European Studies

The European Studies minor provides an intellectual meeting ground for students interested in exploring Europe from a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives. Drawing courses from a number of different departments, the program in European Studies allows students to integrate their study of a European language and off-campus experiences in Europe with a coherent set of courses on campus to achieve a greater understanding of both new and old Europes.

Requirements for the European Studies Minor

  • One of the following gateway courses:
    • EUST 110 The Nation State in Europe
    • EUST 111 The Age of Cathedrals (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 140 The Age of Revolutions: Modern Europe, 1789-1914 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 141 Europe in the Twentieth Century
  • Four transnational supporting courses that

    • approach a theme or issue from a pan-European perspective OR
    • compare European countries or regions OR
    • compare Europe (or parts of Europe) with another part of the world.

    These courses will engage in an examination of such overarching issues as the relation between individual and community, cultural and linguistic diversity, and globalization. The list below is not exhaustive; students should consult with the minor director regarding other courses that may fulfill this requirement.

    • ARTH 101 Introduction to Art History I
    • ARTH 102 Introduction to Art History II
    • ARTH 172 Modern Art: 1890-1945
    • ARTH 235 Revival, Revelation, and Re-animation: The Art of Europe's "Renaissance"
    • ARTH 236 Baroque Art (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ARTH 240 Art Since 1945 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ARTH 245 Modern Architecture (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ARTH 247 Architecture Since 1950 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ARTH 255 Islam in the Eyes of the West
    • ARTH 263 European Architectural Studies Program: Prehistory to Postmodernism
    • ARTH 264 European Architectural Studies Program: Managing Monuments: Issues in Cultural Heritage Practice
    • ARTH 323 Idolatry (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ARTH 341 Art and Democracy (not offered in 2021-22)
    • CAMS 211 Film History II
    • CAMS 214 Film History III (not offered in 2021-22)
    • CCST 270 Creative Travel Writing Workshop (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 114 Introduction to Medieval Narrative
    • ENGL 135 Imperial Adventures
    • ENGL 203 Other Worlds of Medieval English Literature
    • ENGL 219 Global Shakespeare (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 350 The Postcolonial Novel: Forms and Contexts (not offered in 2021-22)
    • EUST 100 Allies or Enemies? America through European Eyes
    • EUST 159 "The Age of Isms" - Ideals, Ideas and Ideologies in Modern Europe
    • EUST 231 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: Britain in Europe: Brexit and its Aftermath (not offered in 2021-22)
    • EUST 232 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: The Great War in Poetry, History and Memory (not offered in 2021-22)
    • EUST 233 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: Capitalism and Crises: Political Economy from Marx to Hayek (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 206 Contemporary French and Francophone Culture (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 238 Back to the Future: French Classics Reimagined (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 248 Murder and Mayhem: Narratives of Suspense (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 255 Paris Program: Islam in France: Historical Approaches and Current Debates
    • FREN 257 French and Francophone Autofiction
    • FREN 259 Paris Program: Hybrid Paris
    • FREN 308 France and the African Imagination
    • FREN 309 Expression and Translation: Encounters with Language (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 347 Gender and Sexuality in the Francophone World (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 353 The French Chanson
    • FREN 357 French and Francophone Autofiction
    • FREN 359 Paris Program: Hybrid Paris
    • FREN 360 The Algerian War of Liberation and Its Representations (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 221 (re/ex)press yourself: Sexuality and Gender in Fin-de-Siècle Literature and Art
    • GWSS 243 Women's and Gender Studies in Europe Program: Situated Feminisms: Socio-Political Systems and Gender Issues Across Europe
    • GWSS 244 Women's & Gender Studies in Europe Program: Cross-Cultural Feminist Methodologies
    • GWSS 325 Women's & Gender Studies in Europe Program: Continental Feminist, Queer, Trans* Theories
    • HIST 100 Migration and Mobility in the Medieval North
    • HIST 100 Exploration, Science, and Empire
    • HIST 137 Early Medieval Worlds in Transformation
    • HIST 138 Crusades, Mission, and the Expansion of Europe (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 139 Foundations of Modern Europe (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 140 The Age of Revolutions: Modern Europe, 1789-1914 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 141 Europe in the Twentieth Century
    • HIST 204 Jews, Christians and Muslims in the Medieval Mediterranean (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 231 Mapping the World Before Mercator (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 232 Renaissance Worlds in France and Italy
    • HIST 233 The Byzantine World and Its Neighbors, 750-ca. 1453
    • HIST 237 The Enlightenment (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 238 The Viking World
    • HIST 239 Hunger, Public Policy and Food Provision in History
    • HIST 244 The Enlightenment and Its Legacies
    • HIST 247 The First World War as Global Phenomenon (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 252 Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 287 From Alchemy to the Atom Bomb: The Scientific Revolution and the Making of the Modern World
    • HIST 330 Ideas Incarnate: Institutional Formation, Reform, and Governance in the Middle Ages (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 332 Image Makers and Breakers in the Premodern World
    • HIST 341 The Russian Revolution and its Global Legacies
    • HIST 346 The Holocaust (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 347 The Global Cold War
    • MELA 230 Jewish Collective Memory (not offered in 2021-22)
    • MUSC 111 Music and Storytelling
    • MUSC 211 Race, Gender, and Classical Music (not offered in 2021-22)
    • MUSC 215 Western Music and its Social Ecosystems, 1830-Present
    • PE 338 Sports and Globalization in London and Seville: Global Athletics
    • PHIL 272 Early Modern Philosophy
    • PHIL 274 Existentialism (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 120 Democracy and Dictatorship
    • POSC 238 Sport & Globalization London/Seville Pgm: Globalization and Development: Lessons from Int'l Football
    • POSC 244 The Politics of Eurovision
    • POSC 247 Comparative Nationalism
    • POSC 253 Welfare Capitalisms in Post-War Europe
    • POSC 255 Post-Modern Political Thought
    • POSC 265 Public Policy and Global Capitalism
    • POSC 268 Global Environmental Politics and Policy (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 276 Imagination in Politics: Resisting Totalitarianism (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 277 Religion in Politics: Conflict or Dialogue? (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 283 Separatist Movements (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 284 War and Peace in Northern Ireland (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 352 Political Theory of Alexis de Tocqueville* (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 358 Comparative Social Movements* (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 359 Cosmopolitanism (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RELG 217 Faith and Doubt in the Modern Age (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RELG 225 Losing My Religion (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RELG 231 From Luther to Kierkegaard (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RELG 287 Many Marys (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RELG 329 Modernity and Tradition (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SOAN 108 In & Out of Africa: How Transnational Black Lives Matter (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 318 Islamic Spain

  • Two country-specific supporting courses in the participating disciplines, each of which focuses on a particular European country or region. Country-specific courses need not address pan-European issues, but students will be expected to bring a comparative awareness of Europe to their learning experience.
    • CAMS 212 Contemporary Spanish Cinema (not offered in 2021-22)
    • CAMS 237 Russian and Soviet Film in Context (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ECON 221 Cambridge Program: Contemporary British Economy (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 144 Shakespeare I
    • ENGL 207 Princes. Poets. Power (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 210 From Chaucer to Milton: Early English Literature (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 213 Christopher Marlowe (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 214 Revenge Tragedy (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 216 Milton (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 218 The Gothic Spirit
    • ENGL 222 The Art of Jane Austen
    • ENGL 244 Shakespeare I
    • ENGL 249 Modern Irish Literature: Poetry, Prose, and Politics (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 256 Ireland Program: Irish History and Culture (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 274 Ireland Program: Modern Irish Literature in Ireland (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 278 London Program: Shakespeare's England
    • ENGL 281 London Program: Literature, Theater, and Culture in Tudor and Stuart England
    • ENGL 282 London Program: London Theater
    • ENGL 310 Shakespeare II (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 319 The Rise of the Novel
    • ENGL 323 Romanticism and Reform
    • ENGL 327 Victorian Novel
    • ENGL 328 Victorian Poetry (not offered in 2021-22)
    • ENGL 381 Literature, Theater, and Culture in Tudor and Stuart England
    • ENGL 395 Yeats and Heaney
    • EUST 207 Rome Program: Italian Encounters (not offered in 2021-22)
    • EUST 231 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: Britain in Europe: Brexit and its Aftermath (not offered in 2021-22)
    • EUST 232 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: The Great War in Poetry, History and Memory (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 204 Intermediate French
    • FREN 208 Paris Program: Contemporary France: Cultures, Politics, Society
    • FREN 233 French Cinema and Culture (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 238 Back to the Future: French Classics Reimagined (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 239 Banned Books (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 241 The Lyric and Other Seductions (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 242 Journeys of Self-Discovery (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 244 Contemporary France and Humor (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 250 French History in 10 Objects
    • FREN 254 Paris Program: French Art in Context
    • FREN 259 Paris Program: Hybrid Paris
    • FREN 308 France and the African Imagination
    • FREN 309 Expression and Translation: Encounters with Language (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 340 Arts of Brevity: Short Fiction (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 341 Madame Bovary and Her Avatars (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 352 The Arthurian Legend (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 353 The French Chanson
    • FREN 354 The World Beyond (not offered in 2021-22)
    • FREN 359 Paris Program: Hybrid Paris
    • FREN 395 The Mande of West Africa (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 212 Contemporary Germany in Global Context (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 216 German Short Prose
    • GERM 223 Thinking Green: Sustainability, Literature, and Culture in Germany (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 247 Mirror, Mirror: Reflecting on Fairy Tales and Folklore
    • GERM 251 Identity, Belonging, and Spaces of Home in the Works of Fatma Aydemir
    • GERM 258 Berlin Program: Berlin Memory Politics (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 259 Berlin Program: German in Motion: Migration, Place and Displacement (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 267 Catastrophe! Natural Disaster in German Literature (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 320 Life under Socialism: Culture and Society in East Germany (not offered in 2021-22)
    • GERM 321 On the Edge: Monsters, Robots, and Cyborgs
    • GERM 359 Berlin Program: German in Motion: Migration, Place, and Displacement (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 143 Modern Italy in the Mediterranean World (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 201 Rome Program: Building Power and Piety in Medieval Italy, CE 300-1150 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 206 Rome Program: The Eternal City in Time: Structure, Change, and Identity (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 240 Tsars and Serfs, Cossacks and Revolutionaries: The Empire that was Russia (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 241 Russia through Wars and Revolutions
    • HIST 243 The Peasants are Revolting! Society and Politics in the Making of Modern France (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 245 Ireland: Land, Conflict and Memory (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 250 Modern Germany (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 250F Modern Germany-FLAC German Trailer (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 288 Reason, Authority, and Love in Medieval France (not offered in 2021-22)
    • HIST 289 Gender and Ethics in Late Medieval France (not offered in 2021-22)
    • POSC 284 War and Peace in Northern Ireland (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 205 Russian in Cultural Contexts
    • RUSS 226 Moscow Program: Russia's Hallowed Places
    • RUSS 237 Beyond Beef Stroganoff: Food in Russian Culture (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 244 The Rise of the Russian Novel
    • RUSS 261 Lolita (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 266 Dostoevsky
    • RUSS 267 War and Peace
    • RUSS 280 1917 (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 341 From Folktale to Fanfiction: Russian Short Prose (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 342 Post-Soviet film (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 345 Russian Cultural Idioms of the Nineteenth Century
    • RUSS 351 Chekhov (not offered in 2021-22)
    • RUSS 395 Senior Seminar: The Cult of Stalin (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 227 Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Early Modern Spain (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 244 Spain Today: Recent Changes through Narrative and Film (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 301 Greek and Christian Tragedy
    • SPAN 328 The Contemporary Spanish Fictional Essay (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 330 The Invention of the Modern Novel: Cervantes' Don Quijote (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 358 The Spanish Civil War (not offered in 2021-22)
    • SPAN 366 Jorge Luis Borges: Less a Man Than a Vast and Complex Literature (not offered in 2021-22)
  • Minors must normally participate in an off-campus study program in Europe.
  • The overall balance of courses must include a mix of disciplines and course levels (100s, 200s, 300s). While this balance will be established for each individual student in consultation with the minor coordinator, no more than half of the required minimum of courses may be in one department, and at least half of the required minimum of courses must be above the 100-level.

The total number of credits required to complete the minor is 45.

European Studies Courses

EUST 100 Allies or Enemies? America through European Eyes During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, America often served as a canvass for projecting European anxieties about economic, social and political modernization. Admiration of technological progress and political stability was combined with a pervasive anti-Americanism, which was, according to political scientist Andrei Markovits, the "lingua franca" of modern Europe. These often contradictory perceptions of the United States were crucial in the process of forming national histories and mythologies as well as a common European identity. Accordingly, this course will explore the many and often contradictory views expressed by Europe's emerging mass publics and intellectual and political elites about the United States during this period. 6 credits; AI, WR1, IS; Fall; Paul Petzschmann
EUST 110 The Nation State in Europe This course explores the role of the nation and nationalism within modern Europe and the ways in which ideas and myths about the nation have complemented and competed with conceptions of Europe as a geographic, cultural and political unity. We will explore the intellectual roots of nationalism in different countries as well as their artistic, literary and musical expressions. In addition to examining nationalism from a variety of disciplinary perspectives--sociology, anthropology, history, political science--we will explore some of the watershed, moments of European nationalism such as the French Revolution, the two world wars, and the Maastricht treaty. 6 credits; HI, IS; Winter; Paul Petzschmann
EUST 111 The Age of Cathedrals Arising over a period of two medieval centuries, the gothic cathedrals of Europe symbolize at once faith, political and economic power, local identity, and technological and artistic achievement. Later generations commemorated them in literature and art, destroyed them in their political and religious zeal, and restored them (and continue to restore them) out of different sort of political zeal as well as a sense of duty and opportunity to preserve a national and European cultural inheritance and tourist treasure. In this course, we seek to understand the cathedral and its enduring legacy in Europe, and especially in France, from a variety of interdisciplinary perspectives and using a variety of media and sources.  6 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 159 "The Age of Isms" - Ideals, Ideas and Ideologies in Modern Europe "Ideology" is perhaps one of the most-used (and overused) terms of modern political life. This course will introduce students to important political ideologies and traditions of modern Europe and their role in the development of political systems and institutional practices from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. We will read central texts by conservatives, liberals, socialists, anarchists and nationalists while also considering ideological outliers such as Fascism and Green Political Thought. In addition the course will introduce students to the different ways in which ideas can be studied systematically and the methodologies available. 6 credits; SI, IS; Spring; Paul Petzschmann
EUST 207 Rome Program: Italian Encounters Through a range of interdisciplinary readings, guest lectures, and site visits, this course will provide students with opportunities to analyze important aspects of Italian culture and society, both past and present, as well as to examine the ways in which travelers, tourists, temporary visitors, and immigrants have experienced and coped with their Italian worlds. Topics may include transportation, cuisine, rituals and rhythms of Italian life, urbanism, religious diversity, immigration, tourism, historic preservation, and language. Class discussions and projects will offer students opportunities to reflect on their own encounters with contemporary Italian culture. Prerequisite: Participation in OCS Rome Program. 3 credits; HI, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 231 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: Britain in Europe: Brexit and its Aftermath As of March 29 2019 Britain will no longer be a member of the European Union. To understand the process that led to this remarkable and unexpected event, this course will introduce students to the institutions of the European Union and of Britain through reading, discussion, guest lectures and on-site visits in Brussels and London.  Prerequisite: Participation in OCS Cambridge Program. 4 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 232 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: The Great War in Poetry, History and Memory The memory of World War I looms large in British politics, especially around the centenary of the treaty of Versailles. While it has done much to unite European elites around ideas of shared governance and economic cooperation, it continues to divide historians and the general public in Britain. Beginning with a tour of the battlefields of Ypres and the Somme, we will be reading about these ongoing controversies. These readings will be accompanied by further visits to the Imperial War museum in Manchester and the war memorials in Cambridge and London. Prerequisite: Enrollment in Cambridge OCS Program. 3 credits; LA, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 233 Economics and European Studies in Cambridge: Capitalism and Crises: Political Economy from Marx to Hayek Britain was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution during the eighteenth and nineteenth century. That rapid economic growth unleashed by free competition brought with it the constant threat of crisis was an insight developed by Marx and later Keynes. Britain was home to capitalism’s cheerleaders as well as to its most important critics. Its economic dominance was accompanied by a tradition of tolerance, of open public discussion and free academic enquiry that made London and Cambridge attractive to students of political economy from Europe and across the world. Readings from the most important representatives will be supplemented by visits to industrial sites and museums in Manchester. Prerequisite: Enrollment in OCS Cambridge Program. 3 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 249 The European Union from Constitution to Crisis It has become commonplace to say that Europe is in crisis--yet what does that mean? It is difficult to overestimate the importance of crises considering that the European Union played a large part in overcoming Europe’s “Long Civil War” between 1914 and 1945. The collective decision-making processes created by European treaties are often credited with bringing peace and prosperity to Europe. Yet they have also instituted idiosyncrasies, asymmetries and inequities that stand in the way of solving the continent’s most pressing problems. We will examine decision-making processes in the European Union and the much-debated “democratic deficit” of its institutions. These debates about the foundations of the Union will be rounded off by an overview and brief history of Euroscepticism. The course will include a discussion of a number of case studies that confront member states of the European Union across the board: the reconstruction of the welfare state, immigration and the refugee crisis, and the rise of the far right.  6 credits; SI, IS; Not offered 2021-22
EUST 278 Cross-Cultural Psychology Sem in Prague: Politics & Culture in Central Europe-Twentieth Century This course covers important political, social, and cultural developments in Central Europe during the twentieth century. Studies will explore the establishment of independent nations during the interwar period, Nazi occupation, resistance and collaboration, the Holocaust and the expulsion of the Germans, the nature of the communist system, its final collapse, and the post-communist transformation. 6 credits; HI, IS; Fall; Ken B Abrams
EUST 398 Senior Colloquium Culminates in a final oral presentation that will allow concentrators to synthesize and reflect upon their diverse European studies, including on-campus and off-campus classwork, internships, and cross-cultural experiences. 3 credits; NE; Spring; David G Tompkins