analyses of sonata forms of eighteenth and nineteenth century music. Prerequisite: Music 110 or 204 or Instructor consent
6 credits; LA; Offered Spring 2017; R. Rodman

MUSC 312: Romantic Music

An examination of western art music of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including Schubert, Berlioz, Brahms, and Wagner. Prerequisite: Music 110 or 204 or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 332: Motown

A research-based course focused on the people, music, and cultural contributions of the Motown Record Company from its antecedents throughout the mid-1980s. Prerequisite: The ability to read music and a previous music course, or permission of the instructor
6 credits; LA, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 333: The Beatles

A critical examination of the music and cultural impact of the Beatles. Students will engage with primary and secondary materials relating to the music of the Beatles, perform basic musical analyses, and participate in class presentations. The course will conclude with a research paper. Prerequisite: Ability to read music and previous music course, or instructor permission
6 credits; LA, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

MUSC 400: Integrative Exercise

Required of senior majors. The integrative exercise may be fulfilled by completion of a significant composition, performance, or research-paper project. Students who wish to fulfill Music 400 with such projects must meet department-specified qualifying criteria. 
6 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

NEUR 395: Neuroscience Capstone Seminar

This capstone seminar will cover current approaches and techniques in the field of neuroscience. Guest speakers and Carleton faculty in neuroscience and related areas will present their research.
3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Rand, J. Wolff, L. Wichlinski, J. Neiworth, S. Meerts

PE 101: Aerobics

Basic dance steps, calisthenic-type movements and locomotor skills (running, jumping, hopping, skipping, etc.) are combined into vigorous routines which are performed to the beat of popular music. All classes offer components of strength development, flexibility and cardio-vascular fitness. No experience necessary. Wear comfortable clothes and shoes with good support (no running shoes).
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Stuckmayer

PE 102: Aikido, Intermediate

Empty-hand techniques are continued and weapon techniques are introduced (traditional Japanese wooden weapons are required-cost approximately $50.) More varieties of breakfalls are learned as the emphasis of the class shifts to higher-level techniques. Class fee of $30 is required. Prerequisite: PE 103
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 103: Aikido, Beginning

Developed from samurai traditions, Aikido is Japanese budo--a method of training and study that applies the physical principles of a martial art toward the goals of peace, harmony, and self-improvement. The movements of Aikido focus on learning to move in harmony with another, yet can be an effective self-defense. Students also learn many ways of falling safely and getting up quickly. Applied properly, the insights gained can lead to better self-respect and more harmonious relationships. An additional fee of $30 is required.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 104: Aikido, Advanced

More complex empty-hand and weapon techniques are taught. Advanced breakfalls are added along with more intense physical and mental training. An additional fee of $30 is required. Prerequisite: Beginning Aikido.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 105: Beginning Badminton/Pickleball

This course will introduce students to both badminton and pickleball, two sports that are quite similar in rules and method, but differ in equipment and some strategies. Both sports focus on building skill development and fitness in a fun, relaxed atmosphere. The goal of the course is to provide a great introduction to two potential lifetime sports.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Erickson

PE 106: Badminton, Intermediate

The objective of the course is to review basic skills and strategies of badminton, in addition to learn new techniques and strategies of singles and doubles play with greater emphasis on competition. Advanced singles and doubles strategies will be covered as well as involvement in tournament play.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Erickson

PE 107: Ballet I

A beginning course in ballet technique, including basic positions, beginning patterns and exercises. Students develop an awareness of the many ways their body can move, an appreciation of dance as an artistic expression and a recognition of the dancer as an athlete.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Bader

PE 108: Ballet II

For the student with previous ballet experience this course emphasizes articulation of the technique and development of ballet vocabulary and movement theories. Opportunity to continue to work on technique and to more finely tune the awareness of movement begun in Level I.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Bader

PE 109: Ballet III

This is an advanced class for students who have some capabilities and proficiency in ballet technique. Content is sophisticated and demanding in its use of ballet vocabulary and musical phrasing.
Offered Spring 2017; J. Bader

PE 110: Fundamentals of Baseball

Fundamental skills of the game are introduced including throwing, catching and hitting. Rules and strategies will be introduced but the focus will be on developing skills. Students must provide their own baseball or softball gloves.
Offered Fall 2016; A. Rushing

PE 111: Basketball, Three on Three

Open to all who enjoy basketball and have a basic understanding of the game. Stress will be placed upon vigorous activity, though instruction will be given on basic rules, strategy and skill improvement drills. This course offers an opportunity for a great workout in a co-ed team setting.
Offered Winter 2017; G. Kalland

PE 113: Bowling

The social and recreational values of a sport like bowling must be experienced to be appreciated. Students pay a fee per session for three games, equipment rental and bus ride to the lanes. Individual help is given as needed. Bowling does not develop physical fitness, but other skills are involved and can be developed in an atmosphere that encourages social interaction. Open to all levels of experience.
Offered Winter 2017; B. Pagel

PE 114: Bollywood Dance

Bollywood is the Indian film industry centered in Mumbai (the city formerly called Bombay). Bollywood dance has lately been popularized in American culture and is recognized by fast drumbeats, vibrant costuming, and highly energetic choreography. In this dance class, we will explore how culture and music in other parts of the Indian subcontinent have influenced choreography and performance seen in Bollywood film. Students from any and all skill and interest levels are welcome.
Offered Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 120: Diving

This class is an introduction to 1-meter and 3-meter springboard diving. Students will first learn safety techniques for on the board, in the air, and while entering the water. They will then learn board work hurdles and back presses, "in-air" technique, and "entry" technique. At the end of this course, students will be able to safely execute and perform jumps, dives, flips and/or twists off a diving board and understand and appreciate diving as a participant and observer. Students should have intermediate swimming skills so that they are safe and comfortable in the water.
Offered Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 121: Fencing, Beginning

An instructional class for beginners. Students learn footwork, techniques and simple attacks and defense. Foils, masks and fencing jackets are provided.
Not offered 2016-2017

PE 124: Fitness for the Athlete

For the off-season or pre-season competitor (IM, club, or varsity). The winter term course will focus on those who want to stay in shape and hone their flexibility, balance, strength and an aerobic threshold. This is a challenging course that will teach techniques and strategies to work out on your own as well as motivate you to improve or work weaker areas. Incorporating training on the track, free weights, bosu, plyometrics and much more.
Offered Winter 2017; J. Keller

PE 125: Folk Dance

Folk dance includes a variety of dances of varying intricacy from around the world. No experience necessary.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 126: Hip-hop/House Street Dance Class

Students are familiarized with street dance vocabulary and fundamentals. Emphasis on "finding your rhythm" through bodily awareness. Beginners can expect an aerobic workout until their movement becomes looser and more efficient. Excellent for core strength, balance and flexibility. The lessons are 70 minutes each and consist of a group warm-up (ten minutes), stretching (five minutes), hip-hop vocabulary (fifteen minutes), house vocabulary (twenty-five minutes), and choreography (fifteen minutes). No experience necessary.
Offered Fall 2016; L. Luedke

PE 127: Frisbee, Beginning Ultimate

For the beginning or moderately experienced player who wants to develop basic skills. See what all the fuss is about. If a golden retriever can do it, so can you!
Offered Fall 2016; L. Luedke

PE 128: Frisbee, Advanced Ultimate

Enhance your skills and abilities in Ultimate.
Offered Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 129: Golf, Beginning

Basic instruction and opportunities to improve your game are provided. All equipment is provided. Experience not necessary.
Offered Spring 2017; B. Pagel

PE 130: Advanced Golf

For students who have experience with the fundamentals of the swing and the game and have also played (several times) on regulation golf courses. Each student must have (or have access to) their own set of clubs. Prerequisite: Must be competent player, no beginners. Must have experience playing regulation course and be able to complete 9 holes in under 2 hours
Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; G. Kalland, R. Kershaw

PE 131: Ice Hockey, Beginning

This course is designed to give men and women the opportunity to play ice hockey together in a fun and non-competitive setting. Absolutely no body checking or rough play is allowed. Skill development in skating, stick handling, passing and shooting is stressed as well as position play and rules necessary to ensure the safety of the participants. Helmets are recommended and furnished. Students must provide their own skates and hockey sticks. Highly accomplished or "hard-core" hockey players have no place in this class.
Offered Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 133: Ice Skating, Beginning

The class is divided into several ability groups with an instructor assigned to each small group. Figure skating skills are presented in progressive order allowing individuals to move along at their own pace. Classes meet outdoors on the Bald Spot rink. Students must provide their own figure skates.
Offered Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 134: Ice Skating, Intermediate

Designed for students with previous skating experience, this course develops skills with emphasis on edges, backward stroking, basic combinations, jumps and figures. Classes meet outdoors on the Bald Spot rink. Students must provide their own figure skates.
Offered Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 136: Independent Activities

Snorkeling, scuba diving, and hiking on this program can be counted toward the PE requirement. Approximately five to six required snorkeling or diving days will be scheduled. Students will be assisted in obtaining snorkeling equipment. Those who wish to scuba dive must obtain necessary certification and medical testing before departure, as well as bear the cost of boat and tank rental and proper supervision. Prerequisite: Participation in Carleton OCS program. Applicants should be comfortable in the water, possess basic swimming skills (snorkeling and diving days will be scheduled), and be prepared for extended hiking in rugged terrain.
S/CR/NC; Offered Winter 2017; F. Hagstrom

PE 137: Indoor Soccer

Fundamental skills of indoor soccer are introduced. Skills will be developed using exercises, small-sided games and other methods. Rules and strategy will be introduced and full-sided games will be incorporated into each session. There is an emphasis on teamwork and enjoyment of the game.
Offered Winter 2017; B. Carlson

PE 139: Outdoor Soccer

Fundamental skills of outdoor soccer are introduced. Skills will be developed using exercises, small-sided games and other methods. Rules and strategy will be introduced and full-sided games will be incorporated into each session. There is an emphasis on teamwork and enjoyment of the game.
Offered Spring 2017; B. Carlson

PE 140: Introduction to Art & Science of Tai-Chi

This class embodies the four aspects of health, self-defense, meditation and philosophy. T’ai-Chi helps the practitioner to create a relaxed state of awareness while gently guiding and circulating the internal energy known as ch'i. T’ai-Chi’s slow and relaxed movements, combined with body awareness, deep breathing and energy work provide numerous health benefits such as stress management/relief. Good posture, sleep habits, and energy maintenance will be emphasized to supplement study habits and time management. The class curriculum includes gentle warm-ups, standing meditation, qi gong or breath work, Yang Style T’ai-Chi movements, partner work, and an introduction to the Sword.
Offered Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 141: Intramural Sports

This course is designed to give men and women the opportunity to play a variety of intramural sports together in a fun setting. Kickball, Dodgeball, Broomball, 3 v 3 basketball, Volleyball, Whiffle Ball, and other sports will be included. Open to all looking for an enjoyable workout and athletic social interaction.
Offered Winter 2017; B. Carlson

PE 142: Karate

An art of self-defense which originated in Okinawa. Karate involves mastering techniques, sharpening concentration and refining one's spirit. Karate develops self-confidence and self-discipline while providing a solid workout. Ideally, the Karateka carries a clarity of concentration and serenity of spirit every day in whatever she/he is doing. Beginners are welcome and appreciated. An additional fee of $20 is required.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; B. Dobrow

PE 145: Krav Maga, Beginning

Students meet with instructor twice a week to take part in drills that emphasize stopping opponent's attacks and striking quickly with power. General self-defense habits will be discussed with an emphasis on escaping an unarmed assailant. Towards the end of term, students will move from low-contact drills to padded medium-contact drills to provide better training. Students need not have any prior self-defense experience to enroll.
Offered Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 146: Lifeguarding

American Red Cross course that encompasses training in aquatic safety and rescue skills. Upon successful completion of course, participants will receive two certifications: one for A.R.C. Lifeguarding and the second for First Aid, AED/CPR; valid for two years. The course is approximately 35 hours in length, with 80% of time spent in pool and 20% in classroom. Required $50 textbook and pocket mask fee will automatically be charged on tuition bill. Prerequisite: Student must demonstrate competence in basic swim strokes (front crawl, breaststroke, and sidestroke), ability to tread water (without use of hands/arms) for two minutes and ability to swim underwater
Offered Spring 2017; A. Clark

PE 147: Moving Anatomy

This course seeks to provide an underlying awareness of body structure and function. Using movement to expand knowledge of our anatomy will encourage participants to integrate information with experience. Heightened body awareness and class studies are designed to activate the general learning process.
Offered Spring 2017; J. Shockley

PE 148: Modern Dance I

A physical exploration at the introductory level of the elements of dance: time, motion, space, shape and energy. Students are challenged physically as they increase their bodily awareness, balance, control, strength and flexibility and get a glimpse of the art of dance.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. McCoy

PE 149: Modern Dance II

Builds upon the concepts and experiences in Level I with more emphasis on the development of technique and expressive qualities as students are aided in a process of solving movement problems and finding solutions. Movement combinations are more complex and physical demands are challenging.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; D. McCoy

PE 150: Contact Improvisation

This is a course in techniques of spontaneous dancing shared by two or more people through a common point of physical contact. Basic skills such as support, counterbalance, rolling, falling and flying will be taught and developed in an environment of mutual creativity.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; J. Shockley

PE 151: Modern Dance III

Continues to challenge the dance student with more intensive work on technical, theoretical and expressive movement problems. Since students are more able and experienced, exploration of unusual and intricate forms and movements is possible and the goal of each class is to go as deeply into each idea as the limits of time and ability allow.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Shockley

PE 152: Lindy Hop, Beginning

Provides in-depth instruction in the Lindy Hop, a fun, energetic swing dance that developed from the jazz music of the 1920s and 1930s. Emphasizes lead-follow technique and social dance moves while providing an understanding of the dance's roots. Previous social dance experience is helpful but not required.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 153: Outdoor Skills-Adventure

This course will introduce students to many of the skills necessary to survive and thrive in the wilderness. The objective of this course is to prepare students to be able to plan and execute their own back-country experience with guidance in trip planning, plant and animal identification, first aid, orienteering, shelter building, food planning, packing and preparation, and an introduction to group dynamics and leadership. Mandatory outdoor field trip (week seven or eight).
Offered Spring 2017; J. Keller

PE 157: Tai Chi

Tai-Chi embodies four aspects: health, self-defense, meditation and philosophy. This class will explore all of these aspects along with slow and relaxed movements, combined with body awareness, deep breathing and energy work, provide numerous health benefits. Above all, the benefits include stress management and stress relief.
Offered Fall 2016; L. Luedke

PE 158: Rock Climbing

The beginning of the course covers climbing knots, belaying and commands. Efficient movement and climbing styles will also be addressed. The majority of the term will allow students to apply their new skills on the Recreation Center's climbing wall and in the Bouldering Cave.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Erickson

PE 159: Scuba

PADI Open Water SCUBA certification can be earned. A SCUBA class involves three parts: class, pool and open water. Classroom and pool sessions are conducted over six nights at the West Gym classroom and Thorpe Pool. The open water portion (optional for PE activity credit but required for PADI certification) is conducted off campus. Lab fees apply, please contact instructor.
Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Campion, L. Luedke

PE 160: Rock Climbing, Advanced

This course will teach advanced techniques in rock climbing including sport leading, rappelling, multi-pitch climbing and anchor building. The course is designed for experienced indoor climbers who are interested in making the transition to outdoor climbing as well as outdoor climbers who are looking to improve their knowledge of climbing skills and safety. As an addition, traditional climbing can be added to the curriculum if there is interest. Prerequisite: PE 158
Offered Winter 2017; A. Erickson

PE 161: Self Defense for Women

Course consists of learning basic techniques (kicking, striking, blocking and shifting moves), analyzing and decision making in a crisis, and the role body language, eye contact and assertiveness can play in threatening and attack situations. There will be controlled practice drills with partners. Required $10 book fee will be automatically charged on tuition bill.
Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; M. Brandl, L. Luedke

PE 162: Women's Health & Fitness

This class will explore current fitness, health, and nutrition topics. Each class will begin with discussion/dialogue between instructor and students, followed by physical activity. Over the course of this ten week class you will be introduced to a variety of physical activities both indoors and outside. This course is largely designed for non-athletes who are looking for fitness and nutrition exposure and the options available to them on or near Carleton's campus. The goal is to find an activity that will encourage students to engage in daily activity and improve their overall health and well-being. Each term this course is offered new activities will be introduced focusing on improving coordination, strength, flexibility and aerobic capacity.
Offered Winter 2017; J. Keller

PE 167: Social Dance I

This course provides instruction in basic steps, technique, and patterns of different partner dances. It covers waltz, foxtrot, tango, cha-cha, rumba, and East Coast swing. No prior dance experience is assumed. Note: this is the same material and number of classes as the other section of Social Dance I, but is held three times a week and therefore finishes by the end of sixth week.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 167: Social Dance I

This course provides instruction in basic steps, technique, and patterns of different partner dances. It covers waltz, foxtrot, tango, cha-cha, rumba, and East Coast swing. No prior dance experience is assumed.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 168: Social Dance II

This course expands on the dances taught in Social Dance I, as well as teaching more challenging partner dances, such as hustle, samba, and nightclub 2-step. The course will cover additional technique and patterns in the dances from Social Dance I, and teach the basics, technique, and some patterns in the new dances. Prerequisite: PE 167, Social 1 or instructor permission
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 170: Squash

Students are introduced to this fast-paced racquet sport. Played on a court similar to racquetball, squash involves eye-hand coordination and quick reflexes. In general, the smaller squash ball and longer squash racquet create a game faster and more reactive than its relative, racquetball. This class will cover basic stroke production, rules and strategies of the game. Geared toward beginners, all equipment is furnished
Not offered 2016-2017

PE 171: Step Aerobics

This class begins with a 5-7 minute warm-up and then moves toward a 20-25 minute straight aerobics routine. Then steps are incorporated into a 20-25 minute aerobics workout. The remaining class time ends with 5-7 minutes of stretches in which one muscle group is chosen for special emphasis and effort.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Petricka

PE 172: Swimming, Fitness

Designed for the accomplished swimmer who desires a vigorous workout as a means of improving or maintaining cardiovascular fitness. Instruction covers stroke mechanics, drills, use of training equipment and general workout design. Students must have the ability to swim front crawl, backstroke, and breaststroke.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Clark, B. Plotz

PE 173: Swimming, Instructional

Novice to intermediate swim. Introduction to basic swim skills and technique.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; B. Plotz

PE 174: Sport and Globalization in London and Seville: Introductory Coaching Activity

As part of the Introductory Coaching Practicum abroad, students will actively participate in soccer as well as other sport exercises. Designed for students who may or may not have any previous playing or coaching experience, this course will cover introductory methods of coaching and teaching young athletes. Specifically, students will practice methods of teaching skills, structure, and strategies of team-oriented sports.
Not offered 2016-2017

PE 175: West Coast Swing, Beginning

This course is designed to introduce people to West Coast Swing and give them the fundamentals to be able to appreciate and enjoy social dancing. It assumes no prior dance knowledge. The course covers basics of partner dancing, individual and partnership technique, and a variety of moves. At the end of the course, students should feel comfortable dancing West Coast Swing to a variety of different styles of music and with different partners, and have gained an understanding of the ways to communicate with their partner and express the music in their dancing.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 177: Lindy Hop, Advanced

Provides in-depth instruction in the Lindy Hop, a fun, energetic swing dance that developed from the jazz music of the 1920s and 1930s. Emphasizes lead-follow technique and social dance moves while providing an understanding of the dance's roots. Previous social dance experience is helpful but not required. Prerequisite: Some Lindy Hop experience, equivalent to, but not necessarily, PE 152, Lindy Hop, Beginning
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017

PE 178: Tae Kwon Do

The traditional martial art of Korea. The class meets in conjunction with the Tae Kwon Do Club. Its goal is to strengthen the physical and mental abilities of its members. Tae Kwon Do offers a well-balanced practical approach to training, promoting physical fitness, self control, confidence, leadership, discipline and an understanding of the art of Tae Kwon Do and the Korean culture from which it originated. The class will be split based upon experience, one of which is for beginners, and the other for intermediate students. The beginner section requires no prior experience of Tae Kwon Do. The intermediate section will draw more upon the basics as well as focus more on sparring and demonstration techniques.

 

Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; L. Luedke

PE 179: Intro Tap

An introduction to the basics steps and motions of tap dance. The focus will be on building muscle memory in the ankles and feet from repetition of basic steps. The class will involve learning three dances: one dance choreographed by instructors for the end of first five weeks, another instructor choreographed dance for the end of the second five weeks, and choreographing one dance as small groups (four to eight people with instructor assistance) for the end of tenth week. Tap shoes are prohibited because they ruin the floors; socks or gym shoes are appropriate.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; L. Luedke

PE 181: Table Tennis

An introduction to the basics of table tennis.
Offered Winter 2017; B. Pagel

PE 188: Triathlon Training

An excellent preparation for the "Carleton Triathlon" held at the end of May. Students will learn how to effectively train in each of the three traditional sports of triathlon (swim, bike, run). Instruction covers basic training principles, technique development, competitive preparation. This course is open to all levels of experience from novice to advanced. Students must possess a minimal amount of skill and conditioning in the three sports prior to enrollment.
Offered Spring 2017; A. Clark

PE 189: Tai-Chi, Advanced

A class to further develop the knowledge and skills learned in PE 140, Intro Tai-Chi and and PE 157, Tai-Chi classes. Alignment, relaxation, deep breathing, calm mind, whole-body movement, etc. will all be taken to higher levels and deeper understanding. The Tai-Chi Sword Form will be taught with body-mechanics, history, applications, fencing drills, and Taoist philosophy. In depth discussions on applying both Tai-Chi and Taoist principles to manage stress, improve flexibility, and gain better balance, both physically and mentally, will be an important part of this advanced class. Prerequisite: PE 140 or 157
NE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Hayward, L. Luedke

PE 190: Volleyball, Co-ed

Open to all experience levels. It provides an introduction to basic volleyball skills, rules, and offensive/defensive strategies within a structure that provides both skill practice and scrimmage opportunities. There is an emphasis on teamwork and social interaction.
Offered Fall 2016; C. Kosiba

PE 191: Water Polo, Beginning

This class is designed to introduce you to the exciting sport of Water Polo. From learning how to tread water to shooting a ball, we will cover all the basics of the game of Water Polo. No experience with water polo required, but knowing how to swim is encouraged. Students should have intermediate swimming skills so that they are safe and comfortable in the water.
Offered Spring 2017

PE 192: Water Safety Instructor

American Red Cross certification course for those wishing to teach swimming and water safety classes. Although not mandatory, all instructor candidates should have current certification in first aid and CPR. This course requires time outside of class for teaching experiences. Certification is acquired by successfully passing all written tests and skillful demonstration of all required aquatic skills. Required $50 textbook and pocket mask fee will be automatically charged on tuition bill. Prerequisite: Students must pass a pre-course written test and skills test. The written test and skills test are based on a proficiency level equal to the American Red Cross Community Water Safety course and Level VI of the American Red Cross Learn to Swim Program
Offered Spring 2017; A. Clark

PE 193: Winter Sport Fitness

This course is designed to introduce students to winter sport and fitness activities. Nordic skiing, snowshoeing, skating, broomball, and all other sports will be included. Open to all looking for an enjoyable workout and athletic social interaction. Required $100 fee for ski trip to Welch Village fee will be automatically charged on tuition bill.
Offered Winter 2017; B. Carlson

PE 195: Weight Training and Conditioning

The focus of this course is to assist students with developing a complete conditioning program, including resistance training, running (speed and endurance), agility, stretching (dynamic and static), proper nutrition and appropriate rest intervals. The instructor will assist students in the proper application of specific exercises and drills to maximize effectiveness of their conditioning program.
Offered Fall 2016; A. Rushing

PE 196: Weight Training for Women

This class is designed to introduce women students to the weight training facilities in a smaller group setting. Women students will learn to set up weight training programs based on physical assessment done at the beginning of the course and the students individual goals. Introduction technique and training principles are given as well as basic nutritional, health and wellness information.
Not offered 2016-2017

PE 199: Yoga

Learn the basics of a variety of hatha yoga styles. Appropriate for all levels, this class will focus on a variety of seated, standing and balancing postures as well as core strength and breathwork.
Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; K. Layman, L. Luedke

PE 205: Badminton Club

An instructional and competitive opportunity to participate in the sport of badminton. Learn and develop new skills, improve your fitness levels, and enjoy club camaraderie. Prerequisite: Badminton Club Fall and Winter Term
Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 210: Baseball Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Spring 2017; A. Rushing

PE 211: Basketball Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Winter 2017; G. Kalland

PE 212: Basketball Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Winter 2017; C. Kosiba

PE 214: Competitive Dance Club

Participants will practice techniques and moves for dances including: Waltz, Quickstep, Cha Cha, Swing, as well as other styles. Dancers will learn techniques through a general progression throughout practices. There will be sessions for newcomers, which will teach the basics of dance. There will also be sessions for intermediate and advanced dancers, which will be taught by a professional dance teacher and returning members.
Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 217: Cross Country Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Fall 2016; D. Ricks

PE 218: Cross Country Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Fall 2016; D. Ricks

PE 219: Cycling Club

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 226: Football Intercollegiate

Offered Fall 2016; B. Pagel

PE 227: Ultimate Frisbee Club, CUT and GOP

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 228: Ultimate Frisbee Club, Syzygy and Eclipse

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 229: Golf Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; J. Ericksen, L. Luedke

PE 230: Golf Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Fall 2016; E. Sieger

PE 231: Ice Hockey Club, Men

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 232: Ice Hockey Club, Women

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 244: Lacrosse Club, Men

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 245: Lacrosse Club, Women

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 258: Rugby Club, Men

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 259: Rugby Club, Women

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 260: Sailing Club

Not offered 2016-2017

PE 263: Nordic Ski Club

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 265: Alpine Ski Club

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 269: Soccer Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Fall 2016; B. Carlson

PE 270: Soccer Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Fall 2016; J. Keller

PE 271: Softball Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Spring 2017; A. Erickson

PE 272: Swimming/Diving Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Winter 2017; A. Clark

PE 273: Swimming/Diving Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; A. Clark

PE 276: Synchro Swim Club

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 282: Tennis Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Zweifel

PE 283: Tennis Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Spring 2017; L. Battaglini

PE 284: Tennis Club

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 286: Track and Field/Indoor Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Winter 2017; D. Ricks, L. Luedke

PE 287: Track and Field/Indoor Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Winter 2017; D. Ricks, L. Luedke

PE 288: Track and Field/Outdoor Intercollegiate, Men

Offered Spring 2017; D. Ricks, L. Luedke

PE 289: Track and Field/Outdoor Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Spring 2017; D. Ricks, L. Luedke

PE 290: Sports and Globalization in London and Seville: Directed Reading and Volunteer Coaching Project

Prior to departure students will read selected works that highlight the sporting and cultural history of Great Britain and Spain. Understanding of these readings will be evaluated through discussion and written work in London and Seville. Students will also complete two short projects to prepare for observing, coaching, and examining sport abroad.
2 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PE 290: Volleyball Club, Men

Offered Winter 2017; A. Chaput

PE 291: Volleyball Intercollegiate, Women

Offered Fall 2016; H. Jaynes

PE 293: Water Polo Club

Offered Spring 2017; A. Chaput

PE 316: Principles of Athletic Training

Introduction to human anatomy as it pertains to athletic training and prevention and care of athletic injuries. Consists of lecture, practical experiences, and use of rehabilitative modalities. Requirement for athletic training student assistant.
2 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; C. Alladin

PE 332: Foundations of Sport Psychology and Performance Mentality

Research shows that the most successful athletes are those who are able to think consciously and engage differently than others before, during, and after competition. Like any other life skill, thinking differently and embracing active mindfulness takes training, a willingness to learn, and dedicated hard work. This course is designed to help students and athletes think differently about various aspects of training and competition, ultimately using these skills as they apply to sport, functioning in team environments, and most importantly to the other areas of their lives outside of athletics during and beyond their time at Carleton.
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PE 338: Sports and Globalization in London and Seville: Global Athletics

With their rich history and current success, English and Spanish sport will serve as a framework to examine the emergence of contemporary athletics and current issues facing participants, coaches, administrators, and spectators. The course will explore the world of sport and specifically football (soccer) from a generalist perspective. London and Seville will provide rich and unique opportunities to learn how sport and society intersect. With classroom activities, site visits, field trips to matches, museums, and stadiums students will examine sport from an historical and cultural perspective while keeping in mind how our globalized world impacts sport. Lastly, we will seek to understand ways athletics can break down barriers and create understanding between others.
6 credits; NE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

PE 340: Sports and Globalization in London and Seville: Introductory Coaching Practicum

Designed for students who may or may not have any previous playing or coaching experience, this course will cover introductory methods of coaching and teaching young athletes. Specifically, students will practice methods of teaching skills, structure, and strategies of team-oriented sports. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the coaching profession at different levels, developing coaching skills and creating a philosophy of coaching in a cross-cultural setting.
4 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PE 348: Contemporary Issues in Athletics

An examination of athletics and their relationship to society. This course focuses on the emergence of contemporary sport and the current issues facing participants, coaches, administrators, and spectators. A special emphasis is placed on understanding the motivating factors behind sport and developing a philosophy of sport that will help students evaluate current sporting issues in society.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

PE 350: Methods: Principles and Philosophy of Coaching

This course emphasizes the methods of teaching skills, structure, and strategies of team oriented sports. Emphasis is placed on understanding the coaching profession at different levels, developing coaching skills and creating a philosophy of coaching.
3 credits; SI; Offered Winter 2017; A. Rushing

PHIL 100: Family Values: The Ethics of Being a Family

Everyone has a family of one kind or another. Whether you love them, hate them, or both at the same time, your family has played a huge role in making you the person you are. That fact raises all kinds of interesting philosophical questions such as: what limits should there be on how parents shape their kids' lives and values? Are there demands of justice that are in tension with the way families are "normally" constituted? What duties do parents have to their children and vice versa? And what makes a person someone else's parent or child in the first place--genetics, commitment, convention? This course will explore all these questions and more.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; D. Groll

PHIL 100: Science, Faith and Rationality

This seminar will introduce the student to the study of philosophy through a consideration of various epistemic and metaphysical issues surrounding science and religion. What distinguishes scientific inquiry from other areas of inquiry: Its subject matter, its method of inquiry, or perhaps both? How does scientific belief differ from religious belief, in particular? Is the scientist committed to substantive metaphysical assumptions? If so, what role do these assumptions play in scientific investigation and how do they differ from religious dogma (if they do)? Our exploration of these questions will involve the consideration of both classic and contemporary philosophical texts.
6 credits; AI, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; J. Decker

PHIL 112: Mind, Matter, Consciousness

According to a common view of the mind, mental states are nothing more than states of the brain. There are certain features of human intellection, subjective experience, and action which have prompted some philosophers to argue that human mental activity is not reducible to brain activity. Some have gone on to argue that the human mind is immaterial and capable of surviving the death of the body. We will examine variants of these views as well as objections to them, reading selections from such historical figures as Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes, and such contemporary philosophers as Churchland, Nagel, and Searle.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; A. Moltchanova

PHIL 115: Skepticism, God, and Ethical Dilemmas

If I can't rule out that I'm dreaming, does it follow that I don't know that I'm in Minnesota right now? Are there sound arguments establishing either the existence or non-existence of God? If I can divert a train from one track to another so that only one person loses her life instead of five, am I morally required to do so? In this course we will address questions concerning skepticism, God, and moral dilemmas, and explore some of their interrelations. We will pay close attention to issues of philosophical methodology along the way.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; D. Marshall

PHIL 116: Sensation, Induction, Abduction, Deduction, Seduction

In every academic discipline, we make theories and argue for and against them. This is as true of theology as of geology (and as true of phys ed as of physics). What are the resources we have available to us in making these arguments? It's tempting to split the terrain into (i) raw data, and (ii) rules of right reasoning for processing the data. The most obvious source of raw data is sense experience, and the most obvious candidates for modes of right reasoning are deduction, induction, and abduction. Some philosophers, however, think that sense perception is only one of several sources of raw data (perhaps we also have a faculty of pure intuition or maybe a moral sense), and others have doubted that we have any source of raw data at all. As for the modes of "right" reasoning, Hume famously worried about our (in)ability to justify induction, and others have had similar worries about abduction and even deduction. Can more be said on behalf of our most strongly held beliefs and belief-forming practices than simply that we find them seductive---that we are attracted to them; that they resonate with us? In this course, we'll use some classic historical and contemporary philosophical texts to help us explore these and related issues.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017; J. Decker

PHIL 117: Philosophical Problems: Mind, Free Will and Morality

What is knowledge, and can we know anything at all? What is the mind, and how is it related to the body? What is consciousness? Is there free will? Are there universal moral truths, or is morality subjective? In this introduction to perennial philosophical questions (as well as the goals and methods of philosophy) we will read contemporary and historical philosophical texts. 
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Spring 2017

PHIL 118: God, Mind, and the Human Condition

In this course we explore the interrelations between questions concerning God’s existence, the nature of the mind, and the human condition. We begin by evaluating arguments for and against God’s existence. This will give us a basis upon which to consider Descartes’ arguments in the Meditations. We then turn to contemporary objections to Descartes’ claim that the mind is an immaterial thing. If the mind is a material thing, what does that tell us about the human condition? Do humans have free wills and moral responsibilities? Are our lives meaningful? Is death a bad thing and if so, for whom?
6 credits; HI; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Jansen, J. Kuster

PHIL 119: Life and Death

Considered in the context of the universe humankind seems vanishingly insignificant. The entire history of humankind is but a blip on the map of space and time. Moreover, each of our lives is a blip on that blip. So what is the point of it all? In this course, we will look at the notion of "meaning" as it relates to human life, the universe, and the existence of God; whether death is something we should be afraid of; and the connections, if any, between happiness, morality and meaning.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 197: Climate Matters

What should we do, as individuals and countries, in the face of climate change? What does justice demand that we do for those currently suffering the ill effects of climate change? And what do we owe future generations for whom the problems will be far worse? This course will meet five times to discuss John Broome's Climate Matters: Ethics in a Warming WorldPrerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in Biology 210, Environmental Studies 310 or Political Science 212
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Groll

PHIL 198: CRISPR and You

CRISPR is a new genetic engineering technology that, according to a recent article in Gizmodo, "allows scientists to edit genomes with unprecedented precision, efficiency, and flexibility." While offering the promise of revolutionary medical breakthroughs, CRISPR also raises all kinds of knotty ethical issues. The purpose of this discussion course is to understand how CRISPR works and to get to the bottom of some of the ethical issues. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Biology 234 or 240 required
1 credit; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 199: Ethics and Digital Ownership

That song you were listening to last night: how did you get it? Did you buy it? Download it? Legally? Illegally? This course will meet five times throughout the term to discuss Stephen Witt's "How Music Got Free: The End of an Industry, the Turn of the Century, and the Patient Zero of Piracy." Our discussion will focus not only on the story of how the music industry was transformed by piracy over the last twenty years, but also what that transformation means for us as consumers: are we obligated to get our music in some ways and not in others? Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Music 126 or 136
1 credit; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 210: Logic

The study of formal logic has obvious and direct applicability to a wide variety of disciplines (including mathematics, computer science, linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, and many others). Indeed, the study of formal logic helps us to develop the tools and know-how to think more clearly about arguments and logical relationships in general; and arguments and logical relationships form the backbone of any rational inquiry. In this course we will focus on propositional logic and predicate logic, and look at the relationship that these have to ordinary language and thought.
6 credits; FSR; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017; J. Decker, D. Marshall

PHIL 211: Being, Time and Identity

The aim of metaphysics has traditionally been to identify the nature and structure of reality. The topics of this course are the topology of time, identity of things and individuals, causality, free will, and the referents of general terms. We will read a variety of classic and contemporary texts, which are organized topically. Prerequisite: 100-level Philosophy course or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; A. Moltchanova

PHIL 212: Epistemology

Do you know that you're not just a brain, floating in a vat, receiving stimulations through electrodes? Or perhaps an immaterial soul being conned by a malicious demon? In this course, we will use these skeptical worries as a launching point for thinking about epistemological issues: What exactly is knowledge? Do we ever have it? If so, when, and how? We will approach these questions through an examination of theories of epistemic justification, including foundationalism, coherentism, internalism, externalism, and virtue epistemology. We will then consider some critiques of traditional epistemology, including feminist epistemology and naturalized epistemology. Prerequisite: 100-level Philosophy course or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; J. Decker

PHIL 213: Ethics

How should we live? This is the fundamental question for the study of ethics. This course looks at classic and contemporary answers to the fundamental question from Socrates to Kant to modern day thinkers. Along the way, we consider slightly (but only slightly) more tractable questions such as: What reason is there to be moral? Is there such a thing as moral knowledge (and if so, how do we get it)? What are the fundamental principles of right and wrong (if there are any at all)? Is morality objective?
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; D. Groll

PHIL 221: Philosophy of Law

This course provides students with an opportunity to engage actively in a discussion of theoretical questions about law. We will consider the nature of law as it is presented by natural law theory, legal positivism and legal realism. Then we will deal with responsibility and punishment, and challenges to the idea of the primacy of individual rights from legal paternalism and moralism. We will next inquire into the explanations of why individuals should obey the law, and conditions under which civil disobedience is justified. Finally, we will discuss issues raised by feminist legal theory and some theories of minority rights.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 222: Topics in Medical Ethics

Over the past forty years, the idea that competent patients have the right to make decisions about their own care has become paramount in medical ethics and medical practice. But the primacy of patient autonomy as a value raises a host of interesting questions: What can (or should) clinicians do when patients make poor decisions? What does it mean for a patient to be competent? Who should make decisions in those cases where the patient is deemed incompetent or too young to make decisions for herself? This course examines these questions and, depending on interest, larger policy questions (like debates about organ markets) that revolve around the relationship between autonomy and paternalism.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; D. Groll

PHIL 223: Philosophy of Language

In this course we will look at how philosophers have tried to understand language and its connection with human thought and communication. The course will be split into two parts: Semantics and Pragmatics. In the first part, we'll look at general features of linguistic expressions like meaning and reference. In the second part, we'll look at the various ways in which speakers use language. Topics to be considered in the second part include speech acts, implicature, and presupposition.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 225: Philosophy of Mind

What is the relationship between the mind and the brain? Are they identical? Or is there mental "stuff" in addition to physical stuff? Or perhaps some physical stuff has irreducibly mental properties? These, and related questions, are explored by philosophers under the heading of "the mind-body problem." In this course, we will start with these questions, looking at classical and contemporary defenses of both materialism and dualism. This investigation will lead us to other important questions such as: What is the nature of mental representation, what is consciousness, and could a robot have conscious states and mental representations?
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 226: Love and Friendship

This course will consider various philosophical views on the nature of love and friendship. It will focus on both the history of philosophical thinking about these notions from Plato and Aristotle to the twentieth century and a variety of contemporary views on the meaning of love and friendship that derive their insight from the most recent studies of emotion, agency, action, rationality, moral value, and motivation. We will also look at the variations in the understanding of love and friendship among the members of the same culture and across cultures.
6 credits; HI, WR2, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017; A. Moltchanova

PHIL 227: Philosophy with Children

Children are naturally curious. They want to know about the world and their place in it. In other words, children are naturally philosophical. This course is about helping children explore and develop their nascent philosophical abilities via children's literature. To that end, the bulk of this course is devoted to preparing for, and then making, visits to a first grade class at Greenvale Park Elementary School in Northfield. Along the way, we'll explore the philosophy that can be found in all kinds of kids' books and learn about presenting complicated ideas in simpler form. In consultation with the instructor, this course will count toward either the Practical/Value requirement or the Theoretical requirement in the Philosophy Major for students who elect to write a final research paper. Prerequisite: Previous Philosophy course
6 credits; HI, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; D. Groll

PHIL 228: Heaps of Liars: Logic, Language, and Metaphysics

The ancient paradox of the heap (the--sorites--paradox) starts with innocent-looking claims about heaps and grains of sand--claims most of us are eager to accept--and propels us headlong into a blatant and shocking contradiction. A second ancient paradox invites us to comment on--liar sentences--such as "this sentence is false." We quickly find that we have made liars out of--ourselves. Philosophical attempts to solve these puzzles have generated a vast wealth of independently interesting views in the philosophy of language, logic, and metaphysics. In this course, we will look at some of these theories.
6 credits; FSR, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 229: Philosophy of Film and Emotion

As moviegoers we have all had that wondrous experience of gasping, laughing or sniffling in response to fictional scenarios. However, sometimes we emotionally disengage from a film altogether (e.g., if it is morally offensive). These phenomena raise several philosophical puzzles, to be raised in this class: (1) Why do we care about the lives of purely fictional film characters? (2) Why do we enjoy films which evoke unpleasant emotions, like fear or sadness? (3) Why do we feel suspense even when we know a film's ending? (4) Why do we resist emotionally engaging with morally repugnant films? In exploring these and related questions we will survey various philosophers' views on the subject, relating them to particular films.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 230: Philosophy of Gender

In this course we will study some of the ways feminist theorists have contributed to our understanding of gender in connection with knowledge, reality, and justice. We will consider both recent work in the field and classic discussions of these questions from the 70s, 80s, and earlier. In the first unit we will ask how a person's gender identity is related to knowledge and experience, particularly through a discussion of standpoint epistemology (according to which the experiences of marginalized and disadvantaged people provide special access to particular kinds of knowledge). In the second unit, we will discuss what gender difference is. This unit will begin with various approaches to the idea that gender is socially constructed, and then consider the connections between gender and other aspects of identity, like race and class. The third unit will ask how gender should inform our understanding of politics by considering a variety of feminist political projects and calls to action.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 231: Punishment and Imprisonment

This course looks at punishment from two quite different philosophical perspectives. First we'll consider a variety of arguments designed to make sense of the morality of punishment.  We'll consider the big three mainstream candidates (retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation) and other interesting accounts (e.g. that punishment is primarily communicative). In the second half of the course, we'll change gears; we'll turn to arguments that systems of punishment may call for critique rather than justification. In this second section, we'll take an extended look at mass incarceration in the United States.
6 credits; SI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 232: Social and Political Philosophy

We will study several prominent late twentieth century philosophers writing about social and political justice and representing a variety of views, such as liberalism, socialism, libertarianism, communitarianism, feminism and post-modernism. The following are some of the authors we will read: John Rawls, Gerald Cohen, Robert Nozick, Charles Taylor, Iris Marion Young, Seyla Benhabib, Jurgen Habermas, Jean-Francois Lyotard.
6 credits; HI, WR2, QRE, IDS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Moltchanova

PHIL 235: Analytic Philosophy's Greatest Hits

Around the turn of the last century, a movement arose in philosophy which threatened to destroy philosophy itself. It started with a simple conviction that "what can be said at all can be said clearly, and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence." This led to calls by analytically-minded philosophers to commit most of philosophy to the flames. After its self-destructive adolescence, however, analytic philosophy developed into something constructive. We'll look at some of the greatest hits from both phases. Authors to be read include Wittgenstein, Carnap, Quine, Anscombe, Goodman, Kripke, and Lewis.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 236: Philosophy of Mathematics: Methodology and Practice

What is the relationship between a mathematical proof and our understanding of the result that it proves? Do some mathematical proofs manage to explain their results in addition to merely establishing them? How does mathematical knowledge grow? We will begin to address these questions by reading Imre Lakatos's classic text, Proofs and Refutations, along with reactions to Lakatos. We will then examine other philosophical accounts of mathematical thought and understanding sensitive to the history and practice of mathematics. No background beyond high school mathematics is presupposed.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Winter 2017; D. Marshall

PHIL 243: Animal Ethics: The Moral Status of Animals

In an era of rapid globalization and increasing dominion of humans over the natural world, we are all (often unwittingly) party to practices that seemingly exact grave harm on billions of nonhuman animals. This raises a pressing ethical question: what are our moral obligations (if any) to nonhuman animals, and how might we practically fulfill such moral obligations (if they exist)? Also, what bearing does the latest scientific research on animal behavior have on these questions? In this course we will explore these and related questions, through a study of various philosophers and ethologists. The course will culminate in a class project that addresses animal ethics related issues in the community.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Offered Spring 2017

PHIL 245: Cosmology and Ethics: Philosophical Visions

An overview of several prominent Western views, from Plato to the late twentieth century, on the fabric of the universe and the place of human agents within it. We will start with Plato’s views on the body and the soul reflecting the structure of the cosmos. We will then consider the ideas of causation and human freedom as well as the problem of evil. We will discuss the notion of perspective, broadly construed, as the foundation of one’s relationship with the world. This course emphasizes visualization, and several assignments will require either producing images or thinking and writing about images.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 251: Philosophy of Science

In this course we survey the major developments in the philosophy of science since the 1920's, including: the rise of logical empiricism; Karl Popper's famous insistence that scientific claims must be subjected to possible falsification; Thomas Kuhn's account of scientific revolutions as paradigm shifts; recent attempts to understand scientific activities, including knowledge acquisition, as distinctively social processes. Some of the main questions we will consider: How can we understand the relationship between a scientific claim and the evidence for it? To what extent are the activities of scientists rational? In what sense is there progress in the sciences?
6 credits; FSR, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; D. Marshall

PHIL 270: Ancient Philosophy: Goodness, Nature & Politics

Philosophical traditions founded in ancient times continue to the present day and are an exciting part of our philosophic past. Ancient philosophers tend to differ from contemporary philosophers in the dazzling breadth and systematicity of their philosophies and in their efforts to live (not just think) philosophically. This sampling of ancient philosophy will include some of the choicest Greek, Roman and Chinese classics, with special emphasis on goodness and human nature (especially as these relate to human sympathy and affinity), the natural world and cosmos (especially whether and how goodness is “written in” to the world), challenges to materialism and purposelessness in nature, ideal governance and civic responsibility.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Fall 2016; S. Jansen

PHIL 271: Tragedy, Myth and Philosophy

In ancient Greece philosophy was continuous with poetry. Nevertheless, the modern distinction between the two shapes the way ancient texts are studied: philosophers focus on arguments and concepts, whereas classicists focus on literary and cultural dimensions. This class (taught by a classicist and philosopher) integrates these approaches and asks the following: Are epic and tragic poetry interested in the same questions as philosophy? Were philosophical texts crafted to produce effects similar to those of epic or tragedy? Can dramatic poetry be philosophy? The course culminates in a student production of Plato's Phaedo, as a test of the notions we develop.
6 credits; ARP, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 272: Early Modern Philosophy

This course offers an introduction to the major themes in European metaphysics and epistemology during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Key issues to be examined include the scope and nature of human knowledge, the relationship between the mind and the body, God, the physical world, causation, and the metaphysical categories of substance and attribute. We will place a special emphasis on understanding the philosophical thought of Rene Descartes, G. W. Leibniz, Anne Conway, and David Hume. Two particular themes will recur throughout the course: first, the evolving relationships between philosophy and the sciences of the period; second, the philosophical contributions of women in the early modern era.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Spring 2017; D. Marshall

PHIL 274: Existentialism

We will consider the emergence and development of major themes of existentialism in the works of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, as well as "classical" existentialists such as Heidegger, Sartre and De Beauvoir. We will discuss key issues put forward by the existentialist movement, such as "the question of being" and human historicity, freedom and responsibility and look at how different authors analyzed the nature and ambitions of the Self and diverse aspects of subjectivity.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 301: Irrationality

Humans can be---and maybe are even systematically---irrational in so many ways. We fall prey to wishful thinking, gullibility, dogmatism, confirmation bias, rationalization, probabilistic fallacies, and formal fallacies (just to name a few of our problematic tendencies). From the epistemic point of view--that is, from the point of view of trying to get to the truth and avoid falsity---this looks lamentable. We might even be led to a general distrust of our ability to properly reason. On the other hand, it might be that "some" of these tendencies are tied to cognitive structures and mechanisms that are in fact good and desirable from the epistemic point of view. Or maybe it's just confused to think there is any such thing as "the epistemic point of view." In this seminar, we will consider these issues from the standpoints of epistemology, meta-epistemology, and cognitive science. Authors to be read include Kahneman and Tversky, Stephen Stich, Richard Nisbett, Edward Stein, and Ruth Millikan.
6 credits; HI, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 302: Purpose in Nature

We often explain our actions by appeal to goals or ends. For example, to explain why you run, you might state a practical end running serves - e.g., health. Such an explanation is "teleological" in character, in that it appeals to an "end" or "telos" (rather than your particular biochemical makeup). Are there good philosophical reasons for thinking that ends really operate in nature, over and above material processes, or are teleological explanations merely a heuristic or explanatory device helping us make sense of the world (but failing to capture any real feature of the world)? In the absence of a designer agent, how do we make sense of natural ends? What is the scope of natural teleology? Do natural ends operate only locally or more globally? This course explores these and related questions, through tracing the kinds of teleological explanations (and argument for teleology) philosophers, theologians and scientists employ, ranging from Presocratic natural science to contemporary biology, cosmology and philosophy. Prerequisite: 12 credits in philosophy or instructor permission
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Jansen

PHIL 311: When Art is Not ‘For Art’s Sake’

A central idea in modernist thinking about the arts is that an artwork is meant to be appreciated ‘for its own sake.’ In this course, we shall challenge this idea and consider art that is not primarily ‘for art’s sake’ in order to explore more general questions about the nature of artworks and of artistic appreciation. We ask, under what conditions are such works artworks? Much of the course will address material in a new monograph upon which Professor Davies is working. This course is co-taught by Daniel Groll and Cowling Visiting Professor David Davies. Prerequisite: One previous Philosophy course
6 credits; LA, WR2; Offered Spring 2017; D. Groll, D. Davies

PHIL 372: Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

In this course we aim to understand the theories of knowledge and being developed by Immanuel Kant in his monumental Critique of Pure Reason. Although Kant's own text will remain our primary focus, we will also read helpful secondary works by Sebastian Gardner, Paul Guyer, Charles Parsons, and other recent interpreters. The main questions to be addressed include the following: How does the mind represent the world? Can we distinguish the way things are in themselves from the way they appear to us? What are space and time? On what basis do we make causal inferences? What substantive knowledge can we have about the world entirely independent of our experience of it?
6 credits; HI, WR2, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

PHIL 399: Senior Thesis

The planning, preparation, and completion of a philosophical paper under the direction of a member of the department and as part of a seminar group.
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; D. Groll

PHIL 400: Integrative Exercise

A colloquium in which seniors defend their senior theses and discuss the senior theses of others.
3 credits; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Decker

PHYS 100: The Physics of Phitness

An introduction to both physics and fitness that seeks to pair two seemingly disparate topics. Study work and energy with free weights, springs with resistance bands, fluids in the pool, power generation with stationary bikes, and more. Classes include lectures and workouts, so get ready to think on your feet! No experience with either subject required.
6 credits; AI, QRE, WR1; Offered Fall 2016; F. McNally

PHYS 123: What Physicists Do

A program of five lectures by invited speakers that is intended to give students some perspective on the kinds of work done by people with a physics background. Visitors from industry, government, business, and research and educational institutions will discuss their work and work-related experiences. Prerequisite: Physics 131, 143, 144, 145, 151, 152, or 165.
1 credit; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Weisberg

PHYS 131: Introduction to Physics: Newtonian Mechanics

A traditional introduction to classical mechanics using the Newtonian worldview. The kinematics and dynamics of some simple systems are investigated using Newton's laws, vector analysis, and the conservation laws of momentum and energy. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Mathematics 101 or 111, not open to students who have completed Physics 143, 144 or 145 at Carleton
3 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; E. Hazlett

PHYS 142: Introduction to Physics: Matter and Interactions & Lab

An introduction to classical mechanics using the Newtonian worldview and computational methods. The kinematics and dynamics of objects in motion are investigated using Newton's laws and related conservation laws. This course emphasizes a bottom-up atomic perspective and introduces a computational approach to allow the consideration of atoms and molecules inside solids as well. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory or computational work. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 or 121 (completion or concurrent registration) Not open to students who have completed Physics 131, 143, 144 or 145 at Carleton.
3 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 143: Physical Systems: Mechanics and Relativity

This course begins with an introduction to classical mechanics using the Newtonian worldview. The kinematics and dynamics of some simple systems are investigated using Newton's laws, vector analysis, and the conservation laws of momentum and energy. The course moves beyond the Newtonian framework to address topics including special relativity and also selected applications to atomic, nuclear, and particle physics. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Previous completion or concurrent registration in Mathematics 120 or 121. Not open to students who have completed Physics 131, 144, 145 or 151 at Carleton.
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; A. Aragoneses, M. Baylor

PHYS 144: Astrophysical Systems: Mechanics and Relativity

This course begins by considering basic principles of physics in the realm of planetary systems, black holes and dark matter in the universe. Conservation of energy and momentum will be used to explore large-scale phenomena in the cosmos. The course moves beyond the Newtonian framework to address topics including special relativity and also selected applications to atomic, nuclear, and particle physics. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Previous completion or concurrent registration in Mathematics 120 or 121. Not open to students who have completed Physics 131, 143, 145 or 151 at Carleton.
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; C. Blaha

PHYS 145: Mechanics and Waves

This course begins with an introduction to classical mechanics using the Newtonian worldview. The kinematics and dynamics of some simple systems are investigated using Newton's laws, vector analysis, and the conservation laws of momentum and energy. The course moves on to a study of the properties of fluids (both static and dynamic) and the principles of waves and wave motion (including both sound and light). Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Mathematics 101 or 111. Not open to students who have completed Physics 131, 143, or 144 at Carleton.
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; J. Tasson

PHYS 151: Introduction to Physics: Relativity and Particles

An introduction to principles of physics in the domain of the very small and very fast. Topics include the special theory of relativity, and selected applications to atomic, nuclear, and particle physics. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Mathematics 120 or 121 (completion or concurrent registration) and Physics 131 (completion or concurrent registration). Not open to students who have completed Physics 143 or 144 at Carleton.
3 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; E. Hazlett

PHYS 152: Introduction to Physics: Environmental Physics

An introduction to principles of physics and their application to the environment. Topics include energy and its flows, engines, energy efficiency, energy usage and conservation in vehicles and buildings, the atmosphere, and climate change. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. Weekly laboratory work or field trips. Prerequisite: Mathematics 111 (completion or concurrent registration) and Physics 131 (completion or concurrent registration), 143, 144 or 145
3 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Aragoneses

PHYS 165: Introduction to Electricity, Magnetism, and Optics

A study of the principles of electricity, magnetism, and optics with an emphasis on real-world applications including electronics, laser physics, astronomy, and medicine. Topics include electric and magnetic fields, electric potentials, DC and AC circuits, geometric and wave optics, and relevant properties of matter. Designed for science majors who want additional background in physics. Comfort with algebra and the integration and differentiation of elementary functions is assumed. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Physics 131, 143, 144, or 145. Mathematics 120 or 121 suggested
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; F. McNally

PHYS 210: Sustainable Energy Principles and Design

Introduction to the basic physics, thermodynamics, and engineering of energy sources and sinks. Overview of relevant sustainable energy practices and design principles, as well consideration of broader impacts and policy implications. The course will consider the world energy landscape with particular local and global foci. Includes a significant group academic civic engagement project that focuses on renewable energy design. Design projects vary, but include aspects of energy auditing, regulatory evaluation, performance analysis, and system design and operation of solar PV, wind turbines, or other renewable energy technologies. Extra meetings required. Prerequisite: 6 credits of Physics, not Physics 100. Physics 211 required winter term
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; A. Pattanayak

PHYS 211: Sustainable Energy Practice and Prospects (India)

This course is the second part of a two term course sequence beginning with PHYS 210. We start with a two-week field trip in December to Auroville, on the Southeast coast of India near Chennai. Week one includes an introduction to local issues and meetings with local experts, site visits to installed systems, refining system designs submitted in fall term, and other preparation. Week two the sustainable energy system will be installed. On campus during winter term, we will meet once a week. Students will complete reports documenting the project and their learning experience for Auroville, and one of (i) case-studies and proposals for installation for future students and other locations,(ii) business plans/project design/application for junior fellowships, or (iii) educational materials for various possible audiences. There will be public presentations. Prerequisite: Physics 210 term before
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Pattanayak

PHYS 228: Atomic and Nuclear Physics

An elementary but analytical introduction to the physics of atoms and nuclei. Topics include the particle aspects of electromagnetic radiation, an introduction to quantum mechanics, the wave aspects of material particles, the structure of atoms, X-ray and optical spectra, instruments of nuclear and particle physics, nuclear structure and elementary particles. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Physics 143, 144 or 151
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Baylor

PHYS 231: Analytical and Computational Mechanics

An analytical and computational treatment of classical mechanics using Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms. A variety of systems, including some whose equations of motion cannot be solved analytically, will be explored. Possible examples include harmonic oscillators, central-force problems, chaotic dynamics, astrophysical systems, and medieval siege engines. Prerequisite: Physics 131, 143 or 144 and Mathematics 210 or 211 or instructor permission
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; J. Tasson

PHYS 232: Astrophysics I

A study of stellar structure and evolution with an emphasis on the physical principles underlying the observed phenomena. Topics include the birth, evolution, and death of stars, pulsars, black holes, and white dwarfs. Prerequisite: Physics 226, 228 or 231
6 credits; NE, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 233: Astrophysics II

A study of galactic and extragalactic astronomy with an emphasis on the physical principles underlying the observed phenomena. Topics include the structure and dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy and other galaxies, the interstellar medium, quasars and active galaxies, clusters and superclusters, and cosmology. Prerequisite: Physics 228 or 231
6 credits; QRE, NE; Offered Spring 2017; C. Blaha

PHYS 234: Computer Simulations in Complex Physical Systems

The development of techniques to study complex physical systems from a probabilistic and numerical standpoint using Mathematica. Subject material is applicable to all the sciences and mathematics. Some topics considered are random walks, percolation clusters, avalanches, traffic flow, the spread of forest fires and diseases, and a brief introduction to Bayesian statistics. No Mathematica skills are assumed. Prerequisite: Physics 131, 143, or 144, or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 235: Electricity and Magnetism

Electric and magnetic fields in free space, and their interactions with charges and currents. Topics include DC and AC circuits, Maxwell's equations, and electromagnetic waves. Weekly laboratory work. Prerequisite: Physics 165, 226, 228 or Physics 231; Mathematics 210 or Mathematics 211; or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Aragoneses

PHYS 335: Quantum Mechanics

An examination of the structure of non-relativistic quantum mechanics and how this theory differs from those of classical physics. Topics include the mathematics of Hilbert space, the postulates of quantum mechanics, the motion of a particle in one dimension (including the free particle and the simple harmonic oscillator), the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and spin. Multidimensional applications will include the harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom. Approximation techniques and applications will be presented. Prerequisite: Physics 226, 228, 231 and Mathematics 232. Familiarity with matrix algebra is assumed
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; A. Pattanayak

PHYS 341: Waves

The analysis of wave phenomena, including normal mode expansions, the wave equation and boundary value problems, and interference, diffraction, and polarization. Applications are made to mechanical, sound, water and electromagnetic waves with particular emphasis on electromagnetism and optics. Prerequisite: Physics 231 and 235, and Mathematics 232
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 342: Contemporary Experimental Physics

A study of experimental techniques and apparatus basic to the measurements which underlie and validate contemporary theories in physics. Topics include electrical measurements, data analysis and statistics, optical and laser techniques, particle detectors, and time coincidence techniques. Applications are made to experiments such as magnetic resonance, Mossbauer and nuclear spectroscopy and laser optics. Class time is devoted to studying the measurement techniques and considering phenomenological models of the effects observed in the laboratory. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: (Physics 226 or 228) and 235 and (Physics 335 or Physic 346) or instructor permission
6 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Eblen-Zayas

PHYS 343: Electronics and Lab

A study of the electrical circuits and electronics underlying modern physics instrumentation. Includes an introduction to microprocessor and microcomputer design. Approximately equal emphasis on analog and digital electronics. One laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Physics 235
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 344: Classical and Quantum Optics

A junior/senior level course in classical and quantum optics. Includes the phenomena of interference, diffraction and coherence and quantum optical applications, such as unique statistical states of light or the operation of a laser. Modern applications of these areas are studied through such topics as fiber optics telecommunication, optical data storage, or manipulation of atoms by light. Prerequisite: Physics 235 and Mathematics 232
6 credits; NE; Offered Winter 2017; M. Baylor

PHYS 345: Advanced Optics

This is a laboratory course that will serve as a follow-up to Physics 344, Classical and Quantum Optics. Students will conduct a number of experiments pertaining to optical phenomena. The experiments will display effects pertaining to classical, quantum, and non-linear optics. The lab will take place once a week for four hours each session. Prerequisite: Corequisite Physics 344 or permission of the instructor
2 credits; QRE, LS; Offered Winter 2017; M. Baylor

PHYS 346: Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

The fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Topics include the laws of thermodynamics; heat engines and refrigerators; the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution; the various canonical distributions; the statistical concepts of temperature and entropy; Fermi-Dirac, and Bose-Einstein distributions with applications to black-body radiation, phonons, and electrons in solids; the Ising model; and an introduction to critical phenomena. Prerequisite: Physics 226 or 228
6 credits; NE; Offered Fall 2016; F. McNally

PHYS 347: General Relativity

Einstein's theory of general relativity is developed from basic physical principles. Also presented is the mathematics of curved space time. Astrophysical applications of general relativity, including spherically symmetric objects, black holes, cosmology and the creation and detection of gravitational waves are given. Prerequisite: Physics 235 and Physic 231
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 352: Advanced Electricity and Magnetism

The classical theory of fields and waves. Electromagnetic theory including Maxwell's equations, radiation and relativity. Prerequisite: Physics 235, Mathematics 341 strongly recommended
6 credits; NE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Pattanayak

PHYS 354: Solid State Physics

An introduction to the physics of solids. Particular attention is paid to the properties exhibited by atoms and molecules because of their association and regular periodic arrangement in crystals. Topics include crystal structure and diffraction, the reciprocal lattice, phonons and lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free-electron theory and band structure. Prerequisite: Physics 335 or 346
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PHYS 355: Topics in Advanced Classical Mechanics

Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods including central force motion, coupled harmonic oscillators, and the study of continuous systems. Additional subjects may include fluid dynamics, classical field theory or other specialized topics. Prerequisite: Physics 231
6 credits; NE, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; J. Tasson

PHYS 356: Special Project

Individual projects in experimental, theoretical, or computational physics. Available projects are often related to faculty research interests or to the development of course-support materials, such as new laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.
2-3 credits; S/CR/NC; NE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Baylor, N. Christensen, A. Pattanayak, E. Hazlett, M. Eblen-Zayas, J. Tasson, J. Weisberg, C. Blaha, A. Aragoneses

PHYS 400: Integrative Exercise

An extensive study of a specific topic in physics, culminating in a 60-minute presentation during winter or spring term and a 7500 word paper. Students may arrange to complete the bulk of their work during winter or spring term (Physics 400, 6 credits), or divide their effort between terms (Physics 400, winter, 3 credits; Physics 400, spring, 3 credits).
3-6 credits; S/NC; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Baylor, C. Blaha, J. Tasson, M. Eblen-Zayas, A. Pattanayak, F. McNally, E. Hazlett, J. Weisberg, A. Aragoneses

POSC 100: American Elections of 2016

How can we understand the campaigns and results of the 2016 American elections? This course examines (1) the electoral role of parties, candidates and interest groups (2) prior "midterm" elections in U.S. history and (3) voting trends and policy results from the 2008, 2010 and 2012 elections. Students will analyze the activities and results from the 2016 General Election looking at trends in news coverage, political advertising, campaigns and candidate communication and public opinion.
6 credits; WR1, AI; Offered Fall 2016; B. Allen

POSC 120: Democracy and Dictatorship

An introduction to the array of different democratic and authoritarian political institutions in both developing and developed countries. We will also explore key issues in contemporary politics in countries around the world, such as nationalism and independence movements, revolution, regime change, state-making, and social movements.
6 credits; SI, IS, WR2; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; B. Daves

POSC 122: Politics in America: Liberty and Equality

An introduction to American government and politics. Focus on the Congress, Presidency, political parties and interest groups, the courts and the Constitution. Particular attention will be given to the public policy debates that divide liberals and conservatives and how these divisions are rooted in American political culture.
6 credits; SI, IDS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Keiser, M. Freeze

POSC 160: Political Philosophy

Introduction to ancient and modern political philosophy. We will investigate several fundamentally different approaches to the basic questions of politics--questions concerning the character of political life, the possibilities and limits of politics, justice, and the good society--and the philosophic presuppositions (concerning human nature and human flourishing) that underlie these, and all, political questions.
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016, Spring 2017; M. Czobor-Lupp, L. Cooper

POSC 170: International Relations and World Politics

What are the foundational theories and practices of international relations and world politics? This course addresses topics of a geopolitical, commercial and ideological character as they relate to global systems including: great power politics, polycentricity, and international organizations. It also explores the dynamic intersection of world politics with war, terrorism, nuclear weapons, national security, human security, human rights, and the globalization of economic and social development.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; H. Bou Nassif, T. Myint, G. Marfleet

POSC 201: Tools of National Power: Statecraft and Military Power

In this section of three related five-week courses covering the Tools of National Power, students will study how nations use military power to achieve national security and foreign policy objectives. Military power is often used in ways that are fundamentally different from combat operations, and yet are still highly effective. Students will learn the theoretical ways in which nations use military power as part of their statecraft, then look at case studies to assess the application of military power in the real world. Course readings, short papers, and significant classroom discussion will deliver content to students and set the stage for the follow-on courses in diplomatic and economic tools of national power. Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 202: Parties, Interest Groups and Elections

Examination of the American electoral system and its components: parties, interest groups and the media. The impact of parties and interests on national policy making is also explored. The course will devote special attention to the 2016 election.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; M. Freeze

POSC 203: Political Communication: Political Advertising in Elections and Public Policy

Crosslisted with POSC 303. How does political advertising influence the electorate? How does political advertising influence our understanding of policy proposals? Election ads along with the six-second "sound bite" are now among the major forms of political communication in modern democracies. Add to these forms a battery of visual "arguments" seen in news media, film, and paid ads aimed at persuading us to adopt various policy positions. We will study how ads are created and "work" from the standpoint of political psychology and film analysis.
6 credits; QRE, SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 204: Media and Electoral Politics: 2016 United States Election

Our analysis of media influences on politics will draw from three fields of study: political psychology, political behavior and participation, and public opinion. Students will conduct a study of the effects of campaign ads and news using our multi-year data set of content analyzed election ads and news. We study a variety of quantitative and qualitative research methods to learn how political communication affects U.S. elections. Taking this course in conjunction with Political Science 328 is highly recommended. Political Science 328 will include a component on representations of foreign policy in electoral politics that contributes to our research in Political Science 204.
6 credits; QRE, SI, IDS; Offered Fall 2016; B. Allen

POSC 207: Global Decline of Democracy: Urban Revanchism and Popular Resistance

Our focus will be on policing, gentrification, gated communities and other tools for reclaiming and fortifying metropolitan space, as well as citizen responses. What community exists, for whom?
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 208: Presidential Elections, Gridlock and Policy Strategy

Part One will focus on the process of candidate nomination and explanations for presidential elections. Part Two will focus on gridlock, Executive Branch tools, and strategies for governance in the midst of division.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 211: Environment and the Evolution of Rules: Designing Institutions to Solve Political Problems

How can we design democratic institutions to deal with environmental and social problems? Are there universal approaches to solving political problems in physically and socially diverse communities? Do people come up with different institutional ways to address shared problems because of environmental or cultural differences? By examining basic principles of institutional design you will learn how to analyze constitutions, public policies, international treaties, and other "rule ordered relationships" that different people have created to deal with environmental concerns and, generally, the health and welfare of their communities.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 212: Environmental Justice

The environmental justice movement seeks greater participation by marginalized communities in environmental policy, and equity in the distribution of environmental harms and benefits. This course will examine the meaning of "environmental justice," the history of the movement, the empirical foundation for the movement's claims, and specific policy questions. Our focus is the United States, but students will have the opportunity to research environmental justice in other countries.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Smith

POSC 214: Visual Representations of Political Thought and Action

Visual media offer an alternative method of framing political ideas and events. Images found in such texts as film, posters, and even in statistical tables can enlighten--or mislead. Readings in visual theory, political psychology, and graphic representation will enable you to read images and use these powerful media to convey your ideas and research.
3 credits; LA, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; B. Allen

POSC 218: Schools, Scholarship and Policy in the United States

What can scholarship tell us about educational strategies to reduce achievement gaps and economic opportunity? Do the policies promoted at the city, state and federal levels reflect that knowledge? How are these policies made? What is the relationship between schools and the economic class, racial composition and housing stock of their neighborhoods? Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
6 credits; SI, IDS, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; R. Keiser

POSC 220: Politics and Political History in Film

How do representations of politics in film influence our ideas about governance, citizenship, power, and authority? How do film and TV reflect values and beliefs of democratic society, particularly in the United States? These are two questions that we will consider in the course as we study films representing politics and historical events in fiction and non-fiction genres for entertainment and education. Films to be analyzed include: Battle of Algiers, Fog of War, Cape Fear (1963), Manchurian Candidate (1960), Advise and Consent, All the President's Men, Primary, War Room, The Mushroom Club, When the Levees Broke.
6 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 221: Latin American Politics

Comparative study of political institutions and conflicts in selected Latin American countries. Attention is focused on general problems and patterns of development, with some emphasis on U.S.-Latin American relations.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Montero

POSC 224: Measuring and Evaluating Social and Ecological Systems

The Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) and Social Ecological Systems (SES) Frameworks are designed to provide data on social, economic, and political institutions and the physical environment enabling us to understand the reciprocal effects of institutional and environmental change. We will learn these frameworks and the methods used to measure changes in natural resource systems. We study measurement, monitoring, and management of prairie and forest ecosystems in local agricultural use and restoration projects. Much of the course occurs on site in field trip locations.
3 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 225: Global-Local Commons: Sustainability, Diversity & Self-Gov't in Complex Social-Ecological Systems

This course introduces students to the study of commons (common pool resources and common property), particularly natural resources commons. The dilemmas of commons governance often reveal links between "governments" and "governance" as well as the global stakes of bettering local livelihoods. Our focus is on social and ecological systems (SES) linked directly with climate change, including local forest and prairie management sites. Students are strongly encouraged to take the five-week accompanying lab, POSC 224 Measuring and Evaluating Social and Ecological Systems, which extends our course content through research in field settings.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 226: Political Psychology

This course is an introduction to political psychology, an inter-disciplinary field of study that applies psychological theory and research to the study of politics, as a theoretical alternative to rational choice models. Study will include applying psychological models to elite decision making and to political behavior of ordinary citizens. Topics include personality and political leadership, group processes and foreign policy, theories of information processing and elite decision making, malignant political aggression and punitive politics, altruism and heroic political action, etc. in light of important political issues and events.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; M. Freeze

POSC 230: Methods of Political Research

An introduction to research method, research design, and the analysis of political data. The course is intended to introduce students to the fundamentals of scientific inquiry as they are employed in the discipline. The course will consider the philosophy of scientific research generally, the philosophy of social science research, theory building and theory testing, the components of applied (quantitative and qualitative) research across the major sub-fields of political science, and basic methodological tools. Intended for majors only. Prerequisite: Statistics 120, 230, 250, (formerly Mathematics 215, 245, 275) or AP Statistics (score of 4 or 5)
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; M. Freeze, B. Daves

POSC 231: American Foreign Policy

An introduction to the actors and processes of American foreign policymaking and to the substance of American foreign policy. The course aims to provide students with an understanding of how knowledge of the past, the global policy environment, the processes of foreign policymaking, and the specifics of a foreign policy issue come together to help determine modern American foreign policy. The course will review the structure of the international system of states, state power and interests, the historical context of American foreign policy, actors in American foreign affairs, models of foreign policy decision making, and the instruments of foreign policy. Prerequisite: Political Science 122, AP American Government, or AP U.S. History is highly recommended
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; G. Marfleet

POSC 232: Chinese Foreign Policy

The "Rise of China" over the past thirty-five years presents challenges and opportunities for the United States and other countries around the world. This course examines China's growing and changing influence in the world. The course starts by exploring historical Chinese foreign policy, from Imperial China through the Cold War. The course then examines a variety of different theories and factors explaining the general nature of China's foreign policy. The course concludes by detailing China's current bilateral relationships with specific countries and regions around the world.
6 credits; IS, SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 235: Game Theory: Politics and Strategy

In politics, competition is common and cooperation is problematic. Elemental to both are the strategies that individuals, movements, parties and countries choose to achieve their goals, given what others are doing. This course introduces the basic concepts and tools of game theory—which is the formal representation of the strategic relationships of actors—to understand whether, how and when political actors get what they want. Examples from different political contexts will be used to illustrate real life examples of theoretical insights.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; B. Daves

POSC 236: Global, National and Human Security

What are the greatest threats to national and global security? In this course we will explore a range of traditional security topics including: the proliferation of WMDs, terrorism, piracy, insurgencies, arms races, territorial disputes and strategic rivalries. In addition to these classic concerns, we also consider newer ones such as cyber-security, the threat of global pandemics, unmanned warfare and the impact of climate change. Our study begins and concludes with the debate over the concept of security in the twenty-first century.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 237: Southeast Asian Politics

This course will cover key thematic issues of Southeast Asian politics, including the challenges of democracy, regional integration, environmental politics, the rise of the power of non-state actors, and struggles for citizen-sovereignty of the people. We will examine these frontier issues against the background of Southeast Asia's societal evolution through kingdoms, colonial eras, emergence of nation-states, and the influence of globalization on politics.
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Offered Winter 2017; T. Myint

POSC 238: Sport & Globalization London/Seville Pgm: Globalization and Development: Lessons from Int'l Football

This course uses international football (soccer) as a lens to analyze topics in globalization, such as immigration and labor, inequality, foreign investment, trade in services, and intellectual property. Students will be presented with key debates in these areas and then use cases from international football as illustrations. Focusing on the two wealthiest leagues in Europe, the English Premier League and the Spanish Liga, students will address key issues in the study of globalization and development, and in doing so enhance their understanding of the world, sports, and sport's place in the world.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 241: Ethnic Conflict

Ethnic conflict is a persistent and troubling challenge for those interested in preserving international peace and stability. By one account, ethnic violence has claimed more than ten million lives since 1945, and in the 1990s, ethnic conflicts comprised nearly half of all ongoing conflicts around the world. In this course, we will attempt to understand the conditions that contribute to ethnic tensions, identify the triggers that lead to escalation, and evaluate alternative ideas for managing and solving such disputes. The course will draw on a number of cases, including Rwanda, Bosnia, and Northern Ireland.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 245: Politics of the Middle East I (1918-67)

This course covers the colonial and early post-colonial period of Middle East history and politics. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1918, France and Britain redrew the map of the region drastically, and new states such as Iraq, Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon were carved out of old Ottoman provinces. Since this formative period the quest for stability in the Middle East has proved elusive. Many ills still plaguing the region today find their roots in the dynamics of the era under study. The main goal of the course is to explore the historical origins of current Middle East politics.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; H. Bou Nassif

POSC 246: Politics of the Middle East II (1967-2011)

The course covers the major political events in the Middle East between 1967 and 2011, including the continuation of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the 1973 war and its aftermath, and the rise of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in Arab politics. We will also probe the upsurge of political Islam with special emphasis on the Muslim Brothers in Egypt and Hezbollah in Lebanon. In addition, the course covers the crises of the Arab authoritarian order in the last two decades leading to the Arab 2011 uprising, failure to foster economic development, and the consequences on Arab societies in the Middle East.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Spring 2017; H. Bou Nassif

POSC 247: Comparative Nationalism

Nationalism is an ideology that political actors have frequently harnessed to support a wide variety of policies ranging from intensive economic development to genocide. But what is nationalism? Where does it come from? And what gives it such emotional and political power? This course investigates competing ideas about the sources of nationalism, its evolution, and its political uses in state building, legitimation, development, and war. We will consider both historic examples of nationalism, as well as contemporary cases drawn from Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and the United States.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 250: Ancient Political Philosophy: Plato's Republic

Cross-listed with POSC 350. In this course we will examine ancient political philosophy through the intensive study of Plato's Republic, perhaps the greatest work of political philosophy ever written. What is morality? Why should a person behave morally? Wouldn't it be more satisfying to be a tyrant? What is the best way of life? What would a perfect society look like? What would be its customs and institutions, and who would rule? What would it demand of us, and would that price be worth paying? These are some of the politically (and personally) vital questions addressed by the book.
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016; L. Cooper

POSC 251: Modern Political Philosophy: Liberalism and Its Critics

Cross-listed with POSC 371. Liberalism is the dominant political philosophy of our time. Living in a liberal polity, each of us has been shaped by liberalism. But is liberalism the best political order? Do we even know what liberalism is? What are the strongest arguments in its favor, and what are the deepest criticisms we might level against it? In this course we will examine liberalism’s philosophic roots and engage with some of its most forceful advocates and most profound critics. Our readings will include authors such as Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Tocqueville, Mill, and Nietzsche.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 254: Freedom, Excellence, Happiness: Aristotle's Ethics

Cross-listed with POSC 354. What does it mean to be morally excellent? To be politically excellent? To be intellectually and spiritually excellent? Are these things mutually compatible? Do they lie within the reach of everyone? And what is the relation between excellence and pleasure? Between excellence and happiness? Aristotle addresses these questions in intricate and illuminating detail in the Nicomachean Ethics, which we will study in this course. The Ethics is more accessible than some of Aristotle's other works. But it is also a multifaceted and multi-layered book, and one that reveals more to those who study it with care.
6 credits; HI; Offered Winter 2017; L. Cooper

POSC 255: Post-Modern Political Thought

The thought and practice of the modern age have been found irredeemably oppressive, alienating, dehumanizing, and/or exhausted by a number of leading philosophic thinkers in recent years. In this course we will explore the critiques and alternative visions offered by a variety of post-modern thinkers, including Nietzsche (in many ways the first post-modern), Heidegger, Foucault, and Derrida.
6 credits; HI; Offered Winter 2017; M. Czobor-Lupp

POSC 256: Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil

Cross-listed with POSC 350. Nietzsche understood himself to be living at a moment of great endings: the exhaustion of modernity, the self-undermining of rationalism, the self-overcoming of morality--in short, stunningly, the "death of God." He regarded these endings as an unprecedented disaster for humanity but also as an unprecedented opportunity, and he pointed the way to a new ideal and a new culture that would be life-affirming and life-enhancing. This course will center on close study of Beyond Good and Evil, perhaps Nietzsche's most beautiful book and probably his most political one. Selections from some of his other books will also be assigned. 
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 258: Politics and Ambition

Cross-listed with POSC 357. Is personal ambition a threat to peace and the public good or is it a prod to nobility and heroism? Does it exemplify the opposition between self and society or does it represent their intersection and mutual support—or both? And what is the nature of political ambition, especially the ambition to rule: what does the would-be ruler really want? We will take up these and related questions by studying several classic works of philosophy and literature. Readings will likely include works by Plato, Xenophon, and Shakespeare as well as American founders, statesmen, and moral leaders. 
6 credits; HI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 259: Justice Among Nations

Crosslisted with POSC 349. The purpose of this course is to bring to bear great works of political philosophy on the foundational questions of international politics. Our primary text will be Thucydides' gripping history of The Peloponnesian War. Thucydides was perhaps the greatest thinker about international relations that the world has seen. He was also a political philosopher--and psychologist--of the first rank. His book teaches much not only about politics but about human nature.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 261: Power, Freedom, and Revolution

Politics can be defined as struggle for power. However, what power means is neither self-evident nor a non-controversial issue. The course explores different definitions of power, its difference from violence and force, as well as the extent to which criticism, resistance, and freedom are intrinsic components of power. Special attention will be given to the relationship between power and revolution, especially to the difficulty of turning revolutionary violence into political representation. In the attempt to answer these questions we will read texts by Arendt and Foucault and will consider the concrete examples of the French, Soviet, and Iranian Revolutions.
6 credits; HI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; M. Czobor-Lupp

POSC 263: European Political Economy

An introduction to the politics of the European region during the post-World War II period. Students will examine the political conditions that gave impetus to the creation, maintenance, crisis, and decline of Keynesian economic policies, social welfare states, social democratic partisan alliances, and cooperative patterns of industrial relations. The course will examine the rise and reform of the project of European integration. The course will also address the particular problems faced by the East European countries as they attempt to make a transition from authoritarian, command economies to democratic, market-based economies.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 264: Politics of Contemporary China

This course examines the political, social and economic transformation of China over the past thirty years. Students will explore the transformation of the countryside from a primarily agricultural society into the factory of the world. Particular emphasis will be placed on economic development and how this has changed state-society relations at the grassroots. The class will explore these changes among farmers, the working class and the emerging middle class. Students will also explore how the Chinese Communist Party has survived and even thrived while many other Communist regimes have fallen and assess the relationship between economic development and democratization.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 265: Capitalist Crises, Power, and Policy

This course examines the interaction of national politics and international economic activity. Topics include the relationship between national and international finance, global competitiveness, and economic development. Case studies drawn from every continent. Prerequisite: Statistics 120 (formerly Mathematics 215) strongly recommended, or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Offered Winter 2017; A. Montero

POSC 266: Urban Political Economy

City revenue is increasingly dependent on tourism. Cities manufacture identity and entertainment, whether we think of Las Vegas or Jerusalem, Berlin or Bilbao, the ethnoscapes of Copenhagen or the red light district of Amsterdam. As cities compete in the global economy to become playgrounds for a transnational tourist class, what is the role of urban residents? Who governs? Who benefits? Short essays or exams will be required.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; R. Keiser

POSC 267: Comparative Foreign Policy

Why do states act the way they do internationally? Why do some states act like "rogues" while others support the system? How do countries choose their allies or enemies? How do governments define their country's national interest and respond to global changes? Foreign policy is where internal politics and external politics intersect. Understanding any country's foreign policy requires that we pay attention to its position in the international system and its internal politics. In this course we will employ approaches from international relations and comparative politics to explore these questions across a range of countries.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 268: Global Environmental Politics and Policy

Global environmental politics and policy is the most prominent field that challenges traditional state-centric ways of thinking about international problems and solutions. This course examines local-global dynamics of environmental problems. The course will cover five arenas crucial to understanding the nature and origin of global environmental politics and policymaking mechanisms: (1) international environmental law; (2) world political orders; (3) human-environment interactions through politics and markets; (4) paradigms of sustainable development; and (5) dynamics of human values and rules.
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Offered Fall 2016; T. Myint

POSC 271: Constitutional Law I

Covers American constitutional law and history from the founding to the breakdown of the constitution in secession crisis. Extensive attention will be paid to the constitutional convention and other sources of constitutional law in addition to Supreme Court cases.
6 credits; SI; Offered Fall 2016; K. Smith

POSC 272: Constitutional Law II

Covers American constitutional law and history from Reconstruction to the contemporary era. Extensive attention will be paid to the effort to refound the American constitution following the Civil War as manifest in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments, and to the successive transformations which the Supreme Court worked in the new constitutional order. Political Science 271 is not a prerequisite.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 274: Political Psychology of Presidential Foreign Policy Decision Making

This course examines the intersection of politics, personality and social psychology as applied to the analysis of U.S. foreign policy. It investigates the impact of individuals, group processes, political and social cognition, and political context on foreign policy decision-making. It explores questions such as: How do personalities of political leaders affect decision-making? How do processes of group decision making affect outcomes? How do individual differences in social and political perception shape elite decision-making? Case studies will be drawn from major episodes in U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War and post-Cold War era.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 276: Imagination in Politics: Resisting Totalitarianism

Ideological fanaticism is on the rise today. Individuals prefer the incantation of slogans and clichés to autonomous thinking, moderation, and care for the diversity and complexity of circumstances and of human beings. The results are the inability to converse across differences and the tendency to ostracize and exclude others in the name of tribal and populist nationalism, as well as of racism. Hannah Arendt called totalitarianism this form of ideological hypnosis, which characterizes not only totalitarian political regimes, but can also colonize liberal-democracies. In this class we will read some of the works of Arendt to better understand the power of imagination to enhance critical and independent thinking and resist totalitarianism.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 277: Religion in Politics: Conflict or Dialogue?

The course explores the relationship between religion and politics, especially in multicultural societies where believers and nonbelievers alike must live together. The leading question of the course is if religion is a source of violence, as seems to be so much the case in the world today, or if it can enter the public sphere in ways that educate and enhance the sensibility and ability of modern individuals to live with radically different others. In the attempt to answer these questions we will read, among others, from the writings of Kant, Habermas, Herder, Derrida, Ricoeur, Taylor, and Zizek.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 278: Memory and Politics

The ways in which human societies narrate their past can powerfully impact their politics. It can enhance their capacity to be just or it can undermine it. The fashion in which history is told can help societies avoid conflict and it can heal the lingering memory of previous wars. At the same time, historical narratives can escalate violence and deepen socio-cultural and political divisions, inequality, and oppression. In this course we will learn about the various connections between history and politics by reading the works of G. W. F. Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Michel Foucault, Hannah Arendt, and Paul Ricoeur.
6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 282: Terrorism and Violence in World Politics

This course will focus on the use of violence in world politics, with a specific emphasis on terrorism and crimes against humanity. The atrocities perpetrated by ISIS are the latest examples of violence targeting non-combatants. What is the strategic logic of terrorism? Why do some militant organizations resort to terror tactics but not others? What are the micro-dynamics of terrorist organizations pertaining to recruitment and indoctrination? We will tackle these questions from theoretical and empirical perspectives. We will also discuss issues such as genocides, humanitarian intervention, and the emergence of the right to protect doctrine.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Fall 2016; H. Bou Nassif

POSC 283: Separatist Movements

This course explores the emergence and resolution of separatist movements around the world. While separatist movements are often associated with the violent dissolution of states, not all separatist movements result in violence and not all separatist movements seek independence. We will investigate the conditions under which separatist pressures are most likely to develop and when such pressures result in actual separation. We will contrast the tactics of movements, from peaceful approaches in places like contemporary Quebec or Scotland, to peaceful outcomes like the "velvet divorce" of Czechoslovakia, to violent insurrections in places like the Philippines, Spain, and Northern Ireland.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 284: War and Peace in Northern Ireland

This class examines the decades-long conflict in Northern Ireland between Catholics and Protestants known as "The Troubles." We will investigate the causes of violence in this region and explore the different phases of the conflict, including initial mobilization of peaceful protestors, radicalization into violent resistance, and de-escalation. We will also consider the international dimensions of the conflict and how groups forged transnational ties with diaspora groups and separatist movements around the world. Finally, we will explore the consequences of this conflict on present-day Northern Ireland's politics and identify lessons from the peace process for other societies in conflict.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 285: Intelligence, Policy, and Conflict

This course will study the U.S. Intelligence Community and how intelligence complements policy development and supports the creation and implementation of national security and foreign policy strategy. Using case studies, we will examine forms of conflict and assess how intelligence supported or failed policymakers in the areas of conventional warfare, counterinsurgency, and counterterrorism. We will conclude with the study of asymmetric warfare in our modern age.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Olson

POSC 285: Intelligence, Policy and Conflict

This course will study the U.S. Intelligence Community and how intelligence complements policy development and supports the creation and implementation of national security and foreign policy strategy. Using case studies, we will examine forms of conflict and assess how intelligence supported or failed policymakers in the areas of conventional warfare, counterinsurgency, and counterterrorism. We will conclude with the study of asymmetric warfare in our modern age.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; J. Olson

POSC 288: Washington D.C.: A Global Conversation Part I

Students will participate in a seminar involving meetings with leading Washington figures in areas of global policy making and regular discussions of related readings.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 289: Washington D.C. Seminar: A Global Conversation Part II

Students will engage with leading scholars and practitioners in the field of political communication to learn how mass media, particularly TV news, influences politics. We will be especially attentive to United States news coverage of international events in new and old media and its importance in international relations, domestic perceptions of global political concerns (e.g. climate change and universal declarations of human rights). Our seminar readings will draw on research in political psychology and democratic theory.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 293: Washington D.C. Seminar: Global Conservation Internship

6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 303: Political Communication: Political Advertising in Elections and Public Policy*

Crosslisted with POSC 203.  How does political advertising influence the electorate? How does political advertising influence our understanding of policy proposals? Election ads along with the 6-second "sound bite" are now among the major forms of political communication in modern democracies. Add to these forms a battery of visual "arguments" seen in news media, film, and paid ads aimed at persuading us to adopt various policy positions. We will study how ads are created and "work" from the standpoint of political psychology and film analysis. Our policy focus for 2016 will be on climate change and the 2016 general election. Students enrolled in the 303 version will conduct more extensive analysis of data for their seminar papers.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 313: Legal Issues in Higher Education

This seminar will explore pressing legal and policy issues facing American colleges and universities. The course will address the ways core academic values (e.g., academic freedom; the creation and maintenance of a community based on shared values) fit or conflict with legal rules and political dynamics that operate beyond the academy. Likely topics include how college admissions are shaped by legal principles, with particular emphasis on debates over affirmative action; on-campus speech; faculty tenure; intellectual property; student rights and student discipline (including discipline for sexual assault); and college and university relations with the outside world.
3 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 320: Authoritarianism and Democratization in the Middle East*

This course analyzes theories of authoritarianism and prospects for democratization in the Middle East. The course is divided into three sections: the first covers the main theoretical perspectives explaining the persistence of authoritarian rule in the Middle East. The second is devoted to the events of the Arab Spring, with an emphasis on Egypt, Syria, and Tunisia. Finally, the third section deals with two of the most pressing issues facing the countries of the Arab Spring: 1) the political role of Arab armed forces, 2) the integration of the long-banned Islamist groups into the public sphere as legitimate political parties.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; H. Bou Nassif

POSC 322: Neoliberalism and the New Left in Latin America*

This seminar will examine the "post-neoliberal" politics of Latin America, beginning with a reconsideration of the market-oriented turn in the region during the 1980s and 1990s. The seminar will then focus on the rise of leftist governments as diverse as Hugo Chávez' Venezuela, Evo Morales' Bolivia, and Lula da Silva's Brazil. Other topics will include the emergence of anti-neoliberal movements, the wave of indigenous politics, new social movements, environmental politics, and experiments with anti-poverty programs throughout Latin America.
6 credits; SI, IS, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; A. Montero

POSC 328: Foreign Policy Analysis*

Foreign policy analysis is a distinct sub-field within international relations that focuses on explaining the actions and choices of actors in world politics. After a review of the historical development of the sub-field, we will explore approaches to foreign policy that emphasize the empirical testing of hypotheses that explain how policies and choices are formulated and implemented. The psychological sources of foreign policy decisions (including leaders' beliefs and personalities and the effect of decision-making groups) are a central theme. Completion of a lower level IR course and the stats/methods sequence is recommended.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; G. Marfleet

POSC 330: The Complexity of Politics*

Theories of complexity and emergence relate to how large-scale collective properties and characteristics of a system can arise from the behavior and attributes of component parts. This course explores the relevance of these concepts, studied mainly in physics and biology, for the social sciences. Students will explore agent-based modeling to discover emergent properties of social systems through computer simulations they create using NetLogo software. Reading and seminar discussion topics include conflict and cooperation, electoral competition, transmission of culture and social networks. Completion of the stats/methods sequence is highly recommended.
6 credits; SI, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; G. Marfleet

POSC 332: Religion and Politics*

In this class, we will investigate the relationship between politics and religion around the world. It is not a class on theology or belief systems. Instead, we will focus on describing and explaining how religious beliefs and organizations affect political outcomes and vice-versa. Topics will include the relationship between religion and the state, the political dimensions of religious movements, the religious dimensions of political movements, and how religious perspectives on such issues as gender, sexuality, race, and war reinforce or clash with political values and policy. 
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 333: Global Social Changes and Sustainability*

This course is about the relationship between social changes and ecological changes to understand and to be able to advance analytical concepts, research methods, and theories of society-nature interactions. How do livelihoods of individuals and groups change over time and how do the changes affect ecological sustainability? What are the roles of human institutions in ecological sustainability? What are the roles of ecosystem dynamics in institutional sustainability? Students will learn fundamental theories and concepts that explain linkages between social change and environmental changes and gain methods and skills to measure social changes qualitatively and quantitatively.
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Offered Spring 2017; T. Myint

POSC 334: Global Public Health*

This seminar covers a variety of public health issues in advanced capitalist and developing countries, including communicable diseases, neglected tropical diseases and scourges such as malaria, dengue, and AIDS, the effectiveness of foreign aid, and the challenges of reforming health care systems. Emphasis will be on how these issues interact with patterns of economic and social development and the capacity of states and international regimes. Students will develop a perspective on public policy using materials from diverse fields such as political science, epidemiology, history, economics, and sociology.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 337: Political Economy of Happiness*

This course explores the political determinants of happiness in the United States and around the world. What makes citizens happier in one country compared to another? When might political institutions be most successful at producing happiness among people? What is the relationship between economic inequality, development, redistribution and happiness? The course starts by examining how happiness is conceptualized and measured in public opinion data, before exploring the political economy of happiness globally.
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 338: Politics of Inequality and Poverty*

The unequal distribution of income and assets is arguably the most important issue in many political systems around the world, and debates over the appropriate role of government in fighting inequality form a primary dimension of political competition. In this course, we will explore the politics surrounding economic inequality around the world. We will discuss how inequality influences political participation in democracies and dictatorships, shapes prospects for democratic transition/consolidation, and affects economic growth and social well-being. We will also examine when and how political institutions can mitigate negative aspects of inequality.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 348: Strangers, Foreigners and Exiles*

The course explores the role that strangers play in human life, the challenges that foreigners create for democratic politics, the promises they bring to it, as well as the role of exiles in improving the cultural capacity of societies to live with difference. We will read texts by Arendt, Kafka, Derrida, Sophocles, Said, Joseph Conrad, Tzvetan Todorov, and Julia Kristeva. Special attention will be given to the plight of Roma in Europe, as a typical case of strangers that are still perceived nowadays as a menace to the modern sedentary civilization.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 349: Justice Among Nations

Crosslisted with POSC 259. The purpose of this course is to bring to bear great works of political philosophy on the foundational questions of international politics. Our primary text will be Thucydides gripping History of The Peloponnesian War. Thucydides was perhaps the greatest thinker about international relations that the world has seen. He was also a political philosopher--and psychologist--of the first rank. His book teaches much not only about politics but about human nature. Students enrolled in the 349 version will complete a more detailed and longer seminar paper that may be the basis for comps in a subsequent term.
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 350: Ancient Political Philosophy: Plato's Republic*

Cross-listed with POSC 250. In this course we will examine ancient political philosophy through the intensive study of Plato's Republic, perhaps the greatest work of political philosophy ever written. What is morality? Why should a person behave morally? Wouldn't it be more satisfying to be a tyrant? What is the best way of life? What would a perfect society look like? What would be its customs and institutions, and who would rule? What would it demand of us, and would that price be worth paying? These are some of the politically (and personally) vital questions addressed by the book.
6 credits; HI; Offered Fall 2016; L. Cooper

POSC 351: Political Theory of Martin Luther King, Jr.

This seminar will examine the speeches, writings, and life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Students will study King as an example of the responsible citizen envisioned by the theory expressed in The Federalist, as a contributor to the discourse of civil religion, and as a figure in recent American social history.
6 credits; SI, IDS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 352: Political Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville*

This course will be devoted to close study of Tocqueville's Democracy in America, which has plausibly been described as the best book ever written about democracy and the best book every written about America. Tocqueville uncovers the myriad ways in which equality, including especially the passion for equality, determines the character and the possibilities of modern humanity. Tocqueville thereby provides a political education that is also an education toward self-knowledge.
6 credits; HI, WR2, IDS; Offered Winter 2017; B. Allen

POSC 354: Freedom, Excellence, Happiness: Aristotle's Ethics*

Cross-listed with POSC 254. What does it mean to be morally excellent? To be politically excellent? To be intellectually and spiritually excellent? Are these things mutually compatible? Do they lie within the reach of everyone? And what is the relation between excellence and pleasure? Between excellence and happiness? Aristotle addresses these questions in intricate and illuminating detail in the Nicomachean Ethics, which we will study in this course. The Ethics is more accessible than some of Aristotle's other works. But it is also a multifaceted and multi-layered book, and one that reveals more to those who study it with care. Seminar paper required.
6 credits; HI; Offered Winter 2017; L. Cooper

POSC 355: Identity, Culture and Rights*

This course will look at the contemporary debate in multiculturalism in the context of a variety of liberal philosophical traditions, including contractarians, libertarians, and Utilitarians. These views of the relationship of individual to community will be compared to those of the communitarian and egalitarian traditions. Research papers may use a number of feminist theory frameworks and methods.
6 credits; SI, WR2, IS; Offered Winter 2017; B. Allen

POSC 358: Comparative Social Movements*

This course will examine the role that social movements play in political life. The first part of the course will critically review the major theories that have been developed to explain how social movements form, operate and seek to influence politics at both the domestic and international levels. In the second part of the course, these theoretical approaches will be used to explore a number of case studies involving social movements that span several different issue areas and political regions. Potential case studies include the transnational environmental movement, religious movements in Latin America and the recent growth of far right activism in northern Europe.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 359: Cosmopolitanism*

Stoic philosophers saw themselves as citizens of the world (cosmopolitans). In the eighteenth century, Kant thought that the increasingly global nature of the world requires international political institutions to guarantee peace and human rights. After the Cold War cosmopolitanism was back in fashion. Even the favorite drink of the girls on TV's Sex and the City was called Cosmopolitan. This course explores different meanings of cosmopolitanism: moral, political, and cultural. The intention is to show that cosmopolitanism is a complex reality that requires political institutions, as well as a new ethics to be cultivated through a particular engagement of culture.
6 credits; HI; Offered Spring 2017; M. Czobor-Lupp

POSC 361: Approaches to Development*

The meaning of "development" has been contested across multiple disciplines. The development and continual existence of past civilizations has been at the core of the discourse among those who study factors leading to the rise and fall of civilizations. Can we reconcile the meaning of development in economic terms with cultural, ecological, political, religious, social and spiritual terms? How can we measure it quantitatively? What and how do the UNDP Human Development Indexes and the World Development Reports measure? What are the exemplary cases that illustrate development? How do individual choices and patterns of livelihood activities link to development trends?
6 credits; SI, WR2, QRE, IS; Offered Fall 2016; T. Myint

POSC 364: Capitalism and Its Critics*

This research seminar examines the major debates in studies of contemporary capitalism in advanced capitalist and developing countries around the world. Moving beyond the classic theoretical debates of liberal, Marxist, developmentalist, and post-industrial arguments, the seminar will focus on recent debates concerning changes in labor markets, class structures, production systems, political institutions and social distribution, corporate governance, the multilateral system (e.g., IMF, the World Bank), supranational entities such as the European Union, and critical approaches on economic development, including new studies of the informal labor market.
6 credits; SI, QRE, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 365: Political Economy of Global Tourism*

As manufacturing has migrated to places with cheaper labor, many cities have turned to tourism to attract capital, employ low-skilled labor, and develop a niche in the global economy. We will pay particular attention to the consequences, for cities and their inhabitants, of the policy of tourism-driven economic development. We will also consider what it is that is being manufactured, marketed and sold in the tourist economy. Our investigation will proceed in an interdisciplinary manner, with inquiry into the political, sociological, anthropological, and economic consequences of tourism. Prerequisite: There are no prerequisites but participation in a college-level study abroad program will be an asset.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 366: Urban Political Economy*

Cross-listed with POSC 266. City revenue is increasingly dependent on tourism. Cities manufacture identity and entertainment, whether we think of Las Vegas or Jerusalem, Berlin or Bilbao, the ethnoscapes of Copenhagen or the red light district of Amsterdam. As cities compete in the global economy to become playgrounds for a transnational tourist class, what is the role of urban residents? Who governs? Who benefits? A research paper will be required.
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; R. Keiser

POSC 371: Modern Political Philosophy: Liberalism and Its Critics*

Cross-listed with POSC 251. Liberalism is the dominant political philosophy of our time. Living in a liberal polity, each of us has been shaped by liberalism. But is liberalism the best political order? Do we even know what liberalism is? What are the strongest arguments in its favor, and what are the deepest criticisms we might level against it? In this course we will examine liberalism’s philosophic roots and engage with some of its most forceful advocates and most profound critics. Our readings will include authors such as Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Tocqueville, Mill, and Nietzsche. Research paper required.
6 credits; HI, IS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 378: Political Economy & Ecology of Southeast Asia: Social Changes in Southeast Asia

Informed by the assigned readings, students will visit markets, factories, farms, and various cultural and natural sites to see first-hand the changes and challenges occurring in these areas. The course covers: (1) issues of livelihood transition from rural to urban; (2) the interaction between market systems and social relations; and (3) the impact on society of changes in physical infrastructures such as roads and telecommunication. Students will keep a journal and produce three thematic short essays, a 15-20-minute video, or a well-organized blog to document their learning.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 379: Political Economy and Ecology of S.E. Asia: Diversity of Social Ecological Systems in Southeast Asia

Connecting the first and the second components, this course examines key actors, issues, and interests in the political economy of and ecology of Southeast Asia. Students will connect economy to ecology in Southeast Asia by connecting field experiences and observation to real data, facts, and cases that illustrate the interaction between economy and ecology. This course requires students to identify a topic of interest based on their field experience, research it using techniques taught in the field research and methods course, and write a research report in the form of a term paper. 
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 383: Identity and Belonging in the New Europe: Politics of the European Union

This course examines the formation, development, institutions, laws, and major policies of the European Union. It will introduce students to some of the key challenges of EU-level governance and pressing policy problems facing the European community. In addition to classroom activities, students will travel to Brussels and other sites to meet with policy makers and observe the dynamics of EU institutions, including the Committee of the Regions, the European Parliament in Strasbourg, and Frontex (the EU's border control agency) in Warsaw.
6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2016-2017

POSC 400: Integrative Exercise

1-6 credit; S/NC; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; R. Keiser, H. Bou Nassif, A. Montero, T. Myint, B. Allen, L. Cooper, G. Marfleet, M. Czobor-Lupp

PSYC 110: Principles of Psychology

This course surveys major topics in psychology. We consider the approaches different psychologists take to describe and explain behavior. We will consider a broad range of topics, including how animals learn and remember contexts and behaviors, how personality develops and influences functioning, how the nervous system is structured and how it supports mental events, how knowledge of the nervous system may inform an understanding of conditions such as schizophrenia, how people acquire, remember and process information, how psychopathology is diagnosed, explained, and treated, how infants and children develop, and how people behave in groups and think about their social environment.
6 credits; SI; Offered Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017; N. Lutsky, A. Putnam, S. Akimoto, L. Wichlinski, J. Neiworth

PSYC 200: Measurement and Data Analysis in Psychology

The course considers the role of measurement and data analysis focused on behavioral sciences. Various forms of measurement and standards for the evaluation of measures are explored. Students learn how to summarize, organize, and evaluate data using a variety of techniques that are applicable to research in psychology and other disciplines. Among the analyses discussed and applied are tests of means, various forms of analysis of variance, correlation and regression, planned and post-hoc comparisons, as well as various non-parametric tests. Research design is also explored. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or instructor consent; Concurrent registration in Psychology 201
6 credits; FSR, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Neiworth, K. Abrams

PSYC 201: Measurement and Data Analysis Lab

This lab course accompanies the lecture course, Psychology 200, and must be taken during the same term. The lab will provide an opportunity to explore lecture topics more deeply, and in particular emphasize data collection and computational skills. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 and concurrent registration in Psychology 200
2 credits; QRE, QRE; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; J. Neiworth, K. Abrams

PSYC 210: Psychology of Learning and Memory

A summary of theoretical approaches, historical influences and contemporary research in the area of human and animal learning. The course provides a background in classical, operant, and contemporary conditioning models, and these are applied to issues such as behavioral therapy, drug addiction, decision-making, education, and choice. It is recommended that students enroll concurrently in Psychology 211. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 210 and 211 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or Neuroscience 127 or instructor permission
6 credits; WR2, QRE, LS; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 211: Laboratory Research Methods in Learning and Memory

This course accompanies Psychology 210. Students will replicate classical studies and plan and conduct original empirical research projects in the study of human and animal learning and memory. Psychology 211 requires concurrent or prior registration in Psychology 210. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 210 and 211 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or Neuroscience 127 or instructor permission; Concurrent registration in Psychology 210
2 credits; QRE, LS, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 216: Behavioral Neuroscience

An introduction to the physiological bases of complex behaviors in mammals, with an emphasis on neural and hormonal mechanisms. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 216 and 217 to satisfy the LS requirement. Requires concurrent registration in Psychology 217. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Psychology 217; Psychology 110
6 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Meerts, L. Wichlinski

PSYC 217: Laboratory Research Methods in Behavioral Neuroscience

The course provides instruction and experience in methods of behavioral neuroscience, the study of the inter-relation of the brain (and hormonal systems) and behavior. The focus of this laboratory will be on standard methods of inducing behavioral changes via neural and hormonal manipulations in mammals. Psychology 217 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 216. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 216 and 217 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Psychology 216; Psychology 110
2 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017, Spring 2017; S. Meerts, L. Wichlinski

PSYC 218: Hormones and Behavior

In this course, students will learn about how hormones act in the brain and the body to affect behaviors. This course draws heavily on biological psychology and students learn about techniques in neuroendocrinology to better understand cellular function, neural circuits, and the display of behaviors. Team-based learning and case studies are used to explore the endocrine system, sexual differentiation, the stress response, thirst and digestion, and reproductive behaviors. The experimental evidence upon which our understanding of hormones, brain, and behavior is constructed is emphasized. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. Psychology 216 recommended or permission of the instructor
6 credits; NE, WR2, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; S. Meerts

PSYC 220: Sensation and Perception

We will address the question of how humans acquire information from the world to support action, learning, belief, choice, and the host of additional mental states that comprise the subject matter of psychology. In other words "How do we get the outside inside?" We will initially consider peripheral anatomical structures (e.g. the eye) and proceed through intermediate levels of sensory coding and transmission to cover the brain regions associated with each of the major senses. Readings will include primary sources and a text. In addition to exams and papers, students will conduct an investigation into an area of personal interest. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 220 and 221 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or instructor consent
6 credits; LS; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 221: Laboratory Research Methods in Sensation and Perception

This course accompanies Psychology 220. Students will replicate classical phenomena and plan and conduct original empirical research projects in the study of human perceptual processes. Psychology 221 requires concurrent or prior registration in Psychology 220. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 220 and 221 to satisfy the LS requirement.
2 credits; LS, QRE, WR2; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 232: Cognitive Processes

Cross-listed with CGSC 232. An introduction to the study of mental activity. Topics include attention, pattern recognition and perception, memory, concept formation, categorization, and cognitive development. Some attention is given to gender and individual differences in cognition, as well as cultural settings for cognitive activities. Prerequisite: Psychology 110, Cognitive Science 100, Cognitive Science 130 or permission of the instructor.; Requires concurrent registration in Psychology 233.
6 credits; WR2, LS; Offered Winter 2017; K. Galotti

PSYC 233: Laboratory Research Methods in Cognitive Processes

Cross-listed with CGSC 233. Students will participate in the replication and planning of empirical studies, collecting and analyzing data relevant to major cognitive phenomena. Prerequisite: Psychology 232; Psychology 110, Cognitive Science 100, Cognitive Science 130 or instructor permission.
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; K. Galotti

PSYC 234: Psychology of Language

This course will cover a range of aspects of language use. We will spend time discussing language production and comprehension, discourse processing, the relationship between language and thought, and language acquisition. Additionally, we will touch on issues of memory, perception, concepts, mental representation, and neuroscience. Throughout the course, we will emphasize both the individual and social aspects of language as well as the dynamic and fluid nature of language use. Requires concurrent registration in Psychology 235. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 234 and 235 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110; Concurrent registration in Psycholog 235
6 credits; LS; Offered Fall 2016; M. Van Der Wege

PSYC 235: Psychology of Language Laboratory

This laboratory experience will expose students to a variety of methodologies employed by researchers interested in studying language. Throughout the term, students will both participate in experiments and conduct experiments. We will spend time discussing and performing typical analyses. Finally, students will be expected to become proficient in writing their experimental work in APA format and in presenting their research ideas in an oral format. Psychology 235 requires concurrent registration in Psychology 234. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 234 and 235 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 ; Concurrent registration in Psychology 234
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Fall 2016; M. Van Der Wege

PSYC 238: Memory Processes

Memory is involved in nearly every human activity: We use our memory not only when we reminisce about the past, but when we study for our exams, talk to our friends, and tie our shoes. This course explores the psychological science of human memory. We will examine different types of memory, how we encode new memories and retrieve old ones, how to ensure a memory is never forgotten, and how to implant a false memory in someone else. In doing so we will look at both old and new research, and discuss how memory research can be applied to some real world environments, such as courtrooms and classrooms. By the end of the course you will be familiar with the major issues in the field of memory research, be able to evaluate the quality of the studies used as evidence in these debates, and be able to conduct experimental research of your own. You must enroll in both the lecture and a lab section; although you will receive two separate grades for each component, the two will be closely integrated. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 238 and 239 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; LS; Offered Spring 2017; A. Putnam

PSYC 239: Memory Processes Lab

This course accompanies Psychology 238. Students will replicate classic studies in human memory and will plan and conduct original projects. Students will get experience evaluating research, designing and conducting studies, and sharing their findings in a clear and persuasive manner. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 238 and 239 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Concurrent registation in Psychology 238; Psychology 110
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; A. Putnam

PSYC 248: Cross-Cultural Psychology

Do psychological principles apply universally or are they culture specific? How does the exploration of psychological phenomenon across cultures inform our understanding of human behavior? This course examines major theoretical and empirical work in the field of Cross-Cultural Psychology. A major component will be on applied products, such as a web site containing 1) a critical analysis of a particular cross cultural psychological phenomenon, and 2) an evidence-based proposal for improving cross cultural interaction. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; SI, IS; Offered Winter 2017; S. Akimoto

PSYC 250: Developmental Psychology

An introduction to the concept of development, examining both theoretical models and empirical evidence. Prenatal through late childhood is covered with some discussion of adolescence when time permits. Topics include the development of personality and identity, social behavior and knowledge, and cognition. In addition, attention is paid to current applications of theory to such topics as: day care, the role of the media, and parenting. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or instructor permission
6 credits; SI, WR2; Offered Fall 2016; K. Galotti

PSYC 252: Personality

An examination of analytic models that attempt to characterize and explain aspects of behavior, thought, and emotion that are central to our conceptions of ourselves as distinctly human beings and as individuals. Original theoretical statements and relevant empirical literature will be consulted. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or consent of the instructor
6 credits; LS; Offered Winter 2017; N. Lutsky

PSYC 253: Research Methods in Personality Laboratory

A laboratory to be taken concurrently with Psychology 252, to undertake research on topics in personality. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Winter 2017; N. Lutsky

PSYC 254: Psychopathology

An introduction to theories, research, treatments, and issues in the field of psychopathology. This course will be run as a seminar. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or instructor permission.
6 credits; SI; Offered Spring 2017; S. Kozberg

PSYC 256: Social Behavior and Interpersonal Processes

The social psychological analysis of human social behavior, interpersonal processes, and group influences. Concurrent registration in Psychology 257 is strongly recommended. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 256 and 257 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; LS; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 257: Laboratory Research Methods in Social Behavior and Interpersonal Processes

Students will participate in the planning and replication of empirical studies of the social psychology of social behavior. Requires concurrent registration in Psychology 256. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 256 and 257 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
2 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 258: Social Cognition

This course will focus on a social psychological analysis of social cognition, perception and judgment. It includes the examination of attitudes, stereotyping, attribution and the self. Concurrent registration in Psychology 259 is strongly suggested. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 258 and 259 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or permission of the instructor.
6 credits; LS; Offered Spring 2017; S. Simon

PSYC 259: Laboratory Research Methods in Social Cognition

Students will participate in the design and replication of social psychological studies related to social cognition. This course requires concurrent registration in Psychology 258. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 258 and 259 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 or instructor permission
2 credits; LS, QRE; Offered Spring 2017; S. Simon

PSYC 260: Health Psychology

This course will examine how psychological principles can be employed to promote and maintain health, prevent and treat illness, and encourage adherence to disease treatment regimens. Within a biopsychosocial framework, we will analyze behavioral patterns and public policies that influence risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic pain, substance abuse, and sexually transmitted diseases, among other conditions. Additionally, students in groups will critically examine the effects of local policies on health outcomes and propose policy changes supported by theory and research. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 260 and 261 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; LS, QRE; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 261: Health Psychology Lab

This course provides students with direct experience applying principles of health psychology. Students will engage in a term-long self-directed project aimed at increasing the frequency of a healthy behavior (such as exercising) or decreasing the frequency of an unhealthy behavior (such as smoking). Additionally, we will read and discuss case studies that relate to the current topic in the lecture portion of the course. Requires concurrent registration in Psychology 260. A grade of C- or better must be earned in both Psychology 260 and 261 to satisfy the LS requirement. Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Psychology 260
2 credits; QRE, LS; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 262: Interpersonal Relationships

This course is intended to be a research-based examination of close relationships. The goal will be to analyze why and how people think, feel, and behave the way they do toward close others, focusing primarily on romantic partners, but also incorporating research and theory on friendships, family relationships, and workplace relationships. By the end, students will have have an evidence-based understanding of 1) the underlying motivations and goals people bring into various relationships, 2) the rules and norms that seem to govern different types of relationships, 3) the cultural differences in relationship expectations, 4) the positive and negative consequences that relationships can have on people's wellness, and 5) the methods we use as a science to understand each of these four areas. Prerequisite: Psychology 110 is recommended but not required
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 263: Sleep and Dreaming

This course will examine recent experimental findings and current perspectives on sleep, dreaming, sleep disorders, and states of consciousness. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; SI; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 267: Clinical Neuroscience

This course will explore brain disorders with significant psychological manifestations, such as Alzheimer's disease, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and substance abuse, among others. Students will also receive a foundation in brain anatomy, physiology, and chemistry so that they may better understand the biological correlates of these clinical conditions. Prerequisite: Psychology 110
6 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 290: Cross-Cultural Seminar in Prague: Directed Reading

2 credits; S/CR/NC; Offered Fall 2016; K. Abrams

PSYC 299: Capstone Seminar: General

This capstone seminar focuses on issues of interest to all students planning to choose a comprehensive project. The course is a lead in to the more specialized core seminars of Psychology 397, 398, and 399. The goal of the course is to provide a broad review of subject matter and options that would aid students in their selection of a specific topic. Students will then be assigned to Psychology 397, 398, or 399 depending upon discussions and expressed interest.
3 credits; NE; Not offered 2016-2017

PSYC 300: Special Topics in Psychological Research

This course is a hands-on empirical research seminar related to a faculty member’s research program. Students are expected to collect and analyze data, read primary literature, meet regularly with the faculty supervisor, and submit a final paper. Prerequisite