What is Special about Spatial Analysis?

Spatial analysis is a set of techniques for analyzing spatial data.  The results of spatial analysis are dependent on the locations of the objects being analyzed.  Software that implements spatial analysis techniques requires access to both the locations of objects and their attributes.  (after Goodchild)

% of White by Census Blocks, 2010
Minneapolis, MN

Data as
published by Census Bureau

Locations of the percentages
shuffled

Data visualization in
spatial analysis
depicts two different cities.

PctWte_MapLegend

Census2010_PctWte

Census2010_PctWte_Shuffled

Data visualization in
non-spatial analysis

tells us no difference.

PctWte_Histogram

PctWte_Histogram