Adeeb Khalid’s research interests center on the history of the sedentary societies of Central Asia from the time of the Russian conquest of the 1860s to the present. He is particularly interested in the transformations of culture and identity as a result of historical change. The fate of Islam under Tsarist and Soviet rule has occupied a central place in his research.
Professor Khalid’s research has been supported by grants from a number of foundations: the Guggenheim Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Council for Eurasian and East European Research, and IREX. He is the author of two books, The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia (University of California Press, 1998), and Islam after Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia (University of California Press, 2007), which won the 2008 Wayne S. Vucinich Book Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies “for the most important contribution to Russian, Eurasian, and East European studies in any discipline of the humanities or social sciences published in English in the United States in the previous calendar year.”
In November 2015 Cornell University Press published Professor Khalid's newest book, Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR, about Central Asia in the early Soviet period (1917-1932).